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Neighbors and The Divine Presence- On Second Thought

On Second Thought: Delving Into the Sugya with Rabbanit Yafit Clymer

Masechet Bava Batra On the topic of neighbors, a recurring theme in the masechet

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Mishnah Bava Batra 1:5

They compel [a partner in a courtyard to contribute to] the building of a gate-house and a door for the courtyard. Rabban Shimon ben Gamaliel says: 鈥淣ot all courtyards are fit for a gate-house鈥 How long must a man dwell in a town to count as one of the men of the town? Twelve months. If he has purchased a dwelling place he immediately counts as one of the men of the town.

 

转讜住驻转讗 讘讘讗 诪爪讬注讗 讬状讗:讬状讘

讻讜驻讬谉 讘谞讬 讛注讬专 讝讛 讗转 讝讛聽 诇讘谞讜转 诇讛谉 讘讬转 讛讻谞住转, 诇拽谞讜转 诇讛谉 住驻专 转讜专讛 讜谞讘讬讗讬诐 […].

 

讘讘讗 讘转专讗 讝壮 讘:讜壮-讬状讙

“讻旨讜止驻执讬谉 讗讜止转讜止 诇执讘职谞讜止转 诇指注执讬专 讞讜止诪指讛 讚旨职诇指转址讬执诐 讜旨讘职专执讬讞址”

Bava Batra 7b:6-13

MISHNA: The residents of a courtyard can compel each inhabitant of that courtyard to financially participate in the building of a gatehouse and a door to the jointly owned courtyard. Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel disagrees and says: Not all courtyards require a gatehouse, and each courtyard must be considered on its own in accordance with its specific needs.

 

专诪讘”诐 讛诇讻讜转 砖讻谞讬诐 驻专拽 讬讗 讛诇讻讛 讗聽

Anyone who has made a threshing-floor in their area, or set up a bathroom, or any work which involves dust, ash, or such things, must distance [those enterprises] so that the ash or smell of the bathroom or dust will not reach their fellow, in order not to damage them… [Translation by R’ Yonatan Neril]

 

诪讚专砖 转谞讞讜诪讗, 拽专讞 讚壮:讗壮

诪执讻旨指讗谉 讗指诪职专讜旨 讞植讻指诪值讬谞讜旨 讝执讻职专讜止谞指诐 诇执讘职专指讻指讛, 讗讜止讬 诇指专指砖讈指注 讜职讗讜止讬 诇执砖讈职讻值谞讜止.聽

Midrash Tanchuma, Korach 4:1

From here our Sages said, 鈥淥y to the wicked one, and oy to their neighbor.鈥澛

 

讚讘专讬诐 讬状讟:讬状讚

(讬讚) 诇止讗 转址住旨执讬讙 讙旨职讘讜旨诇 专值注植讱指 讗植砖讈侄专 讙旨指讘职诇讜旨 专执讗砖讈止谞执讬诐 讘旨职谞址讞植诇指转职讱指 讗植砖讈侄专 转旨执谞职讞址诇 讘旨指讗指专侄抓 讗植砖讈侄专 (讛) 讗直诇止讛侄讬讱指 谞止转值谉 诇职讱指 诇职专执砖讈职转旨指讛旨

Deuteronomy 19:14

Thou shalt not remove thy neighbour鈥檚 landmark, which they of old time have set, in thine inheritance which thou shalt inherit, in the land that the LORD thy God giveth thee to possess it.

讛诇讻讜转 砖讻谞讬诐 驻专拽 讬讘聽

讬讙 讛址诪旨讜止讻值专 诇执讬转讜止诪执讬诐 拽职讟址谞旨执讬诐 讗值讬谉 讘旨讜止 讚旨执讬谉 讘旨址注址诇 讛址诪旨值爪址专. 讛址讟旨讜止讘 讜职讛址讬旨指砖讈指专 砖讈侄注讜止砖讉执讬谉 讞侄住侄讚 注执诐 讗值诇旨讜旨 讬指转值专 诪执讘旨址注址诇 讛址诪旨值爪址专:聽

When a person sells property to orphans below the age of majority,the neighbor is not given the right to displace the purchaser. For “goodness and justice” is to act generously toward such individuals more than a neighbor.聽

 

讬讚 讜职讻值谉 讛址诪旨讜止讻值专 诇职讗执砖旨讈指讛 讗值讬谉 讘旨讜止 讚旨执讬谉 讘旨址注址诇 讛址诪旨值爪址专 诪执驻旨职谞值讬 砖讈侄讗值讬谉 讚旨址专职讻旨指讛旨 诇执讟职专止讞址 转旨指诪执讬讚 讜职诇执拽职谞讜止转 讛讜止讗执讬诇 讜职诇指拽职讞指讛 讞侄住侄讚 讛讜旨讗 砖讈侄转旨址注植诪止讚 讛址拽旨址专职拽址注 讘旨职讬指讚指讛旨:聽

Similarly, when a person sells property to a woman, the neighbor is not given the right to displace the purchaser. The rationale is that it is not customary for women to trouble themselves frequently to purchase property. Hence, since a woman did make such an effort, and purchased property, it is an act of kindness to allow her to retain ownership of it.

 

讘诪讚讘专 讻讛 讬讚 – (讛) 诪址讛志讟旨止芝讘讜旨 讗止讛指诇侄謻讬讱指 讬址注植拽止謶讘 诪执砖讈职讻旨职谞止转侄謻讬讱指 讬执砖讉职专指讗值纸诇變

How fair are your tents, O Jacob,
Your dwellings, O Israel!

专砖讬

诪讛 讟讘讜 讗讛诇讬讱 HOW GOODLY ARE THY TENTS 鈥 He said this because he saw that the entrances of their tents were not exactly facing each other (Bava Batra 60a; cf. v. 2).聽

 

诪砖讻谞转讬讱 means thy encampments, as the Targum has it. 鈥 Another explanation 鈥 诪讛 讟讘讜 讗讛诇讬讱 HOW GOODLY ARE THY TENTS 鈥 How goodly are the tent of Shiloh and the Temple when these flourished, in that sacrifices were offered therein to atone for you;

 

住驻讜专谞讜

诪砖讻谞讜转讬讱, a reference to the synagogues of the Jews all over, as well as to their Temples when these existed..聽

 

诪讚专砖 转谞讞讜诪讗, 谞砖讗 讟讝

This text is related (to Cant. 5:1), 鈥淲hen I come to my garden, my sister bride.鈥 R. Samuel bar Nahman said, 鈥淲hen the Holy One, blessed be He, created the world, He longed to have an abode below just as He had on high. Having created Adam, He commanded and said to him (in Gen. 2:16鈥17), 鈥榊ou may freely eat of any tree in the garden; But as for the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you may not eat of it.鈥 Then he transgressed against his commandment. The Holy One, blessed be He, said this to him, 鈥楾his is what I longed for, that just as I have a dwelling on high, I would likewise have one below. Now when I have given you one command, you have not kept it. Immediately the Holy One, blessed be He, removed His Divine Presence [up] to the first firmament

讜旨讻职转执讬讘: 讘旨指讗转执讬 诇职讙址谞旨执讬 讗植讞讜止转执讬 讻旨址诇旨指讛 (砖讛状鈥幾 讛, 讗). 讗值讬诪指转址讬, 讻旨职砖讈侄讛讜旨拽址诐 讛址诪旨执砖讈职讻旨指谉.

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讜讬拽专讗 专讘讛 诇

讗指诪址专职转旨执讬 诇指讻侄诐 (砖诪讜转 讻讛, 讘): 讜职讬执拽职讞讜旨 诇执讬 转旨职专讜旨诪指讛, 讘旨执砖讈职讘执讬诇 砖讈侄讗指讚讜旨专 讘旨值讬谞值讬讻侄诐. (砖诪讜转 讻讛, 讛): 讜职注指砖讉讜旨 诇执讬 诪执拽职讚旨指砖讈, 讻旨执讘职讬指讻讜止诇 讗指诪址专 讛址拽旨指讚讜止砖讈 讘旨指专讜旨讱职 讛讜旨讗 拽职讞讜旨 讗讜止转执讬 讜职讗指讚讜旨专 讘旨值讬谞值讬讻侄诐,

I said to you: 鈥淭hey shall take Me a gift [veyiku li teruma]鈥 (Exodus 25:2), sothat I will dwell in your midst. 鈥淭hey shall make Me a sanctuary鈥 (Exodus 25:8) 鈥 as it were, the Holy One blessed be He said: Take Me and I will reside in your midst.


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转讜讻谉 讝讛 转讜专讙诐 讙诐 诇: 注讘专讬转

Rabbanit Yafit Clymer

Rabbanit Yafit Clymer is a senior lecturer in Jewish Studies at the several Matan learning centers, at 'Emunah' and WebYeshiva. She is a group instructor for various programs. Rabbanit Clymer is part of the steering committee of the 'Beit Hillel' organization and answers halachic questions online as a part of their Meshivat Nefesh project.
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