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May 28, 2022 | 讻状讝 讘讗讬讬专 转砖驻状讘 | TODAY'S DAF: Yevamot 82 - Shabbat May 28

Siyum Masechet Beitza

How wonderful to complete the聽 Tractate of Beitz and start Masechet Rosh Hashana and enjoy a special Shiur from Rav Weitman.

Teachers: Judith Epstein and Dena Rock

Thoughts on Beitza 40

by Susan Suna

There is a known story about a Jew who was sitting on a plane next to a non-Jew. They got to know each other and when their food arrived, the Jew opened up the packaging of his food and then went to wash for Hamotzei. Upon his return he just ate the bread and side dishes but not the meat portion of his meal. The non-Jew sitting next to him thought that this was odd and asked why he wasn鈥檛 eating his meat. After hesitating for a bit, the Jew answered and said there is a law regarding meat that is overlooked – 讚讬谉 讘砖专 砖谞转注诇诐 诪谉 讛注讬谉. The Jew explained that it is forbidden to eat meat that has not been under the supervision of a Jew for fear that it has been replaced with non-kosher meat by crows, mice or humans.聽 The non-Jew said, your Torah is very wise as I had always wanted to taste Kosher meat so when you left a moment ago, I switched one of your meatballs for mine.

This situation is one that Rav was concerned about many centuries ago and revererates within the story on our daf today. Rav 岣na bar 岣nilai was a guest聽 outside the Techum of his city. Before Yom Tov, the butchers of the city gave him a gift of meat. He asked Rav Huna if he could carry his meat home with him as he had made an Eruv Techumin.聽 Rav Huna answered:聽 If you hung the meat, you can take it, but if your hosts hung it for you, you may not take it. Rav Huna鈥檚 answer raises a number of questions regarding the ownership and therfore Techum of the meat. The issue is resolved when the Gemara points out that Rav Huna鈥檚 answer was not relating to the Techum or the meat but the prohibition against eating meat that has been left unobserved, as it may have been exchanged for prohibited meat. As聽 Rav 岣na bar 岣nilai was a great man involved in his learning and would forget other matters, if he did not hang up the meat himself,聽 he would not have paid attention to it. Rav Huna ruled according to his teacher Rav, who had taught on Hulin Daf 75a that such meat is prohibited.

We now conclude Masechet Beitza with the final Mishna discussing which animals can and cannot be given water or Shechted on Chag. Desert animals, which graze mainly outside the town are not permissible as they are considered Muktzeh. However, domestic animals may be given聽 water and Shechted on Chag. According to Rebbi Shimon desert animals would be permissible on Chag as he does not include them in items that are Muktza on Chag.聽 Rebbi attempts to convince Rabanan that even according to their opinion animals which graze from Passover until the first rain are domestic animals. However Rababan say that these too are considered desert animals and are Muktza.

This debate regarding Muktza on Yom Tov continues with the Rishonim. According to Rif, Rambam, Ramban, Rashba, Ra鈥檃h and Shulchan Aruch, we are more stringent regarding Muktza on Yom Tov and follow Rebbi Yehudah鈥檚 rulings; whereas on Shabbat where we聽 are less concerned that people will violate the Kedusha of the day, we follow Rebbi Shimon鈥檚 leniencies in this matter. However according to the Behag, Ri, Rabbeinu Tam, Rosh and Rema even on Yom Tov the Halakha follows R. Shimon. Although regarding Nolad, the Rema agrees that we are more stringent on Yom Tov than on Shabbat.聽

How fortunate we are to have joined the conversation of generations and to have learned Masechet Beitza and delve into the details of protecting the sanctity of Yom Tov throughout all the Tishrei Chagim.聽

讛讚专谉 注诇讱 诪住讻转 讘讬爪讛

 

Alon Shvut Women's Daf Yomi

The Alon Shvut women's daf yomi group generally meets daily at 8:15 am. Now due to the limits on in person meetings, we moved our shiur to zoom and invite the community of women to join us. If you are interested in receiving the zoom link to the shiur, please send an email to gushwdy@gmail.com
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