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Today's Daf Yomi

February 28, 2017 | ื‘ืณ ื‘ืื“ืจ ืชืฉืขืดื–

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Ron and Shira Krebs to commemorate the 73rd yahrzeit of Shira's grandfather (Yitzchak Leib Ben David Ber HaCohen v'Malka), the 1st yahrzeit of Shira's father (Gershon Pinya Ben Yitzchak Leib HaCohen v'Menucha Sara), and the bar mitzvah of their son Eytan who will be making a siyum on Mishna Shas this month.

  • This month's learning is sponsored for the refuah shleima of Naama bat Yael Esther.

Bava Batra 37

If one profits from only 10 out of 30 trees (that are growing in a field of 3 beit seah) each year (and each year a different 10), one can still create a chazaka on the whole field, both according to the rabbis and Rabbi Yishmael. ย However there are two limitations to this halacha. ย If one sold all one’s property to two people – to one the trees and to the other, the land, ย does the one who purchased the trees also acquire the land under/around the trees. ย How does that differ from one who sold the rights to the trees in one’s own property? ย Or if one sold the land but kept the trees? ย How does that case relate to the argument of Rabbi Akiva and the rabbis regarding one who sold a field but kept a pit or cistern for him/herself – did one leave oneself a path to get there or does one need to buy a path from the buyer in order to get there.


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ืœืื• ืžื™ ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื™ืฉืžืขืืœ ื—ื“ ืคื™ืจื ื”ื•ื™ ื—ื–ืงื” ืœื›ื•ืœื”ื• ืคื™ืจื™ ื”ื›ื ื ืžื™ ื”ื ื™ ื”ื•ื• ื—ื–ืงื” ืœื”ื ื™ ื•ื”ื ื™ ื”ื•ื• ื—ื–ืงื” ืœื”ื ื™

The Gemara explains the inference from the statement of Rabbi Yishmael and how it clarifies the opinion of the Rabbis: Didnโ€™t Rabbi Yishmael say that harvesting one type of fruit is sufficient to establish the presumption of ownership for all of the types of fruit, i.e., for the entire field? Here too, these trees are sufficient to establish the presumption of ownership for those trees, and those trees are sufficient to establish the presumption of ownership for these trees.

ื•ื”ื ื™ ืžื™ืœื™ ื”ื™ื›ื ื“ืœื ืืคื™ืงื• ืื‘ืœ ืืคื™ืงื• ื•ืœื ืื›ืœ ืœื ื”ื•ื™ื ื—ื–ืงื” ื•ื”ื•ื ื“ื‘ืื–ื™ ื‘ืื–ื•ื–ื™

The Gemara notes two restrictions to the aforementioned ruling: And this statement applies specifically where the other twenty trees did not produce fruit, but if the other trees produced fruit and he did not consume their fruit, then his conduct is not sufficient to establish the presumption of ownership with regard to the other trees. And this principle, that consuming the produce of some of the trees each year establishes the presumption of ownership for the entire field, applies only if it is the case that the trees are scattered [devazei bazuzei] throughout the field. Otherwise, he establishes the presumption of ownership only over the section where the trees are located.

ื–ื” ื”ื—ื–ื™ืง ื‘ืื™ืœื ื•ืช ื•ื–ื” ื”ื—ื–ื™ืง ื‘ืงืจืงืข ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื–ื‘ื™ื“ ื–ื” ืงื ื” ืื™ืœื ื•ืช ื•ื–ื” ืงื ื” ืงืจืงืข ืžืชืงื™ืฃ ืœื” ืจื‘ ืคืคื ืื ื›ืŸ ืื™ืŸ ืœื• ืœื‘ืขืœ ืื™ืœื ื•ืช ื‘ืงืจืงืข ื›ืœื•ื ืœื™ืžื ืœื™ื” ื‘ืขืœ ืงืจืงืข ืœื‘ืขืœ ืื™ืœื ื•ืช ืขืงื•ืจ ืื™ืœื ืš ืฉืงื•ืœ ื•ื–ื™ืœ ืืœื ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ืคืคื ื–ื” ืงื ื” ืื™ืœื ื•ืช ื•ื—ืฆื™ ืงืจืงืข ื•ื–ื” ืงื ื” ื—ืฆื™ ืงืจืงืข

ยง In a case where there was a field with trees in it, and this person took possession of the trees and that person took possession of the land, Rav Zevid says: This one acquired the trees and that one acquired the land. Rav Pappa objects to this: If this is so, then the owner of the trees has no share in the land at all. Let the owner of the land say to the owner of the trees: Uproot your trees, take them, and go. Rather, Rav Pappa said: This one acquired the trees and half of the land, and that one acquired half of the land.

ืคืฉื™ื˜ื ืžื›ืจ ืงืจืงืข ื•ืฉื™ื™ืจ ืื™ืœื ื•ืช ืœืคื ื™ื• ื™ืฉ ืœื• ืงืจืงืข ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืœืจื‘ื™ ืขืงื™ื‘ื ื“ืืžืจ ืžื•ื›ืจ ื‘ืขื™ืŸ ื™ืคื” ืžื•ื›ืจ ื”ื ื™ ืžื™ืœื™ ื’ื‘ื™ ื‘ื•ืจ ื•ื“ื•ืช

The Gemara notes: It is obvious that if one sold a section of land and left the ownership of the trees in that land for himself, he has ownership of the land surrounding the trees. And this is the halakha even according to the opinion of Rabbi Akiva, who says: One who sells, sells generously, and he is presumed to have included in the sale even items that were not explicitly specified, because that statement applies only concerning a case such as when one sold land and retained ownership of a pit or a cistern. In that case, Rabbi Akiva ruled that he does not retain any land, not even a path to access the pit or cistern, as he sold generously, including all of the land in the sale.

ื“ืœื ืžื›ื—ืฉื• ื‘ืืจืขื ืื‘ืœ ืื™ืœื ื•ืช

The Gemara explains the difference between the cases: That ruling applies there, as the pit or cistern causes no harm to the land surrounding them, and since the seller does not foresee a conflict arising from his pit and cistern being located adjacent to the buyerโ€™s property, he therefore transfers the entire land. But in the case of his retaining the trees,

ื“ืงืžื›ื—ืฉื™ ื‘ืืจืขื ืฉื™ื•ืจื™ ืฉื™ื™ืจ ื“ืื™ ืœื ืฉื™ื™ืจ ืœื™ืžื ืœื™ื” ืขืงื•ืจ ืื™ืœื ื ื•ื–ื™ืœ

since they are causing harm to the land, the seller does leave the land that is surrounding the trees for himself, as if he did not leave it, let the buyer say to him: Uproot your trees and go.

ืžื›ืจ ืื™ืœื ื•ืช ื•ืฉื™ื™ืจ ืงืจืงืข ืœืคื ื™ื• ืคืœื•ื’ืชื ื“ืจื‘ื™ ืขืงื™ื‘ื ื•ืจื‘ื ืŸ ืœืจื‘ื™ ืขืงื™ื‘ื ื“ืืžืจ ืžื•ื›ืจ ื‘ืขื™ืŸ ื™ืคื” ืžื•ื›ืจ ืื™ืช ืœื™ื” ืœืจื‘ื ืŸ ืœื™ืช ืœื™ื”

The Gemara discusses the reverse case: If one sold the trees and left the ownership of the land for himself, the halakha depends on the outcome of the dispute of Rabbi Akiva and the Rabbis. According to Rabbi Akiva, who says: One who sells, sells generously, the buyer has ownership of the land surrounding the trees, as the presumption is that the seller included it in the sale. According to the Rabbis, who say: One who sells, sells sparingly, the buyer does not have ownership of the land surrounding the trees, as the presumption is that the seller did not include it in the sale.

ืœืจื‘ื™ ืขืงื™ื‘ื ืื™ืช ืœื™ื” ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืœืจื‘ ื–ื‘ื™ื“ ื“ืืžืจ ืื™ืŸ ืœื• ื”ื ื™ ืžื™ืœื™ ื’ื‘ื™ ืฉื ื™ ืœืงื•ื—ื•ืช ื“ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ื›ื™ ื”ื™ื›ื™ ื“ืœื“ื™ื“ื™ ืœื™ืช ืœื™ ื‘ืื™ืœื ื•ืช ืœื“ื™ื“ืš ื ืžื™ ืœื™ืช ืœืš ื‘ืงืจืงืข ืื‘ืœ ื”ื›ื ืžื•ื›ืจ ื‘ืขื™ืŸ ื™ืคื” ืžื•ื›ืจ

The Gemara stated previously that according to the opinion of Rabbi Akiva, the buyer has ownership of the land surrounding the trees. The Gemara clarifies this opinion: And even according to Rav Zevid, who said (37a) that in a case where one took possession of the land and another took possession of the trees, the one who took possession of the trees has no share in the land, that matter applies only concerning the case of two buyers. As in that case, the one who acquired the land can say to the other: Just as it is so that I have no share in the trees, you also have no share in the land; but here, where one sold the trees and left the land for himself, one who sells, sells generously. Therefore, it is reasonable to assume that the sale included the land surrounding the trees.

ืœืจื‘ื ืŸ ืœื™ืช ืœื™ื” ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืœืจื‘ ืคืคื ื“ืืžืจ ื™ืฉ ืœื• ื”ื ื™ ืžื™ืœื™ ื’ื‘ื™ ืฉื ื™ ืœืงื•ื—ื•ืช ื“ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ื›ื™ ื”ื™ื›ื™ ื“ืœื“ื™ื“ืš ื–ื‘ื™ืŸ ื‘ืขื™ืŸ ื™ืคื” ืœื“ื™ื“ื™ ื ืžื™ ื–ื‘ื™ืŸ ื‘ืขื™ืŸ ื™ืคื” ืื‘ืœ ื”ื›ื ืžื•ื›ืจ ื‘ืขื™ืŸ ืจืขื” ืžื•ื›ืจ

The Gemara stated earlier that according to the opinion of the Rabbis, the buyer does not have ownership of the land surrounding the trees. The Gemara clarifies this opinion: And even according to Rav Pappa, who says above that in a case where one took possession of the land and another took possession of the trees that the one who took possession of the trees has ownership of half of the land as well, that matter applies only concerning the case of two buyers. As in that case, the one who acquired the trees can say to the other: Just as it is so that the seller sold to you generously, as you have both the land and the right to consume its produce, he also sold to me generously, including the land surrounding the trees; but here, where one sold the trees and left the land for himself, one who sells, sells sparingly, retaining for himself whatever he did not explicitly include in the sale.

ืืžืจื™ ื ื”ืจื“ืขื™ ืื›ืœืŸ ืจืฆื•ืคื™ืŸ ืื™ืŸ ืœื• ื—ื–ืงื” ืžืชืงื™ืฃ ืœื” ืจื‘ื ืืœื ืžืขืชื” ื”ืื™ ืžื™ืฉืจื ื“ืืกืคืกืชื ื‘ืžืื™ ืงื ื™ ืœื” ืืœื ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื ืžื›ืจืŸ ืจืฆื•ืคื™ืŸ ืื™ืŸ ืœื• ืงืจืงืข

ยง The Sages of Nehardeโ€™a say: If one consumed the produce of an overcrowded orchard, he does not thereby have presumptive ownership of the orchard. Rava objects to this: If that is so, how does one ever acquire this alfalfa field, which is planted without spacing? Rather, Rava said: If one sold an overcrowded orchard, the buyer does not have ownership of the land surrounding the trees. Generally, if one purchases three or more trees, he acquires the surrounding land, as the trees are considered an orchard. If the trees are overcrowded, they will soon have to be uprooted, and that is why the buyer does not acquire the land surrounding the trees.

ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื–ื™ืจื ื›ืชื ืื™ ื›ืจื ืฉื”ื•ื ื ื˜ื•ืข ืขืœ ืคื—ื•ืช ืžืืจื‘ืข ืืžื•ืช ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ืื•ืžืจ ืื™ื ื• ื›ืจื ื•ื—ื›ืžื™ื ืื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ืจื™ ื–ื• ื›ืจื ื•ืจื•ืื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืืžืฆืขื™ื™ื ื›ืื™ืœื• ืื™ื ืŸ

Rabbi Zeira said: This is like a dispute between tannaโ€™im (Kilayim 5:2): With regard to a vineyard that is planted on an area where there is less than four cubits of open space between the vines, Rabbi Shimon says: It is not considered to be a vineyard with regard to the prohibition of diverse kinds and other halakhot, as it is overcrowded. And the Rabbis say: This is considered to be a vineyard, and the reason for this is that the middle vines are viewed as if they are not there, and the outer vines meet the requirements for a vineyard. It follows that according to the opinion of the Rabbis, if one sold an overcrowded orchard, the middle trees would be viewed as if they were not there. Therefore, it would be considered an orchard and the buyer would acquire the land surrounding the trees.

ืืžืจื™ ื ื”ืจื“ืขื™ ื”ืื™ ืžืืŸ ื“ื–ื‘ื™ืŸ ื“ืงืœื ืœื—ื‘ืจื™ื” ืงื ื™ ืœื™ื” ืžืฉืคื•ืœื™ื” ืขื“ ืชื”ื•ืžื

The Sages of Nehardeโ€™a say: This one who sells a date tree to another, the buyer acquires the land from its bottom until the depths.

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Ron and Shira Krebs to commemorate the 73rd yahrzeit of Shira's grandfather (Yitzchak Leib Ben David Ber HaCohen v'Malka), the 1st yahrzeit of Shira's father (Gershon Pinya Ben Yitzchak Leib HaCohen v'Menucha Sara), and the bar mitzvah of their son Eytan who will be making a siyum on Mishna Shas this month.

  • This month's learning is sponsored for the refuah shleima of Naama bat Yael Esther.

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Bava Batra 37

The William Davidson Talmud | Powered by Sefaria

Bava Batra 37

ืœืื• ืžื™ ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื™ืฉืžืขืืœ ื—ื“ ืคื™ืจื ื”ื•ื™ ื—ื–ืงื” ืœื›ื•ืœื”ื• ืคื™ืจื™ ื”ื›ื ื ืžื™ ื”ื ื™ ื”ื•ื• ื—ื–ืงื” ืœื”ื ื™ ื•ื”ื ื™ ื”ื•ื• ื—ื–ืงื” ืœื”ื ื™

The Gemara explains the inference from the statement of Rabbi Yishmael and how it clarifies the opinion of the Rabbis: Didnโ€™t Rabbi Yishmael say that harvesting one type of fruit is sufficient to establish the presumption of ownership for all of the types of fruit, i.e., for the entire field? Here too, these trees are sufficient to establish the presumption of ownership for those trees, and those trees are sufficient to establish the presumption of ownership for these trees.

ื•ื”ื ื™ ืžื™ืœื™ ื”ื™ื›ื ื“ืœื ืืคื™ืงื• ืื‘ืœ ืืคื™ืงื• ื•ืœื ืื›ืœ ืœื ื”ื•ื™ื ื—ื–ืงื” ื•ื”ื•ื ื“ื‘ืื–ื™ ื‘ืื–ื•ื–ื™

The Gemara notes two restrictions to the aforementioned ruling: And this statement applies specifically where the other twenty trees did not produce fruit, but if the other trees produced fruit and he did not consume their fruit, then his conduct is not sufficient to establish the presumption of ownership with regard to the other trees. And this principle, that consuming the produce of some of the trees each year establishes the presumption of ownership for the entire field, applies only if it is the case that the trees are scattered [devazei bazuzei] throughout the field. Otherwise, he establishes the presumption of ownership only over the section where the trees are located.

ื–ื” ื”ื—ื–ื™ืง ื‘ืื™ืœื ื•ืช ื•ื–ื” ื”ื—ื–ื™ืง ื‘ืงืจืงืข ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื–ื‘ื™ื“ ื–ื” ืงื ื” ืื™ืœื ื•ืช ื•ื–ื” ืงื ื” ืงืจืงืข ืžืชืงื™ืฃ ืœื” ืจื‘ ืคืคื ืื ื›ืŸ ืื™ืŸ ืœื• ืœื‘ืขืœ ืื™ืœื ื•ืช ื‘ืงืจืงืข ื›ืœื•ื ืœื™ืžื ืœื™ื” ื‘ืขืœ ืงืจืงืข ืœื‘ืขืœ ืื™ืœื ื•ืช ืขืงื•ืจ ืื™ืœื ืš ืฉืงื•ืœ ื•ื–ื™ืœ ืืœื ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ืคืคื ื–ื” ืงื ื” ืื™ืœื ื•ืช ื•ื—ืฆื™ ืงืจืงืข ื•ื–ื” ืงื ื” ื—ืฆื™ ืงืจืงืข

ยง In a case where there was a field with trees in it, and this person took possession of the trees and that person took possession of the land, Rav Zevid says: This one acquired the trees and that one acquired the land. Rav Pappa objects to this: If this is so, then the owner of the trees has no share in the land at all. Let the owner of the land say to the owner of the trees: Uproot your trees, take them, and go. Rather, Rav Pappa said: This one acquired the trees and half of the land, and that one acquired half of the land.

ืคืฉื™ื˜ื ืžื›ืจ ืงืจืงืข ื•ืฉื™ื™ืจ ืื™ืœื ื•ืช ืœืคื ื™ื• ื™ืฉ ืœื• ืงืจืงืข ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืœืจื‘ื™ ืขืงื™ื‘ื ื“ืืžืจ ืžื•ื›ืจ ื‘ืขื™ืŸ ื™ืคื” ืžื•ื›ืจ ื”ื ื™ ืžื™ืœื™ ื’ื‘ื™ ื‘ื•ืจ ื•ื“ื•ืช

The Gemara notes: It is obvious that if one sold a section of land and left the ownership of the trees in that land for himself, he has ownership of the land surrounding the trees. And this is the halakha even according to the opinion of Rabbi Akiva, who says: One who sells, sells generously, and he is presumed to have included in the sale even items that were not explicitly specified, because that statement applies only concerning a case such as when one sold land and retained ownership of a pit or a cistern. In that case, Rabbi Akiva ruled that he does not retain any land, not even a path to access the pit or cistern, as he sold generously, including all of the land in the sale.

ื“ืœื ืžื›ื—ืฉื• ื‘ืืจืขื ืื‘ืœ ืื™ืœื ื•ืช

The Gemara explains the difference between the cases: That ruling applies there, as the pit or cistern causes no harm to the land surrounding them, and since the seller does not foresee a conflict arising from his pit and cistern being located adjacent to the buyerโ€™s property, he therefore transfers the entire land. But in the case of his retaining the trees,

ื“ืงืžื›ื—ืฉื™ ื‘ืืจืขื ืฉื™ื•ืจื™ ืฉื™ื™ืจ ื“ืื™ ืœื ืฉื™ื™ืจ ืœื™ืžื ืœื™ื” ืขืงื•ืจ ืื™ืœื ื ื•ื–ื™ืœ

since they are causing harm to the land, the seller does leave the land that is surrounding the trees for himself, as if he did not leave it, let the buyer say to him: Uproot your trees and go.

ืžื›ืจ ืื™ืœื ื•ืช ื•ืฉื™ื™ืจ ืงืจืงืข ืœืคื ื™ื• ืคืœื•ื’ืชื ื“ืจื‘ื™ ืขืงื™ื‘ื ื•ืจื‘ื ืŸ ืœืจื‘ื™ ืขืงื™ื‘ื ื“ืืžืจ ืžื•ื›ืจ ื‘ืขื™ืŸ ื™ืคื” ืžื•ื›ืจ ืื™ืช ืœื™ื” ืœืจื‘ื ืŸ ืœื™ืช ืœื™ื”

The Gemara discusses the reverse case: If one sold the trees and left the ownership of the land for himself, the halakha depends on the outcome of the dispute of Rabbi Akiva and the Rabbis. According to Rabbi Akiva, who says: One who sells, sells generously, the buyer has ownership of the land surrounding the trees, as the presumption is that the seller included it in the sale. According to the Rabbis, who say: One who sells, sells sparingly, the buyer does not have ownership of the land surrounding the trees, as the presumption is that the seller did not include it in the sale.

ืœืจื‘ื™ ืขืงื™ื‘ื ืื™ืช ืœื™ื” ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืœืจื‘ ื–ื‘ื™ื“ ื“ืืžืจ ืื™ืŸ ืœื• ื”ื ื™ ืžื™ืœื™ ื’ื‘ื™ ืฉื ื™ ืœืงื•ื—ื•ืช ื“ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ื›ื™ ื”ื™ื›ื™ ื“ืœื“ื™ื“ื™ ืœื™ืช ืœื™ ื‘ืื™ืœื ื•ืช ืœื“ื™ื“ืš ื ืžื™ ืœื™ืช ืœืš ื‘ืงืจืงืข ืื‘ืœ ื”ื›ื ืžื•ื›ืจ ื‘ืขื™ืŸ ื™ืคื” ืžื•ื›ืจ

The Gemara stated previously that according to the opinion of Rabbi Akiva, the buyer has ownership of the land surrounding the trees. The Gemara clarifies this opinion: And even according to Rav Zevid, who said (37a) that in a case where one took possession of the land and another took possession of the trees, the one who took possession of the trees has no share in the land, that matter applies only concerning the case of two buyers. As in that case, the one who acquired the land can say to the other: Just as it is so that I have no share in the trees, you also have no share in the land; but here, where one sold the trees and left the land for himself, one who sells, sells generously. Therefore, it is reasonable to assume that the sale included the land surrounding the trees.

ืœืจื‘ื ืŸ ืœื™ืช ืœื™ื” ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืœืจื‘ ืคืคื ื“ืืžืจ ื™ืฉ ืœื• ื”ื ื™ ืžื™ืœื™ ื’ื‘ื™ ืฉื ื™ ืœืงื•ื—ื•ืช ื“ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ื›ื™ ื”ื™ื›ื™ ื“ืœื“ื™ื“ืš ื–ื‘ื™ืŸ ื‘ืขื™ืŸ ื™ืคื” ืœื“ื™ื“ื™ ื ืžื™ ื–ื‘ื™ืŸ ื‘ืขื™ืŸ ื™ืคื” ืื‘ืœ ื”ื›ื ืžื•ื›ืจ ื‘ืขื™ืŸ ืจืขื” ืžื•ื›ืจ

The Gemara stated earlier that according to the opinion of the Rabbis, the buyer does not have ownership of the land surrounding the trees. The Gemara clarifies this opinion: And even according to Rav Pappa, who says above that in a case where one took possession of the land and another took possession of the trees that the one who took possession of the trees has ownership of half of the land as well, that matter applies only concerning the case of two buyers. As in that case, the one who acquired the trees can say to the other: Just as it is so that the seller sold to you generously, as you have both the land and the right to consume its produce, he also sold to me generously, including the land surrounding the trees; but here, where one sold the trees and left the land for himself, one who sells, sells sparingly, retaining for himself whatever he did not explicitly include in the sale.

ืืžืจื™ ื ื”ืจื“ืขื™ ืื›ืœืŸ ืจืฆื•ืคื™ืŸ ืื™ืŸ ืœื• ื—ื–ืงื” ืžืชืงื™ืฃ ืœื” ืจื‘ื ืืœื ืžืขืชื” ื”ืื™ ืžื™ืฉืจื ื“ืืกืคืกืชื ื‘ืžืื™ ืงื ื™ ืœื” ืืœื ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื ืžื›ืจืŸ ืจืฆื•ืคื™ืŸ ืื™ืŸ ืœื• ืงืจืงืข

ยง The Sages of Nehardeโ€™a say: If one consumed the produce of an overcrowded orchard, he does not thereby have presumptive ownership of the orchard. Rava objects to this: If that is so, how does one ever acquire this alfalfa field, which is planted without spacing? Rather, Rava said: If one sold an overcrowded orchard, the buyer does not have ownership of the land surrounding the trees. Generally, if one purchases three or more trees, he acquires the surrounding land, as the trees are considered an orchard. If the trees are overcrowded, they will soon have to be uprooted, and that is why the buyer does not acquire the land surrounding the trees.

ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื–ื™ืจื ื›ืชื ืื™ ื›ืจื ืฉื”ื•ื ื ื˜ื•ืข ืขืœ ืคื—ื•ืช ืžืืจื‘ืข ืืžื•ืช ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ืื•ืžืจ ืื™ื ื• ื›ืจื ื•ื—ื›ืžื™ื ืื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ืจื™ ื–ื• ื›ืจื ื•ืจื•ืื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืืžืฆืขื™ื™ื ื›ืื™ืœื• ืื™ื ืŸ

Rabbi Zeira said: This is like a dispute between tannaโ€™im (Kilayim 5:2): With regard to a vineyard that is planted on an area where there is less than four cubits of open space between the vines, Rabbi Shimon says: It is not considered to be a vineyard with regard to the prohibition of diverse kinds and other halakhot, as it is overcrowded. And the Rabbis say: This is considered to be a vineyard, and the reason for this is that the middle vines are viewed as if they are not there, and the outer vines meet the requirements for a vineyard. It follows that according to the opinion of the Rabbis, if one sold an overcrowded orchard, the middle trees would be viewed as if they were not there. Therefore, it would be considered an orchard and the buyer would acquire the land surrounding the trees.

ืืžืจื™ ื ื”ืจื“ืขื™ ื”ืื™ ืžืืŸ ื“ื–ื‘ื™ืŸ ื“ืงืœื ืœื—ื‘ืจื™ื” ืงื ื™ ืœื™ื” ืžืฉืคื•ืœื™ื” ืขื“ ืชื”ื•ืžื

The Sages of Nehardeโ€™a say: This one who sells a date tree to another, the buyer acquires the land from its bottom until the depths.

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