Please ensure Javascript is enabled for purposes of website accessibility Skip to content

Today's Daf Yomi

November 9, 2015 | ื›ืดื– ื‘ืžืจื—ืฉื•ืŸ ืชืฉืขืดื•

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Joanna Rom and Steven Goldberg in loving memory of Steve's mother Shirley "Nana" Goldberg (Sura Tema bat Chaim v'Hanka)

Sotah 14

ื’ืกื˜ืจื ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืช ืคืขื•ืจ ื”ืจืื ื• ื”ื™ื›ืŸ ืžืฉื” ืงื‘ื•ืจ ืขืžื“ื• ืœืžืขืœื” ื ื“ืžื” ืœื”ื ืœืžื˜ื” ืœืžื˜ื” ื ื“ืžื” ืœื”ื ืœืžืขืœื” ื ื—ืœืงื• ืœืฉืชื™ ื›ื™ืชื•ืช ืื•ืชืŸ ืฉืขื•ืžื“ื™ื ืœืžืขืœื” ื ื“ืžื” ืœื”ืŸ ืœืžื˜ื” ืœืžื˜ื” ื ื“ืžื” ืœื”ืŸ ืœืžืขืœื” ืœืงื™ื™ื ืžื” ืฉื ืืžืจ ื•ืœื ื™ื“ืข ืื™ืฉ ืืช ืงื‘ืจืชื•

the garrison [gastera] of Beth Peor and said to them: Show us where Moses is buried. As the men stood above on the upper section of the mountain, it appeared to them as if the grave was below in the lower section. As they stood below, it appeared to them to be above. They divided into two groups, one above and one below. To those who were standing above, the grave appeared to them to be below; to those who were standing below, the grave appeared to them to be above, to fulfill that which is stated: โ€œAnd no man knows of his grave to this dayโ€ (Deuteronomy 34:6).

ืจื‘ื™ ื—ืžื ื‘ืจื‘ื™ ื—ื ื™ื ื ืืžืจ ืืฃ ืžืฉื” ืจื‘ื™ื ื• ืื™ื ื• ื™ื•ื“ืข ื”ื™ื›ืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืจ ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื”ื›ื ื•ืœื ื™ื“ืข ืื™ืฉ ืืช ืงื‘ืจืชื• ื•ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื”ืชื ื•ื–ืืช ื”ื‘ืจื›ื” ืืฉืจ ื‘ืจืš ืžืฉื” ืื™ืฉ ื”ืืœื”ื™ื ื•ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื—ืžื ื‘ืจื‘ื™ ื—ื ื™ื ื ืžืคื ื™ ืžื” ื ืงื‘ืจ ืžืฉื” ืืฆืœ ื‘ื™ืช ืคืขื•ืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื›ืคืจ ืขืœ ืžืขืฉื” ืคืขื•ืจ

Rabbi แธคama, son of Rabbi แธคanina, says: Even Moses our teacher himself does not know where he is buried. It is written here: โ€œAnd no man knows of his grave,โ€ and it is written there: โ€œAnd this is the blessing wherewith Moses the man of God blessed the children of Israel before his deathโ€ (Deuteronomy 33:1). In other words, even Moses, as he is referred to by the term โ€œman,โ€ does not know his burial place. And Rabbi แธคama, son of Rabbi แธคanina, says: For what reason was Moses buried near Beth Peor? In order to atone for the incident that transpired at Beth Peor (Numbers, chapter 25).

ื•ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื—ืžื ื‘ืจื‘ื™ ื—ื ื™ื ื ืžืื™ ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ืื—ืจื™ ื”ืณ ืืœื”ื™ื›ื ืชืœื›ื• ื•ื›ื™ ืืคืฉืจ ืœื• ืœืื“ื ืœื”ืœืš ืื—ืจ ืฉื›ื™ื ื” ื•ื”ืœื ื›ื‘ืจ ื ืืžืจ ื›ื™ ื”ืณ ืืœื”ื™ืš ืืฉ ืื•ื›ืœื” ื”ื•ื

And Rabbi แธคama, son of Rabbi แธคanina, says: What is the meaning of that which is written: โ€œAfter the Lord your God shall you walk, and Him shall you fear, and His commandments shall you keep, and unto His voice shall you hearken, and Him shall you serve, and unto Him shall you cleaveโ€ (Deuteronomy 13:5)? But is it actually possible for a person to follow the Divine Presence? But hasnโ€™t it already been stated: โ€œFor the Lord your God is a devouring fire, a jealous Godโ€ (Deuteronomy 4:24), and one cannot approach fire.

ืืœื ืœื”ืœืš ืื—ืจ ืžื“ื•ืชื™ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืงื“ื•ืฉ ื‘ืจื•ืš ื”ื•ื ืžื” ื”ื•ื ืžืœื‘ื™ืฉ ืขืจื•ืžื™ื ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ื™ืขืฉ ื”ืณ ืืœื”ื™ื ืœืื“ื ื•ืœืืฉืชื• ื›ืชื ื•ืช ืขื•ืจ ื•ื™ืœื‘ืฉื ืืฃ ืืชื” ื”ืœื‘ืฉ ืขืจื•ืžื™ื ื”ืงื“ื•ืฉ ื‘ืจื•ืš ื”ื•ื ื‘ื™ืงืจ ื—ื•ืœื™ื ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ื™ืจื ืืœื™ื• ื”ืณ ื‘ืืœื ื™ ืžืžืจื ืืฃ ืืชื” ื‘ืงืจ ื—ื•ืœื™ื ื”ืงื“ื•ืฉ ื‘ืจื•ืš ื”ื•ื ื ื™ื—ื ืื‘ืœื™ื ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ื™ื”ื™ ืื—ืจื™ ืžื•ืช ืื‘ืจื”ื ื•ื™ื‘ืจืš ืืœื”ื™ื ืืช ื™ืฆื—ืง ื‘ื ื• ืืฃ ืืชื” ื ื—ื ืื‘ืœื™ื ื”ืงื“ื•ืฉ ื‘ืจื•ืš ื”ื•ื ืงื‘ืจ ืžืชื™ื ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ื™ืงื‘ืจ ืื•ืชื• ื‘ื’ื™ ืืฃ ืืชื” ืงื‘ืจ ืžืชื™ื

He explains: Rather, the meaning is that one should follow the attributes of the Holy One, Blessed be He. He provides several examples. Just as He clothes the naked, as it is written: โ€œAnd the Lord God made for Adam and for his wife garments of skin, and clothed themโ€ (Genesis 3:21), so too, should you clothe the naked. Just as the Holy One, Blessed be He, visits the sick, as it is written with regard to Godโ€™s appearing to Abraham following his circumcision: โ€œAnd the Lord appeared unto him by the terebinths of Mamreโ€ (Genesis 18:1), so too, should you visit the sick. Just as the Holy One, Blessed be He, consoles mourners, as it is written: โ€œAnd it came to pass after the death of Abraham, that God blessed Isaac his sonโ€ (Genesis 25:11), so too, should you console mourners. Just as the Holy One, Blessed be He, buried the dead, as it is written: โ€œAnd he was buried in the valley in the land of Moabโ€ (Deuteronomy 34:6), so too, should you bury the dead.

ื›ืชื ื•ืช ืขื•ืจ ืจื‘ ื•ืฉืžื•ืืœ ื—ื“ ืืžืจ ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื‘ื ืžืŸ ื”ืขื•ืจ ื•ื—ื“ ืืžืจ ื“ื‘ืจ ืฉื”ืขื•ืจ ื ื”ื ื” ืžืžื ื•

The Gemara discusses the verse: โ€œAnd the Lord God made for Adam and for his wife garments of skin, and clothed themโ€ (Genesis 3:21). Rav and Shmuel disagree as to the meaning of the term โ€œgarments of skin.โ€ One says that these garments were made of something that comes from the skin, and one says that these garments were something from which the skin benefits.

ื“ืจืฉ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืœืื™ ืชื•ืจื” ืชื—ืœืชื” ื’ืžื™ืœื•ืช ื—ืกื“ื™ื ื•ืกื•ืคื” ื’ืžื™ืœื•ืช ื—ืกื“ื™ื ืชื—ื™ืœืชื” ื’ืžื™ืœื•ืช ื—ืกื“ื™ื ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ื™ืขืฉ ื”ืณ ืืœื”ื™ื ืœืื“ื ื•ืœืืฉืชื• ื›ืชื ื•ืช ืขื•ืจ ื•ื™ืœื‘ืฉื ื•ืกื•ืคื” ื’ืžื™ืœื•ืช ื—ืกื“ื™ื ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ื™ืงื‘ืจ ืื•ืชื• ื‘ื’ื™

Rabbi Samlai taught: With regard to the Torah, its beginning is an act of kindness and its end is an act of kindness. Its beginning is an act of kindness, as it is written: โ€œAnd the Lord God made for Adam and for his wife garments of skin, and clothed themโ€ (Genesis 3:21). And its end is an act of kindness, as it is written: โ€œAnd he was buried in the valley in the land of Moabโ€ (Deuteronomy 34:6).

ื“ืจืฉ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืœืื™ ืžืคื ื™ ืžื” ื ืชืื•ื” ืžืฉื” ืจื‘ื™ื ื• ืœื™ื›ื ืก ืœืืจืฅ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื•ื›ื™ ืœืื›ื•ืœ ืžืคืจื™ื” ื”ื•ื ืฆืจื™ืš ืื• ืœืฉื‘ื•ืข ืžื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื”ื•ื ืฆืจื™ืš ืืœื ื›ืš ืืžืจ ืžืฉื” ื”ืจื‘ื” ืžืฆื•ืช ื ืฆื˜ื•ื• ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื•ืื™ืŸ ืžืชืงื™ื™ืžื™ืŸ ืืœื ื‘ืืจืฅ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืื›ื ืก ืื ื™ ืœืืจืฅ ื›ื“ื™ ืฉื™ืชืงื™ื™ืžื• ื›ื•ืœืŸ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™

Rabbi Samlai taught: For what reason did Moses our teacher greatly desire to enter Eretz Yisrael? Did he need to eat of its produce, or did he need to satisfy himself from its goodness? Rather, this is what Moses said: Many mitzvot were commanded to the Jewish people, and some of them can be fulfilled only in Eretz Yisrael, so I will enter the land in order that they can all be fulfilled by me.

ืืžืจ ืœื• ื”ืงื“ื•ืฉ ื‘ืจื•ืš ื”ื•ื ื›ืœื•ื ืืชื” ืžื‘ืงืฉ ืืœื ืœืงื‘ืœ ืฉื›ืจ ืžืขืœื” ืื ื™ ืขืœื™ืš ื›ืื™ืœื• ืขืฉื™ืชื ืฉื ืืžืจ ืœื›ืŸ ืื—ืœืง ืœื• ื‘ืจื‘ื™ื ื•ืืช ืขืฆื•ืžื™ื ื™ื—ืœืง ืฉืœืœ ืชื—ืช ืืฉืจ ื”ืขืจื” ืœืžื•ืช ื ืคืฉื• ื•ืืช ืคื•ืฉืขื™ื ื ืžื ื” ื•ื”ื•ื ื—ื˜ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื ืฉื ื•ืœืคืฉืขื™ื ื™ืคื’ื™ืข

The Holy One, Blessed be He, said to him: Do you seek to enter the land to perform these mitzvot for any reason other than to receive a reward? I will ascribe you credit as if you had performed them and you will receive your reward, as it is stated: โ€œTherefore will I divide him a portion among the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the mighty; because he bared his soul unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors; yet he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressorsโ€ (Isaiah 53:12).

ืœื›ืŸ ืื—ืœืง ืœื• ื‘ืจื‘ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื›ืื—ืจื•ื ื™ื ื•ืœื ื›ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ื ืชืœืžื•ื“ ืœื•ืžืจ ื•ืืช ืขืฆื•ืžื™ื ื™ื—ืœืง ืฉืœืœ ื›ืื‘ืจื”ื ื™ืฆื—ืง ื•ื™ืขืงื‘ ืฉื”ืŸ ืขืฆื•ืžื™ื ื‘ืชื•ืจื” ื•ื‘ืžืฆื•ืช ืชื—ืช ืืฉืจ ื”ืขืจื” ืœืžื•ืช ื ืคืฉื• ืฉืžืกืจ ืขืฆืžื• ืœืžื™ืชื” ืฉื ืืžืจ ื•ืื ืื™ืŸ ืžื—ื ื™ ื ื ื•ื’ื•ืณ

Rabbi Samlai proceeds to expound the verse โ€œTherefore will I divide him a portion among the greatโ€ to mean that he will receive reward. One might have thought that he will receive reward like the later ones and not like the earlier ones, so the verse states: โ€œAnd he shall divide the spoil with the mighty,โ€ meaning like Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, who were mighty in Torah and in mitzvot. โ€œBecause he bared his soul unto death,โ€ meaning he gave himself over to death on behalf of the Jewish people, as it is stated: โ€œYet now, if You will forgive their sin; and if not, blot me, I pray You, out of Your book that You have writtenโ€ (Exodus 32:32).

ื•ืืช ืคื•ืฉืขื™ื ื ืžื ื” ืฉื ืžื ื” ืขื ืžืชื™ ืžื“ื‘ืจ ื•ื”ื•ื ื—ื˜ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื ืฉื ืฉื›ื™ืคืจ ืขืœ ืžืขืฉื” ื”ืขื’ืœ ื•ืœืคืฉืขื™ื ื™ืคื’ื™ืข ืฉื‘ื™ืงืฉ ืจื—ืžื™ื ืขืœ ืคื•ืฉืขื™ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืฉื™ื—ื–ืจื• ื‘ืชืฉื•ื‘ื” ื•ืื™ืŸ ืคื’ื™ืขื” ืืœื ืชืคืœื” ืฉื ืืžืจ ื•ืืชื” ืืœ ืชืชืคืœืœ ื‘ืขื“ ื”ืขื ื”ื–ื” ื•ืืœ ืชืฉื ื‘ืขื“ื ืจื ื” ื•ืชืคืœื” ื•ืืœ ืชืคื’ืข ื‘ื™

โ€œAnd was numbered with the transgressors,โ€ meaning that he was counted among those who died in the desert, for, just like them, he did not enter Eretz Yisrael. โ€œYet he bore the sin of many,โ€ as he atoned for the incident of the Golden Calf. โ€œAnd made intercession [yafgia] for the transgressors,โ€ as he requested mercy for the sinners of Israel so that they should engage in repentance. And the word pegia means nothing other than prayer, as it is stated: โ€œTherefore pray not you for this people, neither lift up cry nor prayer for them, neither make intercession [tifga] to Me; for I will not hear youโ€ (Jeremiah 7:16).

ื”ื“ืจืŸ ืขืœืš ื”ืžืงื ื ืœืืฉืชื•

 

ืžืชื ื™ืณ ื”ื™ื” ืžื‘ื™ื ืืช ืžื ื—ืชื” ื‘ืชื•ืš ื›ืคื™ืคื” ืžืฆืจื™ืช ื•ื ื•ืชื ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื™ื’ืขื”

MISHNA: The husband of the sota would bring his wifeโ€™s meal-offering to the priest in an Egyptian wicker basket made of palm branches, and he would place the meal-offering in her hands for her to hold throughout the ritual in order to fatigue her. This might lead her to confess her guilt and not drink the water of a sota unnecessarily.

ื›ืœ ื”ืžื ื—ื•ืช ืชื—ื™ืœืชืŸ ื•ืกื•ืคืŸ ื‘ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ื•ื–ื• ืชื—ืœืชื” ื‘ื›ืคื™ืคื” ืžืฆืจื™ืช ื•ืกื•ืคื” ื‘ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช

The mishna lists differences between this meal-offering and other meal-offerings. Generally, all meal-offerings, from their beginnings, i.e., the moment they are consecrated, and until their ends, i.e., the moment they are sacrificed, must be in a service vessel. But in the case of this one, its beginning is in a wicker basket and only at its end, immediately before it is offered, is it placed in a service vessel.

ื›ืœ ื”ืžื ื—ื•ืช ื˜ืขื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืžืŸ ื•ืœื‘ื•ื ื” ื•ื–ื• ืื™ื ื” ื˜ืขื•ื ื” ืœื ืฉืžืŸ ื•ืœื ืœื‘ื•ื ื” ื›ืœ ื”ืžื ื—ื•ืช ื‘ืื•ืช ืžืŸ ื”ื—ื˜ื™ืŸ ื•ื–ื• ื‘ืื” ืžืŸ ื”ืฉืขื•ืจื™ืŸ ืžื ื—ืช ื”ืขื•ืžืจ ืืฃ ืขืœ ืคื™ ืฉื‘ืื” ืžืŸ ื”ืฉืขื•ืจื™ืŸ ื”ื™ื ื”ื™ืชื” ื‘ืื” ื’ืจืฉ ื•ื–ื• ื‘ืื” ืงืžื— ืจื‘ืŸ ื’ืžืœื™ืืœ ืื•ืžืจ ื›ืฉื ืฉืžืขืฉื™ื” ืžืขืฉื” ื‘ื”ืžื” ื›ืš ืงืจื‘ื ื” ืžืื›ืœ ื‘ื”ืžื”

All other meal-offerings require oil and frankincense, and this one requires neither oil nor frankincense. Furthermore, all other meal-offerings are brought from wheat, and this one is brought from barley. Although in fact the omer meal-offering is also brought from barley, it is still different in that it was brought as groats, i.e., high-quality meal. The meal-offering of the sota, however, is brought as unsifted barley flour. Rabban Gamliel says: This hints that just as her actions of seclusion with another man were the actions of an animal, so too her offering is animal food, i.e., barley and not wheat.

ื’ืžืณ ืชื ื™ื ืื‘ื ื—ื ื™ืŸ ืื•ืžืจ ืžืฉื•ื ืจื‘ื™ ืืœื™ืขื–ืจ [ื•ื›ืœ ื›ืš ืœืžื”] ื›ื“ื™ ืœื™ื’ืขื” ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืชื—ื–ื•ืจ ื‘ื” ืื ื›ื›ื” ื—ืกื” ืชื•ืจื” ืขืœ ืขื•ื‘ืจื™ ืจืฆื•ื ื• ืงืœ ื•ื—ื•ืžืจ ืขืœ ืขื•ืฉื™ ืจืฆื•ื ื•

GEMARA: It is taught in a baraita that Abba แธคanin says in the name of Rabbi Eliezer: And why is so much done to her? It is in order to fatigue her, so that she will retract and confess her guilt and be spared death. And if the Torah is so protective of those who transgress His will, i.e., the sota, who secluded herself with the man she was warned against, then by a fortiori inference He is protective of those who do His will.

ื•ืžืžืื™ ืžืฉื•ื ื“ื—ืกื” ื”ื•ื ื“ื™ืœืžื ื›ื™ ื”ื™ื›ื™ ื“ืœื ืชื™ืžื—ืง ืžื’ื™ืœื” ืงืกื‘ืจ

The Gemara asks: And from where is it derived that they attempt to induce her to confess because the Torah is protective of the sota? Perhaps it is in order that the scroll of the sota, containing the name of God, will not be erased. The Gemara responds: Rabbi Eliezer holds

ืžืฉืงื” ื•ืื—ืจ ื›ืš ืžืงืจื™ื‘ ืืช ืžื ื—ืชื” ื“ืื™ ืžืฉื•ื ืžื’ื™ืœื” ื”ื ืื™ืžื—ื™ืงื ืœื”

that the priest would first give her the water of the sota to drink, and only afterward would he sacrifice her meal-offering. Therefore, if the concern were due to the scroll, it would no longer be applicable, as it was already erased in the water of the sota before the meal-offering was brought. The efforts to fatigue her by making her hold the meal-offering must indicate that the Torah is protective of her.

ื›ืœ ื”ืžื ื—ื•ืช ื•ื›ื•ืณ ื•ืจืžื™ื ื”ื• ืกื“ืจ ืžื ื—ื•ืช ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืื“ื ืžื‘ื™ื ืžื ื—ื” ืžืชื•ืš ื‘ื™ืชื• ื‘ืงืœืชื•ืช ืฉืœ ื›ืกืฃ ื•ืฉืœ ื–ื”ื‘ ื•ื ื•ืชื ื” ืœืชื•ืš ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ื•ืžืงื“ืฉื” ื‘ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ื•ื ื•ืชืŸ ืขืœื™ื” ืฉืžื ื” ื•ืœื‘ื•ื ืชื” ื•ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื” ืืฆืœ ื›ื”ืŸ ื•ื›ื”ืŸ ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื” ืืฆืœ ืžื–ื‘ื— ื•ืžื’ื™ืฉื” ื‘ืงืจืŸ ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืช ื›ื ื’ื“ ื—ื•ื“ื” ืฉืœ ืงืจืŸ ื•ื“ื™ื•

It was taught in the mishna: All meal-offerings, from their beginning until their end, are placed in service vessels and remain there. The Gemara raises a contradiction from the Tosefta (Menaแธฅot 1:16): What is the procedure for meal-offerings? A person brings his meal-offering from his property in baskets [kelatot] of silver and of gold, and when he reaches the Temple he places it in a service vessel and sanctifies it in the service vessel, and he puts its oil and frankincense on it, and he carries it to the priest. And the priest then carries it to the altar and brings it near to the southwest horn of the altar, opposite the corner of the horn of the altar. And this is sufficient.

ื•ืžืกืœืง ืืช ื”ืœื‘ื•ื ื” ืœืฆื“ ืื—ื“ ื•ืงื•ืžืฅ ืžืžืงื•ื ืฉื ืชืจื‘ื” ืฉืžื ื” ื•ื ื•ืชื ื• ืœืชื•ืš ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ื•ืžืงื“ืฉื• ื‘ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ื•ืžืœืงื˜ ืืช ืœื‘ื•ื ืชื” ื•ื ื•ืชื ื” ืขืœ ื’ื‘ื™ื• ื•ืžืขืœื” ืื•ืชื• ืœื’ื‘ื™ ืžื–ื‘ื— ื•ืžืขืœื”ื• ื•ืžืงื˜ื™ืจื• ื‘ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ื•ืžื•ืœื—ื• ื•ื ื•ืชื ื• ืขืœ ื’ื‘ื™ ื”ืื™ืฉื™ื

The baraita continues: And the priest then removes the frankincense to one side, and he removes a handful from the place where its oil has accumulated and mixed with the flour, and he puts the handful into a service vessel and consecrates it in the service vessel. And he then gathers its frankincense and puts it on top of the handful and brings it up onto the altar. And he brings it up and burns it in the service vessel; and he salts it and places it upon the fires.

ืงืจื‘ ื”ืงื•ืžืฅ ืฉื™ืจื™ื” ื ืื›ืœื™ืŸ ื•ืจืฉืื™ืŸ ื”ื›ื”ื ื™ื ืœื™ืชืŸ ืœืชื•ื›ื” ื™ื™ืŸ ื•ืฉืžืŸ ื•ื“ื‘ืฉ ื•ืื™ืŸ ืืกื•ืจื™ืŸ ืืœื ืžืœื—ืžืฅ

The baraita continues: After the handful is sacrificed, the remainders of the meal-offering are eaten. And the priests are permitted to put wine and oil and honey in it, even though it is prohibited to offer honey on the altar. And they are prohibited only from allowing the meal-offering to become leavened.

ืงืชื ื™ ืžื™ื”ื ื‘ืงืœืชื•ืช ืฉืœ ื›ืกืฃ ื•ื‘ืงืœืชื•ืช ืฉืœ ื–ื”ื‘ ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ืคืคื ืื™ืžื ื‘ื›ืœื™ื ื”ืจืื•ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช

The Gemara asks: In any event, the baraita teaches that the meal-offering is first placed in baskets of silver and baskets of gold brought from oneโ€™s home. This seems to contradict the mishnaโ€™s statement that all other meal-offerings are initially in service vessels. Rav Pappa said: The mishna means to say that meal-offerings are placed in vessels of silver and gold, as these are suitable to be service vessels if consecrated.

ืžื›ืœืœ ื“ื›ืคื™ืคื” ืžืฆืจื™ืช ืœื ื—ื–ื™ื ื›ืžืืŸ ื“ืœื ื›ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ืกื™ ื‘ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ื“ืชื ื™ื ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ืฉืขืฉืืŸ ืฉืœ ืขืฅ ืจื‘ื™ ืคื•ืกืœ ื•ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ืกื™ ื‘ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ืžื›ืฉื™ืจ

The Gemara notes: Since the mishna distinguishes in this regard between the meal-offering of the sota and all other meal-offerings, one may learn by inference that an Egyptian wicker basket is not suitable to be a service vessel even if it is consecrated. In accordance with whose opinion is this the case? It is not in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Yosei, son of Rabbi Yehuda, as it is taught in a baraita: With regard to service vessels that were made of wood, Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi deems them unfit, and Rabbi Yosei, son of Rabbi Yehuda, deems them fit.

ืืคื™ืœื• ืชื™ืžื ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ืกื™ ื‘ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ืื™ืžืจ ื“ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ืกื™ ื‘ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ื‘ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื™ืŸ ื‘ืคื—ื•ืชื™ืŸ ืžื™ ืืžืจ ืœื™ืช ืœื™ื” ืœืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ืกื™ ื‘ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ื”ืงืจื™ื‘ื”ื• ื ื ืœืคื—ืชืš

The Gemara responds: You can even say that the mishna is in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Yosei, son of Rabbi Yehuda. Say that Rabbi Yosei, son of Rabbi Yehuda, says that wooden vessels are deemed fit with regard to those of superior quality; but does he say likewise with regard to vessels of lesser quality, e.g., a basket made of palm branches? Doesnโ€™t Rabbi Yosei, son of Rabbi Yehuda, hold to the principle articulated in the verse: โ€œAnd when you offer the blind for a sacrifice, is it not evil! โ€ฆIf you would present it now unto your governor, will he be pleased with you or show you favor?โ€ (Malachi 1:8)? Nothing that is unfit for presentation to a ruler may be brought to the Temple. Therefore, even Rabbi Yosei, son of Rabbi Yehuda, must agree that a basket made of palm branches cannot be a service vessel.

ื•ื ื•ืชื ื” ืœื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ื•ืžืงื“ืฉื” ื‘ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ืฉืžืขืช ืžื™ื ื” ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ืื™ืŸ ืžืงื“ืฉื™ืŸ ืืœื ืžื“ืขืช ืื™ืžื ื ื•ืชื ื” ื‘ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ืœืงื“ืฉื” ื‘ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช

ยง The baraita states: He places it in a service vessel and sanctifies it in the service vessel. The Gemara asks: Can one learn from the unnecessary repetition of the term service vessel, that service vessels can sanctify their contents only with intention? Must one place the meal-offering in the service vessel with express intent to sanctify it? The Gemara answers: Say: He simply places it in the service vessel in order to sanctify it in the service vessel. He need not to intend to sanctify it.

ื•ื ื•ืชืŸ ืขืœื™ื” ืฉืžื ื” ื•ืœื‘ื•ื ืชื” ืฉื ืืžืจ ื•ื™ืฆืง ืขืœื™ื” ืฉืžืŸ ื•ื ืชืŸ ืขืœื™ื” ืœื‘ื ื”

ยง The baraita teaches: The owner of the meal-offering puts its oil and frankincense on it. The Gemara cites the source of this halakha: As it is stated: โ€œAnd when anyone brings a meal-offering unto the Lord, his offering shall be of fine flour; and he shall pour oil upon it, and put frankincense thereonโ€ (Leviticus 2:1).

ื•ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื” ืืฆืœ ื›ื”ืŸ ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ื”ื‘ื™ืื” ืืœ ื‘ื ื™ ืื”ืจืŸ ื•ื’ื•ืณ

The baraita states: And he carries it to the priest. The Gemara cites the source: As it is written: โ€œAnd he shall bring it to Aaronโ€™s sons, the priestsโ€ (Leviticus 2:2).

ื•ื›ื”ืŸ ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื” ืืฆืœ ืžื–ื‘ื— ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ื”ื’ื™ืฉื” ืืฆืœ ื”ืžื–ื‘ื—

The baraita states: And the priest then carries it to the altar. The Gemara cites the source: As it is written: โ€œAnd you shall bring the meal-offering that is made of these things unto the Lord; and it shall be presented unto the priest, and he shall bring it unto the altarโ€ (Leviticus 2:8).

ืžื’ื™ืฉื” ื‘ืงืจืŸ ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืช ื›ื ื’ื“ ื—ื•ื“ื” ืฉืœ ืงืจืŸ ื•ื“ื™ื• ืžื ืœืŸ

The baraita states: The priest brings it near to the southwest horn of the altar, opposite the corner of the horn. And this is sufficient. The Gemara asks: From where do we derive this?

ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ื–ืืช ืชื•ืจืช ื”ืžื ื—ื” ื”ืงืจื‘ ืื•ืชื” ื‘ื ื™ ืื”ืจืŸ ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืณ ืืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ืžื–ื‘ื— ื•ืชื ื™ื ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืณ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื‘ืžืขืจื‘ ืชืœืžื•ื“ ืœื•ืžืจ ืืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ืžื–ื‘ื— ืื™ ืืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ืžื–ื‘ื— ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ืชืœืžื•ื“ ืœื•ืžืจ ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืณ ื”ื ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืžื’ื™ืฉื” ื‘ืงืจืŸ ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืช ื›ื ื’ื“ ื—ื•ื“ื” ืฉืœ ืงืจืŸ ื•ื“ื™ื•

The Gemara responds: As it is written: โ€œAnd this is the law of the meal-offering: The sons of Aaron shall offer it before the Lord in front of the altarโ€ (Leviticus 6:7). And it is taught in a baraita: When the verse states: โ€œBefore the Lord,โ€ one might have understood this to mean on the western side of the altar, opposite the Holy of Holies. Therefore, the verse states: โ€œIn front of the altar.โ€ This must be the south of the altar, where the ramp is located. If the verse had stated only: In front of the altar, one might have understood it to mean specifically on the southern side. Therefore, the verse states: โ€œBefore the Lord,โ€ indicating the western side. How can these texts be reconciled? The priest brings it near to the southwest corner of the altar, opposite the corner of the horn. And this is sufficient.

ืจื‘ื™ ืืœืขื–ืจ ืื•ืžืจ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื™ื’ื™ืฉื ื” ื‘ืžืขืจื‘ื” ืฉืœ ืงืจืŸ ืื• ืœื“ืจื•ืžื” ืฉืœ ืงืจืŸ ืืžืจืช ื›ืœ ืžืงื•ื ืฉืืชื” ืžื•ืฆื ืฉื ื™ ืžืงืจืื•ืช ืื—ื“ ืžืงื™ื™ื ืขืฆืžื• ื•ืžืงื™ื™ื ื“ื‘ืจื™ ื—ื‘ื™ืจื• ื•ืื—ื“ ืžืงื™ื™ื ืขืฆืžื• ื•ืžื‘ื˜ืœ ื“ื‘ืจื™ ื—ื‘ื™ืจื• ืžื ื™ื—ื™ืŸ ืืช ืฉืžืงื™ื™ื ืขืฆืžื• ื•ืžื‘ื˜ืœ ื—ื‘ื™ืจื• ื•ืชื•ืคืกื™ืŸ ืืช ืฉืžืงื™ื™ื ืขืฆืžื• ื•ืžืงื™ื™ื ื—ื‘ื™ืจื• ื›ืฉืืชื” ืื•ืžืจ ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืณ ื‘ืžืขืจื‘ ื‘ื˜ืœืชื” ืืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ืžื–ื‘ื— ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ื•ื›ืฉืืชื” ืื•ืžืจ ืืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ืžื–ื‘ื— ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ืงื™ื™ืžืชื” ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืณ ื‘ืžืขืจื‘ ื”ื ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืžื’ื™ืฉื” ืœื“ืจื•ืžื” ืฉืœ ืงืจืŸ

Rabbi Elazar says another interpretation: One might have thought that he offers it up on the western side of the corner or on the southern side of the corner. Say: Anywhere you find two verses, one of which fulfills itself and fulfills the statement of the other, and one of which fulfills itself and nullifies the statement of the other, leave the verse that fulfills itself and nullifies the other, and seize the one that fulfills itself and fulfills the other. The principle is applied as follows: When you say: โ€œBefore the Lord,โ€ on the western side, you have nullified the other part of the verse: โ€œIn front of the altar,โ€ on the southern side. But when you say: โ€œIn front of the altar,โ€ on the southern side, you have also fulfilled: โ€œBefore the Lord,โ€ on the western side. How so? He brings it near to the southern side of the corner.

ื•ื”ื™ื›ืŸ ืงื™ื™ืžืชื” ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ืืฉื™ ืงืกื‘ืจ ื”ืื™ ืชื ื ื›ื•ืœื™ื” ืžื–ื‘ื— ื‘ืฆืคื•ืŸ ืงืื™

The Gemara asks: But where have you fulfilled the phrase โ€œbefore the Lordโ€? Rav Ashi said: This tanna holds that the entire altar stands in the north of the Temple courtyard. Therefore, the entire southern side of the altar stood opposite the Holy of Holies in the west, and it can therefore be called: Before the Lord.

ืžืื™ ื•ื“ื™ื• ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ืืฉื™ ืื™ืฆื˜ืจื™ืš ืกืœืงื ื“ืขืชืš ืืžื™ื ื ืชื™ื‘ืขื™ ื”ื’ืฉืช ืžื ื—ื” ื’ื•ืคื” ืงืžืฉืžืข ืœืŸ

The Gemara asks: What is taught by the phrase: And this is sufficient? Rav Ashi said: This phrase was necessary, as otherwise it might enter your mind to say: Require the priest to bring the meal-offering itself near to the corner of the altar without the use of a vessel. The baraita teaches us that this is not so, and one can bring it to the altar in its service vessel.

ื•ืื™ืžื ื”ื›ื™ ื ืžื™ ืืžืจ ืงืจื ื•ื”ืงืจื™ื‘ื” ืืœ ื”ื›ื”ืŸ ื•ื’ื•ืณ ื•ื”ื’ื™ืฉื” ืืœ ื”ืžื–ื‘ื— ืžื” ื”ืงืจื‘ื” ืืฆืœ ื›ื”ืŸ ื‘ื›ืœื™ ืืฃ ื”ื’ืฉื” ืืฆืœ ืžื–ื‘ื— ื‘ื›ืœื™

The Gemara asks: And why not say that this is indeed so? The Gemara responds: The verse states: โ€œAnd you shall bring the meal-offering that is made of these things unto the Lord; and it shall be presented unto the priest, and he shall bring it unto the altarโ€ (Leviticus 2:8); just as presentation to the priest is in a vessel, so too bringing it to the altar must be in a vessel.

ื•ืžืกืœืง ืืช ืœื‘ื•ื ืชื” ืœืฆื“ ืื—ื“ ื›ื™ ื”ื™ื›ื™ ื“ืœื ืชืงืžื•ืฅ ื‘ื”ื“ื™ ืžื ื—ื” ื›ื“ืชื ืŸ ืงืžืฅ ื•ืขืœื” ื‘ื™ื“ื• ืฆืจื•ืจ ืื• ื’ืจื’ืจ ืžืœื— ืื• ืงื•ืจื˜ ืœื‘ื•ื ื” ืคืกื•ืœ

The baraita states: And he removes its frankincense to one side. The Gemara explains: This is done in order that the frankincense not be removed along with the meal-offering when the priest removes a handful. As we learned in a mishna (Menaแธฅot 6a): If he removed the handful and a pebble, or a grain of salt, or a crumb [koret] of frankincense came out in his hand, it is invalid. The handful must be entirely fine flour.

ื•ืงื•ืžืฅ ืžืžืงื•ื ืฉื ืชืจื‘ื” ืฉืžื ื” ืžื ืœืŸ ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ืžืกืœืชื” ื•ืžืฉืžื ื” ืžื’ืจืฉื” ื•ืžืฉืžื ื”

The baraita continues: And he removes a handful from the place where its oil has accumulated. The Gemara asks: From where do we derive this? As it is written: โ€œAnd he shall take from there his handful of the fine flour thereof, and of the oil thereofโ€ (Leviticus 2:2). The Torah also states: โ€œAnd the priest shall make the memorial part of it smoke, even of the groats thereof, and of the oil thereofโ€ (Leviticus 2:16). The handful should be taken from the area where there is an abundance of oil.

ื•ื ื•ืชื ื• ืœืชื•ืš ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ื•ืžืงื“ืฉื• ื‘ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ืœืžื” ืœื™ ื”ื ืงื“ืฉื” ื—ื“ื ื–ื™ืžื ื ืžื™ื“ื™ ื“ื”ื•ื” ืื“ื ื“ื ืืฃ ืขืœ ื’ื‘ ื“ืงื“ื™ืฉืชื™ื” ืกื›ื™ืŸ ื‘ืฆื•ืืจ ื‘ื”ืžื” ื”ื“ืจ ืžืงื“ื™ืฉ ืœื™ื” ื‘ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ื”ื›ื ื ืžื™ ืœื ืฉื ื

The baraita continues: And he puts the handful into a service vessel and sanctifies it in the service vessel. The Gemara asks: Why do I need this sanctification? He has already sanctified it once, when he initially brought it to the Temple. The Gemara responds: The sanctification here is just as with the blood of the offerings. Although the knife sanctifies blood by contact with the neck of the animal, since the knife itself is a service vessel, the priest sanctifies it again when he collects it in the service vessel. Here too, it is not different; the meal-offering must be sanctified twice.

ื•ืžืœืงื˜ ืืช ืœื‘ื•ื ืชื” ื•ื ื•ืชื ื” ืขืœ ื’ื‘ื™ื• ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืœื‘ื•ื ื” ืืฉืจ ืขืœ ื”ืžื ื—ื”

The baraita continues: And he gathers its frankincense and puts it on top of the handful. The Gemara cites the source: As it is written: โ€œAnd he shall take up from his handful, of the fine flour of the meal-offering, and of the oil thereof, and all the frankincense which is upon the meal-offeringโ€ (Leviticus 6:8).

ื•ืžืขืœื”ื•

The baraita continues: And he then brings it up

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Joanna Rom and Steven Goldberg in loving memory of Steve's mother Shirley "Nana" Goldberg (Sura Tema bat Chaim v'Hanka)

Want to explore more about the Daf?

See insights from our partners, contributors and community of women learners

Sorry, there aren't any posts in this category yet. We're adding more soon!

Sotah 14

The William Davidson Talmud | Powered by Sefaria

Sotah 14

ื’ืกื˜ืจื ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืช ืคืขื•ืจ ื”ืจืื ื• ื”ื™ื›ืŸ ืžืฉื” ืงื‘ื•ืจ ืขืžื“ื• ืœืžืขืœื” ื ื“ืžื” ืœื”ื ืœืžื˜ื” ืœืžื˜ื” ื ื“ืžื” ืœื”ื ืœืžืขืœื” ื ื—ืœืงื• ืœืฉืชื™ ื›ื™ืชื•ืช ืื•ืชืŸ ืฉืขื•ืžื“ื™ื ืœืžืขืœื” ื ื“ืžื” ืœื”ืŸ ืœืžื˜ื” ืœืžื˜ื” ื ื“ืžื” ืœื”ืŸ ืœืžืขืœื” ืœืงื™ื™ื ืžื” ืฉื ืืžืจ ื•ืœื ื™ื“ืข ืื™ืฉ ืืช ืงื‘ืจืชื•

the garrison [gastera] of Beth Peor and said to them: Show us where Moses is buried. As the men stood above on the upper section of the mountain, it appeared to them as if the grave was below in the lower section. As they stood below, it appeared to them to be above. They divided into two groups, one above and one below. To those who were standing above, the grave appeared to them to be below; to those who were standing below, the grave appeared to them to be above, to fulfill that which is stated: โ€œAnd no man knows of his grave to this dayโ€ (Deuteronomy 34:6).

ืจื‘ื™ ื—ืžื ื‘ืจื‘ื™ ื—ื ื™ื ื ืืžืจ ืืฃ ืžืฉื” ืจื‘ื™ื ื• ืื™ื ื• ื™ื•ื“ืข ื”ื™ื›ืŸ ืงื‘ื•ืจ ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื”ื›ื ื•ืœื ื™ื“ืข ืื™ืฉ ืืช ืงื‘ืจืชื• ื•ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื”ืชื ื•ื–ืืช ื”ื‘ืจื›ื” ืืฉืจ ื‘ืจืš ืžืฉื” ืื™ืฉ ื”ืืœื”ื™ื ื•ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื—ืžื ื‘ืจื‘ื™ ื—ื ื™ื ื ืžืคื ื™ ืžื” ื ืงื‘ืจ ืžืฉื” ืืฆืœ ื‘ื™ืช ืคืขื•ืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื›ืคืจ ืขืœ ืžืขืฉื” ืคืขื•ืจ

Rabbi แธคama, son of Rabbi แธคanina, says: Even Moses our teacher himself does not know where he is buried. It is written here: โ€œAnd no man knows of his grave,โ€ and it is written there: โ€œAnd this is the blessing wherewith Moses the man of God blessed the children of Israel before his deathโ€ (Deuteronomy 33:1). In other words, even Moses, as he is referred to by the term โ€œman,โ€ does not know his burial place. And Rabbi แธคama, son of Rabbi แธคanina, says: For what reason was Moses buried near Beth Peor? In order to atone for the incident that transpired at Beth Peor (Numbers, chapter 25).

ื•ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื—ืžื ื‘ืจื‘ื™ ื—ื ื™ื ื ืžืื™ ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ืื—ืจื™ ื”ืณ ืืœื”ื™ื›ื ืชืœื›ื• ื•ื›ื™ ืืคืฉืจ ืœื• ืœืื“ื ืœื”ืœืš ืื—ืจ ืฉื›ื™ื ื” ื•ื”ืœื ื›ื‘ืจ ื ืืžืจ ื›ื™ ื”ืณ ืืœื”ื™ืš ืืฉ ืื•ื›ืœื” ื”ื•ื

And Rabbi แธคama, son of Rabbi แธคanina, says: What is the meaning of that which is written: โ€œAfter the Lord your God shall you walk, and Him shall you fear, and His commandments shall you keep, and unto His voice shall you hearken, and Him shall you serve, and unto Him shall you cleaveโ€ (Deuteronomy 13:5)? But is it actually possible for a person to follow the Divine Presence? But hasnโ€™t it already been stated: โ€œFor the Lord your God is a devouring fire, a jealous Godโ€ (Deuteronomy 4:24), and one cannot approach fire.

ืืœื ืœื”ืœืš ืื—ืจ ืžื“ื•ืชื™ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืงื“ื•ืฉ ื‘ืจื•ืš ื”ื•ื ืžื” ื”ื•ื ืžืœื‘ื™ืฉ ืขืจื•ืžื™ื ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ื™ืขืฉ ื”ืณ ืืœื”ื™ื ืœืื“ื ื•ืœืืฉืชื• ื›ืชื ื•ืช ืขื•ืจ ื•ื™ืœื‘ืฉื ืืฃ ืืชื” ื”ืœื‘ืฉ ืขืจื•ืžื™ื ื”ืงื“ื•ืฉ ื‘ืจื•ืš ื”ื•ื ื‘ื™ืงืจ ื—ื•ืœื™ื ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ื™ืจื ืืœื™ื• ื”ืณ ื‘ืืœื ื™ ืžืžืจื ืืฃ ืืชื” ื‘ืงืจ ื—ื•ืœื™ื ื”ืงื“ื•ืฉ ื‘ืจื•ืš ื”ื•ื ื ื™ื—ื ืื‘ืœื™ื ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ื™ื”ื™ ืื—ืจื™ ืžื•ืช ืื‘ืจื”ื ื•ื™ื‘ืจืš ืืœื”ื™ื ืืช ื™ืฆื—ืง ื‘ื ื• ืืฃ ืืชื” ื ื—ื ืื‘ืœื™ื ื”ืงื“ื•ืฉ ื‘ืจื•ืš ื”ื•ื ืงื‘ืจ ืžืชื™ื ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ื™ืงื‘ืจ ืื•ืชื• ื‘ื’ื™ ืืฃ ืืชื” ืงื‘ืจ ืžืชื™ื

He explains: Rather, the meaning is that one should follow the attributes of the Holy One, Blessed be He. He provides several examples. Just as He clothes the naked, as it is written: โ€œAnd the Lord God made for Adam and for his wife garments of skin, and clothed themโ€ (Genesis 3:21), so too, should you clothe the naked. Just as the Holy One, Blessed be He, visits the sick, as it is written with regard to Godโ€™s appearing to Abraham following his circumcision: โ€œAnd the Lord appeared unto him by the terebinths of Mamreโ€ (Genesis 18:1), so too, should you visit the sick. Just as the Holy One, Blessed be He, consoles mourners, as it is written: โ€œAnd it came to pass after the death of Abraham, that God blessed Isaac his sonโ€ (Genesis 25:11), so too, should you console mourners. Just as the Holy One, Blessed be He, buried the dead, as it is written: โ€œAnd he was buried in the valley in the land of Moabโ€ (Deuteronomy 34:6), so too, should you bury the dead.

ื›ืชื ื•ืช ืขื•ืจ ืจื‘ ื•ืฉืžื•ืืœ ื—ื“ ืืžืจ ื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื‘ื ืžืŸ ื”ืขื•ืจ ื•ื—ื“ ืืžืจ ื“ื‘ืจ ืฉื”ืขื•ืจ ื ื”ื ื” ืžืžื ื•

The Gemara discusses the verse: โ€œAnd the Lord God made for Adam and for his wife garments of skin, and clothed themโ€ (Genesis 3:21). Rav and Shmuel disagree as to the meaning of the term โ€œgarments of skin.โ€ One says that these garments were made of something that comes from the skin, and one says that these garments were something from which the skin benefits.

ื“ืจืฉ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืœืื™ ืชื•ืจื” ืชื—ืœืชื” ื’ืžื™ืœื•ืช ื—ืกื“ื™ื ื•ืกื•ืคื” ื’ืžื™ืœื•ืช ื—ืกื“ื™ื ืชื—ื™ืœืชื” ื’ืžื™ืœื•ืช ื—ืกื“ื™ื ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ื™ืขืฉ ื”ืณ ืืœื”ื™ื ืœืื“ื ื•ืœืืฉืชื• ื›ืชื ื•ืช ืขื•ืจ ื•ื™ืœื‘ืฉื ื•ืกื•ืคื” ื’ืžื™ืœื•ืช ื—ืกื“ื™ื ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ื™ืงื‘ืจ ืื•ืชื• ื‘ื’ื™

Rabbi Samlai taught: With regard to the Torah, its beginning is an act of kindness and its end is an act of kindness. Its beginning is an act of kindness, as it is written: โ€œAnd the Lord God made for Adam and for his wife garments of skin, and clothed themโ€ (Genesis 3:21). And its end is an act of kindness, as it is written: โ€œAnd he was buried in the valley in the land of Moabโ€ (Deuteronomy 34:6).

ื“ืจืฉ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืœืื™ ืžืคื ื™ ืžื” ื ืชืื•ื” ืžืฉื” ืจื‘ื™ื ื• ืœื™ื›ื ืก ืœืืจืฅ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื•ื›ื™ ืœืื›ื•ืœ ืžืคืจื™ื” ื”ื•ื ืฆืจื™ืš ืื• ืœืฉื‘ื•ืข ืžื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื”ื•ื ืฆืจื™ืš ืืœื ื›ืš ืืžืจ ืžืฉื” ื”ืจื‘ื” ืžืฆื•ืช ื ืฆื˜ื•ื• ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื•ืื™ืŸ ืžืชืงื™ื™ืžื™ืŸ ืืœื ื‘ืืจืฅ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืื›ื ืก ืื ื™ ืœืืจืฅ ื›ื“ื™ ืฉื™ืชืงื™ื™ืžื• ื›ื•ืœืŸ ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™

Rabbi Samlai taught: For what reason did Moses our teacher greatly desire to enter Eretz Yisrael? Did he need to eat of its produce, or did he need to satisfy himself from its goodness? Rather, this is what Moses said: Many mitzvot were commanded to the Jewish people, and some of them can be fulfilled only in Eretz Yisrael, so I will enter the land in order that they can all be fulfilled by me.

ืืžืจ ืœื• ื”ืงื“ื•ืฉ ื‘ืจื•ืš ื”ื•ื ื›ืœื•ื ืืชื” ืžื‘ืงืฉ ืืœื ืœืงื‘ืœ ืฉื›ืจ ืžืขืœื” ืื ื™ ืขืœื™ืš ื›ืื™ืœื• ืขืฉื™ืชื ืฉื ืืžืจ ืœื›ืŸ ืื—ืœืง ืœื• ื‘ืจื‘ื™ื ื•ืืช ืขืฆื•ืžื™ื ื™ื—ืœืง ืฉืœืœ ืชื—ืช ืืฉืจ ื”ืขืจื” ืœืžื•ืช ื ืคืฉื• ื•ืืช ืคื•ืฉืขื™ื ื ืžื ื” ื•ื”ื•ื ื—ื˜ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื ืฉื ื•ืœืคืฉืขื™ื ื™ืคื’ื™ืข

The Holy One, Blessed be He, said to him: Do you seek to enter the land to perform these mitzvot for any reason other than to receive a reward? I will ascribe you credit as if you had performed them and you will receive your reward, as it is stated: โ€œTherefore will I divide him a portion among the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the mighty; because he bared his soul unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors; yet he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressorsโ€ (Isaiah 53:12).

ืœื›ืŸ ืื—ืœืง ืœื• ื‘ืจื‘ื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื›ืื—ืจื•ื ื™ื ื•ืœื ื›ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ื ืชืœืžื•ื“ ืœื•ืžืจ ื•ืืช ืขืฆื•ืžื™ื ื™ื—ืœืง ืฉืœืœ ื›ืื‘ืจื”ื ื™ืฆื—ืง ื•ื™ืขืงื‘ ืฉื”ืŸ ืขืฆื•ืžื™ื ื‘ืชื•ืจื” ื•ื‘ืžืฆื•ืช ืชื—ืช ืืฉืจ ื”ืขืจื” ืœืžื•ืช ื ืคืฉื• ืฉืžืกืจ ืขืฆืžื• ืœืžื™ืชื” ืฉื ืืžืจ ื•ืื ืื™ืŸ ืžื—ื ื™ ื ื ื•ื’ื•ืณ

Rabbi Samlai proceeds to expound the verse โ€œTherefore will I divide him a portion among the greatโ€ to mean that he will receive reward. One might have thought that he will receive reward like the later ones and not like the earlier ones, so the verse states: โ€œAnd he shall divide the spoil with the mighty,โ€ meaning like Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, who were mighty in Torah and in mitzvot. โ€œBecause he bared his soul unto death,โ€ meaning he gave himself over to death on behalf of the Jewish people, as it is stated: โ€œYet now, if You will forgive their sin; and if not, blot me, I pray You, out of Your book that You have writtenโ€ (Exodus 32:32).

ื•ืืช ืคื•ืฉืขื™ื ื ืžื ื” ืฉื ืžื ื” ืขื ืžืชื™ ืžื“ื‘ืจ ื•ื”ื•ื ื—ื˜ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื ืฉื ืฉื›ื™ืคืจ ืขืœ ืžืขืฉื” ื”ืขื’ืœ ื•ืœืคืฉืขื™ื ื™ืคื’ื™ืข ืฉื‘ื™ืงืฉ ืจื—ืžื™ื ืขืœ ืคื•ืฉืขื™ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ืฉื™ื—ื–ืจื• ื‘ืชืฉื•ื‘ื” ื•ืื™ืŸ ืคื’ื™ืขื” ืืœื ืชืคืœื” ืฉื ืืžืจ ื•ืืชื” ืืœ ืชืชืคืœืœ ื‘ืขื“ ื”ืขื ื”ื–ื” ื•ืืœ ืชืฉื ื‘ืขื“ื ืจื ื” ื•ืชืคืœื” ื•ืืœ ืชืคื’ืข ื‘ื™

โ€œAnd was numbered with the transgressors,โ€ meaning that he was counted among those who died in the desert, for, just like them, he did not enter Eretz Yisrael. โ€œYet he bore the sin of many,โ€ as he atoned for the incident of the Golden Calf. โ€œAnd made intercession [yafgia] for the transgressors,โ€ as he requested mercy for the sinners of Israel so that they should engage in repentance. And the word pegia means nothing other than prayer, as it is stated: โ€œTherefore pray not you for this people, neither lift up cry nor prayer for them, neither make intercession [tifga] to Me; for I will not hear youโ€ (Jeremiah 7:16).

ื”ื“ืจืŸ ืขืœืš ื”ืžืงื ื ืœืืฉืชื•

 

ืžืชื ื™ืณ ื”ื™ื” ืžื‘ื™ื ืืช ืžื ื—ืชื” ื‘ืชื•ืš ื›ืคื™ืคื” ืžืฆืจื™ืช ื•ื ื•ืชื ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื™ื’ืขื”

MISHNA: The husband of the sota would bring his wifeโ€™s meal-offering to the priest in an Egyptian wicker basket made of palm branches, and he would place the meal-offering in her hands for her to hold throughout the ritual in order to fatigue her. This might lead her to confess her guilt and not drink the water of a sota unnecessarily.

ื›ืœ ื”ืžื ื—ื•ืช ืชื—ื™ืœืชืŸ ื•ืกื•ืคืŸ ื‘ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ื•ื–ื• ืชื—ืœืชื” ื‘ื›ืคื™ืคื” ืžืฆืจื™ืช ื•ืกื•ืคื” ื‘ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช

The mishna lists differences between this meal-offering and other meal-offerings. Generally, all meal-offerings, from their beginnings, i.e., the moment they are consecrated, and until their ends, i.e., the moment they are sacrificed, must be in a service vessel. But in the case of this one, its beginning is in a wicker basket and only at its end, immediately before it is offered, is it placed in a service vessel.

ื›ืœ ื”ืžื ื—ื•ืช ื˜ืขื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืžืŸ ื•ืœื‘ื•ื ื” ื•ื–ื• ืื™ื ื” ื˜ืขื•ื ื” ืœื ืฉืžืŸ ื•ืœื ืœื‘ื•ื ื” ื›ืœ ื”ืžื ื—ื•ืช ื‘ืื•ืช ืžืŸ ื”ื—ื˜ื™ืŸ ื•ื–ื• ื‘ืื” ืžืŸ ื”ืฉืขื•ืจื™ืŸ ืžื ื—ืช ื”ืขื•ืžืจ ืืฃ ืขืœ ืคื™ ืฉื‘ืื” ืžืŸ ื”ืฉืขื•ืจื™ืŸ ื”ื™ื ื”ื™ืชื” ื‘ืื” ื’ืจืฉ ื•ื–ื• ื‘ืื” ืงืžื— ืจื‘ืŸ ื’ืžืœื™ืืœ ืื•ืžืจ ื›ืฉื ืฉืžืขืฉื™ื” ืžืขืฉื” ื‘ื”ืžื” ื›ืš ืงืจื‘ื ื” ืžืื›ืœ ื‘ื”ืžื”

All other meal-offerings require oil and frankincense, and this one requires neither oil nor frankincense. Furthermore, all other meal-offerings are brought from wheat, and this one is brought from barley. Although in fact the omer meal-offering is also brought from barley, it is still different in that it was brought as groats, i.e., high-quality meal. The meal-offering of the sota, however, is brought as unsifted barley flour. Rabban Gamliel says: This hints that just as her actions of seclusion with another man were the actions of an animal, so too her offering is animal food, i.e., barley and not wheat.

ื’ืžืณ ืชื ื™ื ืื‘ื ื—ื ื™ืŸ ืื•ืžืจ ืžืฉื•ื ืจื‘ื™ ืืœื™ืขื–ืจ [ื•ื›ืœ ื›ืš ืœืžื”] ื›ื“ื™ ืœื™ื’ืขื” ื›ื“ื™ ืฉืชื—ื–ื•ืจ ื‘ื” ืื ื›ื›ื” ื—ืกื” ืชื•ืจื” ืขืœ ืขื•ื‘ืจื™ ืจืฆื•ื ื• ืงืœ ื•ื—ื•ืžืจ ืขืœ ืขื•ืฉื™ ืจืฆื•ื ื•

GEMARA: It is taught in a baraita that Abba แธคanin says in the name of Rabbi Eliezer: And why is so much done to her? It is in order to fatigue her, so that she will retract and confess her guilt and be spared death. And if the Torah is so protective of those who transgress His will, i.e., the sota, who secluded herself with the man she was warned against, then by a fortiori inference He is protective of those who do His will.

ื•ืžืžืื™ ืžืฉื•ื ื“ื—ืกื” ื”ื•ื ื“ื™ืœืžื ื›ื™ ื”ื™ื›ื™ ื“ืœื ืชื™ืžื—ืง ืžื’ื™ืœื” ืงืกื‘ืจ

The Gemara asks: And from where is it derived that they attempt to induce her to confess because the Torah is protective of the sota? Perhaps it is in order that the scroll of the sota, containing the name of God, will not be erased. The Gemara responds: Rabbi Eliezer holds

ืžืฉืงื” ื•ืื—ืจ ื›ืš ืžืงืจื™ื‘ ืืช ืžื ื—ืชื” ื“ืื™ ืžืฉื•ื ืžื’ื™ืœื” ื”ื ืื™ืžื—ื™ืงื ืœื”

that the priest would first give her the water of the sota to drink, and only afterward would he sacrifice her meal-offering. Therefore, if the concern were due to the scroll, it would no longer be applicable, as it was already erased in the water of the sota before the meal-offering was brought. The efforts to fatigue her by making her hold the meal-offering must indicate that the Torah is protective of her.

ื›ืœ ื”ืžื ื—ื•ืช ื•ื›ื•ืณ ื•ืจืžื™ื ื”ื• ืกื“ืจ ืžื ื—ื•ืช ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืื“ื ืžื‘ื™ื ืžื ื—ื” ืžืชื•ืš ื‘ื™ืชื• ื‘ืงืœืชื•ืช ืฉืœ ื›ืกืฃ ื•ืฉืœ ื–ื”ื‘ ื•ื ื•ืชื ื” ืœืชื•ืš ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ื•ืžืงื“ืฉื” ื‘ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ื•ื ื•ืชืŸ ืขืœื™ื” ืฉืžื ื” ื•ืœื‘ื•ื ืชื” ื•ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื” ืืฆืœ ื›ื”ืŸ ื•ื›ื”ืŸ ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื” ืืฆืœ ืžื–ื‘ื— ื•ืžื’ื™ืฉื” ื‘ืงืจืŸ ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืช ื›ื ื’ื“ ื—ื•ื“ื” ืฉืœ ืงืจืŸ ื•ื“ื™ื•

It was taught in the mishna: All meal-offerings, from their beginning until their end, are placed in service vessels and remain there. The Gemara raises a contradiction from the Tosefta (Menaแธฅot 1:16): What is the procedure for meal-offerings? A person brings his meal-offering from his property in baskets [kelatot] of silver and of gold, and when he reaches the Temple he places it in a service vessel and sanctifies it in the service vessel, and he puts its oil and frankincense on it, and he carries it to the priest. And the priest then carries it to the altar and brings it near to the southwest horn of the altar, opposite the corner of the horn of the altar. And this is sufficient.

ื•ืžืกืœืง ืืช ื”ืœื‘ื•ื ื” ืœืฆื“ ืื—ื“ ื•ืงื•ืžืฅ ืžืžืงื•ื ืฉื ืชืจื‘ื” ืฉืžื ื” ื•ื ื•ืชื ื• ืœืชื•ืš ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ื•ืžืงื“ืฉื• ื‘ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ื•ืžืœืงื˜ ืืช ืœื‘ื•ื ืชื” ื•ื ื•ืชื ื” ืขืœ ื’ื‘ื™ื• ื•ืžืขืœื” ืื•ืชื• ืœื’ื‘ื™ ืžื–ื‘ื— ื•ืžืขืœื”ื• ื•ืžืงื˜ื™ืจื• ื‘ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ื•ืžื•ืœื—ื• ื•ื ื•ืชื ื• ืขืœ ื’ื‘ื™ ื”ืื™ืฉื™ื

The baraita continues: And the priest then removes the frankincense to one side, and he removes a handful from the place where its oil has accumulated and mixed with the flour, and he puts the handful into a service vessel and consecrates it in the service vessel. And he then gathers its frankincense and puts it on top of the handful and brings it up onto the altar. And he brings it up and burns it in the service vessel; and he salts it and places it upon the fires.

ืงืจื‘ ื”ืงื•ืžืฅ ืฉื™ืจื™ื” ื ืื›ืœื™ืŸ ื•ืจืฉืื™ืŸ ื”ื›ื”ื ื™ื ืœื™ืชืŸ ืœืชื•ื›ื” ื™ื™ืŸ ื•ืฉืžืŸ ื•ื“ื‘ืฉ ื•ืื™ืŸ ืืกื•ืจื™ืŸ ืืœื ืžืœื—ืžืฅ

The baraita continues: After the handful is sacrificed, the remainders of the meal-offering are eaten. And the priests are permitted to put wine and oil and honey in it, even though it is prohibited to offer honey on the altar. And they are prohibited only from allowing the meal-offering to become leavened.

ืงืชื ื™ ืžื™ื”ื ื‘ืงืœืชื•ืช ืฉืœ ื›ืกืฃ ื•ื‘ืงืœืชื•ืช ืฉืœ ื–ื”ื‘ ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ืคืคื ืื™ืžื ื‘ื›ืœื™ื ื”ืจืื•ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช

The Gemara asks: In any event, the baraita teaches that the meal-offering is first placed in baskets of silver and baskets of gold brought from oneโ€™s home. This seems to contradict the mishnaโ€™s statement that all other meal-offerings are initially in service vessels. Rav Pappa said: The mishna means to say that meal-offerings are placed in vessels of silver and gold, as these are suitable to be service vessels if consecrated.

ืžื›ืœืœ ื“ื›ืคื™ืคื” ืžืฆืจื™ืช ืœื ื—ื–ื™ื ื›ืžืืŸ ื“ืœื ื›ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ืกื™ ื‘ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ื“ืชื ื™ื ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ืฉืขืฉืืŸ ืฉืœ ืขืฅ ืจื‘ื™ ืคื•ืกืœ ื•ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ืกื™ ื‘ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ืžื›ืฉื™ืจ

The Gemara notes: Since the mishna distinguishes in this regard between the meal-offering of the sota and all other meal-offerings, one may learn by inference that an Egyptian wicker basket is not suitable to be a service vessel even if it is consecrated. In accordance with whose opinion is this the case? It is not in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Yosei, son of Rabbi Yehuda, as it is taught in a baraita: With regard to service vessels that were made of wood, Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi deems them unfit, and Rabbi Yosei, son of Rabbi Yehuda, deems them fit.

ืืคื™ืœื• ืชื™ืžื ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ืกื™ ื‘ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ืื™ืžืจ ื“ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ืกื™ ื‘ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ื‘ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื™ืŸ ื‘ืคื—ื•ืชื™ืŸ ืžื™ ืืžืจ ืœื™ืช ืœื™ื” ืœืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ืกื™ ื‘ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ื”ืงืจื™ื‘ื”ื• ื ื ืœืคื—ืชืš

The Gemara responds: You can even say that the mishna is in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Yosei, son of Rabbi Yehuda. Say that Rabbi Yosei, son of Rabbi Yehuda, says that wooden vessels are deemed fit with regard to those of superior quality; but does he say likewise with regard to vessels of lesser quality, e.g., a basket made of palm branches? Doesnโ€™t Rabbi Yosei, son of Rabbi Yehuda, hold to the principle articulated in the verse: โ€œAnd when you offer the blind for a sacrifice, is it not evil! โ€ฆIf you would present it now unto your governor, will he be pleased with you or show you favor?โ€ (Malachi 1:8)? Nothing that is unfit for presentation to a ruler may be brought to the Temple. Therefore, even Rabbi Yosei, son of Rabbi Yehuda, must agree that a basket made of palm branches cannot be a service vessel.

ื•ื ื•ืชื ื” ืœื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ื•ืžืงื“ืฉื” ื‘ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ืฉืžืขืช ืžื™ื ื” ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ืื™ืŸ ืžืงื“ืฉื™ืŸ ืืœื ืžื“ืขืช ืื™ืžื ื ื•ืชื ื” ื‘ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ืœืงื“ืฉื” ื‘ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช

ยง The baraita states: He places it in a service vessel and sanctifies it in the service vessel. The Gemara asks: Can one learn from the unnecessary repetition of the term service vessel, that service vessels can sanctify their contents only with intention? Must one place the meal-offering in the service vessel with express intent to sanctify it? The Gemara answers: Say: He simply places it in the service vessel in order to sanctify it in the service vessel. He need not to intend to sanctify it.

ื•ื ื•ืชืŸ ืขืœื™ื” ืฉืžื ื” ื•ืœื‘ื•ื ืชื” ืฉื ืืžืจ ื•ื™ืฆืง ืขืœื™ื” ืฉืžืŸ ื•ื ืชืŸ ืขืœื™ื” ืœื‘ื ื”

ยง The baraita teaches: The owner of the meal-offering puts its oil and frankincense on it. The Gemara cites the source of this halakha: As it is stated: โ€œAnd when anyone brings a meal-offering unto the Lord, his offering shall be of fine flour; and he shall pour oil upon it, and put frankincense thereonโ€ (Leviticus 2:1).

ื•ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื” ืืฆืœ ื›ื”ืŸ ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ื”ื‘ื™ืื” ืืœ ื‘ื ื™ ืื”ืจืŸ ื•ื’ื•ืณ

The baraita states: And he carries it to the priest. The Gemara cites the source: As it is written: โ€œAnd he shall bring it to Aaronโ€™s sons, the priestsโ€ (Leviticus 2:2).

ื•ื›ื”ืŸ ืžื•ืœื™ื›ื” ืืฆืœ ืžื–ื‘ื— ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ื”ื’ื™ืฉื” ืืฆืœ ื”ืžื–ื‘ื—

The baraita states: And the priest then carries it to the altar. The Gemara cites the source: As it is written: โ€œAnd you shall bring the meal-offering that is made of these things unto the Lord; and it shall be presented unto the priest, and he shall bring it unto the altarโ€ (Leviticus 2:8).

ืžื’ื™ืฉื” ื‘ืงืจืŸ ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืช ื›ื ื’ื“ ื—ื•ื“ื” ืฉืœ ืงืจืŸ ื•ื“ื™ื• ืžื ืœืŸ

The baraita states: The priest brings it near to the southwest horn of the altar, opposite the corner of the horn. And this is sufficient. The Gemara asks: From where do we derive this?

ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ื–ืืช ืชื•ืจืช ื”ืžื ื—ื” ื”ืงืจื‘ ืื•ืชื” ื‘ื ื™ ืื”ืจืŸ ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืณ ืืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ืžื–ื‘ื— ื•ืชื ื™ื ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืณ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื‘ืžืขืจื‘ ืชืœืžื•ื“ ืœื•ืžืจ ืืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ืžื–ื‘ื— ืื™ ืืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ืžื–ื‘ื— ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ืชืœืžื•ื“ ืœื•ืžืจ ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืณ ื”ื ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืžื’ื™ืฉื” ื‘ืงืจืŸ ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืช ื›ื ื’ื“ ื—ื•ื“ื” ืฉืœ ืงืจืŸ ื•ื“ื™ื•

The Gemara responds: As it is written: โ€œAnd this is the law of the meal-offering: The sons of Aaron shall offer it before the Lord in front of the altarโ€ (Leviticus 6:7). And it is taught in a baraita: When the verse states: โ€œBefore the Lord,โ€ one might have understood this to mean on the western side of the altar, opposite the Holy of Holies. Therefore, the verse states: โ€œIn front of the altar.โ€ This must be the south of the altar, where the ramp is located. If the verse had stated only: In front of the altar, one might have understood it to mean specifically on the southern side. Therefore, the verse states: โ€œBefore the Lord,โ€ indicating the western side. How can these texts be reconciled? The priest brings it near to the southwest corner of the altar, opposite the corner of the horn. And this is sufficient.

ืจื‘ื™ ืืœืขื–ืจ ืื•ืžืจ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื™ื’ื™ืฉื ื” ื‘ืžืขืจื‘ื” ืฉืœ ืงืจืŸ ืื• ืœื“ืจื•ืžื” ืฉืœ ืงืจืŸ ืืžืจืช ื›ืœ ืžืงื•ื ืฉืืชื” ืžื•ืฆื ืฉื ื™ ืžืงืจืื•ืช ืื—ื“ ืžืงื™ื™ื ืขืฆืžื• ื•ืžืงื™ื™ื ื“ื‘ืจื™ ื—ื‘ื™ืจื• ื•ืื—ื“ ืžืงื™ื™ื ืขืฆืžื• ื•ืžื‘ื˜ืœ ื“ื‘ืจื™ ื—ื‘ื™ืจื• ืžื ื™ื—ื™ืŸ ืืช ืฉืžืงื™ื™ื ืขืฆืžื• ื•ืžื‘ื˜ืœ ื—ื‘ื™ืจื• ื•ืชื•ืคืกื™ืŸ ืืช ืฉืžืงื™ื™ื ืขืฆืžื• ื•ืžืงื™ื™ื ื—ื‘ื™ืจื• ื›ืฉืืชื” ืื•ืžืจ ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืณ ื‘ืžืขืจื‘ ื‘ื˜ืœืชื” ืืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ืžื–ื‘ื— ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ื•ื›ืฉืืชื” ืื•ืžืจ ืืœ ืคื ื™ ื”ืžื–ื‘ื— ื‘ื“ืจื•ื ืงื™ื™ืžืชื” ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืณ ื‘ืžืขืจื‘ ื”ื ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืžื’ื™ืฉื” ืœื“ืจื•ืžื” ืฉืœ ืงืจืŸ

Rabbi Elazar says another interpretation: One might have thought that he offers it up on the western side of the corner or on the southern side of the corner. Say: Anywhere you find two verses, one of which fulfills itself and fulfills the statement of the other, and one of which fulfills itself and nullifies the statement of the other, leave the verse that fulfills itself and nullifies the other, and seize the one that fulfills itself and fulfills the other. The principle is applied as follows: When you say: โ€œBefore the Lord,โ€ on the western side, you have nullified the other part of the verse: โ€œIn front of the altar,โ€ on the southern side. But when you say: โ€œIn front of the altar,โ€ on the southern side, you have also fulfilled: โ€œBefore the Lord,โ€ on the western side. How so? He brings it near to the southern side of the corner.

ื•ื”ื™ื›ืŸ ืงื™ื™ืžืชื” ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ืืฉื™ ืงืกื‘ืจ ื”ืื™ ืชื ื ื›ื•ืœื™ื” ืžื–ื‘ื— ื‘ืฆืคื•ืŸ ืงืื™

The Gemara asks: But where have you fulfilled the phrase โ€œbefore the Lordโ€? Rav Ashi said: This tanna holds that the entire altar stands in the north of the Temple courtyard. Therefore, the entire southern side of the altar stood opposite the Holy of Holies in the west, and it can therefore be called: Before the Lord.

ืžืื™ ื•ื“ื™ื• ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ืืฉื™ ืื™ืฆื˜ืจื™ืš ืกืœืงื ื“ืขืชืš ืืžื™ื ื ืชื™ื‘ืขื™ ื”ื’ืฉืช ืžื ื—ื” ื’ื•ืคื” ืงืžืฉืžืข ืœืŸ

The Gemara asks: What is taught by the phrase: And this is sufficient? Rav Ashi said: This phrase was necessary, as otherwise it might enter your mind to say: Require the priest to bring the meal-offering itself near to the corner of the altar without the use of a vessel. The baraita teaches us that this is not so, and one can bring it to the altar in its service vessel.

ื•ืื™ืžื ื”ื›ื™ ื ืžื™ ืืžืจ ืงืจื ื•ื”ืงืจื™ื‘ื” ืืœ ื”ื›ื”ืŸ ื•ื’ื•ืณ ื•ื”ื’ื™ืฉื” ืืœ ื”ืžื–ื‘ื— ืžื” ื”ืงืจื‘ื” ืืฆืœ ื›ื”ืŸ ื‘ื›ืœื™ ืืฃ ื”ื’ืฉื” ืืฆืœ ืžื–ื‘ื— ื‘ื›ืœื™

The Gemara asks: And why not say that this is indeed so? The Gemara responds: The verse states: โ€œAnd you shall bring the meal-offering that is made of these things unto the Lord; and it shall be presented unto the priest, and he shall bring it unto the altarโ€ (Leviticus 2:8); just as presentation to the priest is in a vessel, so too bringing it to the altar must be in a vessel.

ื•ืžืกืœืง ืืช ืœื‘ื•ื ืชื” ืœืฆื“ ืื—ื“ ื›ื™ ื”ื™ื›ื™ ื“ืœื ืชืงืžื•ืฅ ื‘ื”ื“ื™ ืžื ื—ื” ื›ื“ืชื ืŸ ืงืžืฅ ื•ืขืœื” ื‘ื™ื“ื• ืฆืจื•ืจ ืื• ื’ืจื’ืจ ืžืœื— ืื• ืงื•ืจื˜ ืœื‘ื•ื ื” ืคืกื•ืœ

The baraita states: And he removes its frankincense to one side. The Gemara explains: This is done in order that the frankincense not be removed along with the meal-offering when the priest removes a handful. As we learned in a mishna (Menaแธฅot 6a): If he removed the handful and a pebble, or a grain of salt, or a crumb [koret] of frankincense came out in his hand, it is invalid. The handful must be entirely fine flour.

ื•ืงื•ืžืฅ ืžืžืงื•ื ืฉื ืชืจื‘ื” ืฉืžื ื” ืžื ืœืŸ ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ืžืกืœืชื” ื•ืžืฉืžื ื” ืžื’ืจืฉื” ื•ืžืฉืžื ื”

The baraita continues: And he removes a handful from the place where its oil has accumulated. The Gemara asks: From where do we derive this? As it is written: โ€œAnd he shall take from there his handful of the fine flour thereof, and of the oil thereofโ€ (Leviticus 2:2). The Torah also states: โ€œAnd the priest shall make the memorial part of it smoke, even of the groats thereof, and of the oil thereofโ€ (Leviticus 2:16). The handful should be taken from the area where there is an abundance of oil.

ื•ื ื•ืชื ื• ืœืชื•ืš ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ื•ืžืงื“ืฉื• ื‘ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ืœืžื” ืœื™ ื”ื ืงื“ืฉื” ื—ื“ื ื–ื™ืžื ื ืžื™ื“ื™ ื“ื”ื•ื” ืื“ื ื“ื ืืฃ ืขืœ ื’ื‘ ื“ืงื“ื™ืฉืชื™ื” ืกื›ื™ืŸ ื‘ืฆื•ืืจ ื‘ื”ืžื” ื”ื“ืจ ืžืงื“ื™ืฉ ืœื™ื” ื‘ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช ื”ื›ื ื ืžื™ ืœื ืฉื ื

The baraita continues: And he puts the handful into a service vessel and sanctifies it in the service vessel. The Gemara asks: Why do I need this sanctification? He has already sanctified it once, when he initially brought it to the Temple. The Gemara responds: The sanctification here is just as with the blood of the offerings. Although the knife sanctifies blood by contact with the neck of the animal, since the knife itself is a service vessel, the priest sanctifies it again when he collects it in the service vessel. Here too, it is not different; the meal-offering must be sanctified twice.

ื•ืžืœืงื˜ ืืช ืœื‘ื•ื ืชื” ื•ื ื•ืชื ื” ืขืœ ื’ื‘ื™ื• ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืœื‘ื•ื ื” ืืฉืจ ืขืœ ื”ืžื ื—ื”

The baraita continues: And he gathers its frankincense and puts it on top of the handful. The Gemara cites the source: As it is written: โ€œAnd he shall take up from his handful, of the fine flour of the meal-offering, and of the oil thereof, and all the frankincense which is upon the meal-offeringโ€ (Leviticus 6:8).

ื•ืžืขืœื”ื•

The baraita continues: And he then brings it up

Scroll To Top