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Today's Daf Yomi

August 26, 2015 | ื™ืดื ื‘ืืœื•ืœ ืชืฉืขืดื”

  • Masechet Nazir is sponsored by the family of Rabbi Howard Alpert, HaRav Tzvi Lipa ben Hillel, in honor of his first yahrzeit.

  • This monthโ€™s learning is sponsored by Shlomo and Amalia Klapper in honor of the birth of Chiyenna Yochana, named after her great-great-grandmother, Chiyenna Kossovsky.

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Elaine Hochberg in honor of her husband, Arie Hochberg, who continues to journey through Daf Yomi with her. โ€œAnd with thanks to Rabbanit Farber and Hadran who have made our learning possible.โ€

Nazir 6

ืืœื ืœื‘ืจ ืคื“ื ืงืฉื™ื

However, according to bar Padda this is difficult. Why doesnโ€™t he shave his hair on the thirtieth day of each term of naziriteship?

ืืžืจ ืœืš ื‘ืจ ืคื“ื ืื™ืžื ืกื™ืคื ื•ืื ื’ื™ืœื— ืืช ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืœื™ื•ื ืฉืœืฉื™ื ืžื’ืœื— ืืช ื”ืฉื ื™ื” ืœื™ื•ื ืฉืฉื™ื ืืœื ืกื™ืคื ืžืกื™ื™ืขื ืœื™ื” ืจื™ืฉื ื‘ืื•ืžืจ ืฉืœื™ืžื™ื

The Gemara answers: Bar Padda could have said to you: Say the latter clause of the mishna: And if he shaved his hair for the first term on the thirtieth day, he shaves his hair for the second term on the sixtieth day. This demonstrates that the periods of naziriteship really last only twenty-nine days. Rather, the latter clause of the mishna supports his opinion, whereas the earlier clause of the mishna, which teaches that he shaves his hair on the thirty-first and sixty-first days, is referring to one who says that his naziriteship will be for thirty complete days.

ื•ืœืจื‘ ืžืชื ื ืงืฉื™ื ืกื™ืคื ืืžืจ ืœืš ืจื‘ ืžืชื ื ื›ื“ืงืชื ื™ ืกื™ืคื ื™ื•ื ืฉืœืฉื™ื ืขื•ืœื” ืœื›ืืŸ ื•ืœื›ืืŸ

The Gemara now asks: And according to Rav Mattana, the latter clause of the mishna is difficult. The Gemara answers that Rav Mattana could have said to you that it is as the latter clause teaches: The thirtieth day counts for both this and that, i.e., it is considered both the last day of the first term of naziriteship, as well as the first day of the second term.

ืžืื™ ื”ื™ื ืžืงืฆืช ื”ื™ื•ื ื›ื›ื•ืœื• ื”ื ืืžืจื” ื—ื“ื ื–ื™ืžื ื ืžื”ื• ื“ืชื™ืžื ื”ื ื™ ืžื™ืœื™ ืœืขื ื™ืŸ ื—ื“ื ื ื–ื™ืจื•ืช ืื‘ืœ ืœืฉืชื™ ื ื–ื™ืจื•ืช ืœื ืงื ืžืฉืžืข ืœืŸ

The Gemara asks: What is the novelty of the latter clause of the mishna? Is it that the legal status of part of the day is like that of an entire day? But didnโ€™t he already say this once in an earlier clause in that mishna, as explained above? The Gemara answers: The latter clause was necessary; lest you say that this principle applies only with regard to one term of naziriteship, but with regard to two terms of naziriteship, no, this principle does not apply, the tanna therefore teaches us that part of the day is like that of an entire day, even to allow counting the beginning of the day as the last day of one term of naziriteship and the end of the day as the first day of another term of naziriteship.

ืชื ืŸ ืื ื’ื™ืœื— ื™ื•ื ืฉืฉื™ื ื—ืกืจ ืื—ื“ ื™ืฆื ืฉื™ื•ื ืฉืœืฉื™ื ืขื•ืœื” ืœื• ืžืŸ ื”ืžื ื™ืŸ ื‘ืฉืœืžื ืœืจื‘ ืžืชื ื ื ื™ื—ื ืืœื ืœื‘ืจ ืคื“ื ืœืžื” ืœื™ ื”ื ืืžืจ ืฉืœืฉื™ื ื—ืกืจ ืื—ื“

The Gemara raises another question. We learned in the mishna (16a): If he shaved his hair on day sixty less one, i.e., on the fifty-ninth day after he vowed to observe two consecutive terms of naziriteship, he has fulfilled his obligation, as the thirtieth day counts as part of his tally. Granted, according to Rav Mattana this works out well, since the mishna is stating that the thirtieth day can be counted for both terms of naziriteship due to the principle that part of a day is like an entire day. However, according to bar Padda, why do I need the mishna to state that the thirtieth day counts in his tally? Didnโ€™t he say that an unspecified term of naziriteship is for thirty days less one? It is obvious that the thirtieth day counts for the second term of naziriteship.

ืืžืจ ืœืš ืื ื ื ืžื™ ืื”ื ืกืžื›ื™

The Gemara answers: Bar Padda could have said to you: I too rely on this. This is my proof for the principle that an unspecified naziriteship lasts for twenty-nine days.

ืชื ืŸ ืžื™ ืฉืืžืจ ื”ืจื™ื ื™ ื ื–ื™ืจ ื ื˜ืžื ื™ื•ื ืฉืœืฉื™ื ืกื•ืชืจ ืืช ื”ื›ืœ ื‘ืฉืœืžื ืœืจื‘ ืžืชื ื ื ื™ื—ื ืืœื ืœื‘ืจ ืคื“ื ืงืฉื™ื

The Gemara continues to ask: We learned in the mishna (16a): In the case of one who said: I am hereby a nazirite, if he became ritually impure on the thirtieth day, it negates the entire tally, and he must start his naziriteship afresh. Granted, according to Rav Mattana it works out well, since he became impure before the conclusion of his naziriteship. However, according to bar Padda it is difficult, as the term of naziriteship ended at the conclusion of the twenty-ninth day, and one who becomes impure after completing his term does not have to observe a new term of naziriteship.

ืืžืจ ืœืš ื‘ืจ ืคื“ื ืื™ืžื ืกื™ืคื ืจื‘ื™ ืืœื™ืขื–ืจ ืื•ืžืจ ืื™ื ื• ืกื•ืชืจ ืืœื ืฉื‘ืขื” ืื™ ืกืœืงื ื“ืขืชืš ืฉืœืฉื™ื ื‘ืขื™ื ืŸ ื ืกืชื•ืจ ื›ื•ืœื”ื•

The Gemara answers: Bar Padda could have said to you: Say the latter clause of that mishna: Rabbi Eliezer says: It negates only seven days. If it enters your mind that we require thirty days for a term of naziriteship, the nazirite should negate all of them, since he is still in the middle of his naziriteship. This proves that an unspecified naziriteship is only twenty-nine days long.

ืงืกื‘ืจ ืจื‘ื™ ืืœื™ืขื–ืจ ืžืงืฆืช ื”ื™ื•ื ื›ื›ื•ืœื•

The Gemara responds that Rav Mattana can explain Rabbi Eliezerโ€™s opinion as follows: This does not prove that an unspecified term of naziriteship is less than thirty days, as Rabbi Eliezer holds that the legal status of part of the day is like that of an entire day, and it is viewed as though the nazirite has completed his term of naziriteship at the start of the thirtieth day.

ืชื ืŸ ื”ืจื™ื ื™ ื ื–ื™ืจ ืžืื” ื™ื•ื ื ื˜ืžื ื™ื•ื ืžืื” ืกื•ืชืจ ืืช ื”ื›ืœ ืจื‘ื™ ืืœื™ืขื–ืจ ืื•ืžืจ ืื™ื ื• ืกื•ืชืจ ืืœื ืฉืœืฉื™ื ื™ื•ื ื•ืื™ ืกืœืงื ื“ืขืชืš ืกื‘ืจ ืจื‘ื™ ืืœื™ืขื–ืจ ืžืงืฆืช ื”ื™ื•ื ื›ื›ื•ืœื• ื ืกืชื•ืจ ืฉื‘ืขื” ื•ืื™ ืœื ืกื‘ืจ ืžืงืฆืช ื”ื™ื•ื ื›ื›ื•ืœื• ืœื™ืกืชื•ืจ ื›ื•ืœื”ื•

The Gemara raises a difficulty with Rabbi Eliezerโ€™s opinion. We learned in the mishna (16a): If one says: I am hereby a nazirite for one hundred days, if he became impure on the one hundredth day, it negates the entire tally. He must bring offerings for having become impure, and he then begins his term of naziriteship anew. Rabbi Eliezer says: It negates only thirty days. The Gemara comments: And if it enters your mind that Rabbi Eliezer holds that the legal status of part of the day is like that of an entire day, the nazirite should negate seven days because it is considered as though he became impure after completing his term of naziriteship. And if he does not hold that part of the day is like an entire day, he should negate all of the days, since he became impure during his naziriteship.

ืœืขื•ืœื ืœื ืืžืจื™ื ืŸ ืžืงืฆืช ื”ื™ื•ื ื›ื›ื•ืœื• ืื™ ื”ื›ื™ ืœื™ืกืชื•ืจ ื›ื•ืœื”ื• ืืžืจ ืจื™ืฉ ืœืงื™ืฉ ื”ื™ื™ื ื• ื˜ืขืžื ื“ืจื‘ื™ ืืœื™ืขื–ืจ ืืžืจ ืงืจื ื–ืืช ืชื•ืจืช ื”ื ื–ื™ืจ ื‘ื™ื•ื ืžืœืืช ื™ืžื™ ื ื–ืจื• ื”ืชื•ืจื” ืืžืจื” ื ื˜ืžื ื‘ื™ื•ื ืžืœืืช ืชืŸ ืœื• ืชื•ืจืช ื ื–ื™ืจ

The Gemara answers: Actually, we do not say that the legal status of part of the day is like that of an entire day. The Gemara asks: If that is so, then let him negate all of the days. Reish Lakish said that this is the reason of Rabbi Eliezer: The verse states: โ€œThis is the law of the nazirite, on the day when the days of his consecration are completeโ€ (Numbers 6:13). The Torah stated: If he became impure on the day of the completion of his term of naziriteship, give him the halakha of an unspecified nazirite, and he must recount an unspecified term of naziriteship, which is thirty days.

ืœื™ืžื ื›ืชื ืื™ ืขื“ ืžืœืืช ื”ื™ืžื

ยง Until this point the Gemara has been attempting to prove whether the halakha is in accordance with the opinion of Rav Mattana or bar Padda. The Gemara now suggests: Let us say that this is parallel to a dispute between tannaโ€™im, as it is taught in a baraita: The verse states: โ€œUntil the days are complete, in which he consecrated himself to the Lord, he shall be holy, he shall let the locks of the hair of his head grow longโ€ (Numbers 6:5).

ืฉื•ืžืขื ื™ ืžื™ืขื•ื˜ ื™ืžื™ื ืฉื ื™ื ืชืœืžื•ื“ ืœื•ืžืจ ืงื“ื•ืฉ ื™ื”ื™ื” ื’ื“ืœ ืคืจืข ืื™ืŸ ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืขืจ ืคื—ื•ืช ืžืฉืœืฉื™ื ื“ื‘ืจื™ ืจื‘ื™ ื™ืืฉื™ื”

I hear from this: The least amount of days that the plural โ€œdaysโ€ can indicate is two, implying that one can become a nazirite for a term of two days. Therefore, the verse states: โ€œHe shall be holy, he shall let the locks of the hair of his head grow long,โ€ and there is no significant growth of hair in less than thirty days. This is the statement of Rabbi Yoshiya.

ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื ืชืŸ ืื•ืžืจ ืื™ื ื• ืฆืจื™ืš ื”ืจื™ ื”ื•ื ืื•ืžืจ ืขื“ ืžืœืืช ื”ื™ืžื ืื™ ืืœื• ื”ืŸ ื™ืžื™ื ืฉืฆืจื™ื›ื™ืŸ ืœืžืœืื•ืช ื”ื•ื™ ืื•ืžืจ ืฉืœืฉื™ื

Rabbi Yonatan says: This proof is not needed, as the verse says: โ€œUntil the days are complete.โ€ What are the days that require completion? You must say this is referring to the days of a month. Since a lunar cycle lasts for approximately twenty-nine and a half days, some months are twenty-nine days, whereas full months are thirty days. This demonstrates that a term of naziriteship must be at least one month.

ืžืื™ ืœืื• ืจื‘ ืžืชื ื ื“ืืžืจ ื›ืจื‘ื™ ื™ืืฉื™ื” ื•ื‘ืจ ืคื“ื ื“ืืžืจ ื›ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื ืชืŸ

The Gemara suggests: What, is it not the case that Rav Mattana said in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Yoshiya, who derives the minimum length of a term of naziriteship from the phrase โ€œhe shall be holy, he shall let his hair grow long,โ€ and therefore a term of naziriteship lasts thirty days, and bar Padda said in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Yonatan, who derives this halakha from the length of a month, and since a month can be twenty-nine days, the minimum length of a term of naziriteship is also twenty-nine days?

ืืžืจ ืœืš ืจื‘ ืžืชื ื ื›ื•ืœื™ ืขืœืžื ืฉืœืฉื™ื ื‘ืขื™ื ืŸ ื•ื”ื›ื ื‘ืขื“ ื•ืขื“ ื‘ื›ืœืœ ืคืœื™ื’ื™ ืจื‘ื™ ื™ืืฉื™ื” ืกื‘ืจ ืขื“ ื•ืœื ืขื“ ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื•ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื ืชืŸ ืกื‘ืจ ืขื“ ื•ืขื“ ื‘ื›ืœืœ

The Gemara responds: Rav Mattana could have said to you: Everyone agrees that we require a term of naziriteship to last at least thirty days, and here they disagree with regard to whether โ€œuntilโ€ means until and including. Rabbi Yoshiya holds that โ€œuntil the days are completeโ€ indicates that a term of naziriteship must last until, but not necessarily including, the thirtieth day of a full month. Consequently, he derives the minimum length of a term of naziriteship from the phrase โ€œhe shall let the locks of the hair of his head grow long.โ€ And Rabbi Yonatan holds that the term โ€œuntilโ€ means until and including the thirtieth day of a full month, and he derives the minimum length of a term of naziriteship from the phrase โ€œuntil the days are complete.โ€

ืืžืจ ืžืจ ืื™ ืืœื• ื”ืŸ ื™ืžื™ื ืฉืฆืจื™ื›ื™ืŸ ืœืžืœืื•ืช ื”ื•ื™ ืื•ืžืจ ืฉืœืฉื™ื ื•ืื™ืžื ืฉื‘ืช ืฉื‘ืช ืžื™ ืื™ื›ื ื—ืกื™ืจื•ืชื

The Gemara now analyzes the baraita that cites the opinions of Rabbi Yoshiya and Rabbi Yonatan. The Master, Rabbi Yonatan, said: What are the days that require completion? You must say this is referring to the thirty days of a full month. The Gemara asks: But say it is referring to the seven days of a week. The Gemara responds: In the case of a week, is there ever a week that is lacking? All weeks are seven days. Conversely, since some months are twenty-nine days and others are thirty days, it can be said that the thirtieth day completes that which was lacking.

  • Masechet Nazir is sponsored by the family of Rabbi Howard Alpert, HaRav Tzvi Lipa ben Hillel, in honor of his first yahrzeit.

  • This monthโ€™s learning is sponsored by Shlomo and Amalia Klapper in honor of the birth of Chiyenna Yochana, named after her great-great-grandmother, Chiyenna Kossovsky.

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Elaine Hochberg in honor of her husband, Arie Hochberg, who continues to journey through Daf Yomi with her. โ€œAnd with thanks to Rabbanit Farber and Hadran who have made our learning possible.โ€

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Nazir 6

The William Davidson Talmud | Powered by Sefaria

Nazir 6

ืืœื ืœื‘ืจ ืคื“ื ืงืฉื™ื

However, according to bar Padda this is difficult. Why doesnโ€™t he shave his hair on the thirtieth day of each term of naziriteship?

ืืžืจ ืœืš ื‘ืจ ืคื“ื ืื™ืžื ืกื™ืคื ื•ืื ื’ื™ืœื— ืืช ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืœื™ื•ื ืฉืœืฉื™ื ืžื’ืœื— ืืช ื”ืฉื ื™ื” ืœื™ื•ื ืฉืฉื™ื ืืœื ืกื™ืคื ืžืกื™ื™ืขื ืœื™ื” ืจื™ืฉื ื‘ืื•ืžืจ ืฉืœื™ืžื™ื

The Gemara answers: Bar Padda could have said to you: Say the latter clause of the mishna: And if he shaved his hair for the first term on the thirtieth day, he shaves his hair for the second term on the sixtieth day. This demonstrates that the periods of naziriteship really last only twenty-nine days. Rather, the latter clause of the mishna supports his opinion, whereas the earlier clause of the mishna, which teaches that he shaves his hair on the thirty-first and sixty-first days, is referring to one who says that his naziriteship will be for thirty complete days.

ื•ืœืจื‘ ืžืชื ื ืงืฉื™ื ืกื™ืคื ืืžืจ ืœืš ืจื‘ ืžืชื ื ื›ื“ืงืชื ื™ ืกื™ืคื ื™ื•ื ืฉืœืฉื™ื ืขื•ืœื” ืœื›ืืŸ ื•ืœื›ืืŸ

The Gemara now asks: And according to Rav Mattana, the latter clause of the mishna is difficult. The Gemara answers that Rav Mattana could have said to you that it is as the latter clause teaches: The thirtieth day counts for both this and that, i.e., it is considered both the last day of the first term of naziriteship, as well as the first day of the second term.

ืžืื™ ื”ื™ื ืžืงืฆืช ื”ื™ื•ื ื›ื›ื•ืœื• ื”ื ืืžืจื” ื—ื“ื ื–ื™ืžื ื ืžื”ื• ื“ืชื™ืžื ื”ื ื™ ืžื™ืœื™ ืœืขื ื™ืŸ ื—ื“ื ื ื–ื™ืจื•ืช ืื‘ืœ ืœืฉืชื™ ื ื–ื™ืจื•ืช ืœื ืงื ืžืฉืžืข ืœืŸ

The Gemara asks: What is the novelty of the latter clause of the mishna? Is it that the legal status of part of the day is like that of an entire day? But didnโ€™t he already say this once in an earlier clause in that mishna, as explained above? The Gemara answers: The latter clause was necessary; lest you say that this principle applies only with regard to one term of naziriteship, but with regard to two terms of naziriteship, no, this principle does not apply, the tanna therefore teaches us that part of the day is like that of an entire day, even to allow counting the beginning of the day as the last day of one term of naziriteship and the end of the day as the first day of another term of naziriteship.

ืชื ืŸ ืื ื’ื™ืœื— ื™ื•ื ืฉืฉื™ื ื—ืกืจ ืื—ื“ ื™ืฆื ืฉื™ื•ื ืฉืœืฉื™ื ืขื•ืœื” ืœื• ืžืŸ ื”ืžื ื™ืŸ ื‘ืฉืœืžื ืœืจื‘ ืžืชื ื ื ื™ื—ื ืืœื ืœื‘ืจ ืคื“ื ืœืžื” ืœื™ ื”ื ืืžืจ ืฉืœืฉื™ื ื—ืกืจ ืื—ื“

The Gemara raises another question. We learned in the mishna (16a): If he shaved his hair on day sixty less one, i.e., on the fifty-ninth day after he vowed to observe two consecutive terms of naziriteship, he has fulfilled his obligation, as the thirtieth day counts as part of his tally. Granted, according to Rav Mattana this works out well, since the mishna is stating that the thirtieth day can be counted for both terms of naziriteship due to the principle that part of a day is like an entire day. However, according to bar Padda, why do I need the mishna to state that the thirtieth day counts in his tally? Didnโ€™t he say that an unspecified term of naziriteship is for thirty days less one? It is obvious that the thirtieth day counts for the second term of naziriteship.

ืืžืจ ืœืš ืื ื ื ืžื™ ืื”ื ืกืžื›ื™

The Gemara answers: Bar Padda could have said to you: I too rely on this. This is my proof for the principle that an unspecified naziriteship lasts for twenty-nine days.

ืชื ืŸ ืžื™ ืฉืืžืจ ื”ืจื™ื ื™ ื ื–ื™ืจ ื ื˜ืžื ื™ื•ื ืฉืœืฉื™ื ืกื•ืชืจ ืืช ื”ื›ืœ ื‘ืฉืœืžื ืœืจื‘ ืžืชื ื ื ื™ื—ื ืืœื ืœื‘ืจ ืคื“ื ืงืฉื™ื

The Gemara continues to ask: We learned in the mishna (16a): In the case of one who said: I am hereby a nazirite, if he became ritually impure on the thirtieth day, it negates the entire tally, and he must start his naziriteship afresh. Granted, according to Rav Mattana it works out well, since he became impure before the conclusion of his naziriteship. However, according to bar Padda it is difficult, as the term of naziriteship ended at the conclusion of the twenty-ninth day, and one who becomes impure after completing his term does not have to observe a new term of naziriteship.

ืืžืจ ืœืš ื‘ืจ ืคื“ื ืื™ืžื ืกื™ืคื ืจื‘ื™ ืืœื™ืขื–ืจ ืื•ืžืจ ืื™ื ื• ืกื•ืชืจ ืืœื ืฉื‘ืขื” ืื™ ืกืœืงื ื“ืขืชืš ืฉืœืฉื™ื ื‘ืขื™ื ืŸ ื ืกืชื•ืจ ื›ื•ืœื”ื•

The Gemara answers: Bar Padda could have said to you: Say the latter clause of that mishna: Rabbi Eliezer says: It negates only seven days. If it enters your mind that we require thirty days for a term of naziriteship, the nazirite should negate all of them, since he is still in the middle of his naziriteship. This proves that an unspecified naziriteship is only twenty-nine days long.

ืงืกื‘ืจ ืจื‘ื™ ืืœื™ืขื–ืจ ืžืงืฆืช ื”ื™ื•ื ื›ื›ื•ืœื•

The Gemara responds that Rav Mattana can explain Rabbi Eliezerโ€™s opinion as follows: This does not prove that an unspecified term of naziriteship is less than thirty days, as Rabbi Eliezer holds that the legal status of part of the day is like that of an entire day, and it is viewed as though the nazirite has completed his term of naziriteship at the start of the thirtieth day.

ืชื ืŸ ื”ืจื™ื ื™ ื ื–ื™ืจ ืžืื” ื™ื•ื ื ื˜ืžื ื™ื•ื ืžืื” ืกื•ืชืจ ืืช ื”ื›ืœ ืจื‘ื™ ืืœื™ืขื–ืจ ืื•ืžืจ ืื™ื ื• ืกื•ืชืจ ืืœื ืฉืœืฉื™ื ื™ื•ื ื•ืื™ ืกืœืงื ื“ืขืชืš ืกื‘ืจ ืจื‘ื™ ืืœื™ืขื–ืจ ืžืงืฆืช ื”ื™ื•ื ื›ื›ื•ืœื• ื ืกืชื•ืจ ืฉื‘ืขื” ื•ืื™ ืœื ืกื‘ืจ ืžืงืฆืช ื”ื™ื•ื ื›ื›ื•ืœื• ืœื™ืกืชื•ืจ ื›ื•ืœื”ื•

The Gemara raises a difficulty with Rabbi Eliezerโ€™s opinion. We learned in the mishna (16a): If one says: I am hereby a nazirite for one hundred days, if he became impure on the one hundredth day, it negates the entire tally. He must bring offerings for having become impure, and he then begins his term of naziriteship anew. Rabbi Eliezer says: It negates only thirty days. The Gemara comments: And if it enters your mind that Rabbi Eliezer holds that the legal status of part of the day is like that of an entire day, the nazirite should negate seven days because it is considered as though he became impure after completing his term of naziriteship. And if he does not hold that part of the day is like an entire day, he should negate all of the days, since he became impure during his naziriteship.

ืœืขื•ืœื ืœื ืืžืจื™ื ืŸ ืžืงืฆืช ื”ื™ื•ื ื›ื›ื•ืœื• ืื™ ื”ื›ื™ ืœื™ืกืชื•ืจ ื›ื•ืœื”ื• ืืžืจ ืจื™ืฉ ืœืงื™ืฉ ื”ื™ื™ื ื• ื˜ืขืžื ื“ืจื‘ื™ ืืœื™ืขื–ืจ ืืžืจ ืงืจื ื–ืืช ืชื•ืจืช ื”ื ื–ื™ืจ ื‘ื™ื•ื ืžืœืืช ื™ืžื™ ื ื–ืจื• ื”ืชื•ืจื” ืืžืจื” ื ื˜ืžื ื‘ื™ื•ื ืžืœืืช ืชืŸ ืœื• ืชื•ืจืช ื ื–ื™ืจ

The Gemara answers: Actually, we do not say that the legal status of part of the day is like that of an entire day. The Gemara asks: If that is so, then let him negate all of the days. Reish Lakish said that this is the reason of Rabbi Eliezer: The verse states: โ€œThis is the law of the nazirite, on the day when the days of his consecration are completeโ€ (Numbers 6:13). The Torah stated: If he became impure on the day of the completion of his term of naziriteship, give him the halakha of an unspecified nazirite, and he must recount an unspecified term of naziriteship, which is thirty days.

ืœื™ืžื ื›ืชื ืื™ ืขื“ ืžืœืืช ื”ื™ืžื

ยง Until this point the Gemara has been attempting to prove whether the halakha is in accordance with the opinion of Rav Mattana or bar Padda. The Gemara now suggests: Let us say that this is parallel to a dispute between tannaโ€™im, as it is taught in a baraita: The verse states: โ€œUntil the days are complete, in which he consecrated himself to the Lord, he shall be holy, he shall let the locks of the hair of his head grow longโ€ (Numbers 6:5).

ืฉื•ืžืขื ื™ ืžื™ืขื•ื˜ ื™ืžื™ื ืฉื ื™ื ืชืœืžื•ื“ ืœื•ืžืจ ืงื“ื•ืฉ ื™ื”ื™ื” ื’ื“ืœ ืคืจืข ืื™ืŸ ื’ื™ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืขืจ ืคื—ื•ืช ืžืฉืœืฉื™ื ื“ื‘ืจื™ ืจื‘ื™ ื™ืืฉื™ื”

I hear from this: The least amount of days that the plural โ€œdaysโ€ can indicate is two, implying that one can become a nazirite for a term of two days. Therefore, the verse states: โ€œHe shall be holy, he shall let the locks of the hair of his head grow long,โ€ and there is no significant growth of hair in less than thirty days. This is the statement of Rabbi Yoshiya.

ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื ืชืŸ ืื•ืžืจ ืื™ื ื• ืฆืจื™ืš ื”ืจื™ ื”ื•ื ืื•ืžืจ ืขื“ ืžืœืืช ื”ื™ืžื ืื™ ืืœื• ื”ืŸ ื™ืžื™ื ืฉืฆืจื™ื›ื™ืŸ ืœืžืœืื•ืช ื”ื•ื™ ืื•ืžืจ ืฉืœืฉื™ื

Rabbi Yonatan says: This proof is not needed, as the verse says: โ€œUntil the days are complete.โ€ What are the days that require completion? You must say this is referring to the days of a month. Since a lunar cycle lasts for approximately twenty-nine and a half days, some months are twenty-nine days, whereas full months are thirty days. This demonstrates that a term of naziriteship must be at least one month.

ืžืื™ ืœืื• ืจื‘ ืžืชื ื ื“ืืžืจ ื›ืจื‘ื™ ื™ืืฉื™ื” ื•ื‘ืจ ืคื“ื ื“ืืžืจ ื›ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื ืชืŸ

The Gemara suggests: What, is it not the case that Rav Mattana said in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Yoshiya, who derives the minimum length of a term of naziriteship from the phrase โ€œhe shall be holy, he shall let his hair grow long,โ€ and therefore a term of naziriteship lasts thirty days, and bar Padda said in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Yonatan, who derives this halakha from the length of a month, and since a month can be twenty-nine days, the minimum length of a term of naziriteship is also twenty-nine days?

ืืžืจ ืœืš ืจื‘ ืžืชื ื ื›ื•ืœื™ ืขืœืžื ืฉืœืฉื™ื ื‘ืขื™ื ืŸ ื•ื”ื›ื ื‘ืขื“ ื•ืขื“ ื‘ื›ืœืœ ืคืœื™ื’ื™ ืจื‘ื™ ื™ืืฉื™ื” ืกื‘ืจ ืขื“ ื•ืœื ืขื“ ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื•ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื ืชืŸ ืกื‘ืจ ืขื“ ื•ืขื“ ื‘ื›ืœืœ

The Gemara responds: Rav Mattana could have said to you: Everyone agrees that we require a term of naziriteship to last at least thirty days, and here they disagree with regard to whether โ€œuntilโ€ means until and including. Rabbi Yoshiya holds that โ€œuntil the days are completeโ€ indicates that a term of naziriteship must last until, but not necessarily including, the thirtieth day of a full month. Consequently, he derives the minimum length of a term of naziriteship from the phrase โ€œhe shall let the locks of the hair of his head grow long.โ€ And Rabbi Yonatan holds that the term โ€œuntilโ€ means until and including the thirtieth day of a full month, and he derives the minimum length of a term of naziriteship from the phrase โ€œuntil the days are complete.โ€

ืืžืจ ืžืจ ืื™ ืืœื• ื”ืŸ ื™ืžื™ื ืฉืฆืจื™ื›ื™ืŸ ืœืžืœืื•ืช ื”ื•ื™ ืื•ืžืจ ืฉืœืฉื™ื ื•ืื™ืžื ืฉื‘ืช ืฉื‘ืช ืžื™ ืื™ื›ื ื—ืกื™ืจื•ืชื

The Gemara now analyzes the baraita that cites the opinions of Rabbi Yoshiya and Rabbi Yonatan. The Master, Rabbi Yonatan, said: What are the days that require completion? You must say this is referring to the thirty days of a full month. The Gemara asks: But say it is referring to the seven days of a week. The Gemara responds: In the case of a week, is there ever a week that is lacking? All weeks are seven days. Conversely, since some months are twenty-nine days and others are thirty days, it can be said that the thirtieth day completes that which was lacking.

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