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Today's Daf Yomi

October 26, 2022 | 讗壮 讘诪专讞砖讜讜谉 转砖驻状讙

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Ron and Shira Krebs to commemorate the 73rd yahrzeit of Shira's grandfather (Yitzchak Leib Ben David Ber HaCohen v'Malka), the 1st yahrzeit of Shira's father (Gershon Pinya Ben Yitzchak Leib HaCohen v'Menucha Sara), and the bar mitzvah of their son Eytan who will be making a siyum on Mishna Shas this month.

  • This month's learning is sponsored for the refuah shleima of Naama bat Yael Esther.

  • Masechet Ketubot is sponsored by Erica and Rob Schwartz in honor of the 50th wedding anniversary of Erica's parents Sheira and Steve Schacter.

Ketubot 112 – Siyum Masechet Ketubot

Click here for the Siyum Ceremony text
Siyum Masechet Ketubot is sponsored by Rhona Fink in honor of Rabbanit Michelle, the Hadran staff, and all of the Hadran Daf Yomi learners. May we continue to go from strength to strength.
Siyum Ketubot is sponsored for the refuah shleima of Keren Devorah bat Esther.

A number of stories are told, relating to the large size of fruits in Israel, the large quantity, and the excellent quality. The land of Israel is compared to a deer – in what way is it similar to a deer and in what way it is not? Rabbi Elazar makes reference to three curses from Yechezkel 13:9 and explains how he avoided these curses by doing certain actions. Other stories are told of rabbis who viewed Israel in high regard and took actions appropriately, such as taking action to get there in the quickest way possible, kissing the rocks, repairing stumbling blocks, and even making sure to move from the sun to shade or the shade to the sun so as to never have to say that they are uncomfortable in Israel. A brief statement of Rabbi Zeira mentions the destruction that will come before the Messiah comes. The Masechet ends with a statement of Rav Chiya bar Ashi in the name of Rav that in the future all the non-fruit bearing trees in Israel will bring forth fruits.

讜讛讜讬讗 讻诪讘讬 诪讬讻住讬 注讚 讗拽专讗 讚转讜诇讘谞拽讬 注砖专讬谉 讜转专转讬谉 驻专住讬 讗讜专讻讗 讜驻讜转讬讗 砖讬转讗 驻专住讬

and it was the same in area as that which stretches from the city of Bei Mikhsei until the fortress of Tulbanki: Its length twenty-two parasangs and its width six parasangs, 132 square parasangs, which is 2,112 square mil.

专讘讬 讞诇讘讜 讜专讘讬 注讜讬专讗 讜专讘讬 讬讜住讬 讘专 讞谞讬谞讗 讗讬拽诇注讜 诇讛讛讜讗 讗转专讗 讗讬讬转讜 拽诪讬讬讛讜 讗驻专住拽讗 讚讛讜讛 讻讗讬诇驻住 讻驻专 讛讬谞讜 讜讗讬诇驻住 讻驻专 讛讬谞讜 讻诪讛 讛讜讬 讞诪砖 住讗讬谉 讗讻诇讜 砖诇讬砖 讜讛驻拽讬专讜 砖诇讬砖 讜谞转谞讜 诇驻谞讬 讘讛诪转谉 砖诇讬砖

搂 The Gemara relates that Rabbi 岣lbo, Rabbi Avira, and Rabbi Yosei bar 岣nina happened to come on one occasion to a certain place. The locals brought before these Sages a peach [afarseka] that was as large as a stewpot [ilpas] of Kefar Hino. The Gemara asks: And how big is a stewpot of Kefar Hino? The Gemara answers: It has a capacity of five se鈥檃. They ate one-third of it, they declared ownerless one-third of it, and they placed before their animals one-third of it.

诇砖谞讛 讗讬拽诇注 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 诇讛转诐 讜讗讬讬转讜 诇拽诪讬讛 谞拽讟讜 讘讬讚讬讛 讜讗诪专 讗专抓 驻专讬 诇诪诇讞讛 诪专注转 讬讜砖讘讬 讘讛

In the following year, Rabbi Elazar happened to come to that same place, and they brought a peach before him. He held it in his hand, as the peach was small enough for him to grasp in one hand, and he said, in reference to the change in size of the fruit from the previous year: 鈥淎 fruitful land into a salt waste, from the wickedness of they who dwell there鈥 (Psalms 107:34), i.e., their sins caused the drastic change in the yield of the produce.

专讘讬 讬讛讜砖注 讘谉 诇讜讬 讗讬拽诇注 诇讙讘诇讗 讞讝谞讛讜 诇讛谞讛讜 拽讟讜驻讬 讚讛讜讜 拽讬讬诪讬 讻讬 注讬讙诇讬 讗诪专 注讙诇讬诐 讘讬谉 讛讙驻谞讬诐 讗诪专讜 诇讬讛 拽讟讜驻讬 谞讬谞讛讜 讗诪专 讗专抓 讗专抓 讛讻谞讬住讬 驻讬专讜转讬讬讱 诇诪讬 讗转 诪讜爪讬讗讛 驻讬专讜转讬讬讱 诇讙讜讬诐 讛诇诇讜 砖注诪讚讜 注诇讬谞讜 讘讞讟讗转讬谞讜

搂 Once Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi happened to come to Gavla, in the Golan, and he saw those clusters of vines that were standing as large as calves. He said to the locals: Calves are standing between the grapevines and you are not concerned that they will cause damage? They said to him: They are clusters. Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi said: O earth, O earth! Gather in your fruit. For whom do you produce your fruit? For these gentiles who stand over us in our sins? It would be preferable if you did not produce such large fruit.

诇砖谞讛 讗讬拽诇注 专讘讬 讞讬讬讗 诇讛转诐 讞讝谞讛讜 讚讛讜讜 拽讬讬诪讬 讻注讬讝讬 讗诪专 注讝讬诐 讘讬谉 讛讙驻谞讬诐 讗诪专讜 诇讬讛 讝讬诇 诇讗 转注讘讬讚 诇谉 讻讬 讞讘专讱

The following year, Rabbi 岣yya happened to come to that same place, and he saw clusters that were standing as large as goats. He said: Goats are standing between the grapevines. They said to him: Go away; do not do to us what your colleague has done. Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi鈥檚 curse was already fulfilled, as the fruit had shrunk from the previous year.

转谞讜 专讘谞谉 讘讘专讻讜转讬讛 砖诇 讗专抓 讬砖专讗诇 讘讬转 住讗讛 注讜砖讛 讞诪砖转 专讬讘讜讗 讻讜专讬谉 讘讬砖讬讘转讛 砖诇 爪讜注谉 讘讬转 住讗讛 注讜砖讛 砖讘注讬诐 讻讜专讬谉 讚转谞讬讗 讗诪专 专讘讬 诪讗讬专 讗谞讬 专讗讬转讬 讘讘拽注转 讘讬转 砖讗谉 讘讬转 住讗讛 注讜砖讛 砖讘注讬诐 讻讜专讬谉

The Sages taught: In years of blessings of Eretz Yisrael, an area of land measuring one beit se鈥檃 produces five thousand kor. By way of comparison, when Zoan, a fertile region in Egypt, was settled, one beit se鈥檃 there would produce only seventy kor. As it is taught in a baraita that Rabbi Meir said: I saw in the valley of Beit She鈥檃n that one beit se鈥檃 produced seventy kor, which teaches that the soil of a good-quality and irrigated stretch of land outside the borders of Eretz Yisrael will naturally yield this quantity of produce.

讜讗讬谉 诇讱 诪注讜诇讛 讘讻诇 讗专爪讜转 讬讜转专 诪讗专抓 诪爪专讬诐 砖谞讗诪专 讻讙谉 讛壮 讻讗专抓 诪爪专讬诐 讜讗讬谉 诇讱 诪注讜诇讛 讘讻诇 讗专抓 诪爪专讬诐 讬讜转专 诪爪讜注谉 讚讛讜讜 诪专讘讜 讘讛 诪诇讻讬诐 讚讻转讬讘 讻讬 讛讬讜 讘爪讜注谉 砖专讬讜 讜讗讬谉 诇讱 讟专砖讬诐 讘讻诇 讗专抓 讬砖专讗诇 讬讜转专 诪讞讘专讜谉 讚讛讜讜 拽讘专讬 讘讛 砖讬讻讘讬

And you have no more outstanding earth among all the lands other than the land of Egypt, as it is stated: 鈥淟ike the garden of the Lord, like the land of Egypt鈥 (Genesis 13:10). And you have no more outstanding region in all of the land of Egypt than Zoan. The superior quality of Zoan is derived from the fact that they would raise kings there, as it is written: 鈥淔or his princes are at Zoan鈥 (Isaiah 30:4). And you have no rockier terrain in all of Eretz Yisrael than Hebron, as people would bury their dead there, e.g., the Patriarchs in the Cave of Machpelah, because the land was not arable.

讜讗驻讬诇讜 讛讻讬 讞讘专讜谉 诪讘讜谞讛 注诇 讗讞转 诪砖讘注讛 讘爪讜注谉 讚讻转讬讘 讜讞讘专讜谉 砖讘注 砖谞讬诐 谞讘谞转讛 诇驻谞讬 爪讜注谉 诪爪专讬诐 诪讗讬 谞讘谞转讛 讗讬诇讬诪讗 谞讘谞转讛 诪诪砖 讗驻砖专 讗讚诐 讘讜谞讛 讘讬转 诇讘谞讜 拽讟谉 拽讜讚诐 砖讬讘谞讛 诇讘谞讜 讙讚讜诇 砖谞讗诪专 讜讘谞讬 讞诐 讻讜砖 讜诪爪专讬诐 讜驻讜讟 讜讻谞注谉

And even so, Hebron was more developed, i.e., more fertile, than Zoan by sevenfold, as it is written: 鈥淣ow Hebron was built [nivneta] seven years before Zoan in Egypt鈥 (Numbers 13:22). What is the meaning of the term: Nivneta, in this verse? If we say it means literally that Hebron was built before Zoan, would a person build a house for his younger son before building one for his older son? As it is stated: 鈥淎nd the sons of Ham: Cush, and Mizraim, and Put, and Canaan鈥 (Genesis 10:6), which indicates that Egypt, Mizraim, was older than Canaan, in whose territory Hebron was located.

讗诇讗 砖诪讘讜谞讛 注诇 讗讞转 诪砖讘注讛 讘爪讜注谉 讜讛谞讬 诪讬诇讬 讘讟专砖讬诐 讗讘诇 砖诇讗 讘讟专砖讬诐 讞诪砖 诪讗讛

Rather, the meaning of the verse is that Hebron was more developed and more fertile than Zoan by sevenfold, which means that Hebron produced 490 kor, seven times more than the seventy kor of regular fertile land, as stated above. And this applies only to the rocky terrain of Eretz Yisrael, e.g., Hebron, whereas those parts of Eretz Yisrael that were not rocky produced even more, up to five hundred kor.

讜讛谞讬 诪讬诇讬 砖诇讗 讘讘专讻讜转讬讛 讗讘诇 讘讘专讻讜转讬讛 讻转讬讘 讜讬讝专注 讬爪讞拽 讘讗专抓 讛讛讬讗 讜讙讜壮

And this applies only to a year when Eretz Yisrael is not blessed. However, with regard to a year when it was blessed, it is written: 鈥淎nd Isaac sowed in that land, and found in the same year a hundredfold鈥 (Genesis 26:12). Isaac鈥檚 field produced one hundred times the normal yield, which according to the above calculations is five thousand kor, as stated in the baraita.

转谞讬讗 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜住讬 住讗讛 讘讬讛讜讚讛 讛讬转讛 注讜砖讛 讞诪砖 住讗讬谉 住讗讛 拽诪讞 住讗讛 住诇转 住讗讛 住讜讘讬谉 住讗讛 诪讜专住讬谉 讜住讗讛 拽讬讘讜专讬讗 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讛讛讜讗 爪讚讜拽讬 诇专讘讬 讞谞讬谞讗 讬讗讛 诪砖讘讞讬转讜 讘讛 讘讗专注讻讜谉 讘讬转 住讗讛 讗讞转 讛谞讬讞 诇讬 讗讘讗 诪诪谞讛 诪砖讞 诪诪谞讛 讞诪专 诪诪谞讛 注讬讘讜专 诪诪谞讛 拽讬讟谞讬讜转 诪诪谞讛 专讜注讜转 诪拽谞转讬

It is taught in a baraita that Rabbi Yosei said: A se鈥檃 of wheat in Judea would produce five se鈥檃. How so? It would yield a se鈥檃 of flour; a se鈥檃 of fine flour; a se鈥檃 of bran fiber, from the outer layer of the grain; a se鈥檃 of coarse bran, i.e., flour mixed with bran fiber; and a se鈥檃 of cibarium [kiburaya], inferior flour. A certain Sadducee said to Rabbi 岣nina: You are improving your land very well; my father left me one beit se鈥檃 of land in Eretz Yisrael and from it I am able to produce oil, from it I produce wine, from it I grow produce, from it I grow legumes, and with it I provide pasture from which my sheep graze.

讗诪专 诇讬讛 讛讛讜讗 讘专 讗诪讜专讗讛 诇讘专 讗专注讗 讚讬砖专讗诇 讛讗讬 [转讗诇转讗] 讚拽讬讬诪讗 讗讙讜讚讗 讚讬专讚谞讗 讻诪讛 讙讚专讬转讜 诪讬谞讛 讗诪专 诇讬讛 砖讬转讬谉 讻讜专讬 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗讻转讬 诇讗 注讬讬诇讬转讜 讘讛 讗讞专讬讘转讜讛 讗谞谉 诪讗讛 讜注砖专讬诐 讻讜专讬 讛讜讛 讙讝专讬谞谉 诪讬谞讛 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗谞讗 谞诪讬 诪讞讚 讙讬住讗 拽讗诪讬谞讗 诇讱

A certain Amorite once said to a resident of Eretz Yisrael: That palm tree which stands on the banks of the Jordan, how many dates are you able to pick from it? He said to him: Sixty kor. The Amorite said to him: You have not yet fully entered Eretz Yisrael and yet you have already succeeded in destroying it. We would pick off that tree 120聽kor. The resident said to him: I too am speaking to you about only one side of the tree, as I have not yet picked the fruit off the other side.

讗诪专 专讘 讞住讚讗 诪讗讬 讚讻转讬讘 讜讗转谉 诇讱 讗专抓 讞诪讚讛 谞讞诇转 爪讘讬 诇诪讛 讗专抓 讬砖专讗诇 谞诪砖诇讛 诇爪讘讬 诇讜诪专 诇讱 诪讛 爪讘讬 讝讛 讗讬谉 注讜专讜 诪讞讝讬拽 讘砖专讜 讗祝 讗专抓 讬砖专讗诇 讗讬谞讛 诪讞讝拽转 驻讬专讜转讬讛 讚讘专 讗讞专 诪讛 爪讘讬 讝讛 拽诇 诪讻诇 讛讞讬讜转 讗祝 讗专抓 讬砖专讗诇 拽诇讛 诪讻诇 讛讗专爪讜转 诇讘砖诇 讗转 驻讬专讜转讬讛

Rav 岣sda said: What is the meaning of that which is written: 鈥淎nd give you a pleasant land, the goodliest [tzvi] heritage鈥 (Jeremiah 3:19)? Why is Eretz Yisrael likened to a deer [tzvi]? This comparison comes to tell you that just as with regard to this deer, its skin cannot contain its meat once it has been skinned, so too, Eretz Yisrael cannot contain its fruit once it has been picked, due to the great quantity of the produce. Alternatively, just as this deer is swifter than all the other beasts, so too Eretz Yisrael is swifter to ripen its fruit than all the other countries.

讗讬 诪讛 爪讘讬 讝讛 拽诇 讜讗讬谉 讘砖专讜 砖诪谉 讗祝 讗专抓 讬砖专讗诇 拽诇讛 诇讘砖诇 讜讗讬谉 驻讬专讜转讬讛 砖诪谞讬诐 转诇诪讜讚 诇讜诪专 讝讘转 讞诇讘 讜讚讘砖 砖诪谞讬诐 诪讞诇讘 讜诪转讜拽讬诐 诪讚讘砖

The Gemara asks: If so, one can suggest the following comparison: Just as this deer is swift and its meat is not fatty, so too, Eretz Yisrael is swift to ripen its fruit but its fruit is not fat and juicy. The Gemara explains: For this reason the verse states: 鈥淔lowing with milk and honey鈥 (Exodus 3:8), to say that its fruit is fat and juicier than milk and sweeter than honey.

专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 讻讬 讛讜讛 住诇讬拽 诇讗专抓 讬砖专讗诇 讗诪专 驻诇讟讬 诇讬 诪讞讚讗 讻讬 住诪讻讜讛讜 讗诪专 驻诇讟讬 诇讬 诪转专转讬 讻讬 讗讜转讘讜讛讜 讘住讜讚 讛注讬讘讜专 讗诪专 驻诇讟讬 诇讬 诪转诇转

搂 The Gemara relates that when Rabbi Elazar ascended to Eretz Yisrael he said: I have been spared one curse. When they ordained him and awarded him the title of Rabbi, he said: I have been spared two. When they appointed him to sit in the council of Sages who dealt with the intercalation of the calendar, he said: I have been spared three.

砖谞讗诪专 讜讛讬转讛 讬讚讬 讗诇 讛谞讘讬讗讬诐 讛讞讜讝讬诐 砖讜讗 讜讙讜壮 讘住讜讚 注诪讬 诇讗 讬讛讬讜 讝讛 住讜讚 注讬讘讜专 讜讘讻转讘 讘讬转 讬砖专讗诇 诇讗 讬讻转讘讜 讝讛 住诪讬讻讛 讜讗诇 讗讚诪转 讬砖专讗诇 诇讗 讬讘讜讗讜 讻诪砖诪注讜

As it is stated: 鈥淎nd My hand shall be against the prophets that see vanity, and that divine lies; they shall not be in the council of My people, neither shall they be written in the register of the house of Israel, neither shall they enter into the land of Israel; and you shall know that I am the Lord God鈥 (Ezekiel 13:9). 鈥淭hey shall not be in the council of My people,鈥 this is referring to the council of the intercalation of the calendar; 鈥渘either shall they be written in the register of the house of Israel,鈥 this is referring to ordination; 鈥渘either shall they enter into the land of Israel,鈥 this is understood as per its plain meaning. Rabbi Elazar merited that these three curses were not fulfilled in him.

专讘讬 讝讬专讗 讻讬 讛讜讛 住诇讬拽 诇讗专抓 讬砖专讗诇 诇讗 讗砖讻讞 诪讘专讗 诇诪注讘专 谞拽讟 讘诪爪专讗 讜拽注讘专 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讛讛讜讗 爪讚讜拽讬 注诪讗 驻讝讬讝讗 讚拽讚诪讬转讜 驻讜诪讬讬讻讜 诇讗讜讚谞讬讬讻讜 讗讻转讬 讘驻讝讬讝讜转讬讬讻讜 拽讬讬诪讬转讜 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讚讜讻转讗 讚诪砖讛 讜讗讛专谉 诇讗 讝讻讜 诇讛 讗谞讗 诪讬 讬讬诪专 讚讝讻讬谞讗 诇讛

When Rabbi Zeira ascended to Eretz Yisrael he could not find a ferry to cross the Jordan River. He took hold of a rope that was strung across as a makeshift bridge and crossed the Jordan. A certain Sadducee said to him: Hasty people who put your mouths before your ears, when you said at the time of the giving of the Torah: 鈥淲e will do鈥 before 鈥渨e will hear鈥 (Exodus 24:7), you remain hasty to this day. Why couldn鈥檛 you wait a little longer to cross the river on a ferry? Rabbi Zeira said to him: This is a place where Moses and Aaron did not merit entering; who is to say that I will merit seeing this land? I hurried across before anything might occur to prevent my entrance into Eretz Yisrael.

专讘讬 讗讘讗 诪谞砖拽 讻讬驻讬 讚注讻讜 专讘讬 讞谞讬谞讗 诪转拽谉 诪转拽诇讬讛 专讘讬 讗诪讬 讜专讘讬 讗住讬

Rabbi Abba would kiss the rocks of Akko, which was on the coast of Eretz Yisrael. Rabbi 岣nina would repair its stumbling blocks, i.e., any potholes in the land, so that travelers would not fall and consequently speak ill of Eretz Yisrael. Rabbi Ammi and Rabbi Asi

拽讬讬诪讬 诪砖诪砖讗 诇讟讜诇讗 讜诪讟讜诇讗 诇砖诪砖讗 专讘讬 讞讬讬讗 讘专 讙诪讚讗 诪讬讙谞讚专 讘注驻专讛 砖谞讗诪专 讻讬 专爪讜 注讘讚讬讱 讗转 讗讘谞讬讛 讜讗转 注驻专讛 讬讞讜谞谞讜

would stand and pass from a sunny spot to a shady one, and from a shady spot to a sunny one, so that they would always sit in comfort and never have cause to remark that they were uncomfortable in Eretz Yisrael. Rabbi 岣yya bar Gamda would roll in the dust of the land, as it is stated: 鈥淔or Your servants take pleasure in her stones, and love her dust鈥 (Psalms 102:15).

讗诪专 专讘讬 讝讬专讗 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬专诪讬讛 讘专 讗讘讗 讚讜专 砖讘谉 讚讜讚 讘讗 拽讟讬讙讜专讬讗 讘转诇诪讬讚讬 讞讻诪讬诐 讻讬 讗诪专讬转讛 拽诪讬讛 讚砖诪讜讗诇 讗诪专 爪讬专讜祝 讗讞专 爪讬专讜祝 砖谞讗诪专 讜注讜讚 讘讛 注砖讬专讬讛 讜砖讘讛 讜讛讬转讛 诇讘注专 转谞讬 专讘 讬讜住祝 讘讝讜讝讬 讜讘讝讜讝讬 讚讘讝讜讝讬

The Gemara continues to discuss the messianic age. Rabbi Zeira said that Rabbi Yirmeya bar Abba said: In the generation in which the son of David will come there will be indictments [kateigorya], i.e., denouncements and incitements against Torah scholars. When I said this before Shmuel he said: The generation will undergo refinement after refinement, i.e., several stages of cleansing, as it is stated: 鈥淎nd if there be a tenth in it, it shall again be eaten up鈥 (Isaiah 6:13). Rav Yosef taught about the messianic era: Despoilers and despoilers of despoilers will plunder Eretz Yisrael at that time.

讗诪专 专讘 讞讬讬讗 讘专 讗砖讬 讗诪专 专讘 注转讬讚讬谉 讻诇 讗讬诇谞讬 住专拽 砖讘讗专抓 讬砖专讗诇 砖讬讟注谞讜 驻讬专讜转 砖谞讗诪专 讻讬 注抓 谞砖讗 驻专讬讜 转讗谞讛 讜讙驻谉 谞转谞讜 讞讬诇诐

Rav 岣yya bar Ashi said that Rav said: In the future all barren trees in Eretz Yisrael will bear fruit, as it is stated: 鈥淔or the tree bears its fruit, the fig tree and the vine yield their strength鈥 (Joel 2:22). This verse indicates that every tree, not just the fig and vine, will produce fruit.

讛讚专谉 注诇讱 砖谞讬 讚讬讬谞讬 讙讝讬专讜转 讜住诇讬拽讗 诇讛 诪住讻转 讻转讜讘讜转

 

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Ron and Shira Krebs to commemorate the 73rd yahrzeit of Shira's grandfather (Yitzchak Leib Ben David Ber HaCohen v'Malka), the 1st yahrzeit of Shira's father (Gershon Pinya Ben Yitzchak Leib HaCohen v'Menucha Sara), and the bar mitzvah of their son Eytan who will be making a siyum on Mishna Shas this month.

  • This month's learning is sponsored for the refuah shleima of Naama bat Yael Esther.

  • Masechet Ketubot is sponsored by Erica and Rob Schwartz in honor of the 50th wedding anniversary of Erica's parents Sheira and Steve Schacter.

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Ketubot 112 – Siyum Masechet Ketubot

讜讛讜讬讗 讻诪讘讬 诪讬讻住讬 注讚 讗拽专讗 讚转讜诇讘谞拽讬 注砖专讬谉 讜转专转讬谉 驻专住讬 讗讜专讻讗 讜驻讜转讬讗 砖讬转讗 驻专住讬

and it was the same in area as that which stretches from the city of Bei Mikhsei until the fortress of Tulbanki: Its length twenty-two parasangs and its width six parasangs, 132 square parasangs, which is 2,112 square mil.

专讘讬 讞诇讘讜 讜专讘讬 注讜讬专讗 讜专讘讬 讬讜住讬 讘专 讞谞讬谞讗 讗讬拽诇注讜 诇讛讛讜讗 讗转专讗 讗讬讬转讜 拽诪讬讬讛讜 讗驻专住拽讗 讚讛讜讛 讻讗讬诇驻住 讻驻专 讛讬谞讜 讜讗讬诇驻住 讻驻专 讛讬谞讜 讻诪讛 讛讜讬 讞诪砖 住讗讬谉 讗讻诇讜 砖诇讬砖 讜讛驻拽讬专讜 砖诇讬砖 讜谞转谞讜 诇驻谞讬 讘讛诪转谉 砖诇讬砖

搂 The Gemara relates that Rabbi 岣lbo, Rabbi Avira, and Rabbi Yosei bar 岣nina happened to come on one occasion to a certain place. The locals brought before these Sages a peach [afarseka] that was as large as a stewpot [ilpas] of Kefar Hino. The Gemara asks: And how big is a stewpot of Kefar Hino? The Gemara answers: It has a capacity of five se鈥檃. They ate one-third of it, they declared ownerless one-third of it, and they placed before their animals one-third of it.

诇砖谞讛 讗讬拽诇注 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 诇讛转诐 讜讗讬讬转讜 诇拽诪讬讛 谞拽讟讜 讘讬讚讬讛 讜讗诪专 讗专抓 驻专讬 诇诪诇讞讛 诪专注转 讬讜砖讘讬 讘讛

In the following year, Rabbi Elazar happened to come to that same place, and they brought a peach before him. He held it in his hand, as the peach was small enough for him to grasp in one hand, and he said, in reference to the change in size of the fruit from the previous year: 鈥淎 fruitful land into a salt waste, from the wickedness of they who dwell there鈥 (Psalms 107:34), i.e., their sins caused the drastic change in the yield of the produce.

专讘讬 讬讛讜砖注 讘谉 诇讜讬 讗讬拽诇注 诇讙讘诇讗 讞讝谞讛讜 诇讛谞讛讜 拽讟讜驻讬 讚讛讜讜 拽讬讬诪讬 讻讬 注讬讙诇讬 讗诪专 注讙诇讬诐 讘讬谉 讛讙驻谞讬诐 讗诪专讜 诇讬讛 拽讟讜驻讬 谞讬谞讛讜 讗诪专 讗专抓 讗专抓 讛讻谞讬住讬 驻讬专讜转讬讬讱 诇诪讬 讗转 诪讜爪讬讗讛 驻讬专讜转讬讬讱 诇讙讜讬诐 讛诇诇讜 砖注诪讚讜 注诇讬谞讜 讘讞讟讗转讬谞讜

搂 Once Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi happened to come to Gavla, in the Golan, and he saw those clusters of vines that were standing as large as calves. He said to the locals: Calves are standing between the grapevines and you are not concerned that they will cause damage? They said to him: They are clusters. Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi said: O earth, O earth! Gather in your fruit. For whom do you produce your fruit? For these gentiles who stand over us in our sins? It would be preferable if you did not produce such large fruit.

诇砖谞讛 讗讬拽诇注 专讘讬 讞讬讬讗 诇讛转诐 讞讝谞讛讜 讚讛讜讜 拽讬讬诪讬 讻注讬讝讬 讗诪专 注讝讬诐 讘讬谉 讛讙驻谞讬诐 讗诪专讜 诇讬讛 讝讬诇 诇讗 转注讘讬讚 诇谉 讻讬 讞讘专讱

The following year, Rabbi 岣yya happened to come to that same place, and he saw clusters that were standing as large as goats. He said: Goats are standing between the grapevines. They said to him: Go away; do not do to us what your colleague has done. Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi鈥檚 curse was already fulfilled, as the fruit had shrunk from the previous year.

转谞讜 专讘谞谉 讘讘专讻讜转讬讛 砖诇 讗专抓 讬砖专讗诇 讘讬转 住讗讛 注讜砖讛 讞诪砖转 专讬讘讜讗 讻讜专讬谉 讘讬砖讬讘转讛 砖诇 爪讜注谉 讘讬转 住讗讛 注讜砖讛 砖讘注讬诐 讻讜专讬谉 讚转谞讬讗 讗诪专 专讘讬 诪讗讬专 讗谞讬 专讗讬转讬 讘讘拽注转 讘讬转 砖讗谉 讘讬转 住讗讛 注讜砖讛 砖讘注讬诐 讻讜专讬谉

The Sages taught: In years of blessings of Eretz Yisrael, an area of land measuring one beit se鈥檃 produces five thousand kor. By way of comparison, when Zoan, a fertile region in Egypt, was settled, one beit se鈥檃 there would produce only seventy kor. As it is taught in a baraita that Rabbi Meir said: I saw in the valley of Beit She鈥檃n that one beit se鈥檃 produced seventy kor, which teaches that the soil of a good-quality and irrigated stretch of land outside the borders of Eretz Yisrael will naturally yield this quantity of produce.

讜讗讬谉 诇讱 诪注讜诇讛 讘讻诇 讗专爪讜转 讬讜转专 诪讗专抓 诪爪专讬诐 砖谞讗诪专 讻讙谉 讛壮 讻讗专抓 诪爪专讬诐 讜讗讬谉 诇讱 诪注讜诇讛 讘讻诇 讗专抓 诪爪专讬诐 讬讜转专 诪爪讜注谉 讚讛讜讜 诪专讘讜 讘讛 诪诇讻讬诐 讚讻转讬讘 讻讬 讛讬讜 讘爪讜注谉 砖专讬讜 讜讗讬谉 诇讱 讟专砖讬诐 讘讻诇 讗专抓 讬砖专讗诇 讬讜转专 诪讞讘专讜谉 讚讛讜讜 拽讘专讬 讘讛 砖讬讻讘讬

And you have no more outstanding earth among all the lands other than the land of Egypt, as it is stated: 鈥淟ike the garden of the Lord, like the land of Egypt鈥 (Genesis 13:10). And you have no more outstanding region in all of the land of Egypt than Zoan. The superior quality of Zoan is derived from the fact that they would raise kings there, as it is written: 鈥淔or his princes are at Zoan鈥 (Isaiah 30:4). And you have no rockier terrain in all of Eretz Yisrael than Hebron, as people would bury their dead there, e.g., the Patriarchs in the Cave of Machpelah, because the land was not arable.

讜讗驻讬诇讜 讛讻讬 讞讘专讜谉 诪讘讜谞讛 注诇 讗讞转 诪砖讘注讛 讘爪讜注谉 讚讻转讬讘 讜讞讘专讜谉 砖讘注 砖谞讬诐 谞讘谞转讛 诇驻谞讬 爪讜注谉 诪爪专讬诐 诪讗讬 谞讘谞转讛 讗讬诇讬诪讗 谞讘谞转讛 诪诪砖 讗驻砖专 讗讚诐 讘讜谞讛 讘讬转 诇讘谞讜 拽讟谉 拽讜讚诐 砖讬讘谞讛 诇讘谞讜 讙讚讜诇 砖谞讗诪专 讜讘谞讬 讞诐 讻讜砖 讜诪爪专讬诐 讜驻讜讟 讜讻谞注谉

And even so, Hebron was more developed, i.e., more fertile, than Zoan by sevenfold, as it is written: 鈥淣ow Hebron was built [nivneta] seven years before Zoan in Egypt鈥 (Numbers 13:22). What is the meaning of the term: Nivneta, in this verse? If we say it means literally that Hebron was built before Zoan, would a person build a house for his younger son before building one for his older son? As it is stated: 鈥淎nd the sons of Ham: Cush, and Mizraim, and Put, and Canaan鈥 (Genesis 10:6), which indicates that Egypt, Mizraim, was older than Canaan, in whose territory Hebron was located.

讗诇讗 砖诪讘讜谞讛 注诇 讗讞转 诪砖讘注讛 讘爪讜注谉 讜讛谞讬 诪讬诇讬 讘讟专砖讬诐 讗讘诇 砖诇讗 讘讟专砖讬诐 讞诪砖 诪讗讛

Rather, the meaning of the verse is that Hebron was more developed and more fertile than Zoan by sevenfold, which means that Hebron produced 490 kor, seven times more than the seventy kor of regular fertile land, as stated above. And this applies only to the rocky terrain of Eretz Yisrael, e.g., Hebron, whereas those parts of Eretz Yisrael that were not rocky produced even more, up to five hundred kor.

讜讛谞讬 诪讬诇讬 砖诇讗 讘讘专讻讜转讬讛 讗讘诇 讘讘专讻讜转讬讛 讻转讬讘 讜讬讝专注 讬爪讞拽 讘讗专抓 讛讛讬讗 讜讙讜壮

And this applies only to a year when Eretz Yisrael is not blessed. However, with regard to a year when it was blessed, it is written: 鈥淎nd Isaac sowed in that land, and found in the same year a hundredfold鈥 (Genesis 26:12). Isaac鈥檚 field produced one hundred times the normal yield, which according to the above calculations is five thousand kor, as stated in the baraita.

转谞讬讗 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜住讬 住讗讛 讘讬讛讜讚讛 讛讬转讛 注讜砖讛 讞诪砖 住讗讬谉 住讗讛 拽诪讞 住讗讛 住诇转 住讗讛 住讜讘讬谉 住讗讛 诪讜专住讬谉 讜住讗讛 拽讬讘讜专讬讗 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讛讛讜讗 爪讚讜拽讬 诇专讘讬 讞谞讬谞讗 讬讗讛 诪砖讘讞讬转讜 讘讛 讘讗专注讻讜谉 讘讬转 住讗讛 讗讞转 讛谞讬讞 诇讬 讗讘讗 诪诪谞讛 诪砖讞 诪诪谞讛 讞诪专 诪诪谞讛 注讬讘讜专 诪诪谞讛 拽讬讟谞讬讜转 诪诪谞讛 专讜注讜转 诪拽谞转讬

It is taught in a baraita that Rabbi Yosei said: A se鈥檃 of wheat in Judea would produce five se鈥檃. How so? It would yield a se鈥檃 of flour; a se鈥檃 of fine flour; a se鈥檃 of bran fiber, from the outer layer of the grain; a se鈥檃 of coarse bran, i.e., flour mixed with bran fiber; and a se鈥檃 of cibarium [kiburaya], inferior flour. A certain Sadducee said to Rabbi 岣nina: You are improving your land very well; my father left me one beit se鈥檃 of land in Eretz Yisrael and from it I am able to produce oil, from it I produce wine, from it I grow produce, from it I grow legumes, and with it I provide pasture from which my sheep graze.

讗诪专 诇讬讛 讛讛讜讗 讘专 讗诪讜专讗讛 诇讘专 讗专注讗 讚讬砖专讗诇 讛讗讬 [转讗诇转讗] 讚拽讬讬诪讗 讗讙讜讚讗 讚讬专讚谞讗 讻诪讛 讙讚专讬转讜 诪讬谞讛 讗诪专 诇讬讛 砖讬转讬谉 讻讜专讬 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗讻转讬 诇讗 注讬讬诇讬转讜 讘讛 讗讞专讬讘转讜讛 讗谞谉 诪讗讛 讜注砖专讬诐 讻讜专讬 讛讜讛 讙讝专讬谞谉 诪讬谞讛 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗谞讗 谞诪讬 诪讞讚 讙讬住讗 拽讗诪讬谞讗 诇讱

A certain Amorite once said to a resident of Eretz Yisrael: That palm tree which stands on the banks of the Jordan, how many dates are you able to pick from it? He said to him: Sixty kor. The Amorite said to him: You have not yet fully entered Eretz Yisrael and yet you have already succeeded in destroying it. We would pick off that tree 120聽kor. The resident said to him: I too am speaking to you about only one side of the tree, as I have not yet picked the fruit off the other side.

讗诪专 专讘 讞住讚讗 诪讗讬 讚讻转讬讘 讜讗转谉 诇讱 讗专抓 讞诪讚讛 谞讞诇转 爪讘讬 诇诪讛 讗专抓 讬砖专讗诇 谞诪砖诇讛 诇爪讘讬 诇讜诪专 诇讱 诪讛 爪讘讬 讝讛 讗讬谉 注讜专讜 诪讞讝讬拽 讘砖专讜 讗祝 讗专抓 讬砖专讗诇 讗讬谞讛 诪讞讝拽转 驻讬专讜转讬讛 讚讘专 讗讞专 诪讛 爪讘讬 讝讛 拽诇 诪讻诇 讛讞讬讜转 讗祝 讗专抓 讬砖专讗诇 拽诇讛 诪讻诇 讛讗专爪讜转 诇讘砖诇 讗转 驻讬专讜转讬讛

Rav 岣sda said: What is the meaning of that which is written: 鈥淎nd give you a pleasant land, the goodliest [tzvi] heritage鈥 (Jeremiah 3:19)? Why is Eretz Yisrael likened to a deer [tzvi]? This comparison comes to tell you that just as with regard to this deer, its skin cannot contain its meat once it has been skinned, so too, Eretz Yisrael cannot contain its fruit once it has been picked, due to the great quantity of the produce. Alternatively, just as this deer is swifter than all the other beasts, so too Eretz Yisrael is swifter to ripen its fruit than all the other countries.

讗讬 诪讛 爪讘讬 讝讛 拽诇 讜讗讬谉 讘砖专讜 砖诪谉 讗祝 讗专抓 讬砖专讗诇 拽诇讛 诇讘砖诇 讜讗讬谉 驻讬专讜转讬讛 砖诪谞讬诐 转诇诪讜讚 诇讜诪专 讝讘转 讞诇讘 讜讚讘砖 砖诪谞讬诐 诪讞诇讘 讜诪转讜拽讬诐 诪讚讘砖

The Gemara asks: If so, one can suggest the following comparison: Just as this deer is swift and its meat is not fatty, so too, Eretz Yisrael is swift to ripen its fruit but its fruit is not fat and juicy. The Gemara explains: For this reason the verse states: 鈥淔lowing with milk and honey鈥 (Exodus 3:8), to say that its fruit is fat and juicier than milk and sweeter than honey.

专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 讻讬 讛讜讛 住诇讬拽 诇讗专抓 讬砖专讗诇 讗诪专 驻诇讟讬 诇讬 诪讞讚讗 讻讬 住诪讻讜讛讜 讗诪专 驻诇讟讬 诇讬 诪转专转讬 讻讬 讗讜转讘讜讛讜 讘住讜讚 讛注讬讘讜专 讗诪专 驻诇讟讬 诇讬 诪转诇转

搂 The Gemara relates that when Rabbi Elazar ascended to Eretz Yisrael he said: I have been spared one curse. When they ordained him and awarded him the title of Rabbi, he said: I have been spared two. When they appointed him to sit in the council of Sages who dealt with the intercalation of the calendar, he said: I have been spared three.

砖谞讗诪专 讜讛讬转讛 讬讚讬 讗诇 讛谞讘讬讗讬诐 讛讞讜讝讬诐 砖讜讗 讜讙讜壮 讘住讜讚 注诪讬 诇讗 讬讛讬讜 讝讛 住讜讚 注讬讘讜专 讜讘讻转讘 讘讬转 讬砖专讗诇 诇讗 讬讻转讘讜 讝讛 住诪讬讻讛 讜讗诇 讗讚诪转 讬砖专讗诇 诇讗 讬讘讜讗讜 讻诪砖诪注讜

As it is stated: 鈥淎nd My hand shall be against the prophets that see vanity, and that divine lies; they shall not be in the council of My people, neither shall they be written in the register of the house of Israel, neither shall they enter into the land of Israel; and you shall know that I am the Lord God鈥 (Ezekiel 13:9). 鈥淭hey shall not be in the council of My people,鈥 this is referring to the council of the intercalation of the calendar; 鈥渘either shall they be written in the register of the house of Israel,鈥 this is referring to ordination; 鈥渘either shall they enter into the land of Israel,鈥 this is understood as per its plain meaning. Rabbi Elazar merited that these three curses were not fulfilled in him.

专讘讬 讝讬专讗 讻讬 讛讜讛 住诇讬拽 诇讗专抓 讬砖专讗诇 诇讗 讗砖讻讞 诪讘专讗 诇诪注讘专 谞拽讟 讘诪爪专讗 讜拽注讘专 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讛讛讜讗 爪讚讜拽讬 注诪讗 驻讝讬讝讗 讚拽讚诪讬转讜 驻讜诪讬讬讻讜 诇讗讜讚谞讬讬讻讜 讗讻转讬 讘驻讝讬讝讜转讬讬讻讜 拽讬讬诪讬转讜 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讚讜讻转讗 讚诪砖讛 讜讗讛专谉 诇讗 讝讻讜 诇讛 讗谞讗 诪讬 讬讬诪专 讚讝讻讬谞讗 诇讛

When Rabbi Zeira ascended to Eretz Yisrael he could not find a ferry to cross the Jordan River. He took hold of a rope that was strung across as a makeshift bridge and crossed the Jordan. A certain Sadducee said to him: Hasty people who put your mouths before your ears, when you said at the time of the giving of the Torah: 鈥淲e will do鈥 before 鈥渨e will hear鈥 (Exodus 24:7), you remain hasty to this day. Why couldn鈥檛 you wait a little longer to cross the river on a ferry? Rabbi Zeira said to him: This is a place where Moses and Aaron did not merit entering; who is to say that I will merit seeing this land? I hurried across before anything might occur to prevent my entrance into Eretz Yisrael.

专讘讬 讗讘讗 诪谞砖拽 讻讬驻讬 讚注讻讜 专讘讬 讞谞讬谞讗 诪转拽谉 诪转拽诇讬讛 专讘讬 讗诪讬 讜专讘讬 讗住讬

Rabbi Abba would kiss the rocks of Akko, which was on the coast of Eretz Yisrael. Rabbi 岣nina would repair its stumbling blocks, i.e., any potholes in the land, so that travelers would not fall and consequently speak ill of Eretz Yisrael. Rabbi Ammi and Rabbi Asi

拽讬讬诪讬 诪砖诪砖讗 诇讟讜诇讗 讜诪讟讜诇讗 诇砖诪砖讗 专讘讬 讞讬讬讗 讘专 讙诪讚讗 诪讬讙谞讚专 讘注驻专讛 砖谞讗诪专 讻讬 专爪讜 注讘讚讬讱 讗转 讗讘谞讬讛 讜讗转 注驻专讛 讬讞讜谞谞讜

would stand and pass from a sunny spot to a shady one, and from a shady spot to a sunny one, so that they would always sit in comfort and never have cause to remark that they were uncomfortable in Eretz Yisrael. Rabbi 岣yya bar Gamda would roll in the dust of the land, as it is stated: 鈥淔or Your servants take pleasure in her stones, and love her dust鈥 (Psalms 102:15).

讗诪专 专讘讬 讝讬专讗 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬专诪讬讛 讘专 讗讘讗 讚讜专 砖讘谉 讚讜讚 讘讗 拽讟讬讙讜专讬讗 讘转诇诪讬讚讬 讞讻诪讬诐 讻讬 讗诪专讬转讛 拽诪讬讛 讚砖诪讜讗诇 讗诪专 爪讬专讜祝 讗讞专 爪讬专讜祝 砖谞讗诪专 讜注讜讚 讘讛 注砖讬专讬讛 讜砖讘讛 讜讛讬转讛 诇讘注专 转谞讬 专讘 讬讜住祝 讘讝讜讝讬 讜讘讝讜讝讬 讚讘讝讜讝讬

The Gemara continues to discuss the messianic age. Rabbi Zeira said that Rabbi Yirmeya bar Abba said: In the generation in which the son of David will come there will be indictments [kateigorya], i.e., denouncements and incitements against Torah scholars. When I said this before Shmuel he said: The generation will undergo refinement after refinement, i.e., several stages of cleansing, as it is stated: 鈥淎nd if there be a tenth in it, it shall again be eaten up鈥 (Isaiah 6:13). Rav Yosef taught about the messianic era: Despoilers and despoilers of despoilers will plunder Eretz Yisrael at that time.

讗诪专 专讘 讞讬讬讗 讘专 讗砖讬 讗诪专 专讘 注转讬讚讬谉 讻诇 讗讬诇谞讬 住专拽 砖讘讗专抓 讬砖专讗诇 砖讬讟注谞讜 驻讬专讜转 砖谞讗诪专 讻讬 注抓 谞砖讗 驻专讬讜 转讗谞讛 讜讙驻谉 谞转谞讜 讞讬诇诐

Rav 岣yya bar Ashi said that Rav said: In the future all barren trees in Eretz Yisrael will bear fruit, as it is stated: 鈥淔or the tree bears its fruit, the fig tree and the vine yield their strength鈥 (Joel 2:22). This verse indicates that every tree, not just the fig and vine, will produce fruit.

讛讚专谉 注诇讱 砖谞讬 讚讬讬谞讬 讙讝讬专讜转 讜住诇讬拽讗 诇讛 诪住讻转 讻转讜讘讜转

 

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