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Daf Yomi

March 4, 2021 | 讻壮 讘讗讚专 转砖驻状讗

Masechet Pesachim is sponsored by Sivya Twersky in honor of her daughter, Shoshana Baker, her grandson's upcoming Bar Mitzvah ,and in memory of her father, Harav Pesach Zachariah Halevi ben Reuven and Leah Z'late Z'L. He lived Torah and emunah by example to congregational and biological families. His yahrzeit falls within this masechet.

This month's shiurim are sponsored by Terri Krivosha in memory of her father Nahum Mayar ben Dovid Baer. Judge Norman Krivosha was a remarkable individual who, in the words of Mary Oliver, did far more than "simply visit this world". Yehi Zichro Baruch.

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Shifra Tyberg and Rephael Wenger in loving memory of Zvi ben Yisrael Yitzhak Tyberg on his yahrzeit, and in honor of their daughter Ayelet's upcoming marriage to Ori Kinberg.

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Rabbi Hayim Herring with pride and love, in honor of his spouse, Terri Krivosha, who received this year's Sidney Barrows Lifetime Commitment Award from the Mpls. And St. Paul Federations in recognition of her distinguished contribution to the Twin Cities Legal and Jewish Communities.聽

Pesachim 103

“Today鈥檚 Daf is sponsored by Natanya Slomowitz in memory of her grandfather (her mother’s father) Avraham ben Chanoch Meir and Esther Dembinski. He was a hero of the Revisionist effort in the Warsaw Ghetto uprising. Murdered 20 Adar bet 5703, March 27, 1943. 讬讛讬 讝讻专讜 讘专讜讱.”

What is the order of blessings for kiddush/havdala that one makes when Yom Tov falls out on Saturday night? The gemara brings seven opinions on the subject! Rava and Abaye disagree regarding the placement of the shehecheyanu blessing. The gemara brings several stories that took place from which we can derive halakhot. In the first, Rava explains why he made a blessing (in havdala on a regular Shabbat on the spices first and then the candle, even though that doesn鈥檛 seem to match either Beit Shamai or Beit Hillel鈥檚 position on the matter. He explained that there is a debate about how to understand the debate between them. The second story was about why Rava made a new blessing on the wine used for birkhat hamazon and as a result, the gemara brings a few other stories relating different opinions on that topic. In the continuation of the story with Rava, the servant lights a torch for havdala, and Rava is questioned about that, as well as why he used the particular wording that he used for the havdala blessing.

讜专讘讛 讗诪专 讬讛谞拽 讜诇讜讬 讗诪专 拽谞讬讛 讜专讘谞谉 讗诪专讬 拽讬谞讛 诪专 讘专讬讛 讚专讘谞讗 讗诪专 谞拽讬讛 诪专转讗 讗诪专 诪砖诪讬讛 讚专讘讬 讬讛讜砖注 谞讬讛拽


And Rabba said that the correct order is yod, heh, nun, kuf: Wine [yayin], havdala, candle [ner], and kiddush. And Levi said the order is kuf, nun, yod, heh: Kiddush, candle [ner], wine [yayin], and havdala. And the Rabbis say the order is kuf, yod, nun, heh: kiddush, wine [yayin], candle [ner], and havdala. Mar, son of Rabbana, said the order is nun, kuf, yod, heh: Candle [ner], kiddush, wine [yayin], and havdala. The Sage named Marta said in the name of Rabbi Yehoshua that the proper order is nun, yod, heh, kuf: Candle [ner], wine [yayin], havdala, and kiddush.


砖诇讞 诇讬讛 讗讘讜讛 讚砖诪讜讗诇 诇专讘讬 讬诇诪讚谞讜 专讘讬谞讜 住讚专 讛讘讚诇讜转 讛讬讗讱 砖诇讞 诇讬讛 讻讱 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬砖诪注讗诇 讘专 专讘讬 讬讜住讬 砖讗诪专 诪砖讜诐 讗讘讬讜 砖讗诪专 诪砖讜诐 专讘讬 讬讛讜砖注 讘谉 讞谞谞讬讛 谞讛讬拽


With regard to this issue, the father of Shmuel, Abba ben Abba, sent a letter to Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi: Teach us, our Rabbi. How should one recite the order of havdala when a Festival occurs after Shabbat? Rabbi sent him the following response: This is what Rabbi Yishmael, son of Rabbi Yosei, said, who said it in the name of his father, who himself said it in the name of Rabbi Yehoshua ben 岣nanya: The proper order of the blessings is nun, heh, yod, kuf: Candle [ner], havdala, wine [yayin], and kiddush.


讗诪专 专讘讬 讞谞讬谞讗 诪砖诇 讚专讘讬 讬讛讜砖注 讘谉 讞谞谞讬讛 诇诪诇讱 砖讬讜爪讗 讜讗驻专讻讜住 谞讻谞住 诪诇讜讜讬谉 讗转 讛诪诇讱 讜讗讞专 讻讱 讬讜爪讗讬诐 诇拽专讗转 讗驻专讻讜住


Rabbi 岣nina said that the following parable serves to explain the opinion of Rabbi Yehoshua ben 岣nanya: This is comparable to a king who is exiting a city and a governor is entering. Etiquette dictates that the inhabitants of the city first escort the king out of the city to take leave of him in a dignified fashion, and afterward they go out to greet the governor. Similarly, one should first recite havdala, to take leave of Shabbat, and only then recite kiddush over the Festival, whose sanctity is lesser than that of Shabbat.


诪讗讬 讛讜讬 注诇讛 讗讘讬讬 讗诪专 讬拽讝谞讛 讜专讘讗 讗诪专 讬拽谞讛讝 讜讛讬诇讻转讗 讻专讘讗


The Gemara asks: What halakhic conclusion was reached about this matter? What is the proper order of the blessings? The amora鈥檌m accept Rav鈥檚 opinion that one should recite kiddush before havdala; however, they disagree about the blessing of time, which is generally relevant in such cases and which Rav did not address. Abaye said that the proper order is yod, kuf, zayin, nun, heh: The blessing over wine [yayin], kiddush, the blessing for time [zeman], the blessing over the candle [ner], and havdala. And Rava said the order is yod, kuf, nun, heh, zayin: Wine [yayin], kiddush, candle [ner], havdala, and time [zeman]. The Gemara concludes: And the halakha is in accordance with the opinion of Rava.


专讘 讛讜谞讗 讘专 讬讛讜讚讛 讗讬拽诇注 诇讘讬 专讘讗 讗讬讬转讜 诇拽诪讬讬讛讜 诪讗讜专 讜讘砖诪讬诐 讘专讬讱 专讘讗 讗讘砖诪讬诐 讘专讬砖讗 讜讛讚专 讗诪讗讜专 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讜讛讗 讘讬谉 讘讬转 砖诪讗讬 讜讘讬谉 讘讬转 讛讬诇诇 诪讗讜专 讘专讬砖讗 讜讛讚专 讗讘砖诪讬诐


With regard to this issue of havdala, the Gemara relates that Rav Huna bar Yehuda happened to come to the house of Rava. After Shabbat, they brought before them a light and spices. Rava recited the blessing over the spices first and then the blessing over the light. Rav Huna bar Yehuda said to him: But both Beit Shammai and Beit Hillel, who dispute the order of the blessings at havdala, agree that the blessing over light is first, and only then comes the blessing over the spices.


讜诪讗讬 讛讬讗 讚转谞谉 讘讬转 砖诪讗讬 讗讜诪专讬诐 谞专 讜诪讝讜谉 讘砖诪讬诐 讜讛讘讚诇讛 讜讘讬转 讛讬诇诇 讗讜诪专讬诐 谞专 讜讘砖诪讬诐 讜诪讝讜谉 讜讛讘讚诇讛


And what is this; what is the source that this is the dispute between Beit Shammai and Beit Hillel? As we learned in a mishna: Beit Shammai say that with regard to one who is required to say Grace after Meals and havdala, and he has only one cup of wine, the proper order of the blessings is: The blessing over the candle, and the blessing of Grace After Meals, followed by the blessing over the spices, and finally havdala. And Beit Hillel say: The blessing over the candle comes first, and then the blessing over the spices, and afterward the blessing of Grace After Meals, and last is havdala. Both Beit Shammai and Beit Hillel agree that the blessing over the candle is recited before blessing over the spices.


注谞讬 专讘讗 讘转专讬讛 讜讗诪专 讝讜 讚讘专讬 专讘讬 诪讗讬专 讗讘诇 专讘讬 讬讛讜讚讛 讗讜诪专 诇讗 谞讞诇拽讜 讘讬转 砖诪讗讬 讜讘讬转 讛讬诇诇 注诇 讛诪讝讜谉 砖讛讜讗 讘转讞诇讛 讜注诇 讛讘讚诇讛 砖讛讬讗 讘住讜祝


Rava answered after him and said: This mishna is the statement of Rabbi Meir. However, Rabbi Yehuda says: Beit Shammai and Beit Hillel did not disagree over Grace After Meals, as everyone concurs that it is recited first, nor did they disagree over the blessing over the spices, as it is recited last.


注诇 诪讛 谞讞诇拽讜 注诇 讛诪讗讜专 讜注诇 讛讘砖诪讬诐 讘讬转 砖诪讗讬 讗讜诪专讬诐 诪讗讜专 讜讗讞专 讻讱 讘砖诪讬诐 讜讘讬转 讛讬诇诇 讗讜诪专讬诐 讘砖诪讬诐 讜讗讞专 讻讱 诪讗讜专 讜讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 谞讛讙讜 讛注诐 讻讘讬转 讛讬诇诇 讜讗诇讬讘讗 讚专讘讬 讬讛讜讚讛:


With regard to what did they disagree? They disagreed over the blessings recited in the middle of havdala, i.e., the blessings over light and over the spices. Beit Shammai say: Light first, and spices thereafter; and Beit Hillel say: Spices first, and light thereafter. And Rabbi Yo岣nan said: The people were accustomed to conduct themselves in accordance with the opinion of Beit Hillel, according to the interpretation of Rabbi Yehuda. Rava acted as dictated by this custom.


专讘 讬注拽讘 讘专 讗讘讗 讗讬拽诇注 诇讘讬 专讘讗 讞讝讬讛 讚讘专讬讱 讘讜专讗 驻专讬 讛讙驻谉 讗讻住讗 拽诪讗 讜讛讚专 讘专讬讱 讗讻住讗 讚讘专讻转讗 讜讗讬砖转讬 讗诪专 诇讬讛 诇诪讛 诇讱 讻讜诇讬 讛讗讬 讛讗 讘专讬讱 诇谉 诪专 讞讚讗 讝讬诪谞讗 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讻讬 讛讜讬谞谉 讘讬 专讬砖 讙诇讜转讗 讛讻讬 注讘讚讬谞谉


The Gemara relates another incident with regard to establishing meals and reciting blessings. Rav Ya鈥檃kov bar Abba happened to come to Rava鈥檚 house for a Shabbat meal. He saw that Rava recited the blessing: Who creates the fruit of the vine, over the first cup of wine he drank at the meal, and then he recited the same blessing upon the cup of wine he used for the blessing of Grace after Meals and drank it. He said to him: Why do you have to say all this, i.e., why is it necessary to recite a second blessing? The Master has recited a blessing for us once already, at the beginning of the meal, and thereby exempted us from a blessing on all the wine drunk during the meal. Rava said to him: When we were in the house of the Exilarch, this was our practice. It was the custom among the Sages to recite two blessings.


讗诪专 诇讬讛 转讬谞讞 讘讬 专讬砖 讙诇讜转讗 讚讛讻讬 注讘讬讚 讚住驻拽 诪讬讬转讬 诇谉 住驻拽 诇讗 诪讬讬转讬 诇谉 讛讻讗 讛讗 诪谞讞 讻住讗 拽诪谉 讜讚注转谉 注讬诇讜讬讛 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗谞讗 注讘讚讬 讻转诇诪讬讚讬 讚专讘 讚专讘 讘专讜谞讗 讜专讘 讞谞谞讗诇 转诇诪讬讚讬 讚专讘 讛讜讜 讬转讘讬 讘住注讜讚转讗


He said to him: It works out well to act this way in the house of the Exilarch, as there is uncertainty as to whether he will bring us another cup of wine to drink, or whether he will not bring us another cup. Since we are dependent upon the host and cannot anticipate in advance whether we will drink more wine, each cup requires its own blessing. Here, however, the cup is resting before us and our attention is on it, i.e., we intend to drink this wine after Grace after Meals. What need is there to recite another blessing? He said to him: I acted in accordance with the opinion of the students of Rav, as Rav Beruna and Rav 岣nanel, the students of Rav, were sitting together at a meal,


拽讗讬 注诇讬讬讛讜 专讘 讬讬讘讗 住讘讗 讗诪专讜 诇讬讛 讛讘 诇谉 讜谞讬讘专讬讱 诇住讜祝 讗诪专讜 诇讬讛 讛讘 诇谉 讜谞讬砖转讬 讗诪专 诇讛讜 讛讻讬 讗诪专 专讘 讻讬讜谉 讚讗诪专讬转讜 讛讘 诇谉 讜谞讬讘专讬讱 讗讬转住专讗 诇讻讜 诇诪讬砖转讬 诪讗讬 讟注诪讗 讚讗住讞讬转讜 讚注转讬讬讻讜


and Rav Yeiva the Elder stood over them to serve them. They said to him: Give us a cup of wine and we will recite the blessings of Grace after Meals. Ultimately, they changed their mind and said to him: Give us a cup of wine and we will drink it. He said to them that Rav said as follows: Since you have said: Give us a cup and we will recite the blessings of Grace after Meals, it is prohibited for you to drink any more. What is the reason for this? The reason is that you have diverted your attention from drinking. Therefore, if you want to drink any more, you must recite the blessing over wine again.


讗诪讬诪专 讜诪专 讝讜讟专讗 讜专讘 讗砖讬 讛讜讜 讬转讘讬 讘住注讜讚讛 讜拽讗讬 注诇讬讬讛讜 专讘 讗讞讗 讘专讬讛 讚专讘讗 讗诪讬诪专 讘专讬讱 注诇 讻诇 讻住讗 讜讻住讗 讜诪专 讝讜讟专讗 讘专讬讱 讗讻住讗 拽诪讗 讜讗讻住讗 讘转专讗 专讘 讗砖讬 讘专讬讱 讗讻住讗 拽诪讗 讜转讜 诇讗 讘专讬讱


The Gemara relates that Ameimar, Mar Zutra, and Rav Ashi were sitting at a meal, and Rav A岣, son of Rava, stood over them to serve them. Ameimar recited a blessing over each and every cup of wine he drank. And Mar Zutra recited a blessing over the first cup he drank during the meal and over the last cup he drank, upon concluding Grace after Meals. Rav Ashi recited a blessing over the first cup and did not recite any further blessings over the subsequent cups he drank.


讗诪专 诇讛讜 专讘 讗讞讗 讘专 专讘讗 讗谞谉 讻诪讗谉 谞注讘讬讚 讗诪讬诪专 讗诪专 谞诪诇讱 讗谞讗 诪专 讝讜讟专讗 讗诪专 讗谞讗 讚注讘讚讬 讻转诇诪讬讚讬 讚专讘


Rav A岣 bar Rava said to them: In accordance with whose opinion should we act in this matter? We have witnessed three different courses of action. Ameimar said: I repeatedly changed my mind. In other words, the reason Ameimar recited a blessing over each cup was not because he maintains that it is always necessary to do so. Rather, he drank each cup with the intention that it should be his last. Consequently, he diverted his attention from drinking each time, and therefore he was required to recite a new blessing before he could drink again. Mar Zutra said: I acted in accordance with the opinion of the students of Rav. They maintain that one who prepares to recite Grace after Meals has completely diverted his attention from drinking, and therefore the blessing on wine that one recites during the meal does not include the wine he drinks after Grace after Meals.


讜专讘 讗砖讬 讗诪专 诇讬转 讛讬诇讻转讗 讻转诇诪讬讚讬 讚专讘 讚讛讗 讬讜诐 讟讜讘 砖讞诇 诇讛讬讜转 讗讞专 讛砖讘转 讜讗诪专 专讘 讬拽谞讛


And Rav Ashi said: The halakha is not in accordance with the opinion of the students of Rav. This can be proven from a ruling of Rav himself, as with regard to a Festival that occurs after Shabbat, Rav said that the order of blessings is yod, kuf, nun, heh: Wine [yayin], kiddush, candle [ner], and havdala. This shows that although one recites kiddush between the blessing over wine and havdala, it is unnecessary to recite the blessing over wine again before havdala. The same should hold true in our case: Just as kiddush is not considered an interruption between the blessing over wine and its consumption, Grace after Meals should not be considered an interruption either.


讜诇讗 讛讬讗 讛转诐 注拽专 讚注转讬讛 诪诪砖转讬讗 讛讻讗 诇讗 注拽专 讚注转讬讛 诪诪砖转讬讗


The Gemara rejects this reasoning: And that is not so. There, when one is preparing himself to recite Grace after Meals, he has already uprooted his mind from drinking. Here, with regard to kiddush and havdala, he has not uprooted his mind from drinking.


讻讬 诪讟讗 诇讗讘讚讜诇讬 拽诐 砖诪注讬讛 讜讗讚诇讬拽 讗讘讜拽讛 诪砖专讙讗 讗诪专 诇讬讛 诇诪讛 诇讱 讻讜诇讬 讛讗讬 讛讗 诪谞讞讗 砖专讙讗 讗诪专 诇讬讛 砖诪注讗 诪讚注转讬讛 讚谞驻砖讬讛 拽讗 注讘讬讚 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗讬 诇讗 砖诪讬注 诇讬讛 诪讬谞讬讛 讚诪专 诇讗 讛讜讛 注讘讬讚 讗诪专 诇讬讛 诇讗 住讘专 诇讬讛 诪专 讗讘讜拽讛 诇讛讘讚诇讛 诪爪讜讛 诪谉 讛诪讜讘讞专


After discussing the opinion of the students of Rav, the Gemara returns to the story of Rav Ya鈥檃kov bar Abba鈥檚 visit to Rava. When the time came to recite havdala, Rava鈥檚 attendant got up and lit a torch from a candle. Rav Ya鈥檃kov bar Abba said to him: Why do you need all this? The candle was present, and you could have recited the blessing over the light of the candle itself. Rava said to him: The attendant did this on his own accord, without consulting me. Rav Ya鈥檃kov bar Abba said to him: If he had not heard it from the Master he would not have done it on his own; he must have been following your opinion on this matter. Rava said to him: Does the Master not maintain that using a torch for havdala is the optimal manner in which to fulfill the mitzva? It is for this reason that the attendant lit a torch for havdala.


驻转讞 讜讗诪专 讛诪讘讚讬诇 讘讬谉 拽讜讚砖 诇讞讜诇 讘讬谉 讗讜专 诇讞砖讱 讘讬谉 讬砖专讗诇 诇注诪讬诐 讘讬谉 讬讜诐 讛砖讘讬注讬 诇砖砖转 讬诪讬 讛诪注砖讛 讗诪专 诇讬讛 诇诪讛 诇讱 讻讜诇讬 讛讗讬 讜讛讗诪专 专讘 讬讛讜讚讛 讗诪专 专讘 讛诪讘讚讬诇 讘讬谉 拽讜讚砖 诇讞讜诇 讝讜 讛讬讗 讛讘讚诇转讜 砖诇 专讘讬 讬讛讜讚讛 讛谞砖讬讗


Rava began his recitation of havdala and said: Who distinguishes between sacred and profane, between light and darkness, between Israel and the nations, between the seventh day and the six days of work. Rav Ya鈥檃kov bar Abba said to him: Why do you need all this? Didn鈥檛 Rav Yehuda say that Rav said with regard to the statement: Who distinguishes between sacred and profane, that this alone is the havdala of Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi? Why is this plain statement not enough for you?


讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗谞讗 讻讛讗 住讘讬专讗 诇讬 讚讗诪专 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 讗诪专 专讘讬 讗讜砖注讬讗 讛驻讜讞转 诇讗 讬驻讞讜转 诪砖诇砖 讜讛诪讜住讬祝 诇讗 讬讜住讬祝 注诇 砖讘注 讗诪专 诇讬讛


He said to him: I maintain in accordance with this statement that Rabbi Elazar said that Rabbi Oshaya said: One who decreases the number of distinctions in the text of the havdala should not decrease them to less than three, and one who increases the number of distinctions should not increase them to more than seven. Rav Ya鈥檃kov bar Abba said to him:


Masechet Pesachim is sponsored by Sivya Twersky in honor of her daughter, Shoshana Baker, her grandson's upcoming Bar Mitzvah ,and in memory of her father, Harav Pesach Zachariah Halevi ben Reuven and Leah Z'late Z'L. He lived Torah and emunah by example to congregational and biological families. His yahrzeit falls within this masechet.

This month's shiurim are sponsored by Terri Krivosha in memory of her father Nahum Mayar ben Dovid Baer. Judge Norman Krivosha was a remarkable individual who, in the words of Mary Oliver, did far more than "simply visit this world". Yehi Zichro Baruch.

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Shifra Tyberg and Rephael Wenger in loving memory of Zvi ben Yisrael Yitzhak Tyberg on his yahrzeit, and in honor of their daughter Ayelet's upcoming marriage to Ori Kinberg.

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Rabbi Hayim Herring with pride and love, in honor of his spouse, Terri Krivosha, who received this year's Sidney Barrows Lifetime Commitment Award from the Mpls. And St. Paul Federations in recognition of her distinguished contribution to the Twin Cities Legal and Jewish Communities.聽

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Pesachim 103

讜专讘讛 讗诪专 讬讛谞拽 讜诇讜讬 讗诪专 拽谞讬讛 讜专讘谞谉 讗诪专讬 拽讬谞讛 诪专 讘专讬讛 讚专讘谞讗 讗诪专 谞拽讬讛 诪专转讗 讗诪专 诪砖诪讬讛 讚专讘讬 讬讛讜砖注 谞讬讛拽


And Rabba said that the correct order is yod, heh, nun, kuf: Wine [yayin], havdala, candle [ner], and kiddush. And Levi said the order is kuf, nun, yod, heh: Kiddush, candle [ner], wine [yayin], and havdala. And the Rabbis say the order is kuf, yod, nun, heh: kiddush, wine [yayin], candle [ner], and havdala. Mar, son of Rabbana, said the order is nun, kuf, yod, heh: Candle [ner], kiddush, wine [yayin], and havdala. The Sage named Marta said in the name of Rabbi Yehoshua that the proper order is nun, yod, heh, kuf: Candle [ner], wine [yayin], havdala, and kiddush.


砖诇讞 诇讬讛 讗讘讜讛 讚砖诪讜讗诇 诇专讘讬 讬诇诪讚谞讜 专讘讬谞讜 住讚专 讛讘讚诇讜转 讛讬讗讱 砖诇讞 诇讬讛 讻讱 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬砖诪注讗诇 讘专 专讘讬 讬讜住讬 砖讗诪专 诪砖讜诐 讗讘讬讜 砖讗诪专 诪砖讜诐 专讘讬 讬讛讜砖注 讘谉 讞谞谞讬讛 谞讛讬拽


With regard to this issue, the father of Shmuel, Abba ben Abba, sent a letter to Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi: Teach us, our Rabbi. How should one recite the order of havdala when a Festival occurs after Shabbat? Rabbi sent him the following response: This is what Rabbi Yishmael, son of Rabbi Yosei, said, who said it in the name of his father, who himself said it in the name of Rabbi Yehoshua ben 岣nanya: The proper order of the blessings is nun, heh, yod, kuf: Candle [ner], havdala, wine [yayin], and kiddush.


讗诪专 专讘讬 讞谞讬谞讗 诪砖诇 讚专讘讬 讬讛讜砖注 讘谉 讞谞谞讬讛 诇诪诇讱 砖讬讜爪讗 讜讗驻专讻讜住 谞讻谞住 诪诇讜讜讬谉 讗转 讛诪诇讱 讜讗讞专 讻讱 讬讜爪讗讬诐 诇拽专讗转 讗驻专讻讜住


Rabbi 岣nina said that the following parable serves to explain the opinion of Rabbi Yehoshua ben 岣nanya: This is comparable to a king who is exiting a city and a governor is entering. Etiquette dictates that the inhabitants of the city first escort the king out of the city to take leave of him in a dignified fashion, and afterward they go out to greet the governor. Similarly, one should first recite havdala, to take leave of Shabbat, and only then recite kiddush over the Festival, whose sanctity is lesser than that of Shabbat.


诪讗讬 讛讜讬 注诇讛 讗讘讬讬 讗诪专 讬拽讝谞讛 讜专讘讗 讗诪专 讬拽谞讛讝 讜讛讬诇讻转讗 讻专讘讗


The Gemara asks: What halakhic conclusion was reached about this matter? What is the proper order of the blessings? The amora鈥檌m accept Rav鈥檚 opinion that one should recite kiddush before havdala; however, they disagree about the blessing of time, which is generally relevant in such cases and which Rav did not address. Abaye said that the proper order is yod, kuf, zayin, nun, heh: The blessing over wine [yayin], kiddush, the blessing for time [zeman], the blessing over the candle [ner], and havdala. And Rava said the order is yod, kuf, nun, heh, zayin: Wine [yayin], kiddush, candle [ner], havdala, and time [zeman]. The Gemara concludes: And the halakha is in accordance with the opinion of Rava.


专讘 讛讜谞讗 讘专 讬讛讜讚讛 讗讬拽诇注 诇讘讬 专讘讗 讗讬讬转讜 诇拽诪讬讬讛讜 诪讗讜专 讜讘砖诪讬诐 讘专讬讱 专讘讗 讗讘砖诪讬诐 讘专讬砖讗 讜讛讚专 讗诪讗讜专 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讜讛讗 讘讬谉 讘讬转 砖诪讗讬 讜讘讬谉 讘讬转 讛讬诇诇 诪讗讜专 讘专讬砖讗 讜讛讚专 讗讘砖诪讬诐


With regard to this issue of havdala, the Gemara relates that Rav Huna bar Yehuda happened to come to the house of Rava. After Shabbat, they brought before them a light and spices. Rava recited the blessing over the spices first and then the blessing over the light. Rav Huna bar Yehuda said to him: But both Beit Shammai and Beit Hillel, who dispute the order of the blessings at havdala, agree that the blessing over light is first, and only then comes the blessing over the spices.


讜诪讗讬 讛讬讗 讚转谞谉 讘讬转 砖诪讗讬 讗讜诪专讬诐 谞专 讜诪讝讜谉 讘砖诪讬诐 讜讛讘讚诇讛 讜讘讬转 讛讬诇诇 讗讜诪专讬诐 谞专 讜讘砖诪讬诐 讜诪讝讜谉 讜讛讘讚诇讛


And what is this; what is the source that this is the dispute between Beit Shammai and Beit Hillel? As we learned in a mishna: Beit Shammai say that with regard to one who is required to say Grace after Meals and havdala, and he has only one cup of wine, the proper order of the blessings is: The blessing over the candle, and the blessing of Grace After Meals, followed by the blessing over the spices, and finally havdala. And Beit Hillel say: The blessing over the candle comes first, and then the blessing over the spices, and afterward the blessing of Grace After Meals, and last is havdala. Both Beit Shammai and Beit Hillel agree that the blessing over the candle is recited before blessing over the spices.


注谞讬 专讘讗 讘转专讬讛 讜讗诪专 讝讜 讚讘专讬 专讘讬 诪讗讬专 讗讘诇 专讘讬 讬讛讜讚讛 讗讜诪专 诇讗 谞讞诇拽讜 讘讬转 砖诪讗讬 讜讘讬转 讛讬诇诇 注诇 讛诪讝讜谉 砖讛讜讗 讘转讞诇讛 讜注诇 讛讘讚诇讛 砖讛讬讗 讘住讜祝


Rava answered after him and said: This mishna is the statement of Rabbi Meir. However, Rabbi Yehuda says: Beit Shammai and Beit Hillel did not disagree over Grace After Meals, as everyone concurs that it is recited first, nor did they disagree over the blessing over the spices, as it is recited last.


注诇 诪讛 谞讞诇拽讜 注诇 讛诪讗讜专 讜注诇 讛讘砖诪讬诐 讘讬转 砖诪讗讬 讗讜诪专讬诐 诪讗讜专 讜讗讞专 讻讱 讘砖诪讬诐 讜讘讬转 讛讬诇诇 讗讜诪专讬诐 讘砖诪讬诐 讜讗讞专 讻讱 诪讗讜专 讜讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 谞讛讙讜 讛注诐 讻讘讬转 讛讬诇诇 讜讗诇讬讘讗 讚专讘讬 讬讛讜讚讛:


With regard to what did they disagree? They disagreed over the blessings recited in the middle of havdala, i.e., the blessings over light and over the spices. Beit Shammai say: Light first, and spices thereafter; and Beit Hillel say: Spices first, and light thereafter. And Rabbi Yo岣nan said: The people were accustomed to conduct themselves in accordance with the opinion of Beit Hillel, according to the interpretation of Rabbi Yehuda. Rava acted as dictated by this custom.


专讘 讬注拽讘 讘专 讗讘讗 讗讬拽诇注 诇讘讬 专讘讗 讞讝讬讛 讚讘专讬讱 讘讜专讗 驻专讬 讛讙驻谉 讗讻住讗 拽诪讗 讜讛讚专 讘专讬讱 讗讻住讗 讚讘专讻转讗 讜讗讬砖转讬 讗诪专 诇讬讛 诇诪讛 诇讱 讻讜诇讬 讛讗讬 讛讗 讘专讬讱 诇谉 诪专 讞讚讗 讝讬诪谞讗 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讻讬 讛讜讬谞谉 讘讬 专讬砖 讙诇讜转讗 讛讻讬 注讘讚讬谞谉


The Gemara relates another incident with regard to establishing meals and reciting blessings. Rav Ya鈥檃kov bar Abba happened to come to Rava鈥檚 house for a Shabbat meal. He saw that Rava recited the blessing: Who creates the fruit of the vine, over the first cup of wine he drank at the meal, and then he recited the same blessing upon the cup of wine he used for the blessing of Grace after Meals and drank it. He said to him: Why do you have to say all this, i.e., why is it necessary to recite a second blessing? The Master has recited a blessing for us once already, at the beginning of the meal, and thereby exempted us from a blessing on all the wine drunk during the meal. Rava said to him: When we were in the house of the Exilarch, this was our practice. It was the custom among the Sages to recite two blessings.


讗诪专 诇讬讛 转讬谞讞 讘讬 专讬砖 讙诇讜转讗 讚讛讻讬 注讘讬讚 讚住驻拽 诪讬讬转讬 诇谉 住驻拽 诇讗 诪讬讬转讬 诇谉 讛讻讗 讛讗 诪谞讞 讻住讗 拽诪谉 讜讚注转谉 注讬诇讜讬讛 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗谞讗 注讘讚讬 讻转诇诪讬讚讬 讚专讘 讚专讘 讘专讜谞讗 讜专讘 讞谞谞讗诇 转诇诪讬讚讬 讚专讘 讛讜讜 讬转讘讬 讘住注讜讚转讗


He said to him: It works out well to act this way in the house of the Exilarch, as there is uncertainty as to whether he will bring us another cup of wine to drink, or whether he will not bring us another cup. Since we are dependent upon the host and cannot anticipate in advance whether we will drink more wine, each cup requires its own blessing. Here, however, the cup is resting before us and our attention is on it, i.e., we intend to drink this wine after Grace after Meals. What need is there to recite another blessing? He said to him: I acted in accordance with the opinion of the students of Rav, as Rav Beruna and Rav 岣nanel, the students of Rav, were sitting together at a meal,


拽讗讬 注诇讬讬讛讜 专讘 讬讬讘讗 住讘讗 讗诪专讜 诇讬讛 讛讘 诇谉 讜谞讬讘专讬讱 诇住讜祝 讗诪专讜 诇讬讛 讛讘 诇谉 讜谞讬砖转讬 讗诪专 诇讛讜 讛讻讬 讗诪专 专讘 讻讬讜谉 讚讗诪专讬转讜 讛讘 诇谉 讜谞讬讘专讬讱 讗讬转住专讗 诇讻讜 诇诪讬砖转讬 诪讗讬 讟注诪讗 讚讗住讞讬转讜 讚注转讬讬讻讜


and Rav Yeiva the Elder stood over them to serve them. They said to him: Give us a cup of wine and we will recite the blessings of Grace after Meals. Ultimately, they changed their mind and said to him: Give us a cup of wine and we will drink it. He said to them that Rav said as follows: Since you have said: Give us a cup and we will recite the blessings of Grace after Meals, it is prohibited for you to drink any more. What is the reason for this? The reason is that you have diverted your attention from drinking. Therefore, if you want to drink any more, you must recite the blessing over wine again.


讗诪讬诪专 讜诪专 讝讜讟专讗 讜专讘 讗砖讬 讛讜讜 讬转讘讬 讘住注讜讚讛 讜拽讗讬 注诇讬讬讛讜 专讘 讗讞讗 讘专讬讛 讚专讘讗 讗诪讬诪专 讘专讬讱 注诇 讻诇 讻住讗 讜讻住讗 讜诪专 讝讜讟专讗 讘专讬讱 讗讻住讗 拽诪讗 讜讗讻住讗 讘转专讗 专讘 讗砖讬 讘专讬讱 讗讻住讗 拽诪讗 讜转讜 诇讗 讘专讬讱


The Gemara relates that Ameimar, Mar Zutra, and Rav Ashi were sitting at a meal, and Rav A岣, son of Rava, stood over them to serve them. Ameimar recited a blessing over each and every cup of wine he drank. And Mar Zutra recited a blessing over the first cup he drank during the meal and over the last cup he drank, upon concluding Grace after Meals. Rav Ashi recited a blessing over the first cup and did not recite any further blessings over the subsequent cups he drank.


讗诪专 诇讛讜 专讘 讗讞讗 讘专 专讘讗 讗谞谉 讻诪讗谉 谞注讘讬讚 讗诪讬诪专 讗诪专 谞诪诇讱 讗谞讗 诪专 讝讜讟专讗 讗诪专 讗谞讗 讚注讘讚讬 讻转诇诪讬讚讬 讚专讘


Rav A岣 bar Rava said to them: In accordance with whose opinion should we act in this matter? We have witnessed three different courses of action. Ameimar said: I repeatedly changed my mind. In other words, the reason Ameimar recited a blessing over each cup was not because he maintains that it is always necessary to do so. Rather, he drank each cup with the intention that it should be his last. Consequently, he diverted his attention from drinking each time, and therefore he was required to recite a new blessing before he could drink again. Mar Zutra said: I acted in accordance with the opinion of the students of Rav. They maintain that one who prepares to recite Grace after Meals has completely diverted his attention from drinking, and therefore the blessing on wine that one recites during the meal does not include the wine he drinks after Grace after Meals.


讜专讘 讗砖讬 讗诪专 诇讬转 讛讬诇讻转讗 讻转诇诪讬讚讬 讚专讘 讚讛讗 讬讜诐 讟讜讘 砖讞诇 诇讛讬讜转 讗讞专 讛砖讘转 讜讗诪专 专讘 讬拽谞讛


And Rav Ashi said: The halakha is not in accordance with the opinion of the students of Rav. This can be proven from a ruling of Rav himself, as with regard to a Festival that occurs after Shabbat, Rav said that the order of blessings is yod, kuf, nun, heh: Wine [yayin], kiddush, candle [ner], and havdala. This shows that although one recites kiddush between the blessing over wine and havdala, it is unnecessary to recite the blessing over wine again before havdala. The same should hold true in our case: Just as kiddush is not considered an interruption between the blessing over wine and its consumption, Grace after Meals should not be considered an interruption either.


讜诇讗 讛讬讗 讛转诐 注拽专 讚注转讬讛 诪诪砖转讬讗 讛讻讗 诇讗 注拽专 讚注转讬讛 诪诪砖转讬讗


The Gemara rejects this reasoning: And that is not so. There, when one is preparing himself to recite Grace after Meals, he has already uprooted his mind from drinking. Here, with regard to kiddush and havdala, he has not uprooted his mind from drinking.


讻讬 诪讟讗 诇讗讘讚讜诇讬 拽诐 砖诪注讬讛 讜讗讚诇讬拽 讗讘讜拽讛 诪砖专讙讗 讗诪专 诇讬讛 诇诪讛 诇讱 讻讜诇讬 讛讗讬 讛讗 诪谞讞讗 砖专讙讗 讗诪专 诇讬讛 砖诪注讗 诪讚注转讬讛 讚谞驻砖讬讛 拽讗 注讘讬讚 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗讬 诇讗 砖诪讬注 诇讬讛 诪讬谞讬讛 讚诪专 诇讗 讛讜讛 注讘讬讚 讗诪专 诇讬讛 诇讗 住讘专 诇讬讛 诪专 讗讘讜拽讛 诇讛讘讚诇讛 诪爪讜讛 诪谉 讛诪讜讘讞专


After discussing the opinion of the students of Rav, the Gemara returns to the story of Rav Ya鈥檃kov bar Abba鈥檚 visit to Rava. When the time came to recite havdala, Rava鈥檚 attendant got up and lit a torch from a candle. Rav Ya鈥檃kov bar Abba said to him: Why do you need all this? The candle was present, and you could have recited the blessing over the light of the candle itself. Rava said to him: The attendant did this on his own accord, without consulting me. Rav Ya鈥檃kov bar Abba said to him: If he had not heard it from the Master he would not have done it on his own; he must have been following your opinion on this matter. Rava said to him: Does the Master not maintain that using a torch for havdala is the optimal manner in which to fulfill the mitzva? It is for this reason that the attendant lit a torch for havdala.


驻转讞 讜讗诪专 讛诪讘讚讬诇 讘讬谉 拽讜讚砖 诇讞讜诇 讘讬谉 讗讜专 诇讞砖讱 讘讬谉 讬砖专讗诇 诇注诪讬诐 讘讬谉 讬讜诐 讛砖讘讬注讬 诇砖砖转 讬诪讬 讛诪注砖讛 讗诪专 诇讬讛 诇诪讛 诇讱 讻讜诇讬 讛讗讬 讜讛讗诪专 专讘 讬讛讜讚讛 讗诪专 专讘 讛诪讘讚讬诇 讘讬谉 拽讜讚砖 诇讞讜诇 讝讜 讛讬讗 讛讘讚诇转讜 砖诇 专讘讬 讬讛讜讚讛 讛谞砖讬讗


Rava began his recitation of havdala and said: Who distinguishes between sacred and profane, between light and darkness, between Israel and the nations, between the seventh day and the six days of work. Rav Ya鈥檃kov bar Abba said to him: Why do you need all this? Didn鈥檛 Rav Yehuda say that Rav said with regard to the statement: Who distinguishes between sacred and profane, that this alone is the havdala of Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi? Why is this plain statement not enough for you?


讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗谞讗 讻讛讗 住讘讬专讗 诇讬 讚讗诪专 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 讗诪专 专讘讬 讗讜砖注讬讗 讛驻讜讞转 诇讗 讬驻讞讜转 诪砖诇砖 讜讛诪讜住讬祝 诇讗 讬讜住讬祝 注诇 砖讘注 讗诪专 诇讬讛


He said to him: I maintain in accordance with this statement that Rabbi Elazar said that Rabbi Oshaya said: One who decreases the number of distinctions in the text of the havdala should not decrease them to less than three, and one who increases the number of distinctions should not increase them to more than seven. Rav Ya鈥檃kov bar Abba said to him:


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