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Today's Daf Yomi

January 13, 2022 | 讬状讗 讘砖讘讟 转砖驻状讘

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Terri Krivosha for the Refuah Shlemah of her husband Harav Hayim Yehuda Ben Faiga Rivah.聽

  • This month's learning is dedicated by Debbie and Yossi Gevir to Rabbanit Michelle and the Hadran Zoom group for their kindness, support, and care during a medically challenging year.

Megillah 32

Siyum Masechet Megillah is sponsored by Sharon Goldberg in loving memory of her father, Yechezkel ben Yerachmiel, on the occasion of his yahrzeit on the 11th of Shevat. 鈥淗e was a kind and gentle man, a devoted son and brother, and a wonderful father and grandfather. Yehi zichro baruch.鈥

Siyum Masechet Megilah is sponsored by Rina and Tzachi Goldberg in loving memory of Chaim Schalom Ben Aharon Mendel Kurz on his 46th yahrzeit on the 26th of Shvat, and to Penina Bat Yechezkel Goldberg on her 13th yahrzeit on the 21st of Adar. “She shares a yahrzeit with her ancestor, the Noam Elimelech.”

Siyum Masechet Megillah is sponsored by Sharon Russ and family in memory of her mother, Sima bat Estreya, who just had her Shloshim. 鈥淢y mother was taken from us suddenly and tragically. She was born in the Old City of Jerusalem, in 1942. She faced many challenges in her life, including her visual disability from birth, and persevered with profound faith, strength, and determination. Although she wasn’t given the opportunity to study past 8thgrade, she was extremely wise, and all gravitated to her to get advice, love and support. She was totally devoted to her family, giving unconditional love (tough love if necessary. As kids we called her the drill sergeant). She was adventurous and full of life and spread joy and happiness to all. She touched the lives of so many and will be sorely missed. May her neshama have an aliya.鈥

Today’s learning is sponsored by Emma and Richard Rinberg for a refuah shleima for their beloved daughter Rachel, Rachel Ophira bat Nechama Leah Esther.聽

What do you do to the Torah before and during the recitation of the blessings over the Torah? Does the Torah need to be covered during the blessing? If so, why? Who is chosen to be the one to roll the Torah? Is it considered a bigger honor than reading from the Torah? Can one rely on a voice one hears to help make a decision?聽 What are two possible interpretations of a verse in Ezekiel 20:25 that God has given us “statutes that are not good and judgments whereby they shall not live”?聽 From where do we learn that on each holiday a portion relating to that day should be read? The Gemara brings a braita that stresses the importance of learning on each holiday the laws connected with that holiday.

 

诪砖讜诐 讚讗驻讻讬 诇讛讜

The Gemara answers: Because there are those who reversed the names in the baraita and attributed the position of Rabbi Yehuda to Rabbi Meir, and vice versa. Therefore, in order to avoid any lack of clarity, Rabbi Zeira stated the halakha explicitly.

转谞讜 专讘谞谉 驻讜转讞 讜专讜讗讛 讙讜诇诇 讜诪讘专讱 讜讞讜讝专 讜驻讜转讞 讜拽讜专讗 讚讘专讬 专讘讬 诪讗讬专 专讘讬 讬讛讜讚讛 讗讜诪专 驻讜转讞 讜专讜讗讛 讜诪讘专讱 讜拽讜专讗

The Sages taught in a baraita: When a person reads from the Torah, he should open the scroll and see the place from where he will read, furl it so that it is closed, and recite the blessing, and then he should again open the scroll, and read. This is the statement of Rabbi Meir. Rabbi Yehuda said: He should open the scroll, and see the place from where he will read, and, without closing it again, he should recite the blessing, and read.

诪讗讬 讟注诪讗 讚专讘讬 诪讗讬专 讻讚注讜诇讗 讚讗诪专 注讜诇讗 诪驻谞讬 诪讛 讗诪专讜 讛拽讜专讗 讘转讜专讛 诇讗 讬住讬讬注 诇诪转讜专讙诪谉 讻讚讬 砖诇讗 讬讗诪专讜 转专讙讜诐 讻转讜讘 讘转讜专讛 讛讻讗 谞诪讬 讻讚讬 砖诇讗 讬讗诪专讜 讘专讻讜转 讻转讜讘讬谉 讘转讜专讛

The Gemara asks: What is the reason for Rabbi Meir鈥檚 opinion that the blessing is not recited over an open scroll? The Gemara answers: His reasoning is in accordance with the statement of Ulla, as Ulla said: For what reason did the Sages say that one who reads from the Torah should not assist the translator, but rather the translation should be exclusively said by the translator? In order that people should not say that the translation is written in the Torah. Here too, the scroll should be closed when reciting the blessings, in order that people should not say that the blessings are written in the Torah.

讜专讘讬 讬讛讜讚讛 转专讙讜诐 讗讬讻讗 诇诪讬讟注讬 讘专讻讜转 诇讬讻讗 诇诪讬讟注讬

And Rabbi Yehuda is not concerned about this, as he claims that with regard to the translation, there is the possibility of people erring in this way, but with regard to the blessings, there is no concern about people erring. People will realize the blessings are not actually part of the Torah鈥檚 text because they are recited by each person who reads.

讗诪专 专讘讬 讝讬专讗 讗诪专 专讘 诪转谞讛 讛诇讻讛 驻讜转讞 讜专讜讗讛 讜诪讘专讱 讜拽讜专讗 讜诇讬诪讗 讛诇讻讛 讻专讘讬 讬讛讜讚讛 诪砖讜诐 讚讗驻讻讬 诇讛讜

Rabbi Zeira said that Rav Mattana said: The halakha is that he should open the scroll, see the place from which he will read, and, without closing it again, he should recite the blessing and read. The Gemara asks: If so, let him simply say: The halakha is in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Yehuda. Why did he have to explicitly state the whole halakha? The Gemara answers: Because there are those who reversed the names in the baraita and attributed the position of Rabbi Yehuda to Rabbi Meir and vice versa. In order to avoid any lack of clarity, Rabbi Zeira stated the halakha explicitly.

讗诪专 专讘讬 讝讬专讗 讗诪专 专讘 诪转谞讛 讛诇讜讞讜转 讜讛讘讬诪讜转 讗讬谉 讘讛谉 诪砖讜诐 拽讚讜砖讛

Rabbi Zeira said that Rav Mattana said: The boards, i.e., the empty margins of a Torah scroll, and the platforms from which the Torah is read do not have any sanctity.

讗诪专 专讘讬 砖驻讟讬讛 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 讛讙讜诇诇 住驻专 转讜专讛 爪专讬讱 砖讬注诪讬讚谞讜 注诇 讛转驻专

Rabbi Shefatya said that Rabbi Yo岣nan said: When one furls a Torah scroll, he needs to position it so that it closes on the seam between two sheets of parchment. Once closed, the seam should be between the two rolls of the scroll, so that if it is mishandled or overly tightened, it will come apart along the seam and not be torn across the writing.

讜讗诪专 专讘讬 砖驻讟讬讛 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 讛讙讜诇诇 住驻专 转讜专讛 讙讜诇诇讜 诪讘讞讜抓 讜讗讬谉 讙讜诇诇讜 诪讘驻谞讬诐

And Rabbi Shefatya said that Rabbi Yo岣nan said: When one rolls a Torah scroll from one section to another, he should roll it from the outside, i.e., he should position the scroll so the two rollers are parallel to him and then roll the scroll by rotating the roller farthest away from him by rotating it toward himself, and he should not roll it from the inside, by rotating the roller nearest to him away from himself. If one does this and loses control, the scroll could roll away from him onto the floor.

讜讻砖讛讜讗 诪讛讚拽讜 诪讛讚拽讜 诪讘驻谞讬诐 讜讗讬谞讜 诪讛讚拽讜 诪讘讞讜抓

And when one tightens the scroll, after he has found the new section, he should tighten it from the inside, by rotating the roller nearest to him, and not from the outside, by rotating the roller furthest away from him, in order not to extend his arms over the text of the Torah and obscure the view of the community, for it is a mitzva for them to be able to see the text.

讜讗诪专 专讘讬 砖驻讟讬讛 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 注砖专讛 砖拽专讗讜 讘转讜专讛 讛讙讚讜诇 砖讘讛诐 讙讜诇诇 住驻专 转讜专讛 讛讙讜诇诇讜 谞讜讟诇 砖讻专 讻讜诇谉 讚讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讛讜砖注 讘谉 诇讜讬 注砖专讛 砖拽专讗讜 讘转讜专讛 讛讙讜诇诇 住驻专 转讜专讛 拽讬讘诇 砖讻专 讻讜诇谉 砖讻专 讻讜诇谉 住诇拽讗 讚注转讱 讗诇讗 讗讬诪讗 拽讬讘诇 砖讻专 讻谞讙讚 讻讜诇谉

And Rabbi Shefatya said that Rabbi Yo岣nan said: If ten people read from the Torah, the greatest among them should furl the Torah scroll, for this is the most distinguished honor. And the one who furls it takes the reward of all of them, as Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi said: If ten people read from the Torah, the one who furls it receives the reward of all of them. The Gemara asks: Can it enter your mind to say that he actually receives the reward of all of them? Why should all the others forfeit their reward? Rather, say instead: He receives a reward equivalent to that of all of them.

讜讗诪专 专讘讬 砖驻讟讬讛 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 诪谞讬谉 砖诪砖转诪砖讬谉 讘讘转 拽讜诇 砖谞讗诪专 讜讗讝谞讬讱 转砖诪注谞讛 讚讘专 诪讗讞专讬讱 诇讗诪专 讜讛谞讬 诪讬诇讬 讚砖诪注 拽诇 讙讘专讗 讘诪转讗 讜拽诇 讗讬转转讗 讘讚讘专讗 讜讛讜讗 讚讗诪专 讛讬谉 讛讬谉 讜讛讜讗 讚讗诪专 诇讗讜 诇讗讜

And Rabbi Shefatya said that Rabbi Yo岣nan said: If one was deliberating about whether to do a certain action, and a Divine Voice indicated what he should do, from where is it derived that one may make use of a Divine Voice and rely upon it? As it is stated: 鈥淎nd your ears shall hear a word behind you saying: This is the way, walk in it鈥 (Isaiah 30:21). The Gemara comments: This applies only when one heard a male voice in the city, which is unusual, for men are usually found in the fields, or when one heard a female voice in the fields, for women are generally not found there. Since the voice is unusual, one need not doubt it and may rely upon it. And that applies when the voice repeated its message and said: Yes, yes. And that also applies when the voice said: No, no.

讜讗诪专 专讘讬 砖驻讟讬讛 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 讻诇 讛拽讜专讗 讘诇讗 谞注讬诪讛 讜砖讜谞讛 讘诇讗 讝诪专讛 注诇讬讜 讛讻转讜讘 讗讜诪专 讜讙诐 讗谞讬 谞转转讬 诇讛诐 讞讜拽讬诐 诇讗 讟讜讘讬诐 讜讙讜壮

And Rabbi Shefatya said that Rabbi Yo岣nan said: Concerning anyone who reads from the Torah without a melody or studies the Mishna without a song, the verse states: 鈥淪o too I gave them statutes that were not good, and judgments whereby they should not live鈥 (Ezekiel 20:25), as one who studies Torah through song demonstrates that he is fond of his learning. Furthermore, the tune helps him remember what he has learned.

诪转拽讬祝 诇讛 讗讘讬讬 诪砖讜诐 讚诇讗 讬讚注 诇讘住讜诪讬 拽诇讗 诪砖驻讟讬诐 诇讗 讬讞讬讜 讘讛诐 拽专讬转 讘讬讛 讗诇讗 讻讚专讘 诪砖专砖讬讗 讚讗诪专 砖谞讬 转诇诪讬讚讬 讞讻诪讬诐 讛讬讜砖讘讬诐 讘注讬专 讗讞转 讜讗讬谉 谞讜讞讬谉 讝讛 讗转 讝讛 讘讛诇讻讛 注诇讬讛诐 讛讻转讜讘 讗讜诪专 讜讙诐 讗谞讬 谞转转讬 诇讛诐 讞讜拽讬诐 诇讗 讟讜讘讬诐 讜诪砖驻讟讬诐 诇讗 讬讞讬讜 讘讛诐

Abaye strongly objects to this: Just because one does not know how to make his voice pleasant, you read concerning him: 鈥淎nd judgments whereby they should not live鈥? Rather, the verse should be understood in accordance with the statement of Rav Mesharshiyya, who said: Concerning two Torah scholars who dwell in the same city and are not pleasant to one other in matters of halakha, and they quarrel and stir up controversy, the verse states: 鈥淪o too I gave them statutes that were not good, and judgments whereby they should not live.鈥

讗诪专 专讘讬 驻专谞讱 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 讻诇 讛讗讜讞讝 住驻专 转讜专讛 注专讜诐 谞拽讘专 注专讜诐 注专讜诐 住诇拽讗 讚注转讱 讗诇讗 讗讬诪讗 谞拽讘专 注专讜诐 讘诇讗 诪爪讜转

Rabbi Parnakh said that Rabbi Yo岣nan said: Anyone who holds onto an uncovered Torah scroll, i.e., holds the parchment directly without anything intervening, will be punished by being buried uncovered. The Gemara asks: Can it enter your mind to say that he will be actually be buried uncovered? Why should he be buried in such a disgraceful manner? Rather, say that he will be buried metaphorically uncovered, i.e., without the merit of having performed mitzvot.

讘诇讗 诪爪讜转 住诇拽讗 讚注转讱 讗诇讗 讗诪专 讗讘讬讬 谞拽讘专 注专讜诐 讘诇讗 讗讜转讛 诪爪讜讛

The Gemara again asks: Can it enter your mind to say that he will be buried without the merit of having performed mitzvot? Why should he forfeit the merit of all the mitzvot that he performed during his lifetime? Rather, Abaye said: He will be buried metaphorically uncovered, i.e., without the merit of that mitzva. He forfeits the reward of the mitzva he performed while holding directly onto the parchment.

讗诪专 专讘讬 讬谞讗讬 讘专讬讛 讚专讘讬 讬谞讗讬 住讘讗 诪砖诪讬讛 讚专讘讬 讬谞讗讬 专讘讛 诪讜讟讘 转讬讙诇诇 讛诪讟驻讞转 讜讗诇 讬讙诇诇 住驻专 转讜专讛

Rabbi Yannai, son of Rabbi Yannai the Elder, said in the name of Rabbi Yannai the Great: It is proper that the cloth cover of a Torah scroll be rolled around the scroll, while holding the scroll stationary, and one should not roll the Torah scroll itself in the cloth in order to cover it.

讜讬讚讘专 诪砖讛 讗转 诪讜注讚讬 讛壮 讗诇 讘谞讬 讬砖专讗诇 诪爪讜转谉 砖讬讛讬讜 拽讜专讬谉 讗讜转谉 讻诇 讗讞讚 讜讗讞讚 讘讝诪谞讜 转谞讜 专讘谞谉 诪砖讛 转讬拽谉 诇讛诐 诇讬砖专讗诇 砖讬讛讜 砖讜讗诇讬谉 讜讚讜专砖讬谉 讘注谞讬谞讜 砖诇 讬讜诐 讛诇讻讜转 驻住讞 讘驻住讞 讛诇讻讜转 注爪专转 讘注爪专转 讛诇讻讜转 讞讙 讘讞讙

搂 The mishna states: The verse 鈥淎nd Moses declared to the children of Israel the appointed seasons of the Lord鈥 (Leviticus 23:44) indicates that part of the mitzva of the Festivals is that they should read the portion relating to them, each one in its appointed time. The Sages taught in a baraita: Moses enacted for the Jewish people that they should make halakhic inquiries and expound upon the matter of the day. They should occupy themselves with the halakhot of Passover on Passover, with the halakhot of Shavuot on Shavuot, and with the halakhot of Sukkot on Sukkot.

讛讚专谉 注诇讱 讘谞讬 讛注讬专 讜住诇讬拽讗 诇讛 诪住讻转 诪讙讬诇讛

 

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Terri Krivosha for the Refuah Shlemah of her husband Harav Hayim Yehuda Ben Faiga Rivah.聽

  • This month's learning is dedicated by Debbie and Yossi Gevir to Rabbanit Michelle and the Hadran Zoom group for their kindness, support, and care during a medically challenging year.

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Megillah 32

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Megillah 32

诪砖讜诐 讚讗驻讻讬 诇讛讜

The Gemara answers: Because there are those who reversed the names in the baraita and attributed the position of Rabbi Yehuda to Rabbi Meir, and vice versa. Therefore, in order to avoid any lack of clarity, Rabbi Zeira stated the halakha explicitly.

转谞讜 专讘谞谉 驻讜转讞 讜专讜讗讛 讙讜诇诇 讜诪讘专讱 讜讞讜讝专 讜驻讜转讞 讜拽讜专讗 讚讘专讬 专讘讬 诪讗讬专 专讘讬 讬讛讜讚讛 讗讜诪专 驻讜转讞 讜专讜讗讛 讜诪讘专讱 讜拽讜专讗

The Sages taught in a baraita: When a person reads from the Torah, he should open the scroll and see the place from where he will read, furl it so that it is closed, and recite the blessing, and then he should again open the scroll, and read. This is the statement of Rabbi Meir. Rabbi Yehuda said: He should open the scroll, and see the place from where he will read, and, without closing it again, he should recite the blessing, and read.

诪讗讬 讟注诪讗 讚专讘讬 诪讗讬专 讻讚注讜诇讗 讚讗诪专 注讜诇讗 诪驻谞讬 诪讛 讗诪专讜 讛拽讜专讗 讘转讜专讛 诇讗 讬住讬讬注 诇诪转讜专讙诪谉 讻讚讬 砖诇讗 讬讗诪专讜 转专讙讜诐 讻转讜讘 讘转讜专讛 讛讻讗 谞诪讬 讻讚讬 砖诇讗 讬讗诪专讜 讘专讻讜转 讻转讜讘讬谉 讘转讜专讛

The Gemara asks: What is the reason for Rabbi Meir鈥檚 opinion that the blessing is not recited over an open scroll? The Gemara answers: His reasoning is in accordance with the statement of Ulla, as Ulla said: For what reason did the Sages say that one who reads from the Torah should not assist the translator, but rather the translation should be exclusively said by the translator? In order that people should not say that the translation is written in the Torah. Here too, the scroll should be closed when reciting the blessings, in order that people should not say that the blessings are written in the Torah.

讜专讘讬 讬讛讜讚讛 转专讙讜诐 讗讬讻讗 诇诪讬讟注讬 讘专讻讜转 诇讬讻讗 诇诪讬讟注讬

And Rabbi Yehuda is not concerned about this, as he claims that with regard to the translation, there is the possibility of people erring in this way, but with regard to the blessings, there is no concern about people erring. People will realize the blessings are not actually part of the Torah鈥檚 text because they are recited by each person who reads.

讗诪专 专讘讬 讝讬专讗 讗诪专 专讘 诪转谞讛 讛诇讻讛 驻讜转讞 讜专讜讗讛 讜诪讘专讱 讜拽讜专讗 讜诇讬诪讗 讛诇讻讛 讻专讘讬 讬讛讜讚讛 诪砖讜诐 讚讗驻讻讬 诇讛讜

Rabbi Zeira said that Rav Mattana said: The halakha is that he should open the scroll, see the place from which he will read, and, without closing it again, he should recite the blessing and read. The Gemara asks: If so, let him simply say: The halakha is in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Yehuda. Why did he have to explicitly state the whole halakha? The Gemara answers: Because there are those who reversed the names in the baraita and attributed the position of Rabbi Yehuda to Rabbi Meir and vice versa. In order to avoid any lack of clarity, Rabbi Zeira stated the halakha explicitly.

讗诪专 专讘讬 讝讬专讗 讗诪专 专讘 诪转谞讛 讛诇讜讞讜转 讜讛讘讬诪讜转 讗讬谉 讘讛谉 诪砖讜诐 拽讚讜砖讛

Rabbi Zeira said that Rav Mattana said: The boards, i.e., the empty margins of a Torah scroll, and the platforms from which the Torah is read do not have any sanctity.

讗诪专 专讘讬 砖驻讟讬讛 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 讛讙讜诇诇 住驻专 转讜专讛 爪专讬讱 砖讬注诪讬讚谞讜 注诇 讛转驻专

Rabbi Shefatya said that Rabbi Yo岣nan said: When one furls a Torah scroll, he needs to position it so that it closes on the seam between two sheets of parchment. Once closed, the seam should be between the two rolls of the scroll, so that if it is mishandled or overly tightened, it will come apart along the seam and not be torn across the writing.

讜讗诪专 专讘讬 砖驻讟讬讛 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 讛讙讜诇诇 住驻专 转讜专讛 讙讜诇诇讜 诪讘讞讜抓 讜讗讬谉 讙讜诇诇讜 诪讘驻谞讬诐

And Rabbi Shefatya said that Rabbi Yo岣nan said: When one rolls a Torah scroll from one section to another, he should roll it from the outside, i.e., he should position the scroll so the two rollers are parallel to him and then roll the scroll by rotating the roller farthest away from him by rotating it toward himself, and he should not roll it from the inside, by rotating the roller nearest to him away from himself. If one does this and loses control, the scroll could roll away from him onto the floor.

讜讻砖讛讜讗 诪讛讚拽讜 诪讛讚拽讜 诪讘驻谞讬诐 讜讗讬谞讜 诪讛讚拽讜 诪讘讞讜抓

And when one tightens the scroll, after he has found the new section, he should tighten it from the inside, by rotating the roller nearest to him, and not from the outside, by rotating the roller furthest away from him, in order not to extend his arms over the text of the Torah and obscure the view of the community, for it is a mitzva for them to be able to see the text.

讜讗诪专 专讘讬 砖驻讟讬讛 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 注砖专讛 砖拽专讗讜 讘转讜专讛 讛讙讚讜诇 砖讘讛诐 讙讜诇诇 住驻专 转讜专讛 讛讙讜诇诇讜 谞讜讟诇 砖讻专 讻讜诇谉 讚讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讛讜砖注 讘谉 诇讜讬 注砖专讛 砖拽专讗讜 讘转讜专讛 讛讙讜诇诇 住驻专 转讜专讛 拽讬讘诇 砖讻专 讻讜诇谉 砖讻专 讻讜诇谉 住诇拽讗 讚注转讱 讗诇讗 讗讬诪讗 拽讬讘诇 砖讻专 讻谞讙讚 讻讜诇谉

And Rabbi Shefatya said that Rabbi Yo岣nan said: If ten people read from the Torah, the greatest among them should furl the Torah scroll, for this is the most distinguished honor. And the one who furls it takes the reward of all of them, as Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi said: If ten people read from the Torah, the one who furls it receives the reward of all of them. The Gemara asks: Can it enter your mind to say that he actually receives the reward of all of them? Why should all the others forfeit their reward? Rather, say instead: He receives a reward equivalent to that of all of them.

讜讗诪专 专讘讬 砖驻讟讬讛 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 诪谞讬谉 砖诪砖转诪砖讬谉 讘讘转 拽讜诇 砖谞讗诪专 讜讗讝谞讬讱 转砖诪注谞讛 讚讘专 诪讗讞专讬讱 诇讗诪专 讜讛谞讬 诪讬诇讬 讚砖诪注 拽诇 讙讘专讗 讘诪转讗 讜拽诇 讗讬转转讗 讘讚讘专讗 讜讛讜讗 讚讗诪专 讛讬谉 讛讬谉 讜讛讜讗 讚讗诪专 诇讗讜 诇讗讜

And Rabbi Shefatya said that Rabbi Yo岣nan said: If one was deliberating about whether to do a certain action, and a Divine Voice indicated what he should do, from where is it derived that one may make use of a Divine Voice and rely upon it? As it is stated: 鈥淎nd your ears shall hear a word behind you saying: This is the way, walk in it鈥 (Isaiah 30:21). The Gemara comments: This applies only when one heard a male voice in the city, which is unusual, for men are usually found in the fields, or when one heard a female voice in the fields, for women are generally not found there. Since the voice is unusual, one need not doubt it and may rely upon it. And that applies when the voice repeated its message and said: Yes, yes. And that also applies when the voice said: No, no.

讜讗诪专 专讘讬 砖驻讟讬讛 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 讻诇 讛拽讜专讗 讘诇讗 谞注讬诪讛 讜砖讜谞讛 讘诇讗 讝诪专讛 注诇讬讜 讛讻转讜讘 讗讜诪专 讜讙诐 讗谞讬 谞转转讬 诇讛诐 讞讜拽讬诐 诇讗 讟讜讘讬诐 讜讙讜壮

And Rabbi Shefatya said that Rabbi Yo岣nan said: Concerning anyone who reads from the Torah without a melody or studies the Mishna without a song, the verse states: 鈥淪o too I gave them statutes that were not good, and judgments whereby they should not live鈥 (Ezekiel 20:25), as one who studies Torah through song demonstrates that he is fond of his learning. Furthermore, the tune helps him remember what he has learned.

诪转拽讬祝 诇讛 讗讘讬讬 诪砖讜诐 讚诇讗 讬讚注 诇讘住讜诪讬 拽诇讗 诪砖驻讟讬诐 诇讗 讬讞讬讜 讘讛诐 拽专讬转 讘讬讛 讗诇讗 讻讚专讘 诪砖专砖讬讗 讚讗诪专 砖谞讬 转诇诪讬讚讬 讞讻诪讬诐 讛讬讜砖讘讬诐 讘注讬专 讗讞转 讜讗讬谉 谞讜讞讬谉 讝讛 讗转 讝讛 讘讛诇讻讛 注诇讬讛诐 讛讻转讜讘 讗讜诪专 讜讙诐 讗谞讬 谞转转讬 诇讛诐 讞讜拽讬诐 诇讗 讟讜讘讬诐 讜诪砖驻讟讬诐 诇讗 讬讞讬讜 讘讛诐

Abaye strongly objects to this: Just because one does not know how to make his voice pleasant, you read concerning him: 鈥淎nd judgments whereby they should not live鈥? Rather, the verse should be understood in accordance with the statement of Rav Mesharshiyya, who said: Concerning two Torah scholars who dwell in the same city and are not pleasant to one other in matters of halakha, and they quarrel and stir up controversy, the verse states: 鈥淪o too I gave them statutes that were not good, and judgments whereby they should not live.鈥

讗诪专 专讘讬 驻专谞讱 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 讻诇 讛讗讜讞讝 住驻专 转讜专讛 注专讜诐 谞拽讘专 注专讜诐 注专讜诐 住诇拽讗 讚注转讱 讗诇讗 讗讬诪讗 谞拽讘专 注专讜诐 讘诇讗 诪爪讜转

Rabbi Parnakh said that Rabbi Yo岣nan said: Anyone who holds onto an uncovered Torah scroll, i.e., holds the parchment directly without anything intervening, will be punished by being buried uncovered. The Gemara asks: Can it enter your mind to say that he will be actually be buried uncovered? Why should he be buried in such a disgraceful manner? Rather, say that he will be buried metaphorically uncovered, i.e., without the merit of having performed mitzvot.

讘诇讗 诪爪讜转 住诇拽讗 讚注转讱 讗诇讗 讗诪专 讗讘讬讬 谞拽讘专 注专讜诐 讘诇讗 讗讜转讛 诪爪讜讛

The Gemara again asks: Can it enter your mind to say that he will be buried without the merit of having performed mitzvot? Why should he forfeit the merit of all the mitzvot that he performed during his lifetime? Rather, Abaye said: He will be buried metaphorically uncovered, i.e., without the merit of that mitzva. He forfeits the reward of the mitzva he performed while holding directly onto the parchment.

讗诪专 专讘讬 讬谞讗讬 讘专讬讛 讚专讘讬 讬谞讗讬 住讘讗 诪砖诪讬讛 讚专讘讬 讬谞讗讬 专讘讛 诪讜讟讘 转讬讙诇诇 讛诪讟驻讞转 讜讗诇 讬讙诇诇 住驻专 转讜专讛

Rabbi Yannai, son of Rabbi Yannai the Elder, said in the name of Rabbi Yannai the Great: It is proper that the cloth cover of a Torah scroll be rolled around the scroll, while holding the scroll stationary, and one should not roll the Torah scroll itself in the cloth in order to cover it.

讜讬讚讘专 诪砖讛 讗转 诪讜注讚讬 讛壮 讗诇 讘谞讬 讬砖专讗诇 诪爪讜转谉 砖讬讛讬讜 拽讜专讬谉 讗讜转谉 讻诇 讗讞讚 讜讗讞讚 讘讝诪谞讜 转谞讜 专讘谞谉 诪砖讛 转讬拽谉 诇讛诐 诇讬砖专讗诇 砖讬讛讜 砖讜讗诇讬谉 讜讚讜专砖讬谉 讘注谞讬谞讜 砖诇 讬讜诐 讛诇讻讜转 驻住讞 讘驻住讞 讛诇讻讜转 注爪专转 讘注爪专转 讛诇讻讜转 讞讙 讘讞讙

搂 The mishna states: The verse 鈥淎nd Moses declared to the children of Israel the appointed seasons of the Lord鈥 (Leviticus 23:44) indicates that part of the mitzva of the Festivals is that they should read the portion relating to them, each one in its appointed time. The Sages taught in a baraita: Moses enacted for the Jewish people that they should make halakhic inquiries and expound upon the matter of the day. They should occupy themselves with the halakhot of Passover on Passover, with the halakhot of Shavuot on Shavuot, and with the halakhot of Sukkot on Sukkot.

讛讚专谉 注诇讱 讘谞讬 讛注讬专 讜住诇讬拽讗 诇讛 诪住讻转 诪讙讬诇讛

 

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