Please ensure Javascript is enabled for purposes of website accessibility Skip to content

Today's Daf Yomi

May 4, 2018 | ื™ืดื˜ ื‘ืื™ื™ืจ ืชืฉืขืดื—

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Ron and Shira Krebs to commemorate the 73rd yahrzeit of Shira's grandfather (Yitzchak Leib Ben David Ber HaCohen v'Malka), the 1st yahrzeit of Shira's father (Gershon Pinya Ben Yitzchak Leib HaCohen v'Menucha Sara), and the bar mitzvah of their son Eytan who will be making a siyum on Mishna Shas this month.

  • This month's learning is sponsored for the refuah shleima of Naama bat Yael Esther.

Zevachim 21

If one becomes impure, does one also need to redo washing one’s hands and feet? Can one dunk one’s hands and feet in the water or can it only be done by pouring the water? At what time of day does the water need to be sunk into its pit (so as not to become contaminated)? Three different opinions are brought.


If the lesson doesn't play, click "Download"

ื•ื”ื ืคืจื” ื“ื˜ืžื•ื™ื™ ืžื˜ืžื™ื ืŸ ืœื™ื” ื“ืชื ืŸ ืžื˜ืžืื™ืŸ ื”ื™ื• ื”ื›ื”ืŸ ื”ืฉื•ืจืฃ ืืช ื”ืคืจื” ื•ืžื˜ื‘ื™ืœื™ืŸ ืื•ืชื• ืœื”ื•ืฆื™ื ืžืœื‘ืŸ ืฉืœ ืฆื“ื•ืงื™ืŸ ืฉื”ื™ื• ืื•ืžืจื™ื ื‘ืžืขื•ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืฉ ื”ื™ืชื” ื ืขืฉื™ืช ืฉืžืข ืžื™ื ื” ืœื ืคืกืœื” ื‘ื” (ืžื—ืฉื‘ืช) ื˜ื•ืžืื”

And in preparation for the rite of the red heifer, we intentionally impart impurity to the priest after he has already sanctified his hands and feet, as we learned in a mishna (Para 3:7): They would render the priest who burns the heifer ritually impure and immerse him immediately, to remove a misconception from the hearts of the Sadducees by means of a public display of disregard for their ruling. As the Sadducees would say: Only by those for whom the sun set was the heifer ritual performed. The Sadducees believed that it is prohibited for an impure priest who immersed that day to burn the red heifer until sunset, when the purification process is completed. The Gemara concludes: Since this impurity does not disqualify the sanctification of his hands and feet, learn from it that impurity does not disqualify sanctification of the hands and feet in general.

ืฉืื ื™ ืคืจื” ื”ื•ืื™ืœ ื“ื˜ื‘ื•ืœ ื™ื•ื ืœื ืคืกื™ืœ ื‘ื” ืื™ ื”ื›ื™ ืœืžื” ืœื™ ื“ืžืงื“ืฉ ื›ืขื™ืŸ ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” [ื‘ืขื™ื ืŸ]

The Gemara responds: The service of the heifer is different, as one who immersed that day is not unfit for performing it, unlike any other rite. Likewise, impurity does not disqualify the sanctification of hands and feet preceding the service of the heifer. The Gemara asks: If so, why do I require that the priest sanctify his hands and feet at all for the service of the red heifer? The Gemara responds: We require that the service of the red heifer be similar to the service of offerings performed inside the Temple.

ืื™ื‘ืขื™ื ืœื”ื• ืžื”ื• ืœืงื“ืฉ ื™ื“ื™ื• [ื•ืจื’ืœื™ื•] ื‘ื›ื™ื•ืจ ืžืžื ื• ืืžืจ ืจื—ืžื ื ื•ืœื ื‘ืชื•ื›ื• ืื• ื“ืœืžื ืืคื™ืœื• ื‘ืชื•ื›ื•

ยง A dilemma was raised before the Sages: What is the halakha with regard to a priest who wishes to sanctify his hands and feet by dipping them in the Basin rather than letting the water run from it onto them? Must one say that the priest may not do so, since the Merciful One states: โ€œAnd Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet from itโ€ (Exodus 30:19), and not inside it? Or perhaps the priest may even use water still inside it.

ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื ื—ืžืŸ ื‘ืจ ื™ืฆื—ืง ืชื ืฉืžืข ืื• ืฉื˜ื‘ืœ ื‘ืžื™ ืžืขืจื” ื•ืขื‘ื“ ืขื‘ื•ื“ืชื• ืคืกื•ืœื” ื”ื ืžื™ ื›ื™ื•ืจ ื“ื•ืžื™ื ื“ืžื™ ืžืขืจื” ื•ืขื‘ื“ ืขื‘ื•ื“ืชื• ื›ืฉืจื”

Rav Naแธฅman bar Yitzแธฅak said: Come and hear a proof from a baraita: Or if a priest immersed in cave water and performed the service, his service is disqualified, since this is not adequate sanctification of the hands and feet. From the baraita one infers: But if he used water from the Basin in a manner similar to cave water, i.e., by immersing his hands, and performed the service, his service is valid.

ืœื ืžื™ ืžืขืจื” ืื™ืฆื˜ืจื™ื›ื ืœื™ื” ืฉืœื ืชืืžืจ ื›ืœ ื’ื•ืคื• ื˜ื•ื‘ืœ ื‘ื”ืŸ ื™ื“ื™ื• ื•ืจื’ืœื™ื• ืœื ื›ืœ ืฉื›ืŸ

The Gemara responds: No, it is possible that immersing oneโ€™s hands in the Basin is insufficient as well. Nevertheless, it was necessary for the baraita to mention cave water so that you shall not say: If one may immerse his entire body in cave water to purify himself, all the more so is it not clear that he may sanctify his hands and feet by immersing them in cave water? The baraita therefore teaches that despite being fit for immersion of the entire body, cave water is unfit for sanctification of the hands and feet.

ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ื‘ืจ ื™ื•ืกืฃ ืžื™ ื›ื™ื•ืจ ื ืคืกืœื™ืŸ ืœืžืชื™ืจื™ืŸ ื›ืžืชื™ืจื™ืŸ ืœืื‘ืจื™ื ื›ืื‘ืจื™ื

ยง Rabbi แธคiyya bar Yosef says: The water in the Basin is disqualified by being left out, at different times of day for different rites. For rites that are permitting factors for an offering, i.e., that must be performed before the meat of the offering may be eaten, the water is disqualified at sunset, like the permitting factors themselves, which may be performed only during the day. For example, if a priest wishes to sprinkle an offeringโ€™s blood on the altar, he may not sanctify his hands and feet from the Basin unless it was sunk into its pit at sunset on the previous day, preventing the water from being disqualified. Similarly, for the burning of the offeringโ€™s limbs on the altar, which may be performed all night, the water in the Basin is disqualified at dawn, like the limbs themselves.

ืจื‘ ื—ืกื“ื ืืžืจ ืืฃ ืœืžืชื™ืจื™ืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื ืคืกืœื™ืŸ ืืœื ื‘ืขืžื•ื“ ื”ืฉื—ืจ ื›ืื‘ืจื™ืŸ ื•ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ืืžืจ ื›ื™ื•ืจ ื›ื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืฉืงืขื• ืฉื•ื‘ ืื™ืŸ ืžืขืœื”ื•

Rav แธคisda says: Even for the performance of permitting factors, the water is disqualified only at dawn, as it is for the burning of the limbs. And Rabbi Yoแธฅanan says: Once one has sunk the Basin into its pit at the end of the dayโ€™s service, reconnecting the water in the Basin to flowing water to prevent it from being disqualified, he may not raise it up again the entire night.

ืœืžื™ืžืจื ื“ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ืช ืœื™ืœื” ื ืžื™ ืœื ื—ื–ื™ ื•ื”ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ืืกื™ ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ืžืฉืžื™ื” ื“ืื™ืœืคื ื›ื™ื•ืจ ืฉืœื ืฉืงืขื• ืžื‘ืขืจื‘ ืžืงื“ืฉ ืžืžื ื• ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ืช ืœื™ืœื” ื•ืœืžื—ืจ ืื™ื ื• ืžืงื“ืฉ

The Gemara asks: Is this to say that if the Basin was not sunk before sunset the water inside is unfit for the nightโ€™s service as well? But doesnโ€™t Rabbi Asi say that Rabbi Yoแธฅanan says in the name of Ilfa: With regard to a Basin that the priests did not sink into its pit at night, a priest sanctifies his hands and feet from it for the service of that night, and the next day he does not sanctify from it? Apparently, for purposes of the nightโ€™s service, the water in the Basin is not disqualified at sunset.

ืžืื™ ืื™ื ื• ืžืขืœื”ื• ื ืžื™ ื“ืงืืžืจ ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ืช ื™ื•ื ืื‘ืœ ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ืช ืœื™ืœื” ื—ื–ื™

The Gemara responds: What does it mean when it says: He may not raise it up again? It means that he may not raise it to sanctify his hands and feet in preparation for the dayโ€™s service; but the water is fit for sanctification for the nightโ€™s service.

[ืื™ ื”ื›ื™] ื”ื™ื™ื ื• ื“ืจื‘ื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ื‘ืจ ื™ื•ืกืฃ

The Gemara asks: If so, this is the same as the opinion of Rabbi แธคiyya bar Yosef, i.e., that for purposes of the dayโ€™s service the water in the Basin is disqualified at sunset, and for purposes of the nightโ€™s service it is disqualified at dawn.

ืื™ื›ื ื‘ื™ื ื™ื™ื”ื• ื’ื–ื™ืจืช ืฉื™ืงื•ืข

The Gemara responds: The difference between them is that according to Rabbi แธคiyya bar Yosef, if the water is raised at any point throughout the night, it is disqualified for sanctification prior to the dayโ€™s services. According to Rabbi Yoแธฅanan, the water is not disqualified unless the Basin is raised at the break of dawn, but the Sages issued a rabbinic decree of sinking the Basin into its pit all night ab initio, so that it would not be raised at dawn accidentally.

ื•ื”ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ืงื™ื“ืฉ ื™ื“ื™ื• ืœืชืจื•ืžืช ื”ื“ืฉืŸ ืœืžื—ืจ ืื™ืŸ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืงื“ืฉ ืฉื›ื‘ืจ ืงื™ื“ืฉ ืžืชื—ื™ืœืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ื”

The Gemara asks: Does Rabbi Yoแธฅanan really hold that the Basin must be sunk all night? But doesnโ€™t Rabbi Yoแธฅanan say: If a priest sanctified his hands and feet in preparation for the removal of the ashes before dawn, then the next day he does not need to sanctify them again, as he already sanctified them at the beginning of the dayโ€™s service? Evidently, the Basin is raised before dawn.

ื‘ืฉืœืžื ืœืจื‘ื ื“ืžื•ืงื™ื ืœื”ื”ื™ื ื›ืจื‘ื™ ืืœืขื–ืจ ื‘ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ื”ื ื›ืจื‘ื™

The Gemara elaborates: Granted, according to Rava, who interprets that statement in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Elazar, son of Rabbi Shimon, that sanctification of the hands and feet is not disqualified overnight (see 20a), this statement that the Basin must be sunk all night is in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi, who holds that sanctification of the hands and feet is disqualified at dawn. Accordingly, he holds that the water in the Basin is disqualified as well.

ืืœื ืœืื‘ื™ื™ ื“ืžื•ืงื™ื ืœื” ื›ืจื‘ื™ ืงืฉื™ื ื“ืจื‘ื™ ืื“ืจื‘ื™ ืžืื™ ืฉื ื ื”ืชื ื“ืžืฉืงืข ืœื™ื” ื•ืžืื™ ืฉื ื ื”ื›ื ื“ืœื ืžืฉืงืข ืœื™ื”

But according to Abaye, who interprets that statement in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi, the first statement of Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi is difficult to reconcile with this other statement of Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi: What is different there that one must sink the Basin all night, and what is different here, with regard to sanctification prior to removal of the ashes, that one does not need to sink it?

ื“ืžืกืœืง ืœื™ื” ื•ื”ื“ืจ ืžืฉืงืข ืœื™ื”

The Gemara responds: There is no contradiction. Prior to removal of the ashes, one raises the Basin and then sinks it again so that it will not remain raised at dawn and render the water disqualified.

ืื™ ื”ื›ื™ ืœืžื—ืจ ืื™ื ื• ืžืงื“ืฉ [ืืžืื™ ืื™ืŸ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืงื“ืฉ]

The Gemara asks: If so, why does Rabbi Yoแธฅanan say that the priest does not sanctify his hands and feet again the next day? If the water has not been disqualified, why would the priest need to avoid sanctifying his hands and feet with it? The Gemara responds: Rabbi Yoแธฅanan means to say that he does not need to sanctify them again for service on the same day, not that he is prohibited from doing so.

ืœืžื™ืžืจื ื“ืœืžืชื™ืจื™ืŸ ืžื™ื—ื–ื ื—ื–ื™ ื”ื™ื™ื ื• ื“ืจื‘ ื—ืกื“ื

The Gemara asks: Is this to say that according to Rabbi Yoแธฅanan, if one raised the Basin at night and sank it again before dawn, it remains fit for sanctification prior to performing the offeringโ€™s permitting factors that day? If so, Rabbi Yoแธฅananโ€™s opinion is the same as that of Rav แธคisda.

ืื™ื›ื ื‘ื™ื ื™ื™ื”ื• ืžืฆื•ืช ืฉื™ืงื•ืข

The Gemara responds: The difference between them is that according to Rav แธคisda, there is no mitzva of sinking the Basin into its pit throughout the night, whereas Rabbi Yoแธฅanan holds that there is a mitzva of sinking the Basin into its pit all night ab initio.

ืžื™ืชื™ื‘ื™ ืœื ื”ื™ื• ืจื•ืื™ืŸ ืื•ืชื• ื•ืœื ืฉื•ืžืขื™ืŸ ืืช ืงื•ืœื• ืขื“ ืฉืฉื•ืžืขื™ื ืงื•ืœ ืฉืœ ืขืฅ ืฉืขืฉื” ื‘ืŸ ืงื˜ื™ืŸ ืžื•ื›ื ื™ ืœื›ื™ื•ืจ ื•ื”ืŸ ืื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ื’ื™ืข [ืขืช] ืงื™ื“ื•ืฉ ื™ื“ื™ื ื•ืจื’ืœื™ื ืžืŸ ื”ื›ื™ื•ืจ ืžืื™ ืœืื• ื“ืžืกืœืง ืœื™ื” ืืœืžื ืžืฉืงืข ืœื™ื”

The Gemara raises an objection to the opinion of Rav แธคisda from a mishna (Tamid 28b): The priests would not see the priest performing the removal of the ashes, nor would they hear his voice. Rather, they were unaware of his actions until they would hear the sound of the wood with which ben Katin made a mechanism for sinking the Basin into water during the night. And when they heard the sound of the mechanism, they would say to each other: The time for sanctifying hands and feet from the Basin has come. The Gemara asks: What, is it not that they heard the mechanism raising the Basin? Apparently, the mechanism would sink it during the night, in contradiction to the opinion of Rav แธคisda, who holds that there was no need to sink it overnight.

ืœื ื“ืžืฉืงืข ืœื™ื” ืื™ ื“ืžืฉืงืข ืœื™ื” ืžื™ ืžืฉืชืžืข ืงืœื™ื” ืžืฉืงืข ืœื™ื” ื‘ื’ื™ืœื’ืœื

The Gemara responds: No, they heard the mechanism sinking the Basin, which had been raised all night. The Gemara asks: If the mechanism were sinking it, would its sound be audible? No mechanism is necessary to lower the Basin; it can simply be lowered with a chain. The Gemara responds: The priest would still sink it by using a wheel, which would make a sound.

ืœื™ืฉื ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื ื“ืžืฉืงืข ืœื™ื” ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจืชื™ื” ื›ื™ ื”ื™ื›ื™ ื“ืœื™ืฉืชืžืข ืงืœื™ื” ื•ืœืฉืžืขื™ ื•ืœื™ืชื™ ื•ื”ื ื”ื•ื” ื’ื‘ื™ื ื™ ื›ืจื•ื– ื‘ื™ ืชืจื™ ื”ื™ื›ืจื™ ื”ื•ื• ืขื‘ื“ื™ ื“ืฉืžืข ืžื”ืื™ ืืชื™ ื•ืฉืžืข ืžื”ืื™ ืืชื™

The Gemara presents another version of the answer: The priest would deliberately sink it by its wheel so that its sound would be audible, and the other priests would hear and come to begin the service. The Gemara asks: But wasnโ€™t there Gevini the crier, who would notify the priests of the beginning of the service? The Gemara responds: They would make two conspicuous markers for the beginning of the service: The sound of the wheel and the crier. Anyone who heard from this marker would come, and anyone who heard from that marker would come.

ื’ื•ืคื ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ืกื™ ื‘ืจื‘ื™ ื—ื ื™ื ื ื›ืœ ื›ื™ื•ืจ ืฉืื™ืŸ ื‘ื• ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงื“ืฉ ืืจื‘ืขื” ื›ื”ื ื™ื ืžืžื ื• ืื™ืŸ ืžืงื“ืฉื™ืŸ ื‘ื• ืฉื ืืžืจ ื•ืจื—ืฆื• ืžืžื ื• ืžืฉื” ื•ืื”ืจืŸ ื•ื‘ื ื™ื• ื•ื’ื•ืณ

ยง Having mentioned a halakha earlier (19b), the Gemara addresses the matter itself: Rabbi Yosei, son of Rabbi แธคanina, says: With regard to any Basin that does not contain enough water for four priests to sanctify their hands and feet from it, the priests may not sanctify their hands and feet with it, as it is stated: โ€œThat Moses and Aaron and his sons might wash their hands and their feet from itโ€ (Exodus 40:31).

ืžื™ืชื™ื‘ื™ ื›ืœ ื”ื›ืœื™ื ืžืงื“ืฉื™ืŸ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉื™ืฉ ื‘ื”ืŸ ืจื‘ื™ืขื™ืช

The Gemara raises an objection from a baraita: The priests may sanctify their hands and feet from all vessels, whether they can hold a quarter-log of water

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Ron and Shira Krebs to commemorate the 73rd yahrzeit of Shira's grandfather (Yitzchak Leib Ben David Ber HaCohen v'Malka), the 1st yahrzeit of Shira's father (Gershon Pinya Ben Yitzchak Leib HaCohen v'Menucha Sara), and the bar mitzvah of their son Eytan who will be making a siyum on Mishna Shas this month.

  • This month's learning is sponsored for the refuah shleima of Naama bat Yael Esther.

Want to explore more about the Daf?

See insights from our partners, contributors and community of women learners

Sorry, there aren't any posts in this category yet. We're adding more soon!

Zevachim 21

The William Davidson Talmud | Powered by Sefaria

Zevachim 21

ื•ื”ื ืคืจื” ื“ื˜ืžื•ื™ื™ ืžื˜ืžื™ื ืŸ ืœื™ื” ื“ืชื ืŸ ืžื˜ืžืื™ืŸ ื”ื™ื• ื”ื›ื”ืŸ ื”ืฉื•ืจืฃ ืืช ื”ืคืจื” ื•ืžื˜ื‘ื™ืœื™ืŸ ืื•ืชื• ืœื”ื•ืฆื™ื ืžืœื‘ืŸ ืฉืœ ืฆื“ื•ืงื™ืŸ ืฉื”ื™ื• ืื•ืžืจื™ื ื‘ืžืขื•ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืฉ ื”ื™ืชื” ื ืขืฉื™ืช ืฉืžืข ืžื™ื ื” ืœื ืคืกืœื” ื‘ื” (ืžื—ืฉื‘ืช) ื˜ื•ืžืื”

And in preparation for the rite of the red heifer, we intentionally impart impurity to the priest after he has already sanctified his hands and feet, as we learned in a mishna (Para 3:7): They would render the priest who burns the heifer ritually impure and immerse him immediately, to remove a misconception from the hearts of the Sadducees by means of a public display of disregard for their ruling. As the Sadducees would say: Only by those for whom the sun set was the heifer ritual performed. The Sadducees believed that it is prohibited for an impure priest who immersed that day to burn the red heifer until sunset, when the purification process is completed. The Gemara concludes: Since this impurity does not disqualify the sanctification of his hands and feet, learn from it that impurity does not disqualify sanctification of the hands and feet in general.

ืฉืื ื™ ืคืจื” ื”ื•ืื™ืœ ื“ื˜ื‘ื•ืœ ื™ื•ื ืœื ืคืกื™ืœ ื‘ื” ืื™ ื”ื›ื™ ืœืžื” ืœื™ ื“ืžืงื“ืฉ ื›ืขื™ืŸ ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” [ื‘ืขื™ื ืŸ]

The Gemara responds: The service of the heifer is different, as one who immersed that day is not unfit for performing it, unlike any other rite. Likewise, impurity does not disqualify the sanctification of hands and feet preceding the service of the heifer. The Gemara asks: If so, why do I require that the priest sanctify his hands and feet at all for the service of the red heifer? The Gemara responds: We require that the service of the red heifer be similar to the service of offerings performed inside the Temple.

ืื™ื‘ืขื™ื ืœื”ื• ืžื”ื• ืœืงื“ืฉ ื™ื“ื™ื• [ื•ืจื’ืœื™ื•] ื‘ื›ื™ื•ืจ ืžืžื ื• ืืžืจ ืจื—ืžื ื ื•ืœื ื‘ืชื•ื›ื• ืื• ื“ืœืžื ืืคื™ืœื• ื‘ืชื•ื›ื•

ยง A dilemma was raised before the Sages: What is the halakha with regard to a priest who wishes to sanctify his hands and feet by dipping them in the Basin rather than letting the water run from it onto them? Must one say that the priest may not do so, since the Merciful One states: โ€œAnd Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet from itโ€ (Exodus 30:19), and not inside it? Or perhaps the priest may even use water still inside it.

ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื ื—ืžืŸ ื‘ืจ ื™ืฆื—ืง ืชื ืฉืžืข ืื• ืฉื˜ื‘ืœ ื‘ืžื™ ืžืขืจื” ื•ืขื‘ื“ ืขื‘ื•ื“ืชื• ืคืกื•ืœื” ื”ื ืžื™ ื›ื™ื•ืจ ื“ื•ืžื™ื ื“ืžื™ ืžืขืจื” ื•ืขื‘ื“ ืขื‘ื•ื“ืชื• ื›ืฉืจื”

Rav Naแธฅman bar Yitzแธฅak said: Come and hear a proof from a baraita: Or if a priest immersed in cave water and performed the service, his service is disqualified, since this is not adequate sanctification of the hands and feet. From the baraita one infers: But if he used water from the Basin in a manner similar to cave water, i.e., by immersing his hands, and performed the service, his service is valid.

ืœื ืžื™ ืžืขืจื” ืื™ืฆื˜ืจื™ื›ื ืœื™ื” ืฉืœื ืชืืžืจ ื›ืœ ื’ื•ืคื• ื˜ื•ื‘ืœ ื‘ื”ืŸ ื™ื“ื™ื• ื•ืจื’ืœื™ื• ืœื ื›ืœ ืฉื›ืŸ

The Gemara responds: No, it is possible that immersing oneโ€™s hands in the Basin is insufficient as well. Nevertheless, it was necessary for the baraita to mention cave water so that you shall not say: If one may immerse his entire body in cave water to purify himself, all the more so is it not clear that he may sanctify his hands and feet by immersing them in cave water? The baraita therefore teaches that despite being fit for immersion of the entire body, cave water is unfit for sanctification of the hands and feet.

ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ื‘ืจ ื™ื•ืกืฃ ืžื™ ื›ื™ื•ืจ ื ืคืกืœื™ืŸ ืœืžืชื™ืจื™ืŸ ื›ืžืชื™ืจื™ืŸ ืœืื‘ืจื™ื ื›ืื‘ืจื™ื

ยง Rabbi แธคiyya bar Yosef says: The water in the Basin is disqualified by being left out, at different times of day for different rites. For rites that are permitting factors for an offering, i.e., that must be performed before the meat of the offering may be eaten, the water is disqualified at sunset, like the permitting factors themselves, which may be performed only during the day. For example, if a priest wishes to sprinkle an offeringโ€™s blood on the altar, he may not sanctify his hands and feet from the Basin unless it was sunk into its pit at sunset on the previous day, preventing the water from being disqualified. Similarly, for the burning of the offeringโ€™s limbs on the altar, which may be performed all night, the water in the Basin is disqualified at dawn, like the limbs themselves.

ืจื‘ ื—ืกื“ื ืืžืจ ืืฃ ืœืžืชื™ืจื™ืŸ ืื™ืŸ ื ืคืกืœื™ืŸ ืืœื ื‘ืขืžื•ื“ ื”ืฉื—ืจ ื›ืื‘ืจื™ืŸ ื•ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ืืžืจ ื›ื™ื•ืจ ื›ื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืฉืงืขื• ืฉื•ื‘ ืื™ืŸ ืžืขืœื”ื•

Rav แธคisda says: Even for the performance of permitting factors, the water is disqualified only at dawn, as it is for the burning of the limbs. And Rabbi Yoแธฅanan says: Once one has sunk the Basin into its pit at the end of the dayโ€™s service, reconnecting the water in the Basin to flowing water to prevent it from being disqualified, he may not raise it up again the entire night.

ืœืžื™ืžืจื ื“ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ืช ืœื™ืœื” ื ืžื™ ืœื ื—ื–ื™ ื•ื”ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ืืกื™ ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ืžืฉืžื™ื” ื“ืื™ืœืคื ื›ื™ื•ืจ ืฉืœื ืฉืงืขื• ืžื‘ืขืจื‘ ืžืงื“ืฉ ืžืžื ื• ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ืช ืœื™ืœื” ื•ืœืžื—ืจ ืื™ื ื• ืžืงื“ืฉ

The Gemara asks: Is this to say that if the Basin was not sunk before sunset the water inside is unfit for the nightโ€™s service as well? But doesnโ€™t Rabbi Asi say that Rabbi Yoแธฅanan says in the name of Ilfa: With regard to a Basin that the priests did not sink into its pit at night, a priest sanctifies his hands and feet from it for the service of that night, and the next day he does not sanctify from it? Apparently, for purposes of the nightโ€™s service, the water in the Basin is not disqualified at sunset.

ืžืื™ ืื™ื ื• ืžืขืœื”ื• ื ืžื™ ื“ืงืืžืจ ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ืช ื™ื•ื ืื‘ืœ ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ืช ืœื™ืœื” ื—ื–ื™

The Gemara responds: What does it mean when it says: He may not raise it up again? It means that he may not raise it to sanctify his hands and feet in preparation for the dayโ€™s service; but the water is fit for sanctification for the nightโ€™s service.

[ืื™ ื”ื›ื™] ื”ื™ื™ื ื• ื“ืจื‘ื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ื‘ืจ ื™ื•ืกืฃ

The Gemara asks: If so, this is the same as the opinion of Rabbi แธคiyya bar Yosef, i.e., that for purposes of the dayโ€™s service the water in the Basin is disqualified at sunset, and for purposes of the nightโ€™s service it is disqualified at dawn.

ืื™ื›ื ื‘ื™ื ื™ื™ื”ื• ื’ื–ื™ืจืช ืฉื™ืงื•ืข

The Gemara responds: The difference between them is that according to Rabbi แธคiyya bar Yosef, if the water is raised at any point throughout the night, it is disqualified for sanctification prior to the dayโ€™s services. According to Rabbi Yoแธฅanan, the water is not disqualified unless the Basin is raised at the break of dawn, but the Sages issued a rabbinic decree of sinking the Basin into its pit all night ab initio, so that it would not be raised at dawn accidentally.

ื•ื”ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ืงื™ื“ืฉ ื™ื“ื™ื• ืœืชืจื•ืžืช ื”ื“ืฉืŸ ืœืžื—ืจ ืื™ืŸ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืงื“ืฉ ืฉื›ื‘ืจ ืงื™ื“ืฉ ืžืชื—ื™ืœืช ืขื‘ื•ื“ื”

The Gemara asks: Does Rabbi Yoแธฅanan really hold that the Basin must be sunk all night? But doesnโ€™t Rabbi Yoแธฅanan say: If a priest sanctified his hands and feet in preparation for the removal of the ashes before dawn, then the next day he does not need to sanctify them again, as he already sanctified them at the beginning of the dayโ€™s service? Evidently, the Basin is raised before dawn.

ื‘ืฉืœืžื ืœืจื‘ื ื“ืžื•ืงื™ื ืœื”ื”ื™ื ื›ืจื‘ื™ ืืœืขื–ืจ ื‘ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ื”ื ื›ืจื‘ื™

The Gemara elaborates: Granted, according to Rava, who interprets that statement in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Elazar, son of Rabbi Shimon, that sanctification of the hands and feet is not disqualified overnight (see 20a), this statement that the Basin must be sunk all night is in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi, who holds that sanctification of the hands and feet is disqualified at dawn. Accordingly, he holds that the water in the Basin is disqualified as well.

ืืœื ืœืื‘ื™ื™ ื“ืžื•ืงื™ื ืœื” ื›ืจื‘ื™ ืงืฉื™ื ื“ืจื‘ื™ ืื“ืจื‘ื™ ืžืื™ ืฉื ื ื”ืชื ื“ืžืฉืงืข ืœื™ื” ื•ืžืื™ ืฉื ื ื”ื›ื ื“ืœื ืžืฉืงืข ืœื™ื”

But according to Abaye, who interprets that statement in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi, the first statement of Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi is difficult to reconcile with this other statement of Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi: What is different there that one must sink the Basin all night, and what is different here, with regard to sanctification prior to removal of the ashes, that one does not need to sink it?

ื“ืžืกืœืง ืœื™ื” ื•ื”ื“ืจ ืžืฉืงืข ืœื™ื”

The Gemara responds: There is no contradiction. Prior to removal of the ashes, one raises the Basin and then sinks it again so that it will not remain raised at dawn and render the water disqualified.

ืื™ ื”ื›ื™ ืœืžื—ืจ ืื™ื ื• ืžืงื“ืฉ [ืืžืื™ ืื™ืŸ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืงื“ืฉ]

The Gemara asks: If so, why does Rabbi Yoแธฅanan say that the priest does not sanctify his hands and feet again the next day? If the water has not been disqualified, why would the priest need to avoid sanctifying his hands and feet with it? The Gemara responds: Rabbi Yoแธฅanan means to say that he does not need to sanctify them again for service on the same day, not that he is prohibited from doing so.

ืœืžื™ืžืจื ื“ืœืžืชื™ืจื™ืŸ ืžื™ื—ื–ื ื—ื–ื™ ื”ื™ื™ื ื• ื“ืจื‘ ื—ืกื“ื

The Gemara asks: Is this to say that according to Rabbi Yoแธฅanan, if one raised the Basin at night and sank it again before dawn, it remains fit for sanctification prior to performing the offeringโ€™s permitting factors that day? If so, Rabbi Yoแธฅananโ€™s opinion is the same as that of Rav แธคisda.

ืื™ื›ื ื‘ื™ื ื™ื™ื”ื• ืžืฆื•ืช ืฉื™ืงื•ืข

The Gemara responds: The difference between them is that according to Rav แธคisda, there is no mitzva of sinking the Basin into its pit throughout the night, whereas Rabbi Yoแธฅanan holds that there is a mitzva of sinking the Basin into its pit all night ab initio.

ืžื™ืชื™ื‘ื™ ืœื ื”ื™ื• ืจื•ืื™ืŸ ืื•ืชื• ื•ืœื ืฉื•ืžืขื™ืŸ ืืช ืงื•ืœื• ืขื“ ืฉืฉื•ืžืขื™ื ืงื•ืœ ืฉืœ ืขืฅ ืฉืขืฉื” ื‘ืŸ ืงื˜ื™ืŸ ืžื•ื›ื ื™ ืœื›ื™ื•ืจ ื•ื”ืŸ ืื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ื’ื™ืข [ืขืช] ืงื™ื“ื•ืฉ ื™ื“ื™ื ื•ืจื’ืœื™ื ืžืŸ ื”ื›ื™ื•ืจ ืžืื™ ืœืื• ื“ืžืกืœืง ืœื™ื” ืืœืžื ืžืฉืงืข ืœื™ื”

The Gemara raises an objection to the opinion of Rav แธคisda from a mishna (Tamid 28b): The priests would not see the priest performing the removal of the ashes, nor would they hear his voice. Rather, they were unaware of his actions until they would hear the sound of the wood with which ben Katin made a mechanism for sinking the Basin into water during the night. And when they heard the sound of the mechanism, they would say to each other: The time for sanctifying hands and feet from the Basin has come. The Gemara asks: What, is it not that they heard the mechanism raising the Basin? Apparently, the mechanism would sink it during the night, in contradiction to the opinion of Rav แธคisda, who holds that there was no need to sink it overnight.

ืœื ื“ืžืฉืงืข ืœื™ื” ืื™ ื“ืžืฉืงืข ืœื™ื” ืžื™ ืžืฉืชืžืข ืงืœื™ื” ืžืฉืงืข ืœื™ื” ื‘ื’ื™ืœื’ืœื

The Gemara responds: No, they heard the mechanism sinking the Basin, which had been raised all night. The Gemara asks: If the mechanism were sinking it, would its sound be audible? No mechanism is necessary to lower the Basin; it can simply be lowered with a chain. The Gemara responds: The priest would still sink it by using a wheel, which would make a sound.

ืœื™ืฉื ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื ื“ืžืฉืงืข ืœื™ื” ื‘ื—ื•ืžืจืชื™ื” ื›ื™ ื”ื™ื›ื™ ื“ืœื™ืฉืชืžืข ืงืœื™ื” ื•ืœืฉืžืขื™ ื•ืœื™ืชื™ ื•ื”ื ื”ื•ื” ื’ื‘ื™ื ื™ ื›ืจื•ื– ื‘ื™ ืชืจื™ ื”ื™ื›ืจื™ ื”ื•ื• ืขื‘ื“ื™ ื“ืฉืžืข ืžื”ืื™ ืืชื™ ื•ืฉืžืข ืžื”ืื™ ืืชื™

The Gemara presents another version of the answer: The priest would deliberately sink it by its wheel so that its sound would be audible, and the other priests would hear and come to begin the service. The Gemara asks: But wasnโ€™t there Gevini the crier, who would notify the priests of the beginning of the service? The Gemara responds: They would make two conspicuous markers for the beginning of the service: The sound of the wheel and the crier. Anyone who heard from this marker would come, and anyone who heard from that marker would come.

ื’ื•ืคื ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ืกื™ ื‘ืจื‘ื™ ื—ื ื™ื ื ื›ืœ ื›ื™ื•ืจ ืฉืื™ืŸ ื‘ื• ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงื“ืฉ ืืจื‘ืขื” ื›ื”ื ื™ื ืžืžื ื• ืื™ืŸ ืžืงื“ืฉื™ืŸ ื‘ื• ืฉื ืืžืจ ื•ืจื—ืฆื• ืžืžื ื• ืžืฉื” ื•ืื”ืจืŸ ื•ื‘ื ื™ื• ื•ื’ื•ืณ

ยง Having mentioned a halakha earlier (19b), the Gemara addresses the matter itself: Rabbi Yosei, son of Rabbi แธคanina, says: With regard to any Basin that does not contain enough water for four priests to sanctify their hands and feet from it, the priests may not sanctify their hands and feet with it, as it is stated: โ€œThat Moses and Aaron and his sons might wash their hands and their feet from itโ€ (Exodus 40:31).

ืžื™ืชื™ื‘ื™ ื›ืœ ื”ื›ืœื™ื ืžืงื“ืฉื™ืŸ ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉื™ืฉ ื‘ื”ืŸ ืจื‘ื™ืขื™ืช

The Gemara raises an objection from a baraita: The priests may sanctify their hands and feet from all vessels, whether they can hold a quarter-log of water

Scroll To Top