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Today's Daf Yomi

October 20, 2019 | ื›ืดื ื‘ืชืฉืจื™ ืชืฉืดืค

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Ron and Shira Krebs to commemorate the 73rd yahrzeit of Shira's grandfather (Yitzchak Leib Ben David Ber HaCohen v'Malka), the 1st yahrzeit of Shira's father (Gershon Pinya Ben Yitzchak Leib HaCohen v'Menucha Sara), and the bar mitzvah of their son Eytan who will be making a siyum on Mishna Shas this month.

  • This month's learning is sponsored for the refuah shleima of Naama bat Yael Esther.

Tamid 33

How did they perform the burning of the incense? How and when did they play instruments, sing and blow the trumpets?


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ืžืœื ื•ื’ื“ื•ืฉ ืงื˜ืจืช ื•ื›ืกื•ื™ ื”ื™ื” ืœื• ื•ื›ืžื™ืŸ ืžื˜ื•ื˜ืœืช ื”ื™ื” ืขืœื™ื• ืžืœืžืขืœืŸ

The vessel was filled to overflow with incense. And it had a cover to prevent spillage of the incense, and there was a type of cloth placed upon it from above, to preserve the fragrance of the incense.

ืžืฉื ื” ื”ืณ ืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ืžื—ืชื” ื ื˜ืœ ืžื—ืชืช ื”ื›ืกืฃ ื•ืขืœื” ืœืจืืฉ ื”ืžื–ื‘ื— ื•ืคื ื” ืืช ื”ื’ื—ืœื™ื ื”ื™ืœืš ื•ื—ืชื” (ืžืŸ ื”ืžืื•ื›ืœื•ืช ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ื•ืช) ื™ืจื“ ื•ืขื™ืจืŸ ืœืชื•ืš ืฉืœ ื–ื”ื‘ ื ืชืคื–ืจ ืžืžื ื• ื›ืงื‘ ื’ื—ืœื™ื ื•ื”ื™ื” ืžื›ื‘ื“ืŸ ืœืืžื”

MISHNA 5:5 The priest who won the right to bring the coal pan with the coals from the outer altar to the incense altar in the Sanctuary took the silver coal pan, ascended to the top of the outer altar, and cleared the extinguished coals from the perimeter of the flame to here and to there. Then he shoveled four kav from the consumed inner coals, which were burned in the depths of the flame, into the coal pan. He descended from the altar and emptied the coals into the coal pan made of gold. Approximately one kav of coals from it was spilled and scattered on the courtyard floor, as the capacity of the gold pan was only three kav. And a priest would sweep the scattered coals into the Temple courtyard drain that passed through the courtyard to drain the waste outside the Temple.

ื•ื‘ืฉื‘ืช ื”ื™ื” ื›ื•ืคื” ืขืœื™ื”ืŸ ืคืกื›ืชืจ ื•ืคืกื›ืชืจ ื”ื™ืชื” ื›ืœื™ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืžื—ื–ืงืช ืœืชืš ื•ืฉืชื™ ืฉืจืฉืจื•ืช ื”ื™ื• ื‘ื” ืื—ืช ืฉื”ื•ื ืžื•ืฉืš ื‘ื” ื•ื™ื•ืจื“ ื•ืื—ืช ืฉื”ื•ื ืื•ื—ื– ื‘ื” ืžืœืžืขืœืŸ ื‘ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ืฉืœื ืชืชื’ืœื’ืœ

And on Shabbat, when it is prohibited to extinguish fire, the priest would not sweep the coals into the canal; rather, he would overturn a pesakhter upon them. And the pesakhter was a large vessel that held a half-kor. And since the pesakhter was a very heavy vessel, there were two chains on it, to facilitate its standard use, removal of ashes from the altar: One chain with which a priest would pull the vessel filled with ashes down the ramp, and one chain that another priest would grasp from above, so that the vessel would not roll down the ramp and the ashes would not spill.

ื•ืฉืœืฉื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื™ืชื” ืžืฉืžืฉืช ื›ื•ืคื™ืŸ ืื•ืชื” ืขืœ ื’ื‘ื™ ื’ื—ืœื™ื ื•ืขืœ ื”ืฉืจืฅ ื‘ืฉื‘ืช ื•ืžื•ืจื™ื“ื™ืŸ ื‘ื” ืืช ื”ื“ืฉืŸ ืžืขืœ ื’ื‘ื™ ื”ืžื–ื‘ื—

And the pesakhter would serve three purposes: The priests would overturn it upon the coals that scattered in the Temple during the transfer from the silver to the gold coal pan on Shabbat, and they would overturn it upon the carcass of a creeping animal found in the Temple on Shabbat, and they would take the ashes down from atop the altar in it.

ืžืฉื ื” ื•ืณ ื”ื’ื™ืขื• ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืื•ืœื ื•ืœืžื–ื‘ื— ื ื˜ืœ ืื—ื“ ืืช ื”ืžื’ืจืคื” ื•ื–ื•ืจืงื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืื•ืœื ื•ืœืžื–ื‘ื— ืื™ืŸ ืื“ื ืฉื•ืžืข ืงื•ืœ ื—ื‘ื™ืจื• ื‘ื™ืจื•ืฉืœื™ื ืžืงื•ืœ ื”ืžื’ืจืคื”

MISHNA 5:6 The priest with the spoonful of incense and the priest with the gold coal pan filled with coals reached the place between the Entrance Hall to the Sanctuary and the outer altar, on their way to the Sanctuary. One of them took the shovel and threw it between the Entrance Hall and the outer altar. No person could hear the voice of another speaking to him in Jerusalem, due to the sound generated by the shovel.

ื•ืฉืœืฉื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื™ืชื” ืžืฉืžืฉืช ื›ื”ืŸ ืฉืฉื•ืžืข ืืช ืงื•ืœื” ื™ื•ื“ืข ืฉืื—ื™ื• ื”ื›ื”ื ื™ื ื ื›ื ืกื™ื ืœื”ืฉืชื—ื•ื•ืช ื•ื”ื•ื ืจืฅ ื•ื‘ื ื•ื‘ืŸ ืœื•ื™ ืฉื”ื•ื ืฉื•ืžืข ืืช ืงื•ืœื” ื™ื•ื“ืข ืฉืื—ื™ื• ื”ืœื•ื™ื ื ื›ื ืกื™ื ืœื“ื‘ืจ ื‘ืฉื™ืจ ื•ื”ื•ื ืจืฅ ื•ื‘ื ื•ืจืืฉ ื”ืžืขืžื“ ื”ื™ื” ืžืขืžื™ื“ ืืช ื”ื˜ืžืื™ื ื‘ืฉืขืจ ื”ืžื–ืจื—

And that sound would serve three purposes: Any priest who hears its sound knows that his brethren the priests are entering to prostrate themselves in the Sanctuary at that time, and he would run and come to prostrate himself with them. And any Levite who hears its sound knows that his brethren the Levites are entering the courtyard to stand on their platform to recite the psalm accompanying the libation, and he would run and come to sing with them. And the head of the non-priestly watch, which stands in the courtyard as the agents of the Jewish people, would position the ritually impure priests and singers at the eastern gate of the courtyard, to make it clear that those priests were not performing the Temple service due to their ritual impurity.

ื”ื“ืจืŸ ืขืœืš ืืžืจ ืœื”ื ื”ืžืžื•ื ื”

 

ืžืฉื ื” ืืณ ื”ื—ืœื• ืขื•ืœื™ื ื‘ืžืขืœื•ืช ื”ืื•ืœื ืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื• ื‘ื“ื™ืฉื•ืŸ ืžื–ื‘ื— ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ ื•ื”ืžื ื•ืจื” ื”ื™ื• ืžืงื“ื™ืžื™ื ืœืคื ื™ื”ื ืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื“ื™ืฉื•ืŸ ืžื–ื‘ื— ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ ื ื›ื ืก ื•ื ื˜ืœ ืืช ื”ื˜ื ื™ ื•ื”ืฉืชื—ื•ื” ื•ื™ืฆื

MISHNA: 6:1 The priest with the panful of incense and the priest with the gold coal pan filled with coals began ascending the twelve stairs of the Entrance Hall. The priests who won the rights of the removal of ash from the inner altar and the removal of ash from the Candelabrum would precede them, to remove the vessels that remained in the Sanctuary. The priest who won the right of the removal of ash from the inner altar entered the Sanctuary and took the basket that he had left there after removing the ashes from the altar. And when he completed his tasks, he prostrated himself with his hands and feet spread and emerged from the Sanctuary.

ืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื“ื™ืฉื•ืŸ ื”ืžื ื•ืจื” ื ื›ื ืก ื•ืžืฆื ืฉืชื™ ื ืจื•ืช ืžืขืจื‘ื™ื™ื ื“ื•ืœืงื™ืŸ ืžื“ืฉืŸ ืืช ื”ืžื–ืจื—ื™ ื•ืžื ื™ื— ืืช ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™ ื“ื•ืœืง ืฉืžืžื ื• ื”ื™ื” ืžื“ืœื™ืง ืืช ื”ืžื ื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ื ืžืฆืื• ืฉื›ื‘ื” ืžื“ืฉื ื• ื•ืžื“ืœื™ืงื• ืžืžื–ื‘ื— ื”ืขื•ืœื” ื ื˜ืœ ืืช ื”ื›ื•ื– ืžืžืขืœื” ืฉื ื™ื” ื•ื”ืฉืชื—ื•ื” ื•ื™ืฆื

The priest who won the right of the removal of ash from the Candelabrum entered the Sanctuary, and if he found the two western lamps, i.e., the easternmost and the one immediately to its west, of the Candelabrum burning, he would remove the ash from the easternmost lamp and prepare it anew. But he would leave burning the lamp immediately west of the easternmost lamp, as from that lamp he would kindle the lamps of the Candelabrum in the afternoon. If he found that the lamp west of the easternmost lamp was extinguished, he would remove the ashes and kindle it from the fire on the altar of the burnt offering. He then took the jug in which he had placed the ashes and wicks of the Candelabrum from the second stair of the stone before the Candelabrum and prostrated himself and emerged from the Sanctuary.

ืžืฉื ื” ื‘ืณ ืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ืžื—ืชื” ืฆื‘ืจ ืืช ื”ื’ื—ืœื™ื ืขืœ ื’ื‘ื™ ื”ืžื–ื‘ื— ื•ืจื“ื“ืŸ ื‘ืฉื•ืœื™ ื”ืžื—ืชื” ื•ื”ืฉืชื—ื•ื” ื•ื™ืฆื

MISHNA 6:2 The priest who won the right to bring the coal pan filled with coals to the inner altar for the burning of the incense first piled the coals on the inner altar and then flattened them, distributing them evenly on the altar with the bottom of the coal pan. And when he finished distributing the coals, he prostrated himself and emerged from the Sanctuary.

ืžืฉื ื” ื’ืณ ืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ืงื˜ืจืช ื”ื™ื” ื ื•ื˜ืœ ืืช ื”ื‘ื–ืš ืžืชื•ืš ื”ื›ืฃ ื•ื ื•ืชื ื• ืœืื•ื”ื‘ื• ืื• ืœืงืจื•ื‘ื• ื ืชืคื–ืจ ืžืžื ื• ืœืชื•ื›ื• ื ื•ืชื ื• ืœื• ื‘ื—ืคื ื™ื• ื•ืžืœืžื“ื™ื ืื•ืชื• ื”ื•ื™ ื–ื”ื™ืจ ืฉืžื ืชืชื—ื™ืœ ืžืคื ื™ืš ืฉืœื ืชื›ื•ื”

MISHNA 6:3 The priest who won the right to burn the incense would take the smaller vessel containing the incense from within the spoon, and would give it to a priest who is his friend or his relative, whom he designated to assist him, and enter the Sanctuary with him. If the incense was scattered from the smaller vessel into the spoon, the priest accompanying him would give the incense to the priest burning the incense in his handfuls. And the experienced priests would teach the priest burning the incense: Be careful, because if you are not careful you might begin scattering the incense on the side of the altar that is before you; rather, start scattering on the far side of the altar, so that you will not be burned by the burning incense when you are scattering it.

ื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืžืจื“ื“ืŸ ื•ื™ื•ืฆื ืœื ื”ื™ื” ื”ืžืงื˜ื™ืจ ืžืงื˜ื™ืจ ืขื“ ืฉื”ืžืžื•ื ื” ืื•ืžืจ ืœื• ื”ืงื˜ืจ ื•ืื ื”ื™ื” ื›ื”ืŸ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื”ืžืžื•ื ื” ืื•ืžืจ ืœื• ืื™ืฉื™ ื›ื”ืŸ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื”ืงื˜ืจ

The priest began flattening it, distributing the incense evenly on the coals on the altar, and when the Sanctuary would become filled with the smoke of the incense, he would emerge from the Sanctuary. The priest burning the incense would not burn it until the appointed priest would say to him: Burn the incense. And if it was the High Priest who was burning the incense, the appointed priest would say to him deferentially: My master, the High Priest, burn the incense.

ืคืจืฉื• ื”ืขื ื•ื”ืงื˜ื™ืจ ื•ื”ืฉืชื—ื•ื” ื•ื™ืฆื

It is derived from the verse: โ€œAnd there shall be no man in the Tent of Meeting when he goes in to make atonement in the Sanctuary, until he comes outโ€ (Leviticus 16:17), that no one may be standing between the Entrance Hall and the outer altar when the priest burns the incense. Therefore, the people, i.e., the priests, left that area. And the priest burned the incense on the inner altar and prostrated himself and emerged from the Sanctuary.

ื”ื“ืจืŸ ืขืœืš ื”ื—ืœื• ืขื•ืœื™ื

 

ืžืฉื ื” ืืณ ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืฉื›ื”ืŸ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื ื›ื ืก ืœื”ืฉืชื—ื•ืช ืฉืœืฉื” ืื•ื—ื–ื™ืŸ ื‘ื• ืื—ื“ ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ื• ื•ืื—ื“ ื‘ืฉืžืืœื• ื•ืื—ื“ ื‘ืื‘ื ื™ื ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช

MISHNA: 7:1 After the priests concluded sacrificing the daily morning offering, they would enter the Sanctuary to prostrate themselves. On occasions when the High Priest would enter the Sanctuary to prostrate himself, he would enter before the other priests. When the High Priest enters the Sanctuary, three priests hold him to assist him and support him, in order to distinguish the service of the High Priest from that of the other priests entering the Sanctuary. One priest held his right hand and one priest held his left hand, and one priest stood behind the High Priest, holding onto the two precious onyx stones located on the shoulders of the High Priest, on the ephod.

ื•ื›ื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืฉืžืข ื”ืžืžื•ื ื” ืงื•ืœ ืจื’ืœื™ื• ืฉืœ ื›ื”ืŸ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืฉื”ื•ื ื™ื•ืฆื ื”ื’ื‘ื™ื” ืœื• ืืช ื”ืคืจื•ื›ืช ื ื›ื ืก (ื™ื•ืฆื) ื•ื”ืฉืชื—ื•ื” ื•ื™ืฆื ื ื›ื ืกื• ืื—ื™ื• ื”ื›ื”ื ื™ื ื”ืฉืชื—ื•ื• ื•ื™ืฆืื•

And once the appointed priest heard the sound from the feet of the High Priest, produced by the bells attached to the bottom of his robe, he knew that the High Priest was emerging from the Sanctuary, and he lifted the curtain suspended at the opening of the Entrance Hall for him, to facilitate his exit. After the High Priest entered and prostrated himself and emerged from the Sanctuary, his brethren the priests entered, prostrated themselves, and emerged from the Sanctuary.

ืžืฉื ื” ื‘ืณ ื‘ืื• ื•ืขืžื“ื• ืขืœ ืžืขืœื•ืช ื”ืื•ืœื ืขืžื“ื• ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ื ืœื“ืจื•ื ืื—ื™ื”ื ื”ื›ื”ื ื™ื ื•ื—ืžืฉื” ื›ืœื™ื ื‘ื™ื“ื ื”ื˜ื ื™ ื‘ื™ื“ ืื—ื“ ื•ื”ื›ื•ื– ื‘ื™ื“ ืื—ื“ ื•ื”ืžื—ืชื” ื‘ื™ื“ ืื—ื“ ื•ื”ื‘ื–ืš ื‘ื™ื“ ืื—ื“ ื•ื›ืฃ ื•ื›ืกื•ื™ื• ื‘ื™ื“ ืื—ื“

MISHNA 7:2 After the priests emerged from the Sanctuary, they came and stood on the twelve stairs before the Entrance Hall. The first five priests stood to the south of their brethren, the priests, who had taken the limbs of the daily offering up to the altar. And those five priests had five vessels in their hands: The basket with the ashes from the inner altar was in the hands of one priest; and the jug with the ashes from the Candelabrum was in the hands of one priest; and the coal pan was in the hands of one priest; and the smaller vessel, the bowl that held the incense, was in the hands of one priest, who had burned the incense; and the spoon and its cover were in the hands of one priest, the friend or relative of the one who burned the incense.

ื•ื‘ืจื›ื• ืืช ื”ืขื ื‘ืจื›ื” ืื—ืช ืืœื ืฉื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืื•ืžืจื™ื ืื•ืชื” ืฉืœืฉ ื‘ืจื›ื•ืช ื•ื‘ืžืงื“ืฉ ื‘ืจื›ื” ืื—ืช ื‘ืžืงื“ืฉ ื”ื™ื• ืื•ืžืจื™ื ืืช ื”ืฉื ื›ื›ืชื‘ื• ื•ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื‘ื›ื ื•ื™ื•

The priests placed their vessels on the ground and then blessed the people, reciting one blessing. The Priestly Benediction was recited outside the Temple as well, but in the Temple, it was recited differently, as in the rest of the country the priests would recite it as three blessings, and the listeners would answer amen after each blessing. But in the Temple they would recite it as one blessing, and the listeners would not respond to each blessing. Rather, at the conclusion of the entire Priestly Benediction they would answer: Blessed are You Lord, God of Israel, from everlasting to everlasting. In the Temple, the priests would recite the name of God as it is written, with the letters yod, heh, vav, heh, whereas in the rest of the country the priests would recite the name of God by His appellation, alef, dalet, nun, yod.

ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื”ื›ื”ื ื™ื ื ื•ืฉืื™ื ืืช ื™ื“ื™ื”ื ื›ื ื’ื“ ื›ืชืคื™ื”ื ื•ื‘ืžืงื“ืฉ ืขืœ ื’ื‘ื™ ืจืืฉื™ื”ืŸ ื—ื•ืฅ ืžื›ื”ืŸ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืื™ืŸ ืžื’ื‘ื™ื” ืืช ื™ื“ื™ื• ืœืžืขืœื” ืžืŸ ื”ืฆื™ืฅ ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ืื•ืžืจ ืืฃ ื›ื”ืŸ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืžื’ื‘ื™ื” ืืช ื™ื“ื™ื• ืœืžืขืœื” ืžืŸ ื”ืฆื™ืฅ ืฉื ืืžืจ ื•ื™ืฉื ืื”ืจืŸ ืืช ื™ื“ื™ื• ืืœ ื”ืขื ื•ื™ื‘ืจื›ื

Furthermore, in the rest of the country, while reciting the Priestly Benediction the priests lift their hands opposite their shoulders, and in the Temple they raise them above their heads. That is the halakha with regard to all priests in the Temple, except for the High Priest, who does not raise his hands above the frontplate on his forehead, as the name of God is written on the frontplate. Rabbi Yehuda says: Even the High Priest would raise his hands above the frontplate while reciting the Priestly Benediction in the Temple, as it is stated with regard to the Priestly Benediction recited by Aaron the High Priest: โ€œAnd Aaron lifted his hands toward the people and blessed themโ€ (Leviticus 9:22).

ืžืฉื ื” ื’ืณ ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืฉื›ื”ืŸ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื”ืงื˜ื™ืจ ื”ื™ื” ืขื•ืœื” ื‘ื›ื‘ืฉ ื•ื”ืกื’ืŸ ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ื• ื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืžื—ืฆื™ืช ื”ื›ื‘ืฉ ืื—ื– ื”ืกื’ืŸ ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ื• ื•ื”ืขืœื”ื•

MISHNA 7:3 The High Priest is entitled to sacrifice any offering brought to the Temple, at his discretion. When the High Priest wishes to burn the limbs of the daily offering and the accompanying meal offering, he would ascend the ramp to the altar, and the deputy High Priest would walk to his right. When he reached half the height of the ramp, the Deputy would hold his right hand and take him up to the altar at the top of the ramp.

ื•ื”ื•ืฉื™ื˜ ืœื• ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื”ืจืืฉ ื•ื”ืจื’ืœ ื•ืกืžืš ืขืœื™ื”ืŸ ื•ื–ืจืงืŸ ื”ื•ืฉื™ื˜ ื”ืฉื ื™ ืœืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืฉืชื™ ื”ื™ื“ื™ื ื ื•ืชื ืŸ ืœื›ื”ืŸ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื•ืกืžืš ืขืœื™ื”ืŸ ื•ื–ืจืงืŸ ื ืฉืžื˜ ื”ืฉื ื™ ื•ื”ืœืš ืœื• ื•ื›ืš ื”ื™ื• ืžื•ืฉื™ื˜ื™ืŸ ืœื• ืฉืืจ ื›ืœ ื”ืื‘ืจื™ืŸ ื•ื”ื•ื ืกื•ืžืš ืขืœื™ื”ืŸ ื•ื–ื•ืจืงืŸ ื•ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืฉื”ื•ื ืจื•ืฆื” ื”ื•ื ืกื•ืžืš ื•ืื—ืจื™ื ื–ื•ืจืงื™ืŸ

And the first of the nine priests who took the limbs up to the altar handed the High Priest the head and the hind leg of the offering, and the High Priest placed his hands upon them and then threw them onto the altar fire. Next the second of the nine priests handed the two forelegs of the offering to the first priest. He gave them to the High Priest, who placed his hands upon them and then threw them onto the altar fire. At that point, the second priest slipped away and left. And in that manner the priests would hand the High Priest the rest of all the limbs, and he would place his hands upon them and then throw them onto the altar fire. And when he wishes, he places his hands and others throw the limbs onto the fire.

ื‘ื ืœื• ืœื”ืงื™ืฃ ืืช ื”ืžื–ื‘ื— ืžื”ื™ื›ืŸ ื”ื•ื ืžืชื—ื™ืœ ืžืงืจืŸ ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช ืžื–ืจื—ื™ืช ืžื–ืจื—ื™ืช ืฆืคื•ื ื™ืช ืฆืคื•ื ื™ืช ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืช ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืช ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช ื ืชื ื• ืœื• ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื ืกืš

When the High Priest, who was at the top of the ramp on the south side of the altar, came to circle the altar to reach the southwestern corner, where he would pour the libation of wine, from where does he begin? He begins from the southeastern corner and continues to the northeastern corner, then to the northwestern corner, and ultimately reaches the southwestern corner. At that point, the priests gave him wine to pour.

ื”ืกื’ืŸ ืขื•ืžื“ ืขืœ ื”ืงืจืŸ ื•ื”ืกื•ื“ืจื™ื ื‘ื™ื“ื• ืฉื ื™ ื›ื”ื ื™ื ืขื•ืžื“ื™ืŸ ืขืœ ืฉืœื—ืŸ ื”ื—ืœื‘ื™ื ื•ืฉืชื™ ื—ืฆื•ืฆืจื•ืช ื‘ื™ื“ื ืชืงืขื• ื•ื”ืจื™ืขื• ื•ืชืงืขื•

The Deputy stands at the High Priestโ€™s side at the corner of the altar and the cloths are in his hand, so that he can wave them to signal to the Levites to begin singing when the High Priest pours the libation. Two priests stand at the marble table of the fats, where the limbs and fats were placed before being taken to the altar, and there were two silver trumpets in their hands. These two priests sounded a tekia, a long continuous blast; they then sounded a terua, a series of staccato blasts; and lastly they sounded another tekia to alert the Levites to prepare to recite the psalm.

ื‘ืื• ื•ืขืžื“ื• ืืฆืœ ื‘ืŸ ืืจื–ื ืื—ื“ ืžื™ืžื™ื ื• ื•ืื—ื“ ืžืฉืžืืœื• ืฉื—ื” ืœื ืกืš ื•ื”ื ื™ืฃ ื”ืกื’ืŸ ื‘ืกื•ื“ืจื™ื ื•ื”ืงื™ืฉ ื‘ืŸ ืืจื–ื ื‘ืฆืœืฆืœ ื•ื“ื‘ืจื• ื”ืœื•ื™ื ื‘ืฉื™ืจ ื”ื’ื™ืขื• ืœืคืจืง ืชืงืขื• ื•ื”ืฉืชื—ื•ื• ื”ืขื ืขืœ ื›ืœ ืคืจืง ืชืงื™ืขื” ื•ืขืœ ื›ืœ ืชืงื™ืขื” ื”ืฉืชื—ื•ื™ื” ื–ื”ื• ืกื“ืจ ื”ืชืžื™ื“ ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ืช ื‘ื™ืช ืืœื”ื™ื ื• ื™ื”ื™ ืจืฆื•ืŸ ืฉื™ื‘ื ื” ื‘ืžื”ืจื” ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ื• ืืžืŸ

The priests with the trumpets came and stood near ben Arza, the title given to the person who was tasked with striking the cymbals, one to his right and one to his left. Then the High Priest stooped to pour the libation, and the Deputy waved the cloths, and ben Arza struck the cymbals, and the Levites recited the psalm of that day of the week. Each psalm was divided into three sections. Whenever the Levites reached the end of one section of the psalm, the priests sounded a tekia, and the people in the courtyard prostrated themselves. At the end of each section there was a tekia, and for every tekia there was a prostration. That is the procedure for the sacrifice of the daily offering in the service of the House of our God; may it be His will that it will be speedily rebuilt in our day, amen.

ืžืฉื ื” ื“ืณ ื”ืฉื™ืจ ืฉื”ื™ื• ื”ืœื•ื™ื ืื•ืžืจื™ื ื‘ืžืงื“ืฉ ื‘ื™ื•ื ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื”ื™ื• ืื•ืžืจื™ื ืœื”ืณ ื”ืืจืฅ ื•ืžืœื•ืื” ืชื‘ืœ ื•ื™ื•ืฉื‘ื™ ื‘ื” ื‘ืฉื ื™ ื”ื™ื• ืื•ืžืจื™ื ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื”ืณ ื•ืžื”ืœืœ ืžืื“ ื‘ืขื™ืจ ืืœื”ื™ื ื• ื”ืจ ืงื“ืฉื• ื‘ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ ื”ื™ื• ืื•ืžืจื™ื ืืœื”ื™ื ื ืฆื‘ ื‘ืขื“ืช ืืœ ื‘ืงืจื‘ ืืœื”ื™ื ื™ืฉืคื˜ ื‘ืจื‘ื™ืขื™ ื”ื™ื• ืื•ืžืจื™ื ืืœ ื ืงืžื•ืช ื”ืณ ืืœ ื ืงืžื•ืช ื”ื•ืคื™ืข ื‘ื—ืžื™ืฉื™ ื”ื™ื• ืื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ืจื ื™ื ื• ืœืืœื”ื™ื ืขื•ื–ื ื• ื”ืจื™ืขื• ืœืืœื”ื™ ื™ืขืงื‘ ื‘ืฉืฉื™ ื”ื™ื• ืื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ืณ ืžืœืš ื’ืื•ืช ืœื‘ืฉ ืœื‘ืฉ ื•ื’ื•ืžืจ ื‘ืฉื‘ืช ื”ื™ื• ืื•ืžืจื™ื ืžื–ืžื•ืจ ืฉื™ืจ ืœื™ื•ื ื”ืฉื‘ืช ืžื–ืžื•ืจ ืฉื™ืจ ืœืขืชื™ื“ ืœื‘ื•ื ืœื™ื•ื ืฉื›ื•ืœื• ืฉื‘ืช ื•ืžื ื•ื—ื” ืœื—ื™ื™ ื”ืขื•ืœืžื™ื

MISHNA 7:4 The following is a list of each daily psalm that the Levites would recite in the Temple. On the first day of the week they would recite the psalm beginning: โ€œA psalm of David. The earth is the Lordโ€™s and all it contains, the world and all who live in itโ€ (Psalms, chapter 24). On the second day they would recite the psalm beginning: โ€œA song; a psalm of the sons of Korah. Great is the Lord and highly to be praised in the city of God, on His sacred mountainโ€ (Psalms, chapter 48). On the third day they would recite the psalm beginning: โ€œA psalm of Asaph. God stands in the divine assembly; among the judges He delivers judgmentโ€ (Psalms, chapter 82). On the fourth day they would recite the psalm beginning: โ€œO Lord God, to Whom vengeance belongs, God to Whom vengeance belongs, shine forthโ€ (Psalms, chapter 94). On the fifth day they would recite the psalm beginning: โ€œFor the leader; upon the Gittith, a psalm of Asaph. Sing for joy to God, our strength; shout aloud to the God of Jacobโ€ (Psalms, chapter 81). On the sixth day they would recite the psalm beginning: โ€œThe Lord reigns: He is robed in majesty; the Lord is robed, girded with strengthโ€ (Psalms, chapter 93). On Shabbat they would recite the psalm beginning: โ€œA psalm, a song for Shabbat dayโ€ (Psalms, chapter 92). This is interpreted as a psalm, a song for the future, for the day that will be entirely Shabbat and rest for everlasting life.

ื”ื“ืจืŸ ืขืœืš ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืฉื›ื”ืŸ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื•ืกืœื™ืงื ืœื” ืžืกื›ืช ืชืžื™ื“

 

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Ron and Shira Krebs to commemorate the 73rd yahrzeit of Shira's grandfather (Yitzchak Leib Ben David Ber HaCohen v'Malka), the 1st yahrzeit of Shira's father (Gershon Pinya Ben Yitzchak Leib HaCohen v'Menucha Sara), and the bar mitzvah of their son Eytan who will be making a siyum on Mishna Shas this month.

  • This month's learning is sponsored for the refuah shleima of Naama bat Yael Esther.

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Tamid 33

The William Davidson Talmud | Powered by Sefaria

Tamid 33

ืžืœื ื•ื’ื“ื•ืฉ ืงื˜ืจืช ื•ื›ืกื•ื™ ื”ื™ื” ืœื• ื•ื›ืžื™ืŸ ืžื˜ื•ื˜ืœืช ื”ื™ื” ืขืœื™ื• ืžืœืžืขืœืŸ

The vessel was filled to overflow with incense. And it had a cover to prevent spillage of the incense, and there was a type of cloth placed upon it from above, to preserve the fragrance of the incense.

ืžืฉื ื” ื”ืณ ืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ืžื—ืชื” ื ื˜ืœ ืžื—ืชืช ื”ื›ืกืฃ ื•ืขืœื” ืœืจืืฉ ื”ืžื–ื‘ื— ื•ืคื ื” ืืช ื”ื’ื—ืœื™ื ื”ื™ืœืš ื•ื—ืชื” (ืžืŸ ื”ืžืื•ื›ืœื•ืช ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ื•ืช) ื™ืจื“ ื•ืขื™ืจืŸ ืœืชื•ืš ืฉืœ ื–ื”ื‘ ื ืชืคื–ืจ ืžืžื ื• ื›ืงื‘ ื’ื—ืœื™ื ื•ื”ื™ื” ืžื›ื‘ื“ืŸ ืœืืžื”

MISHNA 5:5 The priest who won the right to bring the coal pan with the coals from the outer altar to the incense altar in the Sanctuary took the silver coal pan, ascended to the top of the outer altar, and cleared the extinguished coals from the perimeter of the flame to here and to there. Then he shoveled four kav from the consumed inner coals, which were burned in the depths of the flame, into the coal pan. He descended from the altar and emptied the coals into the coal pan made of gold. Approximately one kav of coals from it was spilled and scattered on the courtyard floor, as the capacity of the gold pan was only three kav. And a priest would sweep the scattered coals into the Temple courtyard drain that passed through the courtyard to drain the waste outside the Temple.

ื•ื‘ืฉื‘ืช ื”ื™ื” ื›ื•ืคื” ืขืœื™ื”ืŸ ืคืกื›ืชืจ ื•ืคืกื›ืชืจ ื”ื™ืชื” ื›ืœื™ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืžื—ื–ืงืช ืœืชืš ื•ืฉืชื™ ืฉืจืฉืจื•ืช ื”ื™ื• ื‘ื” ืื—ืช ืฉื”ื•ื ืžื•ืฉืš ื‘ื” ื•ื™ื•ืจื“ ื•ืื—ืช ืฉื”ื•ื ืื•ื—ื– ื‘ื” ืžืœืžืขืœืŸ ื‘ืฉื‘ื™ืœ ืฉืœื ืชืชื’ืœื’ืœ

And on Shabbat, when it is prohibited to extinguish fire, the priest would not sweep the coals into the canal; rather, he would overturn a pesakhter upon them. And the pesakhter was a large vessel that held a half-kor. And since the pesakhter was a very heavy vessel, there were two chains on it, to facilitate its standard use, removal of ashes from the altar: One chain with which a priest would pull the vessel filled with ashes down the ramp, and one chain that another priest would grasp from above, so that the vessel would not roll down the ramp and the ashes would not spill.

ื•ืฉืœืฉื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื™ืชื” ืžืฉืžืฉืช ื›ื•ืคื™ืŸ ืื•ืชื” ืขืœ ื’ื‘ื™ ื’ื—ืœื™ื ื•ืขืœ ื”ืฉืจืฅ ื‘ืฉื‘ืช ื•ืžื•ืจื™ื“ื™ืŸ ื‘ื” ืืช ื”ื“ืฉืŸ ืžืขืœ ื’ื‘ื™ ื”ืžื–ื‘ื—

And the pesakhter would serve three purposes: The priests would overturn it upon the coals that scattered in the Temple during the transfer from the silver to the gold coal pan on Shabbat, and they would overturn it upon the carcass of a creeping animal found in the Temple on Shabbat, and they would take the ashes down from atop the altar in it.

ืžืฉื ื” ื•ืณ ื”ื’ื™ืขื• ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืื•ืœื ื•ืœืžื–ื‘ื— ื ื˜ืœ ืื—ื“ ืืช ื”ืžื’ืจืคื” ื•ื–ื•ืจืงื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืื•ืœื ื•ืœืžื–ื‘ื— ืื™ืŸ ืื“ื ืฉื•ืžืข ืงื•ืœ ื—ื‘ื™ืจื• ื‘ื™ืจื•ืฉืœื™ื ืžืงื•ืœ ื”ืžื’ืจืคื”

MISHNA 5:6 The priest with the spoonful of incense and the priest with the gold coal pan filled with coals reached the place between the Entrance Hall to the Sanctuary and the outer altar, on their way to the Sanctuary. One of them took the shovel and threw it between the Entrance Hall and the outer altar. No person could hear the voice of another speaking to him in Jerusalem, due to the sound generated by the shovel.

ื•ืฉืœืฉื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื™ืชื” ืžืฉืžืฉืช ื›ื”ืŸ ืฉืฉื•ืžืข ืืช ืงื•ืœื” ื™ื•ื“ืข ืฉืื—ื™ื• ื”ื›ื”ื ื™ื ื ื›ื ืกื™ื ืœื”ืฉืชื—ื•ื•ืช ื•ื”ื•ื ืจืฅ ื•ื‘ื ื•ื‘ืŸ ืœื•ื™ ืฉื”ื•ื ืฉื•ืžืข ืืช ืงื•ืœื” ื™ื•ื“ืข ืฉืื—ื™ื• ื”ืœื•ื™ื ื ื›ื ืกื™ื ืœื“ื‘ืจ ื‘ืฉื™ืจ ื•ื”ื•ื ืจืฅ ื•ื‘ื ื•ืจืืฉ ื”ืžืขืžื“ ื”ื™ื” ืžืขืžื™ื“ ืืช ื”ื˜ืžืื™ื ื‘ืฉืขืจ ื”ืžื–ืจื—

And that sound would serve three purposes: Any priest who hears its sound knows that his brethren the priests are entering to prostrate themselves in the Sanctuary at that time, and he would run and come to prostrate himself with them. And any Levite who hears its sound knows that his brethren the Levites are entering the courtyard to stand on their platform to recite the psalm accompanying the libation, and he would run and come to sing with them. And the head of the non-priestly watch, which stands in the courtyard as the agents of the Jewish people, would position the ritually impure priests and singers at the eastern gate of the courtyard, to make it clear that those priests were not performing the Temple service due to their ritual impurity.

ื”ื“ืจืŸ ืขืœืš ืืžืจ ืœื”ื ื”ืžืžื•ื ื”

 

ืžืฉื ื” ืืณ ื”ื—ืœื• ืขื•ืœื™ื ื‘ืžืขืœื•ืช ื”ืื•ืœื ืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื• ื‘ื“ื™ืฉื•ืŸ ืžื–ื‘ื— ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ ื•ื”ืžื ื•ืจื” ื”ื™ื• ืžืงื“ื™ืžื™ื ืœืคื ื™ื”ื ืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื“ื™ืฉื•ืŸ ืžื–ื‘ื— ื”ืคื ื™ืžื™ ื ื›ื ืก ื•ื ื˜ืœ ืืช ื”ื˜ื ื™ ื•ื”ืฉืชื—ื•ื” ื•ื™ืฆื

MISHNA: 6:1 The priest with the panful of incense and the priest with the gold coal pan filled with coals began ascending the twelve stairs of the Entrance Hall. The priests who won the rights of the removal of ash from the inner altar and the removal of ash from the Candelabrum would precede them, to remove the vessels that remained in the Sanctuary. The priest who won the right of the removal of ash from the inner altar entered the Sanctuary and took the basket that he had left there after removing the ashes from the altar. And when he completed his tasks, he prostrated himself with his hands and feet spread and emerged from the Sanctuary.

ืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ื“ื™ืฉื•ืŸ ื”ืžื ื•ืจื” ื ื›ื ืก ื•ืžืฆื ืฉืชื™ ื ืจื•ืช ืžืขืจื‘ื™ื™ื ื“ื•ืœืงื™ืŸ ืžื“ืฉืŸ ืืช ื”ืžื–ืจื—ื™ ื•ืžื ื™ื— ืืช ื”ืžืขืจื‘ื™ ื“ื•ืœืง ืฉืžืžื ื• ื”ื™ื” ืžื“ืœื™ืง ืืช ื”ืžื ื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ื ืžืฆืื• ืฉื›ื‘ื” ืžื“ืฉื ื• ื•ืžื“ืœื™ืงื• ืžืžื–ื‘ื— ื”ืขื•ืœื” ื ื˜ืœ ืืช ื”ื›ื•ื– ืžืžืขืœื” ืฉื ื™ื” ื•ื”ืฉืชื—ื•ื” ื•ื™ืฆื

The priest who won the right of the removal of ash from the Candelabrum entered the Sanctuary, and if he found the two western lamps, i.e., the easternmost and the one immediately to its west, of the Candelabrum burning, he would remove the ash from the easternmost lamp and prepare it anew. But he would leave burning the lamp immediately west of the easternmost lamp, as from that lamp he would kindle the lamps of the Candelabrum in the afternoon. If he found that the lamp west of the easternmost lamp was extinguished, he would remove the ashes and kindle it from the fire on the altar of the burnt offering. He then took the jug in which he had placed the ashes and wicks of the Candelabrum from the second stair of the stone before the Candelabrum and prostrated himself and emerged from the Sanctuary.

ืžืฉื ื” ื‘ืณ ืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ืžื—ืชื” ืฆื‘ืจ ืืช ื”ื’ื—ืœื™ื ืขืœ ื’ื‘ื™ ื”ืžื–ื‘ื— ื•ืจื“ื“ืŸ ื‘ืฉื•ืœื™ ื”ืžื—ืชื” ื•ื”ืฉืชื—ื•ื” ื•ื™ืฆื

MISHNA 6:2 The priest who won the right to bring the coal pan filled with coals to the inner altar for the burning of the incense first piled the coals on the inner altar and then flattened them, distributing them evenly on the altar with the bottom of the coal pan. And when he finished distributing the coals, he prostrated himself and emerged from the Sanctuary.

ืžืฉื ื” ื’ืณ ืžื™ ืฉื–ื›ื” ื‘ืงื˜ืจืช ื”ื™ื” ื ื•ื˜ืœ ืืช ื”ื‘ื–ืš ืžืชื•ืš ื”ื›ืฃ ื•ื ื•ืชื ื• ืœืื•ื”ื‘ื• ืื• ืœืงืจื•ื‘ื• ื ืชืคื–ืจ ืžืžื ื• ืœืชื•ื›ื• ื ื•ืชื ื• ืœื• ื‘ื—ืคื ื™ื• ื•ืžืœืžื“ื™ื ืื•ืชื• ื”ื•ื™ ื–ื”ื™ืจ ืฉืžื ืชืชื—ื™ืœ ืžืคื ื™ืš ืฉืœื ืชื›ื•ื”

MISHNA 6:3 The priest who won the right to burn the incense would take the smaller vessel containing the incense from within the spoon, and would give it to a priest who is his friend or his relative, whom he designated to assist him, and enter the Sanctuary with him. If the incense was scattered from the smaller vessel into the spoon, the priest accompanying him would give the incense to the priest burning the incense in his handfuls. And the experienced priests would teach the priest burning the incense: Be careful, because if you are not careful you might begin scattering the incense on the side of the altar that is before you; rather, start scattering on the far side of the altar, so that you will not be burned by the burning incense when you are scattering it.

ื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืžืจื“ื“ืŸ ื•ื™ื•ืฆื ืœื ื”ื™ื” ื”ืžืงื˜ื™ืจ ืžืงื˜ื™ืจ ืขื“ ืฉื”ืžืžื•ื ื” ืื•ืžืจ ืœื• ื”ืงื˜ืจ ื•ืื ื”ื™ื” ื›ื”ืŸ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื”ืžืžื•ื ื” ืื•ืžืจ ืœื• ืื™ืฉื™ ื›ื”ืŸ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื”ืงื˜ืจ

The priest began flattening it, distributing the incense evenly on the coals on the altar, and when the Sanctuary would become filled with the smoke of the incense, he would emerge from the Sanctuary. The priest burning the incense would not burn it until the appointed priest would say to him: Burn the incense. And if it was the High Priest who was burning the incense, the appointed priest would say to him deferentially: My master, the High Priest, burn the incense.

ืคืจืฉื• ื”ืขื ื•ื”ืงื˜ื™ืจ ื•ื”ืฉืชื—ื•ื” ื•ื™ืฆื

It is derived from the verse: โ€œAnd there shall be no man in the Tent of Meeting when he goes in to make atonement in the Sanctuary, until he comes outโ€ (Leviticus 16:17), that no one may be standing between the Entrance Hall and the outer altar when the priest burns the incense. Therefore, the people, i.e., the priests, left that area. And the priest burned the incense on the inner altar and prostrated himself and emerged from the Sanctuary.

ื”ื“ืจืŸ ืขืœืš ื”ื—ืœื• ืขื•ืœื™ื

 

ืžืฉื ื” ืืณ ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืฉื›ื”ืŸ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื ื›ื ืก ืœื”ืฉืชื—ื•ืช ืฉืœืฉื” ืื•ื—ื–ื™ืŸ ื‘ื• ืื—ื“ ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ื• ื•ืื—ื“ ื‘ืฉืžืืœื• ื•ืื—ื“ ื‘ืื‘ื ื™ื ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช

MISHNA: 7:1 After the priests concluded sacrificing the daily morning offering, they would enter the Sanctuary to prostrate themselves. On occasions when the High Priest would enter the Sanctuary to prostrate himself, he would enter before the other priests. When the High Priest enters the Sanctuary, three priests hold him to assist him and support him, in order to distinguish the service of the High Priest from that of the other priests entering the Sanctuary. One priest held his right hand and one priest held his left hand, and one priest stood behind the High Priest, holding onto the two precious onyx stones located on the shoulders of the High Priest, on the ephod.

ื•ื›ื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืฉืžืข ื”ืžืžื•ื ื” ืงื•ืœ ืจื’ืœื™ื• ืฉืœ ื›ื”ืŸ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืฉื”ื•ื ื™ื•ืฆื ื”ื’ื‘ื™ื” ืœื• ืืช ื”ืคืจื•ื›ืช ื ื›ื ืก (ื™ื•ืฆื) ื•ื”ืฉืชื—ื•ื” ื•ื™ืฆื ื ื›ื ืกื• ืื—ื™ื• ื”ื›ื”ื ื™ื ื”ืฉืชื—ื•ื• ื•ื™ืฆืื•

And once the appointed priest heard the sound from the feet of the High Priest, produced by the bells attached to the bottom of his robe, he knew that the High Priest was emerging from the Sanctuary, and he lifted the curtain suspended at the opening of the Entrance Hall for him, to facilitate his exit. After the High Priest entered and prostrated himself and emerged from the Sanctuary, his brethren the priests entered, prostrated themselves, and emerged from the Sanctuary.

ืžืฉื ื” ื‘ืณ ื‘ืื• ื•ืขืžื“ื• ืขืœ ืžืขืœื•ืช ื”ืื•ืœื ืขืžื“ื• ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ื ืœื“ืจื•ื ืื—ื™ื”ื ื”ื›ื”ื ื™ื ื•ื—ืžืฉื” ื›ืœื™ื ื‘ื™ื“ื ื”ื˜ื ื™ ื‘ื™ื“ ืื—ื“ ื•ื”ื›ื•ื– ื‘ื™ื“ ืื—ื“ ื•ื”ืžื—ืชื” ื‘ื™ื“ ืื—ื“ ื•ื”ื‘ื–ืš ื‘ื™ื“ ืื—ื“ ื•ื›ืฃ ื•ื›ืกื•ื™ื• ื‘ื™ื“ ืื—ื“

MISHNA 7:2 After the priests emerged from the Sanctuary, they came and stood on the twelve stairs before the Entrance Hall. The first five priests stood to the south of their brethren, the priests, who had taken the limbs of the daily offering up to the altar. And those five priests had five vessels in their hands: The basket with the ashes from the inner altar was in the hands of one priest; and the jug with the ashes from the Candelabrum was in the hands of one priest; and the coal pan was in the hands of one priest; and the smaller vessel, the bowl that held the incense, was in the hands of one priest, who had burned the incense; and the spoon and its cover were in the hands of one priest, the friend or relative of the one who burned the incense.

ื•ื‘ืจื›ื• ืืช ื”ืขื ื‘ืจื›ื” ืื—ืช ืืœื ืฉื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ืื•ืžืจื™ื ืื•ืชื” ืฉืœืฉ ื‘ืจื›ื•ืช ื•ื‘ืžืงื“ืฉ ื‘ืจื›ื” ืื—ืช ื‘ืžืงื“ืฉ ื”ื™ื• ืื•ืžืจื™ื ืืช ื”ืฉื ื›ื›ืชื‘ื• ื•ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื‘ื›ื ื•ื™ื•

The priests placed their vessels on the ground and then blessed the people, reciting one blessing. The Priestly Benediction was recited outside the Temple as well, but in the Temple, it was recited differently, as in the rest of the country the priests would recite it as three blessings, and the listeners would answer amen after each blessing. But in the Temple they would recite it as one blessing, and the listeners would not respond to each blessing. Rather, at the conclusion of the entire Priestly Benediction they would answer: Blessed are You Lord, God of Israel, from everlasting to everlasting. In the Temple, the priests would recite the name of God as it is written, with the letters yod, heh, vav, heh, whereas in the rest of the country the priests would recite the name of God by His appellation, alef, dalet, nun, yod.

ื‘ืžื“ื™ื ื” ื”ื›ื”ื ื™ื ื ื•ืฉืื™ื ืืช ื™ื“ื™ื”ื ื›ื ื’ื“ ื›ืชืคื™ื”ื ื•ื‘ืžืงื“ืฉ ืขืœ ื’ื‘ื™ ืจืืฉื™ื”ืŸ ื—ื•ืฅ ืžื›ื”ืŸ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืฉืื™ืŸ ืžื’ื‘ื™ื” ืืช ื™ื“ื™ื• ืœืžืขืœื” ืžืŸ ื”ืฆื™ืฅ ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ืื•ืžืจ ืืฃ ื›ื”ืŸ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืžื’ื‘ื™ื” ืืช ื™ื“ื™ื• ืœืžืขืœื” ืžืŸ ื”ืฆื™ืฅ ืฉื ืืžืจ ื•ื™ืฉื ืื”ืจืŸ ืืช ื™ื“ื™ื• ืืœ ื”ืขื ื•ื™ื‘ืจื›ื

Furthermore, in the rest of the country, while reciting the Priestly Benediction the priests lift their hands opposite their shoulders, and in the Temple they raise them above their heads. That is the halakha with regard to all priests in the Temple, except for the High Priest, who does not raise his hands above the frontplate on his forehead, as the name of God is written on the frontplate. Rabbi Yehuda says: Even the High Priest would raise his hands above the frontplate while reciting the Priestly Benediction in the Temple, as it is stated with regard to the Priestly Benediction recited by Aaron the High Priest: โ€œAnd Aaron lifted his hands toward the people and blessed themโ€ (Leviticus 9:22).

ืžืฉื ื” ื’ืณ ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืฉื›ื”ืŸ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ืจื•ืฆื” ืœื”ืงื˜ื™ืจ ื”ื™ื” ืขื•ืœื” ื‘ื›ื‘ืฉ ื•ื”ืกื’ืŸ ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ื• ื”ื’ื™ืข ืœืžื—ืฆื™ืช ื”ื›ื‘ืฉ ืื—ื– ื”ืกื’ืŸ ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ื• ื•ื”ืขืœื”ื•

MISHNA 7:3 The High Priest is entitled to sacrifice any offering brought to the Temple, at his discretion. When the High Priest wishes to burn the limbs of the daily offering and the accompanying meal offering, he would ascend the ramp to the altar, and the deputy High Priest would walk to his right. When he reached half the height of the ramp, the Deputy would hold his right hand and take him up to the altar at the top of the ramp.

ื•ื”ื•ืฉื™ื˜ ืœื• ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื”ืจืืฉ ื•ื”ืจื’ืœ ื•ืกืžืš ืขืœื™ื”ืŸ ื•ื–ืจืงืŸ ื”ื•ืฉื™ื˜ ื”ืฉื ื™ ืœืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืฉืชื™ ื”ื™ื“ื™ื ื ื•ืชื ืŸ ืœื›ื”ืŸ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื•ืกืžืš ืขืœื™ื”ืŸ ื•ื–ืจืงืŸ ื ืฉืžื˜ ื”ืฉื ื™ ื•ื”ืœืš ืœื• ื•ื›ืš ื”ื™ื• ืžื•ืฉื™ื˜ื™ืŸ ืœื• ืฉืืจ ื›ืœ ื”ืื‘ืจื™ืŸ ื•ื”ื•ื ืกื•ืžืš ืขืœื™ื”ืŸ ื•ื–ื•ืจืงืŸ ื•ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืฉื”ื•ื ืจื•ืฆื” ื”ื•ื ืกื•ืžืš ื•ืื—ืจื™ื ื–ื•ืจืงื™ืŸ

And the first of the nine priests who took the limbs up to the altar handed the High Priest the head and the hind leg of the offering, and the High Priest placed his hands upon them and then threw them onto the altar fire. Next the second of the nine priests handed the two forelegs of the offering to the first priest. He gave them to the High Priest, who placed his hands upon them and then threw them onto the altar fire. At that point, the second priest slipped away and left. And in that manner the priests would hand the High Priest the rest of all the limbs, and he would place his hands upon them and then throw them onto the altar fire. And when he wishes, he places his hands and others throw the limbs onto the fire.

ื‘ื ืœื• ืœื”ืงื™ืฃ ืืช ื”ืžื–ื‘ื— ืžื”ื™ื›ืŸ ื”ื•ื ืžืชื—ื™ืœ ืžืงืจืŸ ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช ืžื–ืจื—ื™ืช ืžื–ืจื—ื™ืช ืฆืคื•ื ื™ืช ืฆืคื•ื ื™ืช ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืช ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืช ื“ืจื•ืžื™ืช ื ืชื ื• ืœื• ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื ืกืš

When the High Priest, who was at the top of the ramp on the south side of the altar, came to circle the altar to reach the southwestern corner, where he would pour the libation of wine, from where does he begin? He begins from the southeastern corner and continues to the northeastern corner, then to the northwestern corner, and ultimately reaches the southwestern corner. At that point, the priests gave him wine to pour.

ื”ืกื’ืŸ ืขื•ืžื“ ืขืœ ื”ืงืจืŸ ื•ื”ืกื•ื“ืจื™ื ื‘ื™ื“ื• ืฉื ื™ ื›ื”ื ื™ื ืขื•ืžื“ื™ืŸ ืขืœ ืฉืœื—ืŸ ื”ื—ืœื‘ื™ื ื•ืฉืชื™ ื—ืฆื•ืฆืจื•ืช ื‘ื™ื“ื ืชืงืขื• ื•ื”ืจื™ืขื• ื•ืชืงืขื•

The Deputy stands at the High Priestโ€™s side at the corner of the altar and the cloths are in his hand, so that he can wave them to signal to the Levites to begin singing when the High Priest pours the libation. Two priests stand at the marble table of the fats, where the limbs and fats were placed before being taken to the altar, and there were two silver trumpets in their hands. These two priests sounded a tekia, a long continuous blast; they then sounded a terua, a series of staccato blasts; and lastly they sounded another tekia to alert the Levites to prepare to recite the psalm.

ื‘ืื• ื•ืขืžื“ื• ืืฆืœ ื‘ืŸ ืืจื–ื ืื—ื“ ืžื™ืžื™ื ื• ื•ืื—ื“ ืžืฉืžืืœื• ืฉื—ื” ืœื ืกืš ื•ื”ื ื™ืฃ ื”ืกื’ืŸ ื‘ืกื•ื“ืจื™ื ื•ื”ืงื™ืฉ ื‘ืŸ ืืจื–ื ื‘ืฆืœืฆืœ ื•ื“ื‘ืจื• ื”ืœื•ื™ื ื‘ืฉื™ืจ ื”ื’ื™ืขื• ืœืคืจืง ืชืงืขื• ื•ื”ืฉืชื—ื•ื• ื”ืขื ืขืœ ื›ืœ ืคืจืง ืชืงื™ืขื” ื•ืขืœ ื›ืœ ืชืงื™ืขื” ื”ืฉืชื—ื•ื™ื” ื–ื”ื• ืกื“ืจ ื”ืชืžื™ื“ ืœืขื‘ื•ื“ืช ื‘ื™ืช ืืœื”ื™ื ื• ื™ื”ื™ ืจืฆื•ืŸ ืฉื™ื‘ื ื” ื‘ืžื”ืจื” ื‘ื™ืžื™ื ื• ืืžืŸ

The priests with the trumpets came and stood near ben Arza, the title given to the person who was tasked with striking the cymbals, one to his right and one to his left. Then the High Priest stooped to pour the libation, and the Deputy waved the cloths, and ben Arza struck the cymbals, and the Levites recited the psalm of that day of the week. Each psalm was divided into three sections. Whenever the Levites reached the end of one section of the psalm, the priests sounded a tekia, and the people in the courtyard prostrated themselves. At the end of each section there was a tekia, and for every tekia there was a prostration. That is the procedure for the sacrifice of the daily offering in the service of the House of our God; may it be His will that it will be speedily rebuilt in our day, amen.

ืžืฉื ื” ื“ืณ ื”ืฉื™ืจ ืฉื”ื™ื• ื”ืœื•ื™ื ืื•ืžืจื™ื ื‘ืžืงื“ืฉ ื‘ื™ื•ื ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื”ื™ื• ืื•ืžืจื™ื ืœื”ืณ ื”ืืจืฅ ื•ืžืœื•ืื” ืชื‘ืœ ื•ื™ื•ืฉื‘ื™ ื‘ื” ื‘ืฉื ื™ ื”ื™ื• ืื•ืžืจื™ื ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื”ืณ ื•ืžื”ืœืœ ืžืื“ ื‘ืขื™ืจ ืืœื”ื™ื ื• ื”ืจ ืงื“ืฉื• ื‘ืฉืœื™ืฉื™ ื”ื™ื• ืื•ืžืจื™ื ืืœื”ื™ื ื ืฆื‘ ื‘ืขื“ืช ืืœ ื‘ืงืจื‘ ืืœื”ื™ื ื™ืฉืคื˜ ื‘ืจื‘ื™ืขื™ ื”ื™ื• ืื•ืžืจื™ื ืืœ ื ืงืžื•ืช ื”ืณ ืืœ ื ืงืžื•ืช ื”ื•ืคื™ืข ื‘ื—ืžื™ืฉื™ ื”ื™ื• ืื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ืจื ื™ื ื• ืœืืœื”ื™ื ืขื•ื–ื ื• ื”ืจื™ืขื• ืœืืœื”ื™ ื™ืขืงื‘ ื‘ืฉืฉื™ ื”ื™ื• ืื•ืžืจื™ื ื”ืณ ืžืœืš ื’ืื•ืช ืœื‘ืฉ ืœื‘ืฉ ื•ื’ื•ืžืจ ื‘ืฉื‘ืช ื”ื™ื• ืื•ืžืจื™ื ืžื–ืžื•ืจ ืฉื™ืจ ืœื™ื•ื ื”ืฉื‘ืช ืžื–ืžื•ืจ ืฉื™ืจ ืœืขืชื™ื“ ืœื‘ื•ื ืœื™ื•ื ืฉื›ื•ืœื• ืฉื‘ืช ื•ืžื ื•ื—ื” ืœื—ื™ื™ ื”ืขื•ืœืžื™ื

MISHNA 7:4 The following is a list of each daily psalm that the Levites would recite in the Temple. On the first day of the week they would recite the psalm beginning: โ€œA psalm of David. The earth is the Lordโ€™s and all it contains, the world and all who live in itโ€ (Psalms, chapter 24). On the second day they would recite the psalm beginning: โ€œA song; a psalm of the sons of Korah. Great is the Lord and highly to be praised in the city of God, on His sacred mountainโ€ (Psalms, chapter 48). On the third day they would recite the psalm beginning: โ€œA psalm of Asaph. God stands in the divine assembly; among the judges He delivers judgmentโ€ (Psalms, chapter 82). On the fourth day they would recite the psalm beginning: โ€œO Lord God, to Whom vengeance belongs, God to Whom vengeance belongs, shine forthโ€ (Psalms, chapter 94). On the fifth day they would recite the psalm beginning: โ€œFor the leader; upon the Gittith, a psalm of Asaph. Sing for joy to God, our strength; shout aloud to the God of Jacobโ€ (Psalms, chapter 81). On the sixth day they would recite the psalm beginning: โ€œThe Lord reigns: He is robed in majesty; the Lord is robed, girded with strengthโ€ (Psalms, chapter 93). On Shabbat they would recite the psalm beginning: โ€œA psalm, a song for Shabbat dayโ€ (Psalms, chapter 92). This is interpreted as a psalm, a song for the future, for the day that will be entirely Shabbat and rest for everlasting life.

ื”ื“ืจืŸ ืขืœืš ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ืฉื›ื”ืŸ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื•ืกืœื™ืงื ืœื” ืžืกื›ืช ืชืžื™ื“

 

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