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Today's Daf Yomi

October 18, 2019 | ื™ืดื˜ ื‘ืชืฉืจื™ ืชืฉืดืค

  • This month's learning is dedicated by Debbie and Yossi Gevir to Rabbanit Michelle and the Hadran Zoom group for their kindness, support, and care during a medically challenging year.

Tamid 31

The mishna describes the slaughtering of the daily tamid sacrifice through sprinkling of the blood, flaying the hide, cutting its body into parts and the procession of priests carrying it to the ramp of the altar.


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ืœื ื”ื™ื” ืฉื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ื• ืืช ื”ืจื’ืœ ืืœื ื ื•ืงื‘ื• ืžืชื•ืš ืขืจืงื•ื‘ื• ื•ืชื•ืœื” ื‘ื•

When the priest flayed the hide of the daily offering after its slaughter, he would not break the animalโ€™s leg in the typical manner of flaying an animal; rather, he punctures the leg from within each knee of the hind leg and suspends the animal by placing these holes on two hooks, in order to flay the animalโ€™s hide.

ื”ื™ื” ืžืคืฉื™ื˜ ื•ื™ื•ืจื“ ืขื“ ืฉืžื’ื™ืข ืœื—ื–ื” ื”ื’ื™ืข ืœื—ื–ื” ื—ืชืš ืืช ื”ืจืืฉ ื•ื ืชื ื• ืœืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื• ื—ืชืš ืืช ื”ื›ืจืขื™ื ื•ื ืชื ืŸ ืœืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื”ืŸ ืžืจืง ืืช ื”ื”ืคืฉื˜ ืงืจืข ืืช ื”ืœื‘ ื•ื”ื•ืฆื™ื ืืช ื“ืžื•

The priest began flaying from the top of the inverted animal, descending until he would reach the hide of the breast. Once he reached the breast, he severed the lambโ€™s head and gave it to the priest who won the right to take it up to the ramp. Next he severed the four legs below the knee and gave them to the priest who won the right to take them up to the ramp. He completed the flaying of the remaining hide from the breast down, and then the priest cut the heart and drained its blood.

ื—ืชืš ืืช ื”ื™ื“ื™ื ื•ื ืชื ืŸ ืœืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื”ืŸ ืขืœื” ืœืจื’ืœ ื”ื™ืžื ื™ืช ื—ืชื›ื” ื•ื ืชื ื” ืœืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื” ื•ืฉืชื™ ื‘ื™ืฆื™ื ืขืžื” ืงืจืขื• ื•ื ืžืฆื ื›ื•ืœื• ื’ืœื•ื™ ืœืคื ื™ื•

Next the priest severed the remaining upper parts of the forelegs and gave them to the priest who won the right to take them up to the ramp. Afterward he moved up to the remaining upper part of the right hind leg, severed it, and gave it to the priest who won the right to take it up to the ramp; and the animalโ€™s two testicles were cut along with the right leg, leaving the animal suspended by its left hind leg. Then the priest tore open the animalโ€™s midsection, resulting in the innards of the entire animal being exposed before him.

ื ื˜ืœ ืืช ื”ืคื“ืจ ื•ื ืชื ื• ืขืœ ื‘ื™ืช ืฉื—ื™ื˜ืช ื”ืจืืฉ ืžืœืžืขืœื” ื ื˜ืœ ืืช ื”ืงืจื‘ื™ื™ื ื•ื ืชื ืŸ ืœืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื”ืŸ ืœื”ื“ื™ื—ืŸ ื•ื”ื›ืจืก ืžื“ื™ื—ื™ืŸ ืื•ืชื” ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžื“ื™ื—ื™ืŸ ื•ืžื“ื™ื—ื™ืŸ ืื•ืชื” ื›ืœ ืฆืจื›ื” ื•ื”ืงืจื‘ื™ื™ื ืžื“ื™ื—ื™ืŸ ืื•ืชืŸ ืฉืœืฉ ืคืขืžื™ื ื‘ืžืขื•ื˜ืŸ ืขืœ ืฉื•ืœื—ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืฉ ืฉื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืขืžื•ื“ื™ื

He took the fats and placed them on the place of slaughter on the animalโ€™s head above it, to conceal the place where it was severed while the priest would take the head to the altar. Then the priest took the innards and gave them to the priest who won the right to take them up to the ramp, in order to rinse them first. And with regard to the stomach, in which there is a significant amount of waste, the priests would rinse it in the rinsing site located in the south of the courtyard, east of the Gate of the Water, and they rinsed it as much it required. And with regard to the innards, the priests would rinse them three times at a minimum, on the marble tables that were positioned between the pillars in the slaughterhouse.

ื ื˜ืœ ืืช ื”ืกื›ื™ืŸ ื•ื”ืคืจื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ืจื™ืื” ืžืŸ ื”ื›ื‘ื“ ื•ืืฆื‘ืข ื”ื›ื‘ื“ ืžืŸ ื”ื›ื‘ื“ ื•ืœื ื”ื™ื” ืžื–ื™ื–ื” ืžืžืงื•ืžื” ื ื•ืงื‘ ืืช ื”ื—ื–ื” ื•ื ืชื ื” ืœืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื”

The priest then took the knife and separated the lung from the liver, and the finger-like protrusion from the lower edge of the liver, also known as the lobe of the liver, from the liver. And he would not move any one of the organs from its place. He would leave the lung attached to the neck, the lobe attached to the haunch, and the liver attached to the right flank. The priest would puncture around the breast, separating it from the flanks and the ribs, and he gave it to the priest who won the right to take it up to the ramp.

ืขืœื” ืœื“ื•ืคืŸ ื”ื™ืžื ื™ืช ื”ื™ื” ื—ื•ืชืš ื•ื™ื•ืจื“ ืขื“ ื”ืฉื“ืจื” ื•ืœื ื”ื™ื” ื ื•ื’ืข ื‘ืฉื“ืจื” ืขื“ ืฉืžื’ื™ืข ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉืชื™ ืฆืœืขื•ืช ื“ืงื•ืช ื—ืชื›ื” ื•ื ืชื ื” ืœืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื” ื•ื”ื›ื‘ื“ ืชืœื•ื™ื” ื‘ื”

He then moved up to the right flank and would cut it and separate it from the animalโ€™s body. And he would continue to cut, descending until he would reach the spinal column, and the priest would not touch the spinal column, leaving the spine intact and attached to the left flank. He would continue cutting until he reached the space between the two narrow ribs near the neck, leaving them in place. The priest cut the right flank, separating it from the body of the animal, and gave it to the priest who won the right to take it up to the ramp. And the liver was suspended from it.

ื‘ื ืœื• ืœื’ืจื” ื”ื ื™ื— ื‘ื” ืฉืชื™ ืฆืœืขื•ืช ืžื›ืืŸ ื•ืฉืชื™ ืฆืœืขื•ืช ืžื›ืืŸ ื—ืชื›ื” ื•ื ืชื ื” ืœืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื” ื”ืงื ื” ื•ื”ืœื‘ ื•ื”ืจื™ืื” ืชืœื•ื™ื ื‘ื”

The priest then came to the cud. He left attached to it, in their entirety, the two narrow ribs from here, the right side, and the two narrow ribs from there, the left side. He cut the cud and gave it to the priest who won the right to take it up to the ramp; and the windpipe, the heart, and the lung were suspended from it.

ื‘ื ืœื• ืœื“ื•ืคืŸ ื”ืฉืžืืœื™ืช ื”ื ื™ื— ื‘ื” ืฉืชื™ ืฆืœืขื•ืช ื“ืงื•ืช ืžืœืžืขืœืŸ ื•ืฉืชื™ ืฆืœืขื•ืช ื“ืงื•ืช ืžืœืžื˜ืŸ ื•ื›ืš ื”ื™ื” ืžื ื™ื— ื‘ื—ื‘ื™ืจืชื” ื ืžืฆื ืžื ื™ื— ืฉืชื™ื ืฉืชื™ื ืžืœืžืขืœืŸ ืฉืชื™ื ืฉืชื™ื ืžืœืžื˜ืŸ

He came to cut the left flank of the body and left attached to it two narrow ribs above, near the haunch, as the animal was suspended upside down, and two narrow ribs below, near the cud. And he also did that with its counterpart, the right flank, resulting in two narrow ribs in each flank above and two narrow ribs in each flank below.

ื—ืชื›ื” ื•ื ืชื ื” ืœืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื” ื•ื”ืฉื“ืจื” ืขืžื” ื•ื”ื˜ื—ื•ืœ ืชืœื•ื™ ื‘ื” ื•ื”ื™ื ื”ื™ืชื” ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืืœื ืฉืœ ื™ืžื™ืŸ ืงื•ืจื™ืŸ ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืฉื”ื›ื‘ื“ ืชืœื•ื™ื” ื‘ื” ื‘ื ืœื• ืœืขื•ืงืฅ ื—ืชื›ื• ื•ื ืชื ื• ืœืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื• ื”ืืœื™ื” ื•ืืฆื‘ืข ื”ื›ื‘ื“ ื•ืฉืชื™ ื›ืœื™ื•ืช ืขืžื• ื ื˜ืœ ืืช ื”ืจื’ืœ ื”ืฉืžืืœื™ืช ื—ืชื›ื” ื•ื ืชื ื” ืœืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื” ื ืžืฆืื• ื›ื•ืœืŸ ืขื•ืžื“ื™ื ื‘ืฉื•ืจื” ื•ื”ืื‘ืจื™ื ื‘ื™ื“ื

He cut the left flank and gave it to the priest who won the right to take it up to the ramp, and the spinal column was with it, and the spleen was suspended from it. And the left flank was greater, i.e., the larger of the two, because it included the spine, but they referred to the right flank as the greater one, as in addition to the flank itself, the liver was suspended from it. He came to the haunch, cut it, and gave it to the priest who won the right to take it up to the ramp. And the tail, and the finger-like protrusion of the liver, and the two kidneys were with it. He took the remaining upper part of the left hind leg, cut it, and gave it to the priest who won the right to take it up to the ramp. This resulted in all of the nine priests who won the rights to take the limbs up to the ramp standing in line, and the limbs were in their hands.

ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื‘ืจืืฉ ื•ื‘ืจื’ืœ ื”ืจืืฉ ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ื• ื•ื—ื•ื˜ืžื• ื›ืœืคื™ ื–ืจื•ืขื• ืงืจื ื™ื• ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืฆื‘ืขื•ืชื™ื• ื‘ื™ืช ืฉื—ื™ื˜ืชื• ืžืœืžืขืœืŸ ื•ื”ืคื“ืจ ื ืชื•ืŸ ืขืœื™ื” ื”ืจื’ืœ ืฉืœ ื™ืžื™ืŸ ื‘ืฉืžืืœื• ื•ื‘ื™ืช ืขื•ืจืŸ ืœื—ื•ืฅ ื”ืฉื ื™ ื‘ืฉืชื™ ื™ื“ื™ื ืฉืœ ื™ืžื™ืŸ ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ื• ื•ืฉืœ ืฉืžืืœ ื‘ืฉืžืืœื• ื•ื‘ื™ืช ืขื•ืจืŸ ืœื—ื•ืฅ

The first priest stood with the head and with the right hind leg of the animal. Since it was more significant, the head was in his right hand, and its nose was turned toward the priestโ€™s arm. Its horns were between his fingers, and the place of its slaughter was above, and the fats were placed upon it, to conceal the bloody place of slaughter. The right hind leg was in his left hand, and the outer side of the leg, from which its hide was flayed, rather than the side on which the incision was made, was facing out. The second priest stood with the two forelegs. He held the right foreleg in his right hand and the left foreleg in his left hand, and the outer side of the leg, from which its hide was flayed, was facing out.

ื”ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ ื‘ืขื•ืงืฅ ื•ื‘ืจื’ืœ ื”ืขื•ืงืฅ ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ื• ื•ื”ืืœื™ื” ืžื“ื•ืœื“ืœืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืฆื‘ืขื•ืชื™ื• ื•ืืฆื‘ืข ื”ื›ื‘ื“ ื•ืฉืชื™ ื›ืœื™ื•ืช ืขืžื• ื”ืจื’ืœ ืฉืœ ืฉืžืืœ ื‘ืฉืžืืœื• ื•ื‘ื™ืช ืขื•ืจืŸ ืœื—ื•ืฅ ื”ืจื‘ื™ืขื™ ื‘ื—ื–ื” ื•ื‘ื’ืจื” ื”ื—ื–ื” ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ื• ื•ื”ื’ืจื” ื‘ืฉืžืืœื• ื•ืฆืœืขื•ืชื™ื• ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉื ื™ ืืฆื‘ืขื•ืชื™ื• ื”ื—ืžื™ืฉื™ ื‘ืฉืชื™ ื“ืคื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื™ืžื™ืŸ ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ื• ื•ืฉืœ ืฉืžืืœ ื‘ืฉืžืืœื• ื•ื‘ื™ืช ืขื•ืจืŸ ืœื—ื•ืฅ ื”ืฉืฉื™ ื‘ืงืจื‘ื™ื ื”ื ืชื•ื ื™ื ื‘ื‘ื–ืš ื•ื›ืจืขื™ื ืขืœ ื’ื‘ื™ื”ืŸ ืžืœืžืขืœื”

The third priest stood with the haunch and the left hind leg. He held the haunch in his right hand, and the tail was hanging between his fingers, and the finger-like protrusion of the liver and the two kidneys were with it. He held the left hind leg in his left hand, and the outer side of the leg, from which its hide was flayed, was facing out. The fourth priest stood with the breast and with the cud, with the breast in his right hand and the cud in his left hand, and its two ribs were attached to the cud between his two fingers. The fifth priest stood with the two flanks; the right flank was in his right hand and the left flank in his left hand, and the outer side was facing out. The sixth priest stood with the innards, which were placed in a vessel, and the lower legs were placed atop them from above.

ื”ืฉื‘ื™ืขื™ ื‘ืกื•ืœืช ื”ืฉืžื™ื ื™ ื‘ื—ื‘ื™ืชื™ื ื”ืชืฉื™ืขื™ ื‘ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ืœื›ื• ื•ื ืชื ื•ื ืžื—ืฆื™ ื›ื‘ืฉ ื•ืœืžื˜ื” ื‘ืžืขืจื‘ื• ื•ืžืœื—ื•ื ื•ื™ืจื“ื• ื•ื‘ืื• ืœื”ืŸ ืœืœืฉื›ืช ื”ื’ื–ื™ืช ืœืงืจื•ืช ืืช ืฉืžืข

The seventh priest stood with the fine flour of the meal offering that accompanies the daily offering. The eighth priest stood with the griddle-cake offering sacrificed daily by the High Priest, half in the morning and half in the evening. The ninth priest stood with the wine for the libations that accompany the daily offering. The nine priests went and placed the items they were carrying on the area from halfway up the ramp and below, in the lower portion of the ramp, on the west side of the ramp, and they salted the limbs and the meal offering. And they descended and came to the Chamber of Hewn Stone to recite the morning Shema and the other texts that they would recite, as explained at the beginning of the next chapter.

ื’ืžืณ ืชื ื ื™ื“ ื•ืจื’ืœ ื›ืขืงื™ื“ืช ื™ืฆื—ืง ื‘ืŸ ืื‘ืจื”ื

GEMARA: The mishna teaches that the priests would bind the lamb for the daily offering. With regard to this procedure, the Sages taught in a baraita: The animalโ€™s foreleg and hind leg are bound together, as in the binding of Isaac, son of Abraham.

ืœื ื”ื™ื• ื›ื•ืคืชื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ื˜ืœื” ืžืื™ ื˜ืขืžื ืจื‘ ื”ื•ื ื ื•ืจื‘ ื—ืกื“ื ื—ื“ ืืžืจ ืžืฉื•ื ื‘ื–ื™ื•ืŸ ืงื“ืฉื™ื ื•ื—ื“ ืืžืจ ืžืฉื•ื ื“ืžื”ืœืš ื‘ื—ื•ืงื™ ื”ืขืžื™ื

The mishna teaches that the priests would not tie the lamb by fastening all four of its legs together. The Gemara asks: What is the reason for this? The Gemara answers: This is a matter of dispute between Rav Huna and Rav แธคisda. One of these Sages said: The animal is not tied because this would constitute degradation of sacred items; and the other one said that the animal is not tied because that method is the one adopted in pagan worship, and is therefore considered to be walking in the statutes of the nations, and the verse states: โ€œYou shall not walk in their statutesโ€ (Leviticus 18:3).

ืžืื™ ื‘ื™ื ื™ื™ื”ื• ืื™ื›ื ื‘ื™ื ื™ื™ื”ื• ื“ื›ืคืชื™ื” ื‘ืฉื™ืจืื™ ืื™ ื ืžื™ ื‘ื”ื•ืฆื ื“ื“ื”ื‘ื

The Gemara asks: What is the practical difference between these opinions? The Gemara answers: There is a difference between them in a case where one ties the animal with silk [beshiraโ€™ei], which would be considered to be treating the offering in the manner of the nations, but it is not degrading. Alternatively, these opinions differ with regard to a case where the animal is tied with a thread of gold. As in the case of the silk, tying the animal with gold would be considered to be treating the offering in the manner of the nations, but it is not a degradation.

ืชื ืŸ ื”ืชื ืฉืœืฉ ืขืฉืจื” ืฉื•ืœื—ื ื•ืช ื”ื™ื• ื‘ืžืงื“ืฉ ืฉืžื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืฉ ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžื˜ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื ืฉืขืœื™ื”ื ืžื“ื™ื—ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืงืจื‘ื™ื

ยง The mishna teaches that the innards were rinsed on marble tables in the slaughterhouse in the Temple. With regard to these tables, we learned in a mishna elsewhere (Shekalim 17b) that there were thirteen tables in the Temple. Eight of them were fashioned from marble and were located in the slaughterhouse, north of the altar, where the priests would slaughter the offerings of the most sacred order. Upon these tables they would wash the innards of the offerings, as the cool marble preserved the freshness of the meat.

ืฉื ื™ื ื‘ืžืขืจื‘ื” ืฉืœ ื›ื‘ืฉ ืื—ื“ ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืฉ ื•ืื—ื“ ืฉืœ ื›ืกืฃ ืขืœ ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืฉ ื ื•ืชื ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืื‘ืจื™ื ื•ืขืœ ืฉืœ ื›ืกืฃ ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช

There were two more tables on the western side of the ramp, south of the altar, one of marble and one of silver. On the table of marble the priests would place the limbs before they would bring them up to the altar. And on the table of silver they would place the ninety-three service vessels brought out from the Chamber of Vessels each morning for the services of that day.

ื•ื‘ืื•ืœื ืฉื ื™ื ืžื‘ืคื ื™ื ืขืœ ืคืชื— ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืื—ื“ ืฉืœ ื›ืกืฃ ื•ืื—ื“ ืฉืœ ื–ื”ื‘ ืขืœ ืฉืœ ื›ืกืฃ ื ื•ืชื ื™ืŸ ืœื—ื ื”ืคื ื™ื ื‘ื›ื ื™ืกืชื• ื•ืขืœ ืฉืœ ื–ื”ื‘ ื‘ื™ืฆื™ืืชื•

The mishna continues: And in the Entrance Hall there were two tables on its inside, near the opening to the Temple, one of silver and one of gold. On the table of silver the priests would place the shewbread before its entrance to the Sanctuary, after it was baked on Shabbat eve. And on the table of gold they would place the old shewbread upon its exit from the Sanctuary, to be divided among the priests.

ืฉืžืขืœื™ืŸ ื‘ืงื•ื“ืฉ ื•ืœื ืžื•ืจื™ื“ื™ืŸ ื•ืื—ื“ ืฉืœ ื–ื”ื‘ ื‘ืคื ื™ื ืฉืขืœื™ื• ืœื—ื ื”ืคื ื™ื ืชืžื™ื“

The shewbread was not placed on a silver table upon its exit from the Sanctuary, as one promotes in matters of sanctity and one does not demote. Since in the interim the shewbread had been placed on the golden Table for the shewbread inside the Sanctuary, upon its removal it was not placed on anything other than a golden table. And lastly, there was one table of gold inside the Sanctuary. This was the Table for the shewbread, upon which the shewbread always rested (see Exodus 25:23โ€“30).

ืžื›ื“ื™ ืื™ืŸ ืขื ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืขืฉื™ืจื•ืช ืืžืื™ ืขื‘ื“ื™ ื“ืฉื™ืฉ ื ื™ืขื‘ื“ื• ื“ื›ืกืฃ ื ื™ืขื‘ื“ื• ื“ื–ื”ื‘ ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื—ื™ื ื ื ื‘ืฉื ืจื‘ื™ ืืกื™ ื•ืจื‘ื™ ืืกื™ ื‘ืฉื ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžื•ืืœ ื‘ืจ ืจื‘ ื™ืฆื—ืง ืžืคื ื™ ืฉื”ื•ื ืžืจืชื™ื—

The Gemara asks: Since there is a principle that there may be no poverty in a place of wealth, i.e., the Temple must always be run in a lavish manner, why did they fashion any tables of marble? Let them fashion all the tables of silver, due to the grandeur of the Temple, or let them fashion them all of gold. Rav แธคinnana says in the name of Rabbi Asi, and Rabbi Asi says in the name of Rabbi Shmuel bar Rav Yitzแธฅak: Gold and silver tables are unfit for the sacrificial limbs because metal scalds. Unlike marble, metal can become very hot in the sun, and this might cause the sacrificial limbs to deteriorate.

ืฉืœ ืฉื—ืจ ื”ื™ื” ื ืฉื—ื˜ ืขืœ ืงืจืŸ ืฆืคื•ื ื™ืช ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืช ืžื ื ื”ื ื™ ืžื™ืœื™ ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื—ืกื“ื ื“ืืžืจ ืงืจื ืฉื ื™ื ืœื™ื•ื ื›ื ื’ื“ ื”ื™ื•ื

ยง The mishna teaches that the daily offering of the morning was slaughtered at the northwest corner of the altar, in the first ring of the second row from the south, which is called the second ring, whereas the daily offering of the afternoon was slaughtered at the northeast corner of the altar, at the second ring. The Gemara asks: From where are these matters derived? Rav แธคisda said: As the verse states, with regard to the daily offering: โ€œThis is the offering made by fire that you shall bring to the Lord: Lambs of the first year without blemish, two by day, for a continual burnt offeringโ€ (Numbers 28:3). The phrase โ€œtwo by dayโ€ indicates that the lamb must be slaughtered opposite the light of the day. Since Eretz Yisrael is north of the equator, the sun is always in the southern part of the sky. The first ring, then, is always in the long shadow of the altar, and only the second ring falls under direct sunlight.

ืชื ื™ื ื ืžื™ ื”ื›ื™ ืฉื ื™ื ืœื™ื•ื ื›ื ื’ื“ ื”ื™ื•ื ืืชื” ืื•ืžืจ ื ื’ื“ ื”ื™ื•ื ืื• ืื™ื ื• ืืœื ื—ื•ื‘ืช ื”ื™ื•ื ื›ืฉื”ื•ื ืื•ืžืจ ืืช ื”ื›ื‘ืฉ ืื—ื“ ืชืขืฉื” ื‘ื‘ืงืจ ื•ืืช ื”ื›ื‘ืฉ ื”ืฉื ื™ ืชืขืฉื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ื ื”ืจื™ ื—ื•ื‘ืช ื”ื™ื•ื ืืžื•ืจ ื”ื ืžื” ืื ื™ ืžืงื™ื™ื ืฉื ื™ื ืœื™ื•ื ื ื’ื“ ื”ื™ื•ื

This is also taught in a baraita, that the phrase โ€œtwo by dayโ€ teaches that the lamb must be slaughtered opposite the light of the day. The baraita asks: Do you say that this means opposite the light of the day, or does it only mean that two lambs must be sacrificed for the obligation of each day? The baraita answers that when the verse states: โ€œOne lamb you shall sacrifice in the morning, and the other lamb you shall sacrifice in the afternoonโ€ (Numbers 28:4), the obligation of each day is thereby stated explicitly. How, then, do I realize the meaning of โ€œtwo by dayโ€? This teaches that the lamb must be slaughtered opposite the light of the day.

ื”ื ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืชืžื™ื“ ืฉืœ ืฉื—ืจ ื”ื™ื” ื ืฉื—ื˜ ืขืœ ืงืจืŸ ืฆืคื•ื ื™ืช ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืช ืขืœ ื˜ื‘ืขืช ืฉื ื™ื” ื•ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ื ื”ื™ื” ื ืฉื—ื˜ ืขืœ ืงืจืŸ ืฆืคื•ื ื™ืช ืžื–ืจื—ื™ืช ืขืœ ื˜ื‘ืขืช ืฉื ื™ื”

The baraita concludes: How so, i.e., how can this principle be applied to both the morning and the afternoon offerings? The daily offering of the morning was slaughtered opposite the northwest corner of the altar, on the second ring, across from the sun, which rises in the east. And the daily offering of the afternoon was slaughtered opposite the northeast corner of the altar, on the fourth ring of the second row, also called the second ring, again across from the sun, which is located in the west in the afternoon.

ืขืฉืจื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉืืœ ืืœื›ืกื ื“ืจื•ืก ืžื•ืงื“ื•ืŸ ืืช ื–ืงื ื™ ื”ื ื’ื‘ ืืžืจ ืœื”ืŸ

ยง With regard to the position of the sun, the Gemara relates that Alexander of Macedon asked the Elders of the Negev about ten matters. He said to them:

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Tamid 31

The William Davidson Talmud | Powered by Sefaria

Tamid 31

ืœื ื”ื™ื” ืฉื•ื‘ืจ ื‘ื• ืืช ื”ืจื’ืœ ืืœื ื ื•ืงื‘ื• ืžืชื•ืš ืขืจืงื•ื‘ื• ื•ืชื•ืœื” ื‘ื•

When the priest flayed the hide of the daily offering after its slaughter, he would not break the animalโ€™s leg in the typical manner of flaying an animal; rather, he punctures the leg from within each knee of the hind leg and suspends the animal by placing these holes on two hooks, in order to flay the animalโ€™s hide.

ื”ื™ื” ืžืคืฉื™ื˜ ื•ื™ื•ืจื“ ืขื“ ืฉืžื’ื™ืข ืœื—ื–ื” ื”ื’ื™ืข ืœื—ื–ื” ื—ืชืš ืืช ื”ืจืืฉ ื•ื ืชื ื• ืœืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื• ื—ืชืš ืืช ื”ื›ืจืขื™ื ื•ื ืชื ืŸ ืœืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื”ืŸ ืžืจืง ืืช ื”ื”ืคืฉื˜ ืงืจืข ืืช ื”ืœื‘ ื•ื”ื•ืฆื™ื ืืช ื“ืžื•

The priest began flaying from the top of the inverted animal, descending until he would reach the hide of the breast. Once he reached the breast, he severed the lambโ€™s head and gave it to the priest who won the right to take it up to the ramp. Next he severed the four legs below the knee and gave them to the priest who won the right to take them up to the ramp. He completed the flaying of the remaining hide from the breast down, and then the priest cut the heart and drained its blood.

ื—ืชืš ืืช ื”ื™ื“ื™ื ื•ื ืชื ืŸ ืœืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื”ืŸ ืขืœื” ืœืจื’ืœ ื”ื™ืžื ื™ืช ื—ืชื›ื” ื•ื ืชื ื” ืœืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื” ื•ืฉืชื™ ื‘ื™ืฆื™ื ืขืžื” ืงืจืขื• ื•ื ืžืฆื ื›ื•ืœื• ื’ืœื•ื™ ืœืคื ื™ื•

Next the priest severed the remaining upper parts of the forelegs and gave them to the priest who won the right to take them up to the ramp. Afterward he moved up to the remaining upper part of the right hind leg, severed it, and gave it to the priest who won the right to take it up to the ramp; and the animalโ€™s two testicles were cut along with the right leg, leaving the animal suspended by its left hind leg. Then the priest tore open the animalโ€™s midsection, resulting in the innards of the entire animal being exposed before him.

ื ื˜ืœ ืืช ื”ืคื“ืจ ื•ื ืชื ื• ืขืœ ื‘ื™ืช ืฉื—ื™ื˜ืช ื”ืจืืฉ ืžืœืžืขืœื” ื ื˜ืœ ืืช ื”ืงืจื‘ื™ื™ื ื•ื ืชื ืŸ ืœืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื”ืŸ ืœื”ื“ื™ื—ืŸ ื•ื”ื›ืจืก ืžื“ื™ื—ื™ืŸ ืื•ืชื” ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžื“ื™ื—ื™ืŸ ื•ืžื“ื™ื—ื™ืŸ ืื•ืชื” ื›ืœ ืฆืจื›ื” ื•ื”ืงืจื‘ื™ื™ื ืžื“ื™ื—ื™ืŸ ืื•ืชืŸ ืฉืœืฉ ืคืขืžื™ื ื‘ืžืขื•ื˜ืŸ ืขืœ ืฉื•ืœื—ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืฉ ืฉื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืขืžื•ื“ื™ื

He took the fats and placed them on the place of slaughter on the animalโ€™s head above it, to conceal the place where it was severed while the priest would take the head to the altar. Then the priest took the innards and gave them to the priest who won the right to take them up to the ramp, in order to rinse them first. And with regard to the stomach, in which there is a significant amount of waste, the priests would rinse it in the rinsing site located in the south of the courtyard, east of the Gate of the Water, and they rinsed it as much it required. And with regard to the innards, the priests would rinse them three times at a minimum, on the marble tables that were positioned between the pillars in the slaughterhouse.

ื ื˜ืœ ืืช ื”ืกื›ื™ืŸ ื•ื”ืคืจื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ืจื™ืื” ืžืŸ ื”ื›ื‘ื“ ื•ืืฆื‘ืข ื”ื›ื‘ื“ ืžืŸ ื”ื›ื‘ื“ ื•ืœื ื”ื™ื” ืžื–ื™ื–ื” ืžืžืงื•ืžื” ื ื•ืงื‘ ืืช ื”ื—ื–ื” ื•ื ืชื ื” ืœืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื”

The priest then took the knife and separated the lung from the liver, and the finger-like protrusion from the lower edge of the liver, also known as the lobe of the liver, from the liver. And he would not move any one of the organs from its place. He would leave the lung attached to the neck, the lobe attached to the haunch, and the liver attached to the right flank. The priest would puncture around the breast, separating it from the flanks and the ribs, and he gave it to the priest who won the right to take it up to the ramp.

ืขืœื” ืœื“ื•ืคืŸ ื”ื™ืžื ื™ืช ื”ื™ื” ื—ื•ืชืš ื•ื™ื•ืจื“ ืขื“ ื”ืฉื“ืจื” ื•ืœื ื”ื™ื” ื ื•ื’ืข ื‘ืฉื“ืจื” ืขื“ ืฉืžื’ื™ืข ืœื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉืชื™ ืฆืœืขื•ืช ื“ืงื•ืช ื—ืชื›ื” ื•ื ืชื ื” ืœืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื” ื•ื”ื›ื‘ื“ ืชืœื•ื™ื” ื‘ื”

He then moved up to the right flank and would cut it and separate it from the animalโ€™s body. And he would continue to cut, descending until he would reach the spinal column, and the priest would not touch the spinal column, leaving the spine intact and attached to the left flank. He would continue cutting until he reached the space between the two narrow ribs near the neck, leaving them in place. The priest cut the right flank, separating it from the body of the animal, and gave it to the priest who won the right to take it up to the ramp. And the liver was suspended from it.

ื‘ื ืœื• ืœื’ืจื” ื”ื ื™ื— ื‘ื” ืฉืชื™ ืฆืœืขื•ืช ืžื›ืืŸ ื•ืฉืชื™ ืฆืœืขื•ืช ืžื›ืืŸ ื—ืชื›ื” ื•ื ืชื ื” ืœืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื” ื”ืงื ื” ื•ื”ืœื‘ ื•ื”ืจื™ืื” ืชืœื•ื™ื ื‘ื”

The priest then came to the cud. He left attached to it, in their entirety, the two narrow ribs from here, the right side, and the two narrow ribs from there, the left side. He cut the cud and gave it to the priest who won the right to take it up to the ramp; and the windpipe, the heart, and the lung were suspended from it.

ื‘ื ืœื• ืœื“ื•ืคืŸ ื”ืฉืžืืœื™ืช ื”ื ื™ื— ื‘ื” ืฉืชื™ ืฆืœืขื•ืช ื“ืงื•ืช ืžืœืžืขืœืŸ ื•ืฉืชื™ ืฆืœืขื•ืช ื“ืงื•ืช ืžืœืžื˜ืŸ ื•ื›ืš ื”ื™ื” ืžื ื™ื— ื‘ื—ื‘ื™ืจืชื” ื ืžืฆื ืžื ื™ื— ืฉืชื™ื ืฉืชื™ื ืžืœืžืขืœืŸ ืฉืชื™ื ืฉืชื™ื ืžืœืžื˜ืŸ

He came to cut the left flank of the body and left attached to it two narrow ribs above, near the haunch, as the animal was suspended upside down, and two narrow ribs below, near the cud. And he also did that with its counterpart, the right flank, resulting in two narrow ribs in each flank above and two narrow ribs in each flank below.

ื—ืชื›ื” ื•ื ืชื ื” ืœืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื” ื•ื”ืฉื“ืจื” ืขืžื” ื•ื”ื˜ื—ื•ืœ ืชืœื•ื™ ื‘ื” ื•ื”ื™ื ื”ื™ืชื” ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืืœื ืฉืœ ื™ืžื™ืŸ ืงื•ืจื™ืŸ ื’ื“ื•ืœื” ืฉื”ื›ื‘ื“ ืชืœื•ื™ื” ื‘ื” ื‘ื ืœื• ืœืขื•ืงืฅ ื—ืชื›ื• ื•ื ืชื ื• ืœืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื• ื”ืืœื™ื” ื•ืืฆื‘ืข ื”ื›ื‘ื“ ื•ืฉืชื™ ื›ืœื™ื•ืช ืขืžื• ื ื˜ืœ ืืช ื”ืจื’ืœ ื”ืฉืžืืœื™ืช ื—ืชื›ื” ื•ื ืชื ื” ืœืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื” ื ืžืฆืื• ื›ื•ืœืŸ ืขื•ืžื“ื™ื ื‘ืฉื•ืจื” ื•ื”ืื‘ืจื™ื ื‘ื™ื“ื

He cut the left flank and gave it to the priest who won the right to take it up to the ramp, and the spinal column was with it, and the spleen was suspended from it. And the left flank was greater, i.e., the larger of the two, because it included the spine, but they referred to the right flank as the greater one, as in addition to the flank itself, the liver was suspended from it. He came to the haunch, cut it, and gave it to the priest who won the right to take it up to the ramp. And the tail, and the finger-like protrusion of the liver, and the two kidneys were with it. He took the remaining upper part of the left hind leg, cut it, and gave it to the priest who won the right to take it up to the ramp. This resulted in all of the nine priests who won the rights to take the limbs up to the ramp standing in line, and the limbs were in their hands.

ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื‘ืจืืฉ ื•ื‘ืจื’ืœ ื”ืจืืฉ ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ื• ื•ื—ื•ื˜ืžื• ื›ืœืคื™ ื–ืจื•ืขื• ืงืจื ื™ื• ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืฆื‘ืขื•ืชื™ื• ื‘ื™ืช ืฉื—ื™ื˜ืชื• ืžืœืžืขืœืŸ ื•ื”ืคื“ืจ ื ืชื•ืŸ ืขืœื™ื” ื”ืจื’ืœ ืฉืœ ื™ืžื™ืŸ ื‘ืฉืžืืœื• ื•ื‘ื™ืช ืขื•ืจืŸ ืœื—ื•ืฅ ื”ืฉื ื™ ื‘ืฉืชื™ ื™ื“ื™ื ืฉืœ ื™ืžื™ืŸ ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ื• ื•ืฉืœ ืฉืžืืœ ื‘ืฉืžืืœื• ื•ื‘ื™ืช ืขื•ืจืŸ ืœื—ื•ืฅ

The first priest stood with the head and with the right hind leg of the animal. Since it was more significant, the head was in his right hand, and its nose was turned toward the priestโ€™s arm. Its horns were between his fingers, and the place of its slaughter was above, and the fats were placed upon it, to conceal the bloody place of slaughter. The right hind leg was in his left hand, and the outer side of the leg, from which its hide was flayed, rather than the side on which the incision was made, was facing out. The second priest stood with the two forelegs. He held the right foreleg in his right hand and the left foreleg in his left hand, and the outer side of the leg, from which its hide was flayed, was facing out.

ื”ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ ื‘ืขื•ืงืฅ ื•ื‘ืจื’ืœ ื”ืขื•ืงืฅ ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ื• ื•ื”ืืœื™ื” ืžื“ื•ืœื“ืœืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ืืฆื‘ืขื•ืชื™ื• ื•ืืฆื‘ืข ื”ื›ื‘ื“ ื•ืฉืชื™ ื›ืœื™ื•ืช ืขืžื• ื”ืจื’ืœ ืฉืœ ืฉืžืืœ ื‘ืฉืžืืœื• ื•ื‘ื™ืช ืขื•ืจืŸ ืœื—ื•ืฅ ื”ืจื‘ื™ืขื™ ื‘ื—ื–ื” ื•ื‘ื’ืจื” ื”ื—ื–ื” ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ื• ื•ื”ื’ืจื” ื‘ืฉืžืืœื• ื•ืฆืœืขื•ืชื™ื• ื‘ื™ืŸ ืฉื ื™ ืืฆื‘ืขื•ืชื™ื• ื”ื—ืžื™ืฉื™ ื‘ืฉืชื™ ื“ืคื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื™ืžื™ืŸ ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ื• ื•ืฉืœ ืฉืžืืœ ื‘ืฉืžืืœื• ื•ื‘ื™ืช ืขื•ืจืŸ ืœื—ื•ืฅ ื”ืฉืฉื™ ื‘ืงืจื‘ื™ื ื”ื ืชื•ื ื™ื ื‘ื‘ื–ืš ื•ื›ืจืขื™ื ืขืœ ื’ื‘ื™ื”ืŸ ืžืœืžืขืœื”

The third priest stood with the haunch and the left hind leg. He held the haunch in his right hand, and the tail was hanging between his fingers, and the finger-like protrusion of the liver and the two kidneys were with it. He held the left hind leg in his left hand, and the outer side of the leg, from which its hide was flayed, was facing out. The fourth priest stood with the breast and with the cud, with the breast in his right hand and the cud in his left hand, and its two ribs were attached to the cud between his two fingers. The fifth priest stood with the two flanks; the right flank was in his right hand and the left flank in his left hand, and the outer side was facing out. The sixth priest stood with the innards, which were placed in a vessel, and the lower legs were placed atop them from above.

ื”ืฉื‘ื™ืขื™ ื‘ืกื•ืœืช ื”ืฉืžื™ื ื™ ื‘ื—ื‘ื™ืชื™ื ื”ืชืฉื™ืขื™ ื‘ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ืœื›ื• ื•ื ืชื ื•ื ืžื—ืฆื™ ื›ื‘ืฉ ื•ืœืžื˜ื” ื‘ืžืขืจื‘ื• ื•ืžืœื—ื•ื ื•ื™ืจื“ื• ื•ื‘ืื• ืœื”ืŸ ืœืœืฉื›ืช ื”ื’ื–ื™ืช ืœืงืจื•ืช ืืช ืฉืžืข

The seventh priest stood with the fine flour of the meal offering that accompanies the daily offering. The eighth priest stood with the griddle-cake offering sacrificed daily by the High Priest, half in the morning and half in the evening. The ninth priest stood with the wine for the libations that accompany the daily offering. The nine priests went and placed the items they were carrying on the area from halfway up the ramp and below, in the lower portion of the ramp, on the west side of the ramp, and they salted the limbs and the meal offering. And they descended and came to the Chamber of Hewn Stone to recite the morning Shema and the other texts that they would recite, as explained at the beginning of the next chapter.

ื’ืžืณ ืชื ื ื™ื“ ื•ืจื’ืœ ื›ืขืงื™ื“ืช ื™ืฆื—ืง ื‘ืŸ ืื‘ืจื”ื

GEMARA: The mishna teaches that the priests would bind the lamb for the daily offering. With regard to this procedure, the Sages taught in a baraita: The animalโ€™s foreleg and hind leg are bound together, as in the binding of Isaac, son of Abraham.

ืœื ื”ื™ื• ื›ื•ืคืชื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ื˜ืœื” ืžืื™ ื˜ืขืžื ืจื‘ ื”ื•ื ื ื•ืจื‘ ื—ืกื“ื ื—ื“ ืืžืจ ืžืฉื•ื ื‘ื–ื™ื•ืŸ ืงื“ืฉื™ื ื•ื—ื“ ืืžืจ ืžืฉื•ื ื“ืžื”ืœืš ื‘ื—ื•ืงื™ ื”ืขืžื™ื

The mishna teaches that the priests would not tie the lamb by fastening all four of its legs together. The Gemara asks: What is the reason for this? The Gemara answers: This is a matter of dispute between Rav Huna and Rav แธคisda. One of these Sages said: The animal is not tied because this would constitute degradation of sacred items; and the other one said that the animal is not tied because that method is the one adopted in pagan worship, and is therefore considered to be walking in the statutes of the nations, and the verse states: โ€œYou shall not walk in their statutesโ€ (Leviticus 18:3).

ืžืื™ ื‘ื™ื ื™ื™ื”ื• ืื™ื›ื ื‘ื™ื ื™ื™ื”ื• ื“ื›ืคืชื™ื” ื‘ืฉื™ืจืื™ ืื™ ื ืžื™ ื‘ื”ื•ืฆื ื“ื“ื”ื‘ื

The Gemara asks: What is the practical difference between these opinions? The Gemara answers: There is a difference between them in a case where one ties the animal with silk [beshiraโ€™ei], which would be considered to be treating the offering in the manner of the nations, but it is not degrading. Alternatively, these opinions differ with regard to a case where the animal is tied with a thread of gold. As in the case of the silk, tying the animal with gold would be considered to be treating the offering in the manner of the nations, but it is not a degradation.

ืชื ืŸ ื”ืชื ืฉืœืฉ ืขืฉืจื” ืฉื•ืœื—ื ื•ืช ื”ื™ื• ื‘ืžืงื“ืฉ ืฉืžื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืฉ ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืžื˜ื‘ื—ื™ื™ื ืฉืขืœื™ื”ื ืžื“ื™ื—ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืงืจื‘ื™ื

ยง The mishna teaches that the innards were rinsed on marble tables in the slaughterhouse in the Temple. With regard to these tables, we learned in a mishna elsewhere (Shekalim 17b) that there were thirteen tables in the Temple. Eight of them were fashioned from marble and were located in the slaughterhouse, north of the altar, where the priests would slaughter the offerings of the most sacred order. Upon these tables they would wash the innards of the offerings, as the cool marble preserved the freshness of the meat.

ืฉื ื™ื ื‘ืžืขืจื‘ื” ืฉืœ ื›ื‘ืฉ ืื—ื“ ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืฉ ื•ืื—ื“ ืฉืœ ื›ืกืฃ ืขืœ ืฉืœ ืฉื™ืฉ ื ื•ืชื ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืื‘ืจื™ื ื•ืขืœ ืฉืœ ื›ืกืฃ ื›ืœื™ ืฉืจืช

There were two more tables on the western side of the ramp, south of the altar, one of marble and one of silver. On the table of marble the priests would place the limbs before they would bring them up to the altar. And on the table of silver they would place the ninety-three service vessels brought out from the Chamber of Vessels each morning for the services of that day.

ื•ื‘ืื•ืœื ืฉื ื™ื ืžื‘ืคื ื™ื ืขืœ ืคืชื— ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืื—ื“ ืฉืœ ื›ืกืฃ ื•ืื—ื“ ืฉืœ ื–ื”ื‘ ืขืœ ืฉืœ ื›ืกืฃ ื ื•ืชื ื™ืŸ ืœื—ื ื”ืคื ื™ื ื‘ื›ื ื™ืกืชื• ื•ืขืœ ืฉืœ ื–ื”ื‘ ื‘ื™ืฆื™ืืชื•

The mishna continues: And in the Entrance Hall there were two tables on its inside, near the opening to the Temple, one of silver and one of gold. On the table of silver the priests would place the shewbread before its entrance to the Sanctuary, after it was baked on Shabbat eve. And on the table of gold they would place the old shewbread upon its exit from the Sanctuary, to be divided among the priests.

ืฉืžืขืœื™ืŸ ื‘ืงื•ื“ืฉ ื•ืœื ืžื•ืจื™ื“ื™ืŸ ื•ืื—ื“ ืฉืœ ื–ื”ื‘ ื‘ืคื ื™ื ืฉืขืœื™ื• ืœื—ื ื”ืคื ื™ื ืชืžื™ื“

The shewbread was not placed on a silver table upon its exit from the Sanctuary, as one promotes in matters of sanctity and one does not demote. Since in the interim the shewbread had been placed on the golden Table for the shewbread inside the Sanctuary, upon its removal it was not placed on anything other than a golden table. And lastly, there was one table of gold inside the Sanctuary. This was the Table for the shewbread, upon which the shewbread always rested (see Exodus 25:23โ€“30).

ืžื›ื“ื™ ืื™ืŸ ืขื ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืขืฉื™ืจื•ืช ืืžืื™ ืขื‘ื“ื™ ื“ืฉื™ืฉ ื ื™ืขื‘ื“ื• ื“ื›ืกืฃ ื ื™ืขื‘ื“ื• ื“ื–ื”ื‘ ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื—ื™ื ื ื ื‘ืฉื ืจื‘ื™ ืืกื™ ื•ืจื‘ื™ ืืกื™ ื‘ืฉื ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžื•ืืœ ื‘ืจ ืจื‘ ื™ืฆื—ืง ืžืคื ื™ ืฉื”ื•ื ืžืจืชื™ื—

The Gemara asks: Since there is a principle that there may be no poverty in a place of wealth, i.e., the Temple must always be run in a lavish manner, why did they fashion any tables of marble? Let them fashion all the tables of silver, due to the grandeur of the Temple, or let them fashion them all of gold. Rav แธคinnana says in the name of Rabbi Asi, and Rabbi Asi says in the name of Rabbi Shmuel bar Rav Yitzแธฅak: Gold and silver tables are unfit for the sacrificial limbs because metal scalds. Unlike marble, metal can become very hot in the sun, and this might cause the sacrificial limbs to deteriorate.

ืฉืœ ืฉื—ืจ ื”ื™ื” ื ืฉื—ื˜ ืขืœ ืงืจืŸ ืฆืคื•ื ื™ืช ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืช ืžื ื ื”ื ื™ ืžื™ืœื™ ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื—ืกื“ื ื“ืืžืจ ืงืจื ืฉื ื™ื ืœื™ื•ื ื›ื ื’ื“ ื”ื™ื•ื

ยง The mishna teaches that the daily offering of the morning was slaughtered at the northwest corner of the altar, in the first ring of the second row from the south, which is called the second ring, whereas the daily offering of the afternoon was slaughtered at the northeast corner of the altar, at the second ring. The Gemara asks: From where are these matters derived? Rav แธคisda said: As the verse states, with regard to the daily offering: โ€œThis is the offering made by fire that you shall bring to the Lord: Lambs of the first year without blemish, two by day, for a continual burnt offeringโ€ (Numbers 28:3). The phrase โ€œtwo by dayโ€ indicates that the lamb must be slaughtered opposite the light of the day. Since Eretz Yisrael is north of the equator, the sun is always in the southern part of the sky. The first ring, then, is always in the long shadow of the altar, and only the second ring falls under direct sunlight.

ืชื ื™ื ื ืžื™ ื”ื›ื™ ืฉื ื™ื ืœื™ื•ื ื›ื ื’ื“ ื”ื™ื•ื ืืชื” ืื•ืžืจ ื ื’ื“ ื”ื™ื•ื ืื• ืื™ื ื• ืืœื ื—ื•ื‘ืช ื”ื™ื•ื ื›ืฉื”ื•ื ืื•ืžืจ ืืช ื”ื›ื‘ืฉ ืื—ื“ ืชืขืฉื” ื‘ื‘ืงืจ ื•ืืช ื”ื›ื‘ืฉ ื”ืฉื ื™ ืชืขืฉื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ื ื”ืจื™ ื—ื•ื‘ืช ื”ื™ื•ื ืืžื•ืจ ื”ื ืžื” ืื ื™ ืžืงื™ื™ื ืฉื ื™ื ืœื™ื•ื ื ื’ื“ ื”ื™ื•ื

This is also taught in a baraita, that the phrase โ€œtwo by dayโ€ teaches that the lamb must be slaughtered opposite the light of the day. The baraita asks: Do you say that this means opposite the light of the day, or does it only mean that two lambs must be sacrificed for the obligation of each day? The baraita answers that when the verse states: โ€œOne lamb you shall sacrifice in the morning, and the other lamb you shall sacrifice in the afternoonโ€ (Numbers 28:4), the obligation of each day is thereby stated explicitly. How, then, do I realize the meaning of โ€œtwo by dayโ€? This teaches that the lamb must be slaughtered opposite the light of the day.

ื”ื ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืชืžื™ื“ ืฉืœ ืฉื—ืจ ื”ื™ื” ื ืฉื—ื˜ ืขืœ ืงืจืŸ ืฆืคื•ื ื™ืช ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืช ืขืœ ื˜ื‘ืขืช ืฉื ื™ื” ื•ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ื ื”ื™ื” ื ืฉื—ื˜ ืขืœ ืงืจืŸ ืฆืคื•ื ื™ืช ืžื–ืจื—ื™ืช ืขืœ ื˜ื‘ืขืช ืฉื ื™ื”

The baraita concludes: How so, i.e., how can this principle be applied to both the morning and the afternoon offerings? The daily offering of the morning was slaughtered opposite the northwest corner of the altar, on the second ring, across from the sun, which rises in the east. And the daily offering of the afternoon was slaughtered opposite the northeast corner of the altar, on the fourth ring of the second row, also called the second ring, again across from the sun, which is located in the west in the afternoon.

ืขืฉืจื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืฉืืœ ืืœื›ืกื ื“ืจื•ืก ืžื•ืงื“ื•ืŸ ืืช ื–ืงื ื™ ื”ื ื’ื‘ ืืžืจ ืœื”ืŸ

ยง With regard to the position of the sun, the Gemara relates that Alexander of Macedon asked the Elders of the Negev about ten matters. He said to them:

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