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Today's Daf Yomi

November 7, 2018 | ื›ืดื˜ ื‘ืžืจื—ืฉื•ื•ืŸ ืชืฉืขืดื˜

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Ron and Shira Krebs to commemorate the 73rd yahrzeit of Shira's grandfather (Yitzchak Leib Ben David Ber HaCohen v'Malka), the 1st yahrzeit of Shira's father (Gershon Pinya Ben Yitzchak Leib HaCohen v'Menucha Sara), and the bar mitzvah of their son Eytan who will be making a siyum on Mishna Shas this month.

  • This month's learning is sponsored for the refuah shleima of Naama bat Yael Esther.

Menachot 89

From where do we derive various halachot – How the oil was divided by the breads of the thanksgiving offering? That each candle was filled with a half log of oil? How much oil was brought with the unique omer offering that had double the amount of flour?


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ื•ืœื™ืขื‘ื“ ื–ื”ื‘ ื›ืœ ื“ื”ื• ืงื ืžืฉืžืข ืœืŸ

and consequently, let the mouth of the lamps be fashioned from gold of any quality, not necessarily from pure gold. Therefore, the baraita teaches us that even the mouth of the lamps must be fashioned from pure gold.

ื—ืฆื™ ืœื•ื’ ืฉืžืŸ ืœืชื•ื“ื”

ยง The mishna teaches: A half-log of oil was used to measure oil for the thanks offering. The thanks offering was accompanied by four different types of loaves; three types were unleavened and one was leavened, as the verse states: โ€œIf he offers it for a thanks offering, than he shall offer with the sacrifice of thanks offering: Unleavened loaves mixed with oil; and unleavened wafers spread with oil; and poached fine flour, loaves mixed with oil. With loaves of leavened bread he shall present his offering, with the sacrifice of his peace offerings for a thanks offeringโ€ (Leviticus 7:12โ€“13).

ืชื ื™ื ืจื‘ื™ ืขืงื™ื‘ื ืื•ืžืจ ืžื” ืชืœืžื•ื“ ืœื•ืžืจ ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ืฉื ื™ ืคืขืžื™ื ืื™ืœื• ืœื ื ืืžืจ ืืœื ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ืื—ื“ ื”ื™ื™ืชื™ ืื•ืžืจ ื”ืจื™ ื”ื•ื ื›ื›ืœ ื”ืžื ื—ื•ืช ืœืœื•ื’ ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืฉื›ืชื‘ ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ื”ื•ื™ ืจื™ื‘ื•ื™ ืื—ืจ ืจื™ื‘ื•ื™ ื•ืื™ืŸ ืจื™ื‘ื•ื™ ืื—ืจ ืจื™ื‘ื•ื™ ืืœื ืœืžืขื˜ ืžื™ืขื˜ื• ื”ื›ืชื•ื‘ ืœื—ืฆื™ ืœื•ื’

It is taught in a baraita: Rabbi Akiva says: Why must the verse state: โ€œWith oil,โ€ โ€œwith oil,โ€ writing it twice; why was the first time not sufficient? Because were the term โ€œwith oilโ€ stated only once, I would have said that, with regard to the amount of oil required, the meal offerings that accompany the thanks offerings are like all other meal offerings to the extent that they require one log of oil. Now that the verse wrote โ€œwith oil,โ€ โ€œwith oil,โ€ it constitutes one amplification following another amplification, and the principle is that one amplification following another amplification serves only to restrict the extent of the halakha. Accordingly, in this case the verse restricted the amount of oil used in the three types of unleavened meal offerings to a half-log for all of them together.

ืจื™ื‘ื•ื™ ืื—ืจ ืจื™ื‘ื•ื™ ื—ื“ ืจื™ื‘ื•ื™ ื”ื•ื

The Gemara interjects the citation of the baraita to ask: Is this a case of one amplification following another amplification? It would appear that there is only one amplification, as according to the baraita the first mention of the term โ€œwith oilโ€ is necessary to teach the basic requirement that the meal offerings of the thanks offering require oil, like other meal offerings. How then can it be considered an amplification?

ืืœื ืื™ืœื• ืœื ื ืืžืจ ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ื›ืœ ืขื™ืงืจ ื”ื™ื™ืชื™ ืื•ืžืจ ื”ืจื™ ื”ื•ื ื›ื›ืœ ื”ืžื ื—ื•ืช ืœืœื•ื’ ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืฉื ืืžืจ ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ื”ื•ื™ ืจื™ื‘ื•ื™ ืื—ืจ ืจื™ื‘ื•ื™ ื•ืื™ืŸ ืจื™ื‘ื•ื™ ืื—ืจ ืจื™ื‘ื•ื™ ืืœื ืœืžืขื˜ ืžื™ืขื˜ื• ื”ื›ืชื•ื‘ ืœื—ืฆื™ ืœื•ื’

Rather, Rabbi Akivaโ€™s statement should be emended, as follows: Were the term โ€œwith oil,โ€ not written at all, I would still have said that the thanks offering meal offerings are like all other meal offerings to the extent that they requires one log of oil. Now that the verse wrote โ€œwith oil,โ€ โ€œwith oil,โ€ it constitutes one amplification following another amplification, and the principle is that one amplification following another amplification serves only to restrict the extent of the halakha. Accordingly, in this case the verse restricted the amount of oil used in the three types of unleavened meal offerings to a half-log for all three together.

ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื™ื”ื ื—ืฆื™ ืœื•ื’ ื–ื” ืžืชื—ืœืง ืœืฉืœืฉืช ืžื™ื ื™ืŸ ืœื—ืœื•ืช ื•ืœืจืงื™ืงื™ืŸ ื•ืœืจื‘ื™ื›ื” ื›ืฉื”ื•ื ืื•ืžืจ ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ื‘ืจื‘ื™ื›ื” ืฉืื™ืŸ ืชืœืžื•ื“ ืœื•ืžืจ ืจื™ื‘ื” ืฉืžืŸ ืœืจื‘ื™ื›ื” ื”ื ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืžื‘ื™ื ื—ืฆื™ ืœื•ื’ ืฉืžืŸ ื•ื—ื•ืฆื™ื”ื• [ื—ืฆื™ื•] ืœื—ืœื•ืช ื•ืœืจืงื™ืงื™ืŸ ื•ื—ืฆื™ื• ืœืจื‘ื™ื›ื”

The Gemara resumes its citation of the baraita: Once it has been established that the meal offerings require only a half-log of oil, one might have thought that this half-log should be equally divided between the three types of unleavened meal offerings, i.e., one-sixth of a log for the loaves, one-sixth for the wafers, and one-sixth for the poached loaves. When the verse states: โ€œWith oil,โ€ with regard to the poached loaves, that is seemingly superfluous, as there is no need for the verse to state the requirement to use part of the half-log of oil, being that this requirement has already been established. It must therefore serve to amplify the amount of oil used for a poached loaf as opposed to the other two types. How so? One brings a half-log of oil and divides it equally into two. Half of it is further divided and used both for the ten regular loaves and for the ten wafers, and the other half of it is used entirely for the ten poached loaves.

ืืžืจ ืœื• ืจื‘ื™ ืืœืขื–ืจ ื‘ืŸ ืขื–ืจื™ื” ืขืงื™ื‘ื ืื ืืชื” ืžืจื‘ื” ื›ืœ ื”ื™ื•ื ื›ื•ืœื• ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ืื™ื ื™ ืฉื•ืžืข ืœืš ืืœื ื—ืฆื™ ืœื•ื’ ืฉืžืŸ ืœืชื•ื“ื” ื•ืจื‘ื™ืขื™ืช ืฉืžืŸ ืœื ื–ื™ืจ ื•ืื—ื“ ืขืฉืจ ื™ื•ื ืฉื‘ื™ืŸ ื ื“ื” ืœื ื“ื” ื”ืœื›ื” ืœืžืฉื” ืžืกื™ื ื™

Rabbi Elazar ben Azarya said to Rabbi Akiva: Akiva, even if you were to amplify halakhot the entire day from the terms โ€œwith oil,โ€ โ€œwith oil,โ€ I would not listen to you and accept your claims. Rather, the halakha that a half-log of oil is required for the thanks offering, and similarly, the halakha that a quarter-log of oil is required for the loaves of a nazirite, and the halakha that a woman who experiences an emission of blood during the eleven days that are between one seven-day period of menstruation and the next period of menstruation is a zava, each of these is a halakha transmitted to Moses from Sinai; they are not derived from verses.

ื‘ืœื•ื’ ื”ื™ื” ืžื•ื“ื“

ยง The mishna states that with the vessel of one log one would measure the oil for all the standard meal offerings. It then cites a dispute between the Rabbis, who hold that one log of oil is required for each tenth of an ephah of flour used, and Rabbi Eliezer ben Yaโ€™akov, who holds that each meal offering, irrespective of its size, requires only one log of oil.

ืชื ื• ืจื‘ื ืŸ ื‘ืžืฆื•ืจืข ืขื ื™ ื›ืชื™ื‘ ืขืฉืจื•ืŸ ื‘ืœื•ืœ ื•ืœื’ ืœื™ืžื“ ืขืœ ืขืฉืจื•ืŸ ืฉื˜ืขื•ืŸ ืœื•ื’ ื“ื‘ืจื™ ื—ื›ืžื™ื

The Sages taught in a baraita: With regard to a poor leper, who cannot afford the standard offerings that are required as part of the purification process and is instead required to bring one lamb as a guilt offering and a tenth of an ephah of flour as a meal offering, it is written: โ€œAnd a tenthpart of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering, and a log of oilโ€ (Leviticus 14:21). The verse juxtaposes the need for a log of oil with the fact the offering is made of a tenth of an ephah of flour. Accordingly, it teaches about each tenth of an ephah of flour that it requires one log of oil; this is the statement of the Rabbis.

ืจื‘ื™ ื ื—ืžื™ื” ื•ืจื‘ื™ ืืœื™ืขื–ืจ ืื•ืžืจื™ื ืืคื™ืœื• ืžื ื—ื” ืฉืœ ืฉืฉื™ื ืขืฉืจื•ื ื™ื ืื™ืŸ ืœื” ืืœื ืœื•ื’ื” ืฉื ืืžืจ ืœืžื ื—ื” ื•ืœื’ ืฉืžืŸ

Rabbi Neแธฅemya and Rabbi Eliezer say: Each meal offering, irrespective of its size, and even a meal offering of sixty tenths of an ephah of flour, requires only its single log of oil, as it is stated with regard to offering of a leper: โ€œAnd a tenth of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering, and a log of oil.โ€ The juxtaposition of โ€œa meal offeringโ€ with โ€œa log of oilโ€ teaches a principle for all meal offerings: Each offering requires only one log of oil.

ื•ืจื‘ื™ ื ื—ืžื™ื” ื•ืจื‘ื™ ืืœื™ืขื–ืจ ื‘ืŸ ื™ืขืงื‘ ื”ืื™ ืขืฉืจื•ืŸ ื‘ืœื•ืœ ื•ืœื’ ืžืื™ ืขื‘ื“ื™ ืœื™ื” ื”ื”ื•ื ืœื’ื•ืคื™ื” ื“ืงื ืืžืจ ืจื—ืžื ื ืœื™ื™ืชื™ ื—ื“ ืขืฉืจื•ืŸ

The Gemara asks: And as for Rabbi Neแธฅemya and Rabbi Eliezer ben Yaโ€™akov, what do they do with this verse: โ€œAnd a tenthpart of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering and a log of oil,โ€ which links the need for a log of oil with the fact the offering is made of a tenth of an ephah of flour? The Gemara explains: That verse is required to teach the matter itself, as the Merciful One states: Let a poor leper bring an offering of just a tenth of an ephah of flour. Accordingly, it cannot be used to teach a principle about meal offerings.

ื•ืื™ื“ืš ืœื’ื•ืคื™ื” ืœื ืฆืจื™ืš ืžื“ื’ืœื™ ืจื—ืžื ื ื’ื‘ื™ ืžืฆื•ืจืข ืฉืœืฉื” ืงืจื‘ื ื•ืช ื•ืฉืœืฉื” ืขืฉืจื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื›ื ื“ื—ื“ ืงืจื‘ืŸ ื—ื“ ืขืฉืจื•ืŸ

The Gemara asks: And as for the other, i.e., the Rabbis, how do they respond to this claim? They maintain that it is not necessary to teach the matter itself, as from the fact that the Merciful One revealed with regard to a leper who is not poor that he must bring three animal offerings and a meal offering of three-tenths of an ephah as part of his purification process, it may be inferred that here, with regard to a poor leper, who brings only one offering, that he similarly brings a meal offering of only a tenth of an ephah. Accordingly, the fact that the verse mentions that his offering is only a tenth of an ephah is superfluous and can teach a principle for all meal offerings.

ื•ืื™ื“ืš ืื™ืฆื˜ืจื™ืš ืกืœืงื ื“ืขืชืš ืืžื™ื ื ื”ื•ืื™ืœ ื•ื—ืก ืจื—ืžื ื ืขืœื™ื” ืœืืชื•ื™ื™ ื‘ื“ืœื•ืช ืื™ืžื ืœื ืœื™ื‘ืขื™ ืžื™ื ื” ื›ืœืœ ื•ืื™ื“ืš ืœื’ืžืจื™ ืœื ืืฉื›ื—ืŸ

The Gemara continues to ask: And as for the other, Rabbi Neแธฅemya and Rabbi Eliezer, how would they respond to this claim? They maintain that it was necessary for the verse to state the size of his meal offering, as otherwise it might enter your mind to say that since the Merciful One spared the money of the poor leper by allowing him to bring an offering affordable in poverty, one might say that the Merciful One does not require from him to bring any meal offering at all. The Gemara asks: And as for the other, the Rabbis, how would they respond to this? They claim that we do not find that the Torah entirely exempts a poor person from the offerings of the purification process, only that it provides a less expensive way to complete that process.

ื•ืจื‘ื ืŸ ื”ืื™ ืœืžื ื—ื” ื•ืœื’ ืฉืžืŸ ืžืื™ ืขื‘ื“ื™ ืœื™ื” ื”ื”ื•ื ืœืžืชื ื“ื‘ ืžื ื—ื” ืฉืœื ื™ืคื—ื•ืช ืžื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื˜ืขื•ืŸ ืœื•ื’ ื•ืžืื™ ื ื™ื”ื• ืขืฉืจื•ืŸ ื•ืื™ื“ืš ืชืจืชื™ ืฉืžืขืช ืžื™ื ื”

The Gemara asks: And as for the Rabbis, what do they do with the juxtaposition in the end of this verse: โ€œFor a meal offering and a log of oil,โ€ from which Rabbi Neแธฅemya and Rabbi Eliezer derive the principle that each meal offering requires only one log of oil? The Gemara explains: The Rabbis maintain that that the juxtaposition teaches about one who donates a meal offering, without specifying its size, that he should not bring less than an amount of flour that requires one log. And what is this amount? A tenth of an ephah. The Gemara asks: And as for the other, Rabbi Neแธฅemya and Rabbi Eliezer, from where do they derive that halakha, as they maintain the verse teaches the principle for all meal offerings? The Gemara explains: They maintain that two halakhot can be derived from this verse.

ืฉืฉื” ืœืคืจ ืืจื‘ืขื” ืœืื™ืœ ืฉืœืฉื” ืœื›ื‘ืฉ ืžื ืœืŸ ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ื ืกื›ื™ื”ื ื—ืฆื™ ื”ื”ื™ืŸ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœืคืจ

ยง The mishna lists the quantities of oil and wine that were required for the meal offerings and libations that accompanied the sacrifice of an animal. Six log, i.e., one-half of a hin, for those of a bull; and four log, i.e., one-third of a hin, for those of a ram; and three log, i.e., one-quarter of a hin, for those of a lamb. The Gemara asks: From where do we derive these quantities? We derive them from a verse, as it is written: โ€œAnd their libations shall be one-half of a hin of wine for a bull, and one-third of a hin for the ram, and one-quarter of a hin for a lambโ€ (Numbers 28:14).

ื”ื™ืŸ ืชืจื™ืกืจ ืœื•ื’ื™ ื”ื•ื™ื™ืŸ ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ืฉืžืŸ ื–ื™ืช ื”ื™ืŸ ื•ื›ืชื™ื‘ ืฉืžืŸ ืžืฉื—ืช ืงื“ืฉ ื™ื”ื™ื” ื–ื” ืœื™ ืœื“ืจืชื™ื›ื ื–ื” ื‘ื’ื™ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืชืจื™ืกืจ ื”ื•ื™ื™ืŸ

The Gemara elaborates: Now, one hin is twelve log, as it is written: โ€œAnd of olive oil a hinโ€ (Exodus 30:24), and it is written afterward in the same verse: โ€œSacred anointing oil, this [zeh] shall be for Me, throughout your generations.โ€ The numerical value [gimatriyya] of zeh is twelve. Once it is established that one hin is twelve log, it is possible to calculate how may log are in one-half, one-third, and one-quarter of a hin.

ืฉืœืฉื” ื•ืžื—ืฆื” ืœืžื ื•ืจื” ื—ืฆื™ ืœื•ื’ ืœื›ืœ ื ืจ ืžื ื ื”ื ื™ ืžื™ืœื™ ื“ืชื ื• ืจื‘ื ืŸ ืžืขืจื‘ ืขื“ ื‘ืงืจ ืชืŸ ืœื” ืžื“ืชื” ืฉืชื”ื ื“ื•ืœืงืช ื•ื”ื•ืœื›ืช ืžืขืจื‘ ืขื“ ื‘ืงืจ ื“ื‘ืจ ืื—ืจ ืžืขืจื‘ ืขื“ ื‘ืงืจ ืื™ืŸ ืœืš ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืฉื›ืฉื™ืจื” ืžืขืจื‘ ืขื“ ื‘ืงืจ ืืœื ื–ื• ื‘ืœื‘ื“ ื•ืฉื™ืขืจื• ื—ื›ืžื™ื ื—ืฆื™ ืœื•ื’ ืžืื•ืจืชื ื•ืขื“ ืฆืคืจื

ยง The mishna teaches: Three and a half log of oil were required for the Candelabrum, as there were seven lamps and a half-log was required for each lamp. The Gemara asks: From where are these matters derived? They are derived from a verse, as the Sages taught in a baraita: The verse states with regard to the Candelabrum: โ€œAaron and his sons shall arrange it from evening to morning, before the Lordโ€ (Exodus 27:21). This indicates that you shall put into each lamp its required quantity of oil so that it will continue burning from evening until morning. Alternatively, the phrase โ€œfrom evening to morningโ€ indicates that the mitzva is fulfilled throughout the night, and you have no other rite that is valid from evening until morning except for this one alone. And the Sages calculated that a half-log of oil for each lamp is necessary to ensure that they continue burning from evening until morning.

ืื™ื›ื ื“ืืžืจื™ ืžืœืžืขืœื” ืœืžื˜ื” ืฉื™ืขืจื• ื•ืื™ื›ื ื“ืืžืจื™ ืžืžื˜ื” ืœืžืขืœื” ืฉื™ืขืจื•

How did the Sages reach the conclusion that a half-log of oil is needed? There are those who say that the Sages calculated it by initially using a large quantity of oil, more than necessary to burn throughout the night, and then decreasing the quantity by a small amount each night until they saw that at the end of the night there was no oil remaining. And there are those who say that they calculated it by initially using a small quantity of oil and then increasing the quantity each night until they saw that the quantity was sufficient to allow the lamps to burn throughout the night.

ืžืืŸ ื“ืืžืจ ืžืžื˜ื” ืœืžืขืœื” ืฉื™ืขืจื• ื”ืชื•ืจื” ื—ืกื” ืขืœ ืžืžื•ื ืŸ ืฉืœ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื•ืžืืŸ ื“ืืžืจ ืžืžืขืœื” ืœืžื˜ื” ืฉื™ืขืจื• ืื™ืŸ ืขื ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืขืฉื™ืจื•ืช

The Gemara elaborates: The one who said that they calculated it by increasing the quantity each night holds that they did so in accordance with the principle that the Torah spared the money of the Jewish people, so the Sages wished to minimize the financial cost of their experimentation. And the one who said that they calculated it by decreasing the quantity each night holds that in the Temple oneโ€™s actions should not be motivated by a concern for the financial cost, as in a place of wealth there is no poverty.

ืžืชื ื™ืณ ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืŸ ื ืกื›ื™ ืคืจื™ื ื‘ื ืกื›ื™ ืื™ืœื™ื ื ืกื›ื™ ื›ื‘ืฉื™ื ื‘ื ืกื›ื™ ื›ื‘ืฉื™ื ืฉืœ ื™ื—ื™ื“ ื‘ืฉืœ ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ

MISHNA: Many animal offerings are brought together with a meal offering and a wine libation. These additions are collectively referred to as libations. One may mix together the libations of bulls with the libations of rams; the meal offerings may be mixed as they both share the same ratio of flour to oil, i.e., two log of oil for each tenth of an ephah of flour. Likewise, one may mix together the libations of lambs with the libations of other lambs, as the meal offerings both share the same ratio of three log of oil for each tenth of an ephah of flour. And one may mix together the libations of the offering of an individual with those of a communal offering.

ืฉืœ ื™ื•ื ื‘ืฉืœ ืืžืฉ

And one may mix together the libations of an offering brought on one day with those of the day before, if the meal offerings have the same ratio of oil to flour.

ืื‘ืœ ืื™ืŸ ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืŸ ื ืกื›ื™ ื›ื‘ืฉื™ื ื‘ื ืกื›ื™ ืคืจื™ื ื•ืื™ืœื™ื ื•ืื ื‘ืœืœืŸ ืืœื• ื‘ืคื ื™ ืขืฆืžืŸ ื•ืืœื• ื‘ืคื ื™ ืขืฆืžืŸ ื•ื ืชืขืจื‘ื• ื›ืฉืจื™ื ืื ืขื“ ืฉืœื ื‘ืœืœ ืคืกื•ืœ

But one may not mix together the libations of lambs with the libations of bulls or the libations of rams, as the meal offerings have different ratios of oil to flour. And nevertheless, if one intermingled the flour and oil of these lamb offerings by themselves and the flour and oil of these bull or ram offerings by themselves, and only then were they mixed together, then they remain fit to be sacrificed. If they were mixed together before the oil and flour of each offering were independently intermingled to form the meal offering, then they are disqualified.

ื”ื›ื‘ืฉ ื”ื‘ื ืขื ื”ืขื•ืžืจ ืืฃ ืขืœ ืคื™ ืฉืžื ื—ืชื• ื›ืคื•ืœื” ืœื ื”ื™ื• ื ืกื›ื™ื• ื›ืคื•ืœื™ื

With regard to the lamb offering that comes with the omer meal offering, which is accompanied by another meal offering and a wine libation, even though the quantity of flour used in its meal offering is doubled, i.e., one uses twice the amount that is generally used for meal offerings that accompany the sacrifice of a lamb, its oil and wine libations were not doubled; rather, three log of oil and three log of wine were used, per the standard quantities used for a lamb.

ื’ืžืณ ื•ืจืžื™ื ื”ื•

GEMARA: The mishna states that different types of libations may be mixed together provided that the meal offerings have the same flour to oil ratio. And the Gemara raises a contradiction to this from a baraita discussing the verse: โ€œAnd he shall sacrifice, from the peace offerings, a fire to the Lord: The fat covering the innards, and all the fat that is on the innards, and the two kidneys with the fat that is on them, which is over the loins; and the diaphragm with the liver, with the kidneys, he shall take away. And Aaronโ€™s sons shall burn it on the altar, apart from the burnt offering, which is on the wood that is on the fire; it is a fire of a pleasing aroma to the Lordโ€ (Leviticus 3:3โ€“5).

ื•ื”ืงื˜ื™ืจื• ืฉืœื ื™ืขืจื‘ ื—ืœื‘ื™ื ื‘ื—ืœื‘ื™ื

The direct object of the term: โ€œAnd they shall burn,โ€ i.e., the pronoun โ€œit,โ€ is singular, despite referring to the many types of fats listed in the verse. This indicates that one may not mix fats of one offering with the fats of a different offering, but should burn the parts from each offering separately. Similarly, it follows that the libations accompanying different animal offerings should not be mixed together.

ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ืื ื ืชืขืจื‘ื• ืงื ืืžืจ

Rabbi Yoแธฅanan says: The mishna stated only that if libations of different offerings were mixed together one may still sacrifice them, but not that this is permitted ab initio. Accordingly, there is no contradiction between the mishna and baraita.

ืื™ ื”ื›ื™ ื•ืื™ืŸ ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืŸ ื ืกื›ื™ ื›ื‘ืฉื™ื ื‘ื ืกื›ื™ ืคืจื™ื ื•ืื™ืœื™ื ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ื ืชืขืจื‘ื• ื ืžื™ ืœื ื•ื”ื ืžื“ืงืชื ื™ ืกื™ืคื ื‘ืœืœืŸ ืืœื• ื‘ืคื ื™ ืขืฆืžืŸ ื•ืืœื• ื‘ืคื ื™ ืขืฆืžืŸ ื•ื ืชืขืจื‘ื• ื›ืฉืจื™ืŸ ืžื›ืœืœ ื“ืจื™ืฉื ืœื›ืชื—ืœื” ืงื ืืžืจ

The Gemara infers: If that is so, then when the mishna states in its first clause: And one may not mix together the libations of lambs with the libations of bulls or the libations of rams, the intention is that even after the fact, if they were mixed together, they are also not valid. The Gemara challenges: But from the fact that the latter clause teaches: If one intermingled the flour and oil of these lamb offerings by themselves and the flour and oil of these bull or ram offerings by themselves and only then were they mixed together then they remain fit to be sacrificed, which is explicitly referring to the halakha after the fact, it may be inferred that the first clause stated the halakha ab initio.

ืืžืจ ืื‘ื™ื™ ื”ื›ื™ ืงืืžืจ ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืŸ ื™ื™ื ืŸ ืื ื ืชืขืจื‘ ืกืœืชืŸ ื•ืฉืžื ืŸ

Abaye said that this is what the mishna is saying: When different animal offerings are sacrificed, their wine libations may be mixed together ab initio, but only if their fine flour and their oil from their respective meal offerings were already mixed together, albeit improperly.

ื•ื™ื™ื ืŸ ืœื›ืชื—ืœื” ืœื ื•ื”ืชื ื™ื ื‘ืžื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืืžื•ืจื™ื ื‘ืกืœืช ื•ืฉืžืŸ ืื‘ืœ ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืŸ

The Gemara asks: And is it correct that one may not mix together the wine libations of different offerings ab initio unless their flour and oil were already mixed? But isnโ€™t it taught in the continuation of the baraita just cited: In what case is this statement, that one may not mix together parts from different offerings, said? It is said only with regard to flour and oil. But one may mix together the wine libations of different offerings. The implication is that this is the halakha even if their meal offerings had not been mixed together.

ืืœื ืืžืจ ืื‘ื™ื™ ื”ื›ื™ ืงืืžืจ ื”ื™ื›ื ื“ื”ื•ืงื˜ืจ ืกืœืชืŸ ื•ืฉืžื ืŸ ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืŸ ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื›ืชื—ืœื” ื”ื™ื›ื ื“ืœื ื”ื•ืงื˜ืจ ืื ื ืชืขืจื‘ ืกืœืชืŸ ื•ืฉืžื ืŸ ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืŸ ื ืžื™ ื™ื™ื ืŸ ื•ืื ืœืื• ืื™ืŸ ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืŸ ื“ืœืžื ืืชื™ ืœืื™ืขืจื•ื‘ื™ ืกืœืช ื•ืฉืžืŸ ืœื›ืชื—ืœื”

Rather, Abaye said that this is what the mishna is saying: With regard to offerings of similar types of animals, where their fine flour and their oil from their respective meal offerings have been burned on the altar, one may mix together the wine libations ab initio. And even where their fine flour and their oil have not been burned, if their fine flour and their oil have at least been mixed together, one may mix together their wine libations ab initio. But if the fine flour and oil have not been mixed together, then one may not mix the libations together. The reason is that if one does mix the libations, perhaps one will come to mix together their flour and oil ab initio, which is prohibited.

ื›ื‘ืฉ ื”ื‘ื ืขื ื”ืขื•ืžืจ ืชื ื• ืจื‘ื ืŸ ื•ืžื ื—ืชื• ืฉื ื™ ืขืฉืจื•ื ื™ื ืœื™ืžื“ ืขืœ ื›ื‘ืฉ ื”ื‘ื ืขื ื”ืขื•ืžืจ ืฉืžื ื—ืชื• ื›ืคื•ืœื”

ยง The mishna teaches: With regard to the lamb offering that comes with the omer meal offering, the quantity of flour used in its meal offering is doubled, i.e., one uses twice the amount that is generally used for meal offerings that accompany the sacrifice of a lamb, but the quantities of oil and wine are not doubled. The Sages taught in a baraita: The verse states with regard to the omer meal offering: โ€œAnd its meal offering shall be two tenthsโ€ (Leviticus 23:13). This verse teaches about the lamb that comes with the omer that the size of its meal offering is doubled.

ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื›ืฉื ืฉืžื ื—ืชื• ื›ืคื•ืœื” ื›ืš ื™ื™ื ื• ื›ืคื•ืœ ืชืœืžื•ื“ ืœื•ืžืจ ื•ื ืกื›ื• ื™ื™ืŸ ืจื‘ื™ืขื™ืช ื”ื”ื™ืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื ื™ื”ื ื™ื™ื ื• ื›ืคื•ืœ ืฉืื™ื ื• ื ื‘ืœืœ ืขื ืžื ื—ืชื• ืื‘ืœ ื™ื”ื ืฉืžื ื• ื›ืคื•ืœ ืฉื ื‘ืœืœ ืขื ืžื ื—ืชื• ืชืœืžื•ื“ ืœื•ืžืจ ื•ื ืกื›ื• ื›ืœ ื ืกื›ื™ื• ืœื ื™ื”ื• ืืœื ืจื‘ื™ืขื™ืช

One might have thought that just as its meal offering is doubled, so too its wine libation should be doubled, i.e., instead of using a quarter-hin, as is generally done for lambs, one should use a half-hin. To counter this, the verse states, in its continuation: โ€œAnd its libation shall be of wine, a quarter-hinโ€ (Leviticus 23:13). One might have thought that it is only its wine libation that should not be doubled, as it is not intermingled with the flour of its meal offering, but its oil should be doubled, as it is intermingled with the flour of its meal offering. To counter this, the verse states: โ€œAnd its libation shall be of wine, a quarter-hin,โ€ which teaches that all of its libations shall be only a quarterhin, but no more.

ืžืื™ ืชืœืžื•ื“ื ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ืืœืขื–ืจ ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ื ืกื›ื” ื•ืงืจื™ื ืŸ ื•ื ืกื›ื•

The Gemara elaborates on the final proof in the baraita: What is the biblical derivation here? Rabbi Elazar says: There is an ambiguity as to whether the possessive pronoun in the term โ€œand its libationโ€ is referring to the lamb offering or the meal offering, both of which are mentioned previously in the verse. This is due to a disparity between the way the Hebrew word for the term is written and the way it is vocalized. It is written as veniskah, with the possessive pronoun in the feminine form. This would be referring to the meal offering [minแธฅa], which is a feminine noun. Accordingly, this means: The libation of the meal offering, and it is referring to the oil that is intermingled in the meal offering. And we read it as venisko, with the possessive pronoun in the masculine form. This would be referring to the lamb offering itself [keves], which is a masculine noun. Accordingly, this means: The libation of the lamb offering, which is a reference to the wine libation that accompanies the lamb offering.

ื›ื™ืฆื“ ื ืกื›ื” ื“ืžื ื—ื” ื›ื ืกื›ื• ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžื” ื™ื™ืŸ ืจื‘ื™ืขื™ืช ืืฃ ืฉืžืŸ ื ืžื™ ืจื‘ื™ืขื™ืช

How can this be explained? It teaches that the libation of the meal offering, i.e., its oil, is like the libation of the lamb of wine: Just as the quantity of wine used is a quarterhin, so too, the quantity of oil used is a quarterhin and no more.

ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ืืฉื ืžืฆื•ืจืข ืฉืฉื—ื˜ื• ืฉืœื ืœืฉืžื• ื˜ืขื•ืŸ ื ืกื›ื™ื ืฉืื ืื™ ืืชื” ืื•ืžืจ ื›ืŸ ืคืกืœืชื•

ยง The Gemara cites a related discussion: A guilt offering brought by a leper as part of his purification process is distinct from other guilt offerings in that there is an additional requirement that it must be brought together with a meal offering and a wine libation. Rabbi Yoแธฅanan says: In the case of a guilt offering of a leper that one slaughtered not for its own sake, although the leper can therefore no longer fulfill his obligation with it, the offering continues to be regarded as a guilt offering of a leper and still requires libations, i.e., a meal offering and a wine libation; as if you do not say this, you have disqualified it. To bring it without libations one would have to regard it as a standard guilt offering, but the halakha is that an offering may not be sacrificed for a different purpose than the one for which it was originally consecrated.

ืžืชืงื™ืฃ ืœื” ืจื‘ ืžื ืฉื™ื ื‘ืจ ื’ื“ื ืืœื ืžืขืชื” ื›ื‘ืฉ ื”ื‘ื ืขื ื”ืขื•ืžืจ ืฉืฉื—ื˜ื• ืฉืœื ืœืฉืžื• ืชื”ื ืžื ื—ืชื• ื›ืคื•ืœื” ืฉืื ืื™ ืืชื” ืื•ืžืจ ื›ืŸ ืคืกืœืชื•

Rav Menashya bar Gadda objects to this: If that is so, that whenever an offering is consecrated for a specific purpose that requires various additional conditions to be fulfilled beyond those normally required for that type of offering, then even if it is then slaughtered not for its own sake those conditions must still be fulfilled in order for the offering to be valid; then with regard to the lamb offering that comes with the omer meal offering the halakha should likewise be that if one slaughtered it not for its own sake, the flour in its meal offering should still be doubled in quantity, as normally required for the omer meal offering, because it continues to be regarded as an omer meal offering, as if you do not say this, you have disqualified it.

ื•ืชืžื™ื“ ืฉืœ ืฉื—ืจ ืฉืฉื—ื˜ื• ืฉืœื ืœืฉืžื• ื™ื”ื ื˜ืขื•ืŸ ืฉื ื™ ื’ื–ื™ืจื™ืŸ ื‘ื›ื”ืŸ ืื—ื“ ืฉืื ืื™ ืืชื” ืื•ืžืจ ื›ืŸ ืคืกืœืชื• ื•ืชืžื™ื“ ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ื ืฉืฉื—ื˜ื• ืฉืœื ืœืฉืžื• ื™ื”ื ื˜ืขื•ืŸ ืฉื ื™ ื’ื–ื™ืจื™ืŸ ื‘ืฉื ื™ ื›ื”ื ื™ื ืฉืื ืื™ ืืชื” ืื•ืžืจ ื›ืŸ ืคืกืœืชื•

And similarly, with regard to the daily morning offering, if one slaughtered it not for its own sake, it should still require the arrangement of two logs of wood on the fire on the altar by one priest, because it continues to be regarded as a daily morning offering; as if you do not say this, you have disqualified it. And similarly, with regard to the daily afternoon offering, if one slaughtered it not for its own sake, it should still require the arrangement of two logs of wood on the fire on the altar by two priests, because it continues to be regarded as a daily afternoon offering; as if you do not say this, you have disqualified it. The fact that Rabbi Yoแธฅanan did not mention these halakhot suggests that he holds they are not correct, but then his opinion is logically inconsistent.

ืื™ืŸ ื”ื›ื™ ื ืžื™ ืืœื ืืžืจ ืื‘ื™ื™ ื—ื“ื ืžื™ื ื™ื™ื”ื• ื ืงื˜

The Gemara deflects the objection: Yes, it is indeed so that Rabbi Yoแธฅananโ€™s ruling should be extended to other cases, as Rav Menashya bar Gadda claimed. Rather, Abaye said: Rabbi Yoแธฅanan mentioned just one of them as an example, even though they are all correct.

ืจื‘ื™ ืื‘ื ืืžืจ ื‘ืฉืœืžื ื”ื ืš ืขื•ืœื•ืช ื ื™ื ื”ื•

Rabbi Abba said that there is a different resolution: Actually, Rabbi Yoแธฅananโ€™s ruling is limited to a guilt offering of a leper. The other offerings that Rav Menashya bar Gadda mentioned would be valid even if the additional conditions that originally applied to them were not fulfilled. The reason for this is as follows: Granted, these other offerings that Rav Menashya bar Gadda mentioned would be valid, as they are burnt offerings;

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Ron and Shira Krebs to commemorate the 73rd yahrzeit of Shira's grandfather (Yitzchak Leib Ben David Ber HaCohen v'Malka), the 1st yahrzeit of Shira's father (Gershon Pinya Ben Yitzchak Leib HaCohen v'Menucha Sara), and the bar mitzvah of their son Eytan who will be making a siyum on Mishna Shas this month.

  • This month's learning is sponsored for the refuah shleima of Naama bat Yael Esther.

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Menachot 89

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Menachot 89

ื•ืœื™ืขื‘ื“ ื–ื”ื‘ ื›ืœ ื“ื”ื• ืงื ืžืฉืžืข ืœืŸ

and consequently, let the mouth of the lamps be fashioned from gold of any quality, not necessarily from pure gold. Therefore, the baraita teaches us that even the mouth of the lamps must be fashioned from pure gold.

ื—ืฆื™ ืœื•ื’ ืฉืžืŸ ืœืชื•ื“ื”

ยง The mishna teaches: A half-log of oil was used to measure oil for the thanks offering. The thanks offering was accompanied by four different types of loaves; three types were unleavened and one was leavened, as the verse states: โ€œIf he offers it for a thanks offering, than he shall offer with the sacrifice of thanks offering: Unleavened loaves mixed with oil; and unleavened wafers spread with oil; and poached fine flour, loaves mixed with oil. With loaves of leavened bread he shall present his offering, with the sacrifice of his peace offerings for a thanks offeringโ€ (Leviticus 7:12โ€“13).

ืชื ื™ื ืจื‘ื™ ืขืงื™ื‘ื ืื•ืžืจ ืžื” ืชืœืžื•ื“ ืœื•ืžืจ ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ืฉื ื™ ืคืขืžื™ื ืื™ืœื• ืœื ื ืืžืจ ืืœื ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ืื—ื“ ื”ื™ื™ืชื™ ืื•ืžืจ ื”ืจื™ ื”ื•ื ื›ื›ืœ ื”ืžื ื—ื•ืช ืœืœื•ื’ ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืฉื›ืชื‘ ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ื”ื•ื™ ืจื™ื‘ื•ื™ ืื—ืจ ืจื™ื‘ื•ื™ ื•ืื™ืŸ ืจื™ื‘ื•ื™ ืื—ืจ ืจื™ื‘ื•ื™ ืืœื ืœืžืขื˜ ืžื™ืขื˜ื• ื”ื›ืชื•ื‘ ืœื—ืฆื™ ืœื•ื’

It is taught in a baraita: Rabbi Akiva says: Why must the verse state: โ€œWith oil,โ€ โ€œwith oil,โ€ writing it twice; why was the first time not sufficient? Because were the term โ€œwith oilโ€ stated only once, I would have said that, with regard to the amount of oil required, the meal offerings that accompany the thanks offerings are like all other meal offerings to the extent that they require one log of oil. Now that the verse wrote โ€œwith oil,โ€ โ€œwith oil,โ€ it constitutes one amplification following another amplification, and the principle is that one amplification following another amplification serves only to restrict the extent of the halakha. Accordingly, in this case the verse restricted the amount of oil used in the three types of unleavened meal offerings to a half-log for all of them together.

ืจื™ื‘ื•ื™ ืื—ืจ ืจื™ื‘ื•ื™ ื—ื“ ืจื™ื‘ื•ื™ ื”ื•ื

The Gemara interjects the citation of the baraita to ask: Is this a case of one amplification following another amplification? It would appear that there is only one amplification, as according to the baraita the first mention of the term โ€œwith oilโ€ is necessary to teach the basic requirement that the meal offerings of the thanks offering require oil, like other meal offerings. How then can it be considered an amplification?

ืืœื ืื™ืœื• ืœื ื ืืžืจ ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ื›ืœ ืขื™ืงืจ ื”ื™ื™ืชื™ ืื•ืžืจ ื”ืจื™ ื”ื•ื ื›ื›ืœ ื”ืžื ื—ื•ืช ืœืœื•ื’ ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืฉื ืืžืจ ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ื”ื•ื™ ืจื™ื‘ื•ื™ ืื—ืจ ืจื™ื‘ื•ื™ ื•ืื™ืŸ ืจื™ื‘ื•ื™ ืื—ืจ ืจื™ื‘ื•ื™ ืืœื ืœืžืขื˜ ืžื™ืขื˜ื• ื”ื›ืชื•ื‘ ืœื—ืฆื™ ืœื•ื’

Rather, Rabbi Akivaโ€™s statement should be emended, as follows: Were the term โ€œwith oil,โ€ not written at all, I would still have said that the thanks offering meal offerings are like all other meal offerings to the extent that they requires one log of oil. Now that the verse wrote โ€œwith oil,โ€ โ€œwith oil,โ€ it constitutes one amplification following another amplification, and the principle is that one amplification following another amplification serves only to restrict the extent of the halakha. Accordingly, in this case the verse restricted the amount of oil used in the three types of unleavened meal offerings to a half-log for all three together.

ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื™ื”ื ื—ืฆื™ ืœื•ื’ ื–ื” ืžืชื—ืœืง ืœืฉืœืฉืช ืžื™ื ื™ืŸ ืœื—ืœื•ืช ื•ืœืจืงื™ืงื™ืŸ ื•ืœืจื‘ื™ื›ื” ื›ืฉื”ื•ื ืื•ืžืจ ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ื‘ืจื‘ื™ื›ื” ืฉืื™ืŸ ืชืœืžื•ื“ ืœื•ืžืจ ืจื™ื‘ื” ืฉืžืŸ ืœืจื‘ื™ื›ื” ื”ื ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืžื‘ื™ื ื—ืฆื™ ืœื•ื’ ืฉืžืŸ ื•ื—ื•ืฆื™ื”ื• [ื—ืฆื™ื•] ืœื—ืœื•ืช ื•ืœืจืงื™ืงื™ืŸ ื•ื—ืฆื™ื• ืœืจื‘ื™ื›ื”

The Gemara resumes its citation of the baraita: Once it has been established that the meal offerings require only a half-log of oil, one might have thought that this half-log should be equally divided between the three types of unleavened meal offerings, i.e., one-sixth of a log for the loaves, one-sixth for the wafers, and one-sixth for the poached loaves. When the verse states: โ€œWith oil,โ€ with regard to the poached loaves, that is seemingly superfluous, as there is no need for the verse to state the requirement to use part of the half-log of oil, being that this requirement has already been established. It must therefore serve to amplify the amount of oil used for a poached loaf as opposed to the other two types. How so? One brings a half-log of oil and divides it equally into two. Half of it is further divided and used both for the ten regular loaves and for the ten wafers, and the other half of it is used entirely for the ten poached loaves.

ืืžืจ ืœื• ืจื‘ื™ ืืœืขื–ืจ ื‘ืŸ ืขื–ืจื™ื” ืขืงื™ื‘ื ืื ืืชื” ืžืจื‘ื” ื›ืœ ื”ื™ื•ื ื›ื•ืœื• ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ืื™ื ื™ ืฉื•ืžืข ืœืš ืืœื ื—ืฆื™ ืœื•ื’ ืฉืžืŸ ืœืชื•ื“ื” ื•ืจื‘ื™ืขื™ืช ืฉืžืŸ ืœื ื–ื™ืจ ื•ืื—ื“ ืขืฉืจ ื™ื•ื ืฉื‘ื™ืŸ ื ื“ื” ืœื ื“ื” ื”ืœื›ื” ืœืžืฉื” ืžืกื™ื ื™

Rabbi Elazar ben Azarya said to Rabbi Akiva: Akiva, even if you were to amplify halakhot the entire day from the terms โ€œwith oil,โ€ โ€œwith oil,โ€ I would not listen to you and accept your claims. Rather, the halakha that a half-log of oil is required for the thanks offering, and similarly, the halakha that a quarter-log of oil is required for the loaves of a nazirite, and the halakha that a woman who experiences an emission of blood during the eleven days that are between one seven-day period of menstruation and the next period of menstruation is a zava, each of these is a halakha transmitted to Moses from Sinai; they are not derived from verses.

ื‘ืœื•ื’ ื”ื™ื” ืžื•ื“ื“

ยง The mishna states that with the vessel of one log one would measure the oil for all the standard meal offerings. It then cites a dispute between the Rabbis, who hold that one log of oil is required for each tenth of an ephah of flour used, and Rabbi Eliezer ben Yaโ€™akov, who holds that each meal offering, irrespective of its size, requires only one log of oil.

ืชื ื• ืจื‘ื ืŸ ื‘ืžืฆื•ืจืข ืขื ื™ ื›ืชื™ื‘ ืขืฉืจื•ืŸ ื‘ืœื•ืœ ื•ืœื’ ืœื™ืžื“ ืขืœ ืขืฉืจื•ืŸ ืฉื˜ืขื•ืŸ ืœื•ื’ ื“ื‘ืจื™ ื—ื›ืžื™ื

The Sages taught in a baraita: With regard to a poor leper, who cannot afford the standard offerings that are required as part of the purification process and is instead required to bring one lamb as a guilt offering and a tenth of an ephah of flour as a meal offering, it is written: โ€œAnd a tenthpart of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering, and a log of oilโ€ (Leviticus 14:21). The verse juxtaposes the need for a log of oil with the fact the offering is made of a tenth of an ephah of flour. Accordingly, it teaches about each tenth of an ephah of flour that it requires one log of oil; this is the statement of the Rabbis.

ืจื‘ื™ ื ื—ืžื™ื” ื•ืจื‘ื™ ืืœื™ืขื–ืจ ืื•ืžืจื™ื ืืคื™ืœื• ืžื ื—ื” ืฉืœ ืฉืฉื™ื ืขืฉืจื•ื ื™ื ืื™ืŸ ืœื” ืืœื ืœื•ื’ื” ืฉื ืืžืจ ืœืžื ื—ื” ื•ืœื’ ืฉืžืŸ

Rabbi Neแธฅemya and Rabbi Eliezer say: Each meal offering, irrespective of its size, and even a meal offering of sixty tenths of an ephah of flour, requires only its single log of oil, as it is stated with regard to offering of a leper: โ€œAnd a tenth of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering, and a log of oil.โ€ The juxtaposition of โ€œa meal offeringโ€ with โ€œa log of oilโ€ teaches a principle for all meal offerings: Each offering requires only one log of oil.

ื•ืจื‘ื™ ื ื—ืžื™ื” ื•ืจื‘ื™ ืืœื™ืขื–ืจ ื‘ืŸ ื™ืขืงื‘ ื”ืื™ ืขืฉืจื•ืŸ ื‘ืœื•ืœ ื•ืœื’ ืžืื™ ืขื‘ื“ื™ ืœื™ื” ื”ื”ื•ื ืœื’ื•ืคื™ื” ื“ืงื ืืžืจ ืจื—ืžื ื ืœื™ื™ืชื™ ื—ื“ ืขืฉืจื•ืŸ

The Gemara asks: And as for Rabbi Neแธฅemya and Rabbi Eliezer ben Yaโ€™akov, what do they do with this verse: โ€œAnd a tenthpart of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering and a log of oil,โ€ which links the need for a log of oil with the fact the offering is made of a tenth of an ephah of flour? The Gemara explains: That verse is required to teach the matter itself, as the Merciful One states: Let a poor leper bring an offering of just a tenth of an ephah of flour. Accordingly, it cannot be used to teach a principle about meal offerings.

ื•ืื™ื“ืš ืœื’ื•ืคื™ื” ืœื ืฆืจื™ืš ืžื“ื’ืœื™ ืจื—ืžื ื ื’ื‘ื™ ืžืฆื•ืจืข ืฉืœืฉื” ืงืจื‘ื ื•ืช ื•ืฉืœืฉื” ืขืฉืจื•ื ื•ืช ื”ื›ื ื“ื—ื“ ืงืจื‘ืŸ ื—ื“ ืขืฉืจื•ืŸ

The Gemara asks: And as for the other, i.e., the Rabbis, how do they respond to this claim? They maintain that it is not necessary to teach the matter itself, as from the fact that the Merciful One revealed with regard to a leper who is not poor that he must bring three animal offerings and a meal offering of three-tenths of an ephah as part of his purification process, it may be inferred that here, with regard to a poor leper, who brings only one offering, that he similarly brings a meal offering of only a tenth of an ephah. Accordingly, the fact that the verse mentions that his offering is only a tenth of an ephah is superfluous and can teach a principle for all meal offerings.

ื•ืื™ื“ืš ืื™ืฆื˜ืจื™ืš ืกืœืงื ื“ืขืชืš ืืžื™ื ื ื”ื•ืื™ืœ ื•ื—ืก ืจื—ืžื ื ืขืœื™ื” ืœืืชื•ื™ื™ ื‘ื“ืœื•ืช ืื™ืžื ืœื ืœื™ื‘ืขื™ ืžื™ื ื” ื›ืœืœ ื•ืื™ื“ืš ืœื’ืžืจื™ ืœื ืืฉื›ื—ืŸ

The Gemara continues to ask: And as for the other, Rabbi Neแธฅemya and Rabbi Eliezer, how would they respond to this claim? They maintain that it was necessary for the verse to state the size of his meal offering, as otherwise it might enter your mind to say that since the Merciful One spared the money of the poor leper by allowing him to bring an offering affordable in poverty, one might say that the Merciful One does not require from him to bring any meal offering at all. The Gemara asks: And as for the other, the Rabbis, how would they respond to this? They claim that we do not find that the Torah entirely exempts a poor person from the offerings of the purification process, only that it provides a less expensive way to complete that process.

ื•ืจื‘ื ืŸ ื”ืื™ ืœืžื ื—ื” ื•ืœื’ ืฉืžืŸ ืžืื™ ืขื‘ื“ื™ ืœื™ื” ื”ื”ื•ื ืœืžืชื ื“ื‘ ืžื ื—ื” ืฉืœื ื™ืคื—ื•ืช ืžื“ื‘ืจ ื”ื˜ืขื•ืŸ ืœื•ื’ ื•ืžืื™ ื ื™ื”ื• ืขืฉืจื•ืŸ ื•ืื™ื“ืš ืชืจืชื™ ืฉืžืขืช ืžื™ื ื”

The Gemara asks: And as for the Rabbis, what do they do with the juxtaposition in the end of this verse: โ€œFor a meal offering and a log of oil,โ€ from which Rabbi Neแธฅemya and Rabbi Eliezer derive the principle that each meal offering requires only one log of oil? The Gemara explains: The Rabbis maintain that that the juxtaposition teaches about one who donates a meal offering, without specifying its size, that he should not bring less than an amount of flour that requires one log. And what is this amount? A tenth of an ephah. The Gemara asks: And as for the other, Rabbi Neแธฅemya and Rabbi Eliezer, from where do they derive that halakha, as they maintain the verse teaches the principle for all meal offerings? The Gemara explains: They maintain that two halakhot can be derived from this verse.

ืฉืฉื” ืœืคืจ ืืจื‘ืขื” ืœืื™ืœ ืฉืœืฉื” ืœื›ื‘ืฉ ืžื ืœืŸ ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ื ืกื›ื™ื”ื ื—ืฆื™ ื”ื”ื™ืŸ ื™ื”ื™ื” ืœืคืจ

ยง The mishna lists the quantities of oil and wine that were required for the meal offerings and libations that accompanied the sacrifice of an animal. Six log, i.e., one-half of a hin, for those of a bull; and four log, i.e., one-third of a hin, for those of a ram; and three log, i.e., one-quarter of a hin, for those of a lamb. The Gemara asks: From where do we derive these quantities? We derive them from a verse, as it is written: โ€œAnd their libations shall be one-half of a hin of wine for a bull, and one-third of a hin for the ram, and one-quarter of a hin for a lambโ€ (Numbers 28:14).

ื”ื™ืŸ ืชืจื™ืกืจ ืœื•ื’ื™ ื”ื•ื™ื™ืŸ ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ืฉืžืŸ ื–ื™ืช ื”ื™ืŸ ื•ื›ืชื™ื‘ ืฉืžืŸ ืžืฉื—ืช ืงื“ืฉ ื™ื”ื™ื” ื–ื” ืœื™ ืœื“ืจืชื™ื›ื ื–ื” ื‘ื’ื™ืžื˜ืจื™ื ืชืจื™ืกืจ ื”ื•ื™ื™ืŸ

The Gemara elaborates: Now, one hin is twelve log, as it is written: โ€œAnd of olive oil a hinโ€ (Exodus 30:24), and it is written afterward in the same verse: โ€œSacred anointing oil, this [zeh] shall be for Me, throughout your generations.โ€ The numerical value [gimatriyya] of zeh is twelve. Once it is established that one hin is twelve log, it is possible to calculate how may log are in one-half, one-third, and one-quarter of a hin.

ืฉืœืฉื” ื•ืžื—ืฆื” ืœืžื ื•ืจื” ื—ืฆื™ ืœื•ื’ ืœื›ืœ ื ืจ ืžื ื ื”ื ื™ ืžื™ืœื™ ื“ืชื ื• ืจื‘ื ืŸ ืžืขืจื‘ ืขื“ ื‘ืงืจ ืชืŸ ืœื” ืžื“ืชื” ืฉืชื”ื ื“ื•ืœืงืช ื•ื”ื•ืœื›ืช ืžืขืจื‘ ืขื“ ื‘ืงืจ ื“ื‘ืจ ืื—ืจ ืžืขืจื‘ ืขื“ ื‘ืงืจ ืื™ืŸ ืœืš ืขื‘ื•ื“ื” ืฉื›ืฉื™ืจื” ืžืขืจื‘ ืขื“ ื‘ืงืจ ืืœื ื–ื• ื‘ืœื‘ื“ ื•ืฉื™ืขืจื• ื—ื›ืžื™ื ื—ืฆื™ ืœื•ื’ ืžืื•ืจืชื ื•ืขื“ ืฆืคืจื

ยง The mishna teaches: Three and a half log of oil were required for the Candelabrum, as there were seven lamps and a half-log was required for each lamp. The Gemara asks: From where are these matters derived? They are derived from a verse, as the Sages taught in a baraita: The verse states with regard to the Candelabrum: โ€œAaron and his sons shall arrange it from evening to morning, before the Lordโ€ (Exodus 27:21). This indicates that you shall put into each lamp its required quantity of oil so that it will continue burning from evening until morning. Alternatively, the phrase โ€œfrom evening to morningโ€ indicates that the mitzva is fulfilled throughout the night, and you have no other rite that is valid from evening until morning except for this one alone. And the Sages calculated that a half-log of oil for each lamp is necessary to ensure that they continue burning from evening until morning.

ืื™ื›ื ื“ืืžืจื™ ืžืœืžืขืœื” ืœืžื˜ื” ืฉื™ืขืจื• ื•ืื™ื›ื ื“ืืžืจื™ ืžืžื˜ื” ืœืžืขืœื” ืฉื™ืขืจื•

How did the Sages reach the conclusion that a half-log of oil is needed? There are those who say that the Sages calculated it by initially using a large quantity of oil, more than necessary to burn throughout the night, and then decreasing the quantity by a small amount each night until they saw that at the end of the night there was no oil remaining. And there are those who say that they calculated it by initially using a small quantity of oil and then increasing the quantity each night until they saw that the quantity was sufficient to allow the lamps to burn throughout the night.

ืžืืŸ ื“ืืžืจ ืžืžื˜ื” ืœืžืขืœื” ืฉื™ืขืจื• ื”ืชื•ืจื” ื—ืกื” ืขืœ ืžืžื•ื ืŸ ืฉืœ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื•ืžืืŸ ื“ืืžืจ ืžืžืขืœื” ืœืžื˜ื” ืฉื™ืขืจื• ืื™ืŸ ืขื ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืžืงื•ื ืขืฉื™ืจื•ืช

The Gemara elaborates: The one who said that they calculated it by increasing the quantity each night holds that they did so in accordance with the principle that the Torah spared the money of the Jewish people, so the Sages wished to minimize the financial cost of their experimentation. And the one who said that they calculated it by decreasing the quantity each night holds that in the Temple oneโ€™s actions should not be motivated by a concern for the financial cost, as in a place of wealth there is no poverty.

ืžืชื ื™ืณ ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืŸ ื ืกื›ื™ ืคืจื™ื ื‘ื ืกื›ื™ ืื™ืœื™ื ื ืกื›ื™ ื›ื‘ืฉื™ื ื‘ื ืกื›ื™ ื›ื‘ืฉื™ื ืฉืœ ื™ื—ื™ื“ ื‘ืฉืœ ืฆื™ื‘ื•ืจ

MISHNA: Many animal offerings are brought together with a meal offering and a wine libation. These additions are collectively referred to as libations. One may mix together the libations of bulls with the libations of rams; the meal offerings may be mixed as they both share the same ratio of flour to oil, i.e., two log of oil for each tenth of an ephah of flour. Likewise, one may mix together the libations of lambs with the libations of other lambs, as the meal offerings both share the same ratio of three log of oil for each tenth of an ephah of flour. And one may mix together the libations of the offering of an individual with those of a communal offering.

ืฉืœ ื™ื•ื ื‘ืฉืœ ืืžืฉ

And one may mix together the libations of an offering brought on one day with those of the day before, if the meal offerings have the same ratio of oil to flour.

ืื‘ืœ ืื™ืŸ ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืŸ ื ืกื›ื™ ื›ื‘ืฉื™ื ื‘ื ืกื›ื™ ืคืจื™ื ื•ืื™ืœื™ื ื•ืื ื‘ืœืœืŸ ืืœื• ื‘ืคื ื™ ืขืฆืžืŸ ื•ืืœื• ื‘ืคื ื™ ืขืฆืžืŸ ื•ื ืชืขืจื‘ื• ื›ืฉืจื™ื ืื ืขื“ ืฉืœื ื‘ืœืœ ืคืกื•ืœ

But one may not mix together the libations of lambs with the libations of bulls or the libations of rams, as the meal offerings have different ratios of oil to flour. And nevertheless, if one intermingled the flour and oil of these lamb offerings by themselves and the flour and oil of these bull or ram offerings by themselves, and only then were they mixed together, then they remain fit to be sacrificed. If they were mixed together before the oil and flour of each offering were independently intermingled to form the meal offering, then they are disqualified.

ื”ื›ื‘ืฉ ื”ื‘ื ืขื ื”ืขื•ืžืจ ืืฃ ืขืœ ืคื™ ืฉืžื ื—ืชื• ื›ืคื•ืœื” ืœื ื”ื™ื• ื ืกื›ื™ื• ื›ืคื•ืœื™ื

With regard to the lamb offering that comes with the omer meal offering, which is accompanied by another meal offering and a wine libation, even though the quantity of flour used in its meal offering is doubled, i.e., one uses twice the amount that is generally used for meal offerings that accompany the sacrifice of a lamb, its oil and wine libations were not doubled; rather, three log of oil and three log of wine were used, per the standard quantities used for a lamb.

ื’ืžืณ ื•ืจืžื™ื ื”ื•

GEMARA: The mishna states that different types of libations may be mixed together provided that the meal offerings have the same flour to oil ratio. And the Gemara raises a contradiction to this from a baraita discussing the verse: โ€œAnd he shall sacrifice, from the peace offerings, a fire to the Lord: The fat covering the innards, and all the fat that is on the innards, and the two kidneys with the fat that is on them, which is over the loins; and the diaphragm with the liver, with the kidneys, he shall take away. And Aaronโ€™s sons shall burn it on the altar, apart from the burnt offering, which is on the wood that is on the fire; it is a fire of a pleasing aroma to the Lordโ€ (Leviticus 3:3โ€“5).

ื•ื”ืงื˜ื™ืจื• ืฉืœื ื™ืขืจื‘ ื—ืœื‘ื™ื ื‘ื—ืœื‘ื™ื

The direct object of the term: โ€œAnd they shall burn,โ€ i.e., the pronoun โ€œit,โ€ is singular, despite referring to the many types of fats listed in the verse. This indicates that one may not mix fats of one offering with the fats of a different offering, but should burn the parts from each offering separately. Similarly, it follows that the libations accompanying different animal offerings should not be mixed together.

ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ืื ื ืชืขืจื‘ื• ืงื ืืžืจ

Rabbi Yoแธฅanan says: The mishna stated only that if libations of different offerings were mixed together one may still sacrifice them, but not that this is permitted ab initio. Accordingly, there is no contradiction between the mishna and baraita.

ืื™ ื”ื›ื™ ื•ืื™ืŸ ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืŸ ื ืกื›ื™ ื›ื‘ืฉื™ื ื‘ื ืกื›ื™ ืคืจื™ื ื•ืื™ืœื™ื ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ื ืชืขืจื‘ื• ื ืžื™ ืœื ื•ื”ื ืžื“ืงืชื ื™ ืกื™ืคื ื‘ืœืœืŸ ืืœื• ื‘ืคื ื™ ืขืฆืžืŸ ื•ืืœื• ื‘ืคื ื™ ืขืฆืžืŸ ื•ื ืชืขืจื‘ื• ื›ืฉืจื™ืŸ ืžื›ืœืœ ื“ืจื™ืฉื ืœื›ืชื—ืœื” ืงื ืืžืจ

The Gemara infers: If that is so, then when the mishna states in its first clause: And one may not mix together the libations of lambs with the libations of bulls or the libations of rams, the intention is that even after the fact, if they were mixed together, they are also not valid. The Gemara challenges: But from the fact that the latter clause teaches: If one intermingled the flour and oil of these lamb offerings by themselves and the flour and oil of these bull or ram offerings by themselves and only then were they mixed together then they remain fit to be sacrificed, which is explicitly referring to the halakha after the fact, it may be inferred that the first clause stated the halakha ab initio.

ืืžืจ ืื‘ื™ื™ ื”ื›ื™ ืงืืžืจ ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืŸ ื™ื™ื ืŸ ืื ื ืชืขืจื‘ ืกืœืชืŸ ื•ืฉืžื ืŸ

Abaye said that this is what the mishna is saying: When different animal offerings are sacrificed, their wine libations may be mixed together ab initio, but only if their fine flour and their oil from their respective meal offerings were already mixed together, albeit improperly.

ื•ื™ื™ื ืŸ ืœื›ืชื—ืœื” ืœื ื•ื”ืชื ื™ื ื‘ืžื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืืžื•ืจื™ื ื‘ืกืœืช ื•ืฉืžืŸ ืื‘ืœ ื™ื™ืŸ ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืŸ

The Gemara asks: And is it correct that one may not mix together the wine libations of different offerings ab initio unless their flour and oil were already mixed? But isnโ€™t it taught in the continuation of the baraita just cited: In what case is this statement, that one may not mix together parts from different offerings, said? It is said only with regard to flour and oil. But one may mix together the wine libations of different offerings. The implication is that this is the halakha even if their meal offerings had not been mixed together.

ืืœื ืืžืจ ืื‘ื™ื™ ื”ื›ื™ ืงืืžืจ ื”ื™ื›ื ื“ื”ื•ืงื˜ืจ ืกืœืชืŸ ื•ืฉืžื ืŸ ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืŸ ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื›ืชื—ืœื” ื”ื™ื›ื ื“ืœื ื”ื•ืงื˜ืจ ืื ื ืชืขืจื‘ ืกืœืชืŸ ื•ืฉืžื ืŸ ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืŸ ื ืžื™ ื™ื™ื ืŸ ื•ืื ืœืื• ืื™ืŸ ืžืขืจื‘ื™ืŸ ื“ืœืžื ืืชื™ ืœืื™ืขืจื•ื‘ื™ ืกืœืช ื•ืฉืžืŸ ืœื›ืชื—ืœื”

Rather, Abaye said that this is what the mishna is saying: With regard to offerings of similar types of animals, where their fine flour and their oil from their respective meal offerings have been burned on the altar, one may mix together the wine libations ab initio. And even where their fine flour and their oil have not been burned, if their fine flour and their oil have at least been mixed together, one may mix together their wine libations ab initio. But if the fine flour and oil have not been mixed together, then one may not mix the libations together. The reason is that if one does mix the libations, perhaps one will come to mix together their flour and oil ab initio, which is prohibited.

ื›ื‘ืฉ ื”ื‘ื ืขื ื”ืขื•ืžืจ ืชื ื• ืจื‘ื ืŸ ื•ืžื ื—ืชื• ืฉื ื™ ืขืฉืจื•ื ื™ื ืœื™ืžื“ ืขืœ ื›ื‘ืฉ ื”ื‘ื ืขื ื”ืขื•ืžืจ ืฉืžื ื—ืชื• ื›ืคื•ืœื”

ยง The mishna teaches: With regard to the lamb offering that comes with the omer meal offering, the quantity of flour used in its meal offering is doubled, i.e., one uses twice the amount that is generally used for meal offerings that accompany the sacrifice of a lamb, but the quantities of oil and wine are not doubled. The Sages taught in a baraita: The verse states with regard to the omer meal offering: โ€œAnd its meal offering shall be two tenthsโ€ (Leviticus 23:13). This verse teaches about the lamb that comes with the omer that the size of its meal offering is doubled.

ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื›ืฉื ืฉืžื ื—ืชื• ื›ืคื•ืœื” ื›ืš ื™ื™ื ื• ื›ืคื•ืœ ืชืœืžื•ื“ ืœื•ืžืจ ื•ื ืกื›ื• ื™ื™ืŸ ืจื‘ื™ืขื™ืช ื”ื”ื™ืŸ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื ื™ื”ื ื™ื™ื ื• ื›ืคื•ืœ ืฉืื™ื ื• ื ื‘ืœืœ ืขื ืžื ื—ืชื• ืื‘ืœ ื™ื”ื ืฉืžื ื• ื›ืคื•ืœ ืฉื ื‘ืœืœ ืขื ืžื ื—ืชื• ืชืœืžื•ื“ ืœื•ืžืจ ื•ื ืกื›ื• ื›ืœ ื ืกื›ื™ื• ืœื ื™ื”ื• ืืœื ืจื‘ื™ืขื™ืช

One might have thought that just as its meal offering is doubled, so too its wine libation should be doubled, i.e., instead of using a quarter-hin, as is generally done for lambs, one should use a half-hin. To counter this, the verse states, in its continuation: โ€œAnd its libation shall be of wine, a quarter-hinโ€ (Leviticus 23:13). One might have thought that it is only its wine libation that should not be doubled, as it is not intermingled with the flour of its meal offering, but its oil should be doubled, as it is intermingled with the flour of its meal offering. To counter this, the verse states: โ€œAnd its libation shall be of wine, a quarter-hin,โ€ which teaches that all of its libations shall be only a quarterhin, but no more.

ืžืื™ ืชืœืžื•ื“ื ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ืืœืขื–ืจ ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ื ืกื›ื” ื•ืงืจื™ื ืŸ ื•ื ืกื›ื•

The Gemara elaborates on the final proof in the baraita: What is the biblical derivation here? Rabbi Elazar says: There is an ambiguity as to whether the possessive pronoun in the term โ€œand its libationโ€ is referring to the lamb offering or the meal offering, both of which are mentioned previously in the verse. This is due to a disparity between the way the Hebrew word for the term is written and the way it is vocalized. It is written as veniskah, with the possessive pronoun in the feminine form. This would be referring to the meal offering [minแธฅa], which is a feminine noun. Accordingly, this means: The libation of the meal offering, and it is referring to the oil that is intermingled in the meal offering. And we read it as venisko, with the possessive pronoun in the masculine form. This would be referring to the lamb offering itself [keves], which is a masculine noun. Accordingly, this means: The libation of the lamb offering, which is a reference to the wine libation that accompanies the lamb offering.

ื›ื™ืฆื“ ื ืกื›ื” ื“ืžื ื—ื” ื›ื ืกื›ื• ื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืžื” ื™ื™ืŸ ืจื‘ื™ืขื™ืช ืืฃ ืฉืžืŸ ื ืžื™ ืจื‘ื™ืขื™ืช

How can this be explained? It teaches that the libation of the meal offering, i.e., its oil, is like the libation of the lamb of wine: Just as the quantity of wine used is a quarterhin, so too, the quantity of oil used is a quarterhin and no more.

ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ืืฉื ืžืฆื•ืจืข ืฉืฉื—ื˜ื• ืฉืœื ืœืฉืžื• ื˜ืขื•ืŸ ื ืกื›ื™ื ืฉืื ืื™ ืืชื” ืื•ืžืจ ื›ืŸ ืคืกืœืชื•

ยง The Gemara cites a related discussion: A guilt offering brought by a leper as part of his purification process is distinct from other guilt offerings in that there is an additional requirement that it must be brought together with a meal offering and a wine libation. Rabbi Yoแธฅanan says: In the case of a guilt offering of a leper that one slaughtered not for its own sake, although the leper can therefore no longer fulfill his obligation with it, the offering continues to be regarded as a guilt offering of a leper and still requires libations, i.e., a meal offering and a wine libation; as if you do not say this, you have disqualified it. To bring it without libations one would have to regard it as a standard guilt offering, but the halakha is that an offering may not be sacrificed for a different purpose than the one for which it was originally consecrated.

ืžืชืงื™ืฃ ืœื” ืจื‘ ืžื ืฉื™ื ื‘ืจ ื’ื“ื ืืœื ืžืขืชื” ื›ื‘ืฉ ื”ื‘ื ืขื ื”ืขื•ืžืจ ืฉืฉื—ื˜ื• ืฉืœื ืœืฉืžื• ืชื”ื ืžื ื—ืชื• ื›ืคื•ืœื” ืฉืื ืื™ ืืชื” ืื•ืžืจ ื›ืŸ ืคืกืœืชื•

Rav Menashya bar Gadda objects to this: If that is so, that whenever an offering is consecrated for a specific purpose that requires various additional conditions to be fulfilled beyond those normally required for that type of offering, then even if it is then slaughtered not for its own sake those conditions must still be fulfilled in order for the offering to be valid; then with regard to the lamb offering that comes with the omer meal offering the halakha should likewise be that if one slaughtered it not for its own sake, the flour in its meal offering should still be doubled in quantity, as normally required for the omer meal offering, because it continues to be regarded as an omer meal offering, as if you do not say this, you have disqualified it.

ื•ืชืžื™ื“ ืฉืœ ืฉื—ืจ ืฉืฉื—ื˜ื• ืฉืœื ืœืฉืžื• ื™ื”ื ื˜ืขื•ืŸ ืฉื ื™ ื’ื–ื™ืจื™ืŸ ื‘ื›ื”ืŸ ืื—ื“ ืฉืื ืื™ ืืชื” ืื•ืžืจ ื›ืŸ ืคืกืœืชื• ื•ืชืžื™ื“ ืฉืœ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืขืจื‘ื™ื ืฉืฉื—ื˜ื• ืฉืœื ืœืฉืžื• ื™ื”ื ื˜ืขื•ืŸ ืฉื ื™ ื’ื–ื™ืจื™ืŸ ื‘ืฉื ื™ ื›ื”ื ื™ื ืฉืื ืื™ ืืชื” ืื•ืžืจ ื›ืŸ ืคืกืœืชื•

And similarly, with regard to the daily morning offering, if one slaughtered it not for its own sake, it should still require the arrangement of two logs of wood on the fire on the altar by one priest, because it continues to be regarded as a daily morning offering; as if you do not say this, you have disqualified it. And similarly, with regard to the daily afternoon offering, if one slaughtered it not for its own sake, it should still require the arrangement of two logs of wood on the fire on the altar by two priests, because it continues to be regarded as a daily afternoon offering; as if you do not say this, you have disqualified it. The fact that Rabbi Yoแธฅanan did not mention these halakhot suggests that he holds they are not correct, but then his opinion is logically inconsistent.

ืื™ืŸ ื”ื›ื™ ื ืžื™ ืืœื ืืžืจ ืื‘ื™ื™ ื—ื“ื ืžื™ื ื™ื™ื”ื• ื ืงื˜

The Gemara deflects the objection: Yes, it is indeed so that Rabbi Yoแธฅananโ€™s ruling should be extended to other cases, as Rav Menashya bar Gadda claimed. Rather, Abaye said: Rabbi Yoแธฅanan mentioned just one of them as an example, even though they are all correct.

ืจื‘ื™ ืื‘ื ืืžืจ ื‘ืฉืœืžื ื”ื ืš ืขื•ืœื•ืช ื ื™ื ื”ื•

Rabbi Abba said that there is a different resolution: Actually, Rabbi Yoแธฅananโ€™s ruling is limited to a guilt offering of a leper. The other offerings that Rav Menashya bar Gadda mentioned would be valid even if the additional conditions that originally applied to them were not fulfilled. The reason for this is as follows: Granted, these other offerings that Rav Menashya bar Gadda mentioned would be valid, as they are burnt offerings;

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