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Daf Yomi

March 14, 2021 | 讗壮 讘谞讬住谉 转砖驻状讗

Masechet Pesachim is sponsored by Sivya Twersky in honor of her daughter, Shoshana Baker, her grandson's upcoming Bar Mitzvah ,and in memory of her father, Harav Pesach Zachariah Halevi ben Reuven and Leah Z'late Z'L. He lived Torah and emunah by example to congregational and biological families. His yahrzeit falls within this masechet.

This month's shiurim are sponsored by Terri Krivosha in memory of her father Nahum Mayar ben Dovid Baer. Judge Norman Krivosha was a remarkable individual who, in the words of Mary Oliver, did far more than "simply visit this world". Yehi Zichro Baruch.

This month's shiurim are sponsored by Bill Futornick in memory of Rabbi David Teitelbaum Z"L, who led Congregation Beth Jacob in Redwood City, CA for 38 years. He was an extraordinary leader, teacher, moral exemplar聽and family man聽who truly fought for equality and deeply embraced ahavat tzion.

Pesachim 113

This month of learning is sponsored by Bill Futornick in memory of Rabbi David Teitelbaum z”l, “who led Congregation Beth Jacob in Redwood City, CA for 38 years. Rabbi Teitelbaum was a man who led by example. He worked tirelessly for civil rights, marching in Selma with Dr. King and Rabbi Heschel, and he was an outspoken advocate for Soviet Jewry. Rabbi Teitelbaum deeply embraced ahavat tzion and inspired that ahava in his community. Most important, he was a kind and loving man, a wonderful husband, father, grandfather and great-grandfather, and a man who embodied the values of Micah 6:8: asot mishpat, v鈥檃havat chesed v鈥檋atzna鈥檃h leket im elokecha.”

Today’s daf is sponsored by Sarah Waiman in honor of her father, Bernard Waiman, making aliyah on Sunday at long last. “I鈥檓 so jealous of you going on this journey to join your children and grandchildren and I hope to join you there sometime very soon. I鈥檓 sure you鈥檙e going to make yourself right at home in a Daf Yomi shiur somewhere in the Ra鈥檃nana/Herzliya region!”

Different rabbis offer advice about all sorts of issues – health, marriage, financial, business, behavior, political, etc. First Rav to his students and his sons and then rAbbi Yochanan and Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi and others. Many are passed down with numbers – 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. The gemara expands on some of the topics.

讙讝讬讬转讗 谞讬谞讛讜 讚砖诪讟讬 住讜住讬讗 讜讗转讜 讚讘专讬 诇讛讜


are found on the paths [gazyata] near the city, as horses belonging to the demons flee along those paths, and the demons come to lead them away. Generally, however, demons do not enter inhabited places.


(讜讗诪专 诇讬讛) 专讘 诇专讘 讗住讬 诇讗 转讚讜专 讘诪转讗 讚诇讗 爪谞讬祝 讘讛 住讜住讬讗 讜诇讗 谞讘讞 讘讛 讻诇讘讗 讜讗诇 转讚讜专 讘注讬专 讚专讬砖 诪转讗 讗住讬讗 讜诇讗 转谞住讬讘 转专转讬 讗讬 谞住讘转 转专转讬 谞住讬讘 转诇转


And Rav said to Rav Asi: Do not live in a city where horses do not neigh and where dogs do not bark, as these animals provide security and protection. And do not live in a city where the mayor is a doctor, as he will be too busy working to govern properly. And do not marry two women, as they will likely join forces against you. And if you do marry two, marry a third as well. If two of your wives plot against you, the third will inform you of their plans.


讗诪专 诇讬讛 专讘 诇专讘 讻讛谞讗 讛驻讜讱 讘谞讘讬诇转讗 讜诇讗 转讬驻讜讱 讘诪讬诇讬 驻砖讜讟 谞讘讬诇转讗 讘砖讜拽讗 讜砖拽讬诇 讗讙专讗 讜诇讗 转讬诪讗 讻讛谞讗 讗谞讗 讜讙讘专讗 专讘讗 讗谞讗 讜住谞讬讗 讘讬 诪诇转讗 住诇拽转 诇讗讬讙专讗 砖讬专讜转讱 讘讛讚讱 诪讗讛 拽专讬 讘诪转讗 讘讝讜讝讗 转讜转讬 讻谞驻讬讱 谞讬讛讜讜


Rav said to Rav Kahana: It is better for one to turn over a carcass than to turn over his word, i.e., to break his promise. Rav further said: Skin a carcass in the market and take payment, but do not say: I am a priest, or: I am a great man, and this matter disgusts me. It is preferable for one to work, even in menial labor, than to be dependent on others. Rav also advised Rav Kahana: If you ascend to the roof, carry your food with you. One should always carry his sustenance with him, even if he goes only on a short trip. If one hundred pumpkins in the city cost a zuz, place them carefully under the corners of your clothes. Treat food respectfully even if it is inexpensive.


讗诪专 诇讬讛 专讘 诇讞讬讬讗 讘专讬讛 诇讗 转砖转讬 住诪讗 讜诇讗 转砖讜讜专 谞讬讙专讗 讜诇讗 转注拽专 讻讻讗 讜诇讗 转拽谞讗 讘讞讬讜讬讗 讜诇讗 转拽谞讗 讘讗专诪讗讛


Rav said to 岣yya, his son: Do not get into the habit of drinking medications, lest you develop an addiction. And do not leap over a ditch, as you might hurt yourself in the process. And do not pull out a tooth, but try to heal it if possible. And do not provoke a snake in your house to try to kill it or chase it away. And do not provoke a gentile, as this too is dangerous.


转谞讜 专讘谞谉 砖诇砖讛 讗讬谉 诪转拽谞讗讬谉 讘讛谉 讜讗诇讜 讛谉 讙讜讬 拽讟谉 讜谞讞砖 拽讟谉 讜转诇诪讬讚 拽讟谉 诪讗讬 讟注诪讗 讚诪诇讻讜转讬讬讛讜 讗讞讜专讬 讗讜讚谞讬讬讛讜 拽讗讬


Similarly, the Sages taught: There are three beings one should not provoke: A small gentile, and a small snake, and a small Torah scholar. What is the reason? Because their authority stands behind their ears. They will eventually grow up, assume power, each in his own way, and avenge those who have harassed them.


讗诪专 诇讬讛 专讘 诇讗讬讘讜 讘专讬讛 讟专讞讬 讘讱 讘砖诪注转讗 讜诇讗 诪住转讬讬注 诪讬诇转讗 转讗 讗讙诪专讱 诪讬诇讬 讚注诇诪讗 讗讚讞诇讗 讗讻专注讬讱 讝讘讬谞讱 讝讘讬谉 讻诇 诪讬诇讬 讝讘讬谉 讜转讞专讟 讘专 诪讞诪专讗 讚讝讘讬谉 讜诇讗 转讞专讟


Rav said to Ayvu, his son: I struggled to teach you halakha but my efforts did not succeed, as you did not become a great scholar. Come and I will teach you about mundane matters: Sell your merchandise while the dust from the road is still on your feet. As soon you return from your travels, sell your wares, lest the prices fall in the meantime. Furthermore, it is possible that anything you sell might later cause you to regret the sale, except for wine, which you can sell without regret. Since wine might go bad and be entirely lost, its sale is always advisable.


砖专讬 讻讬住讬讱 驻转讞 砖拽讬讱 拽讘讗 诪讗专注讗 讜诇讗 讻讜专讗 诪讗讬讙专讗


Rav further advised his son: Open your purse to accept payment, and only then open your sack to deliver the goods, to ensure you will receive payment for your merchandise. It is better to earn a kav from the ground than a kor from the roof. A kor is one hundred and eighty times larger than a kav. This proverb means that it is preferable to earn a small amount from a local, safe transaction than to attempt to earn more through a distant, risky venture.


转诪专讗 讘讞诇讜讝讱 诇讘讬转 住讜讚谞讗 专讛讬讟 讜注讚 讻诪讛 讗诪专 专讘讗 注讚 转诇转讗 住讗讛 讗诪专 专讘 驻驻讗 讗讬 诇讗 讚专诪讗讬 砖讻专讗 诇讗 讗讬注转专讬 讗讬讻讗 讚讗诪专讬 讗诪专 专讘 讞住讚讗 讗讬 诇讗 讚专诪讗讬 砖讻专讗 诇讗 讗讬注转专讬 诪讗讬 住讜讚谞讗 讗诪专 专讘 讞住讚讗 住讜讚 谞讗讛 讜讙诪讬诇讜转 讞住讚讬诐


Rav continued: If there are dates in your storeroom, run to the brewery to sell them. If you wait, there is a good chance the dates will go bad. The Gemara asks: And how many dates should one keep for himself? Rava said: Up to three se鈥檃. Rav Pappa said: If I were not a beer manufacturer I would not have become wealthy. Some say that it was Rav 岣sda who said: If I were not a beer manufacturer I would not have become wealthy. The Gemara asks: What is the meaning of the word sudana, the Aramaic term for a brewer? Rav 岣sda said: A pleasant secret [sod na鈥檈] and acts of loving kindness, as brewing is a good way to make money and also enables one to perform good deeds.


讗诪专 专讘 驻驻讗 讻诇 讗讙讘 讙讘讬讗 讘注讬 讻诇 讗砖专讗讬 住驻拽 讗转讬 住驻拽 诇讗 讗转讬 讜讚讗转讬 诪注讜转 专注讜转 谞讬谞讛讜


The Gemara continues to offer advice about mundane matters. Rav Pappa said: Anything you acquire with a document by means of which ownership is transferred, i.e., a bill of acquisition or obligation, requires collection, despite the fact that you are the legal owner. Any sale on credit is uncertain whether or not it will come to fruition. And even if it does come to fruition, the money is bad. These funds are difficult to collect, and they are generally not paid on time.


砖诇砖讛 讚讘专讬诐 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 诪砖讜诐 讗谞砖讬 讬专讜砖诇讬诐 讻砖讗转讛 讬讜爪讗 诇诪诇讞诪讛 讗诇 转爪讗 讘专讗砖讜谞讛 讗诇讗 转爪讗 讘讗讞专讜谞讛 讻讚讬 砖转讻谞住 讘专讗砖讜谞讛 讜注砖讛 砖讘转讱 讞讜诇 讜讗诇 转爪讟专讱 诇讘专讬讜转 讜讛讜讬 诪砖转讚诇 注诐 诪讬 砖讛砖注讛 诪砖讞拽转 诇讜


Rabbi Yo岣nan said three matters, citing the people of Jerusalem: When you go to war do not go out first, but go out last. The reason is so that if your side is defeated and you need to flee for your life, you will enter the refuge of the city first. And it is better to make your Shabbat like an ordinary weekday and do not be beholden to other beings. And exert yourself to join together with one upon whom the hour smiles.


砖诇砖讛 讚讘专讬诐 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讛讜砖注 讘谉 诇讜讬 诪砖讜诐 讗谞砖讬 讬专讜砖诇讬诐 讗诇 转专讘讛 讘讙谞讜转 诪砖讜诐 诪注砖讛 砖讛讬讛 讘转讱 讘讙专讛 砖讞专专 注讘讚讱 讜转谉 诇讛 讜讛讜讬 讝讛讬专 讘讗砖转讱 诪讞转谞讛 讛专讗砖讜谉 诪讗讬 讟注诪讗 专讘 讞住讚讗 讗诪专 诪砖讜诐 注专讜讛 专讘 讻讛谞讗 讗诪专 诪砖讜诐 诪诪讜谉 讛讗 讜讛讗 讗讬转谞讛讜


Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi said three matters, citing the people of Jerusalem: Do not indulge in a shameful act in public, because of the incident that occurred involving David and Bathsheba (see II Samuel 11鈥12). If your daughter has grown up, it is better to free your Canaanite slave and give him to her than to leave her to find a husband on her own. And be careful with your wife with regard to her first son-in-law, as she is especially fond of him. What is the reason for this warning? Rav 岣sda said: Due to the possibility of licentiousness. Rav Kahana said: Due to the fact that she might give him all your money and leave you impoverished. The Gemara comments: Since either of these could happen, it is best to be prudent.


讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 砖诇砖讛 诪谞讜讞诇讬 讛注讜诇诐 讛讘讗 讗诇讜 讛谉 讛讚专 讘讗专抓 讬砖专讗诇 讜讛诪讙讚诇 讘谞讬讜 诇转诇诪讜讚 转讜专讛 讜讛诪讘讚讬诇 注诇 讛讬讬谉 讘诪讜爪讗讬 砖讘转讜转 诪讗讬 讛讬讗 讚诪砖讬讬专 诪拽讬讚讜砖讗 诇讗讘讚诇转讗


Rabbi Yo岣nan said: Three people are among those who inherit the World-to-Come: One who lives in Eretz Yisrael; one who raises his sons to engage in Torah study; and one who recites havdala over wine at the conclusion of Shabbat. The Gemara asks: What is the special importance of that mitzva, to recite havdala over wine? The Gemara answers: This is referring to an individual with only a small amount of wine, who nevertheless leaves some of his kiddush wine for havdala.


讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 砖诇砖讛 诪讻专讬讝 注诇讬讛谉 讛拽讚讜砖 讘专讜讱 讛讜讗 讘讻诇 讬讜诐 注诇 专讜讜拽 讛讚专 讘讻专讱 讜讗讬谞讜 讞讜讟讗 讜注诇 注谞讬 讛诪讞讝讬专 讗讘讬讚讛 诇讘注诇讬讛 讜注诇 注砖讬专 讛诪注砖专 驻讬专讜转讬讜 讘爪讬谞注讛 专讘 住驻专讗 专讜讜拽 讛讚专 讘讻专讱 讛讜讛


Rabbi Yo岣nan further said: The Holy One, Blessed be He, proclaims about the goodness of three kinds of people every day, as exceptional and noteworthy individuals: About a bachelor who lives in a city and does not sin with women; about a poor person who returns a lost object to its owners despite his poverty; and about a wealthy person who tithes his produce in private, without publicizing his behavior. The Gemara reports: Rav Safra was a bachelor living in a city.


转谞讬 转谞讗 拽诪讬讛 讚专讘讗 讜专讘 住驻专讗 爪讛讘讜 驻谞讬讜 讚专讘 住驻专讗 讗诪专 诇讜 专讘讗 诇讗讜 讻讙讜谉 诪专 讗诇讗 讻讙讜谉 专讘 讞谞讬谞讗 讜专讘 讗讜砖注讬讗 讚讛讜讜 讗讜砖讻驻讬 讘讗专注讗 讚讬砖专讗诇 讜讛讜讜 讬转讘讬 讘砖讜拽讗 讚讝讜谞讜转 讜注讘讚讬 诇讛讜 诪住讗谞讬 诇讝讜谞讜转 讜注讬讬诇讬 诇讛讜 讗讬谞讛讜 诪住转讻诇讬 讘讛讜 讜讗讬谞讛讜 诇讗 诪讚诇谉 注讬谞讬讬讛讜 诇讗讬住转讻讜诇讬 讘讛讜 讜诪讜诪转讬讬讛讜 讛讻讬 讘讞讬讬讛谉 专讘谞谉 拽讚讬砖讬 讚讘讗专注讗 讚讬砖专讗诇:


When the tanna taught this baraita before Rava and Rav Safra, Rav Safra鈥檚 face lit up with joy, as he was listed among those praised by God. Rava said to him: This does not refer to someone like the Master. Rather, the statement applies to people like Rav 岣nina and Rav Oshaya, who were cobblers in Eretz Yisrael, and they would sit in the marketplace of prostitutes and fashion shoes for prostitutes. And the prostitutes would enter their shops and look at them. However, due to their piety, these Sages did not raise their eyes to look at the women. And those prostitutes were so impressed with this behavior that when they swore, they would say as follows: By the lives of the holy Sages of Eretz Yisrael. It is this type of bachelor who is praised by Heaven.


砖诇砖讛 讛拽讚讜砖 讘专讜讱 讛讜讗 讗讜讛讘谉 诪讬 砖讗讬谞讜 讻讜注住 讜诪讬 砖讗讬谞讜 诪砖转讻专 讜诪讬 砖讗讬谞讜 诪注诪讬讚 注诇 诪讚讜转讬讜 砖诇砖讛 讛拽讚讜砖 讘专讜讱 讛讜讗 砖讜谞讗谉 讛诪讚讘专 讗讞讚 讘驻讛 讜讗讞讚 讘诇讘 讜讛讬讜讚注 注讚讜转 讘讞讘讬专讜 讜讗讬谞讜 诪注讬讚 诇讜 讜讛专讜讗讛 讚讘专 注专讜讛 讘讞讘讬专讜 讜诪注讬讚 讘讜 讬讞讬讚讬


The Gemara cites a similar statement. The Holy One, Blessed be He, loves three people: One who does not get angry; one who does not get drunk; and one who is forgiving. The Holy One, Blessed be He, hates three people: One who says one statement with his mouth and means another in his heart, i.e., a hypocrite; one who knows testimony about another person and does not testify on his behalf; and one who observes a licentious matter performed by another person and testifies against him alone. His testimony is meaningless, as he is the only witness; consequently, he merely gives the individual a bad reputation.


讻讬 讛讗 讚讟讜讘讬讛 讞讟讗 讜讗转讗 讝讬讙讜讚 诇讞讜讚讬讛 讜讗住讛讬讚 讘讬讛 拽诪讬讛 讚专讘 驻驻讗 谞讙讚讬讛 诇讝讬讙讜讚 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讟讜讘讬讛 讞讟讗 讜讝讬讙讜讚 诪讬谞讙讚 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗讬谉 讚讻转讬讘 诇讗 讬拽讜诐 注讚 讗讞讚 讘讗讬砖 讜讗转 诇讞讜讚讱 讗住讛讚转 讘讬讛 砖诐 专注 讘注诇诪讗 拽讗 诪驻拽转 讘讬讛


The Gemara comments: This is like that incident where Tuveya sinned with immorality, and Zigud came alone to testify about him before Rav Pappa. Rav Pappa instructed that Zigud be lashed. Zigud said to him: Tuveya sinned and Zigud is lashed, an objection that became a popular saying. He said to him: Yes, as it is written: 鈥淥ne witness shall not rise up against a man鈥 (Deuteronomy 19:15), and you testified against him alone. You have merely given him a bad reputation.


讗诪专 专讘讬 砖诪讜讗诇 讘专 专讘 讬爪讞拽 讗诪专 专讘 诪讜转专 诇砖谞讗转讜 砖谞讗诪专 讻讬 转专讗讛 讞诪讜专 砖谞讗讱 专讜讘抓 转讞转 诪砖讗讜 诪讗讬 砖讜谞讗 讗讬诇讬诪讗 砖讜谞讗 讙讜讬 讜讛讗 转谞讬讗 砖讜谞讗 砖讗诪专讜 砖讜谞讗 讬砖专讗诇 讜诇讗 砖讜谞讗 讙讜讬


Rabbi Shmuel bar Rav Yitz岣k said that Rav said: Although one who sees another committing a sin should not testify against him by himself, he is nonetheless permitted to hate him, as it is stated: 鈥淚f you see the donkey of he who hates you lying under its load鈥 (Exodus 23:5). The Gemara clarifies this verse: What is the meaning of he who hates you mentioned in the verse? If you say it is referring to a gentile who hates you, but wasn鈥檛 it taught in a baraita that the phrase: He who hates, of which the Torah spoke, is a Jew who hates you, not a gentile who hates you?


讗诇讗 驻砖讬讟讗 砖讜谞讗 讬砖专讗诇 讜诪讬 砖专讬讗 诇诪住谞讬讛 讜讛讻转讬讘 诇讗 转砖谞讗 讗转 讗讞讬讱 讘诇讘讘讱 讗诇讗 讚讗讬讻讗 住讛讚讬 讚注讘讬讚 讗讬住讜专讗 讻讜诇讬 注诇诪讗 谞诪讬 诪讬住谞讬 住谞讬 诇讬讛 诪讗讬 砖谞讗 讛讗讬 讗诇讗 诇讗讜 讻讬 讛讗讬 讙讜讜谞讗 讚讞讝讬讗 讘讬讛 讗讬讛讜 讚讘专 注专讜讛


Rather, it is obvious that the verse is referring to a Jew who hates you. But is one permitted to hate a fellow Jew? But isn鈥檛 it written: 鈥淵ou shall not hate your brother in your heart鈥 (Leviticus 19:17), which clearly prohibits the hatred of another Jew? Rather, perhaps you will say that the verse is referring to a situation where there are witnesses that he performed a sin. However, in that case, everyone else should also hate him. What is different about this particular person who hates him? Rather, is it not referring to a case like this, when he saw him perform a licentious matter? He is therefore permitted to hate him for his evil behavior, whereas others who are unaware of his actions may not hate him.


专讘 谞讞诪谉 讘专 讬爪讞拽 讗诪专 诪爪讜讛 诇砖谞讗转讜 砖谞讗诪专 讬专讗转 讛壮 (砖讜谞讗讬) 专注 讗诪专 专讘 讗讞讗 讘专讬讛 讚专讘讗 诇专讘 讗砖讬 诪讛讜 诇诪讬诪专讗 诇讬讛 诇专讘讬讛 诇诪砖谞讬讬讛 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗讬 讬讚注 讚诪讛讬诪谉 诇专讘讬讛 讻讘讬 转专讬 诇讬诪讗 诇讬讛 讜讗讬 诇讗 诇讗 诇讬诪讗 诇讬讛


Rav Na岣an bar Yitz岣k said: Not only is this permitted, it is even a mitzva to hate him, as it is stated: 鈥淭he fear of God is to hate evil鈥 (Proverbs 8:13). Rav A岣, son of Rava, said to Rav Ashi: What is the halakha with regard to whether one who saw someone sin may tell his teacher so that he too will hate him? Rav Ashi said to him: If the student knows that he is trusted by his teacher as two witnesses, and therefore his statement will be accepted, he should tell him, and if he is not trusted by his teacher as two witnesses, he should not tell him.


转谞讜 专讘谞谉 砖诇砖讛 讞讬讬讛谉 讗讬谞诐 讞讬讬诐 讛专讞诪谞讬谉 讜讛专转讞谞讬谉 讜讗谞讬谞讬 讛讚注转 讜讗诪专 专讘 讬讜住祝 讻讜诇讛讜 讗讬转谞讛讜 讘讬


The Sages taught: There are three types of people whose lives are not lives, due to their constant suffering: The compassionate, the hot tempered, and the delicate. Rav Yosef said: All of these attributes are found in me.


转谞讜 专讘谞谉 砖诇砖讛 砖讜谞讗讬谉 讝讛 讗转 讝讛 讗诇讜 讛谉 讛讻诇讘讬诐 讜讛转专谞讙讜诇讬谉 讜讛讞讘专讬谉 讜讬砖 讗讜诪专讬诐 讗祝 讛讝讜谞讜转 讜讬砖 讗讜诪专讬诐 讗祝 转诇诪讬讚讬 讞讻诪讬诐 砖讘讘讘诇


Furthermore, the Sages taught: Members of three groups hate other members of the same group: Dogs, roosters, and the Persian priests. And some say: Also prostitutes. And some say: Also Torah scholars in Babylonia.


转谞讜 专讘谞谉 砖诇砖讛 讗讜讛讘讬谉 讝讛 讗转 讝讛 讗诇讜 讛谉 讛讙专讬诐 讜注讘讚讬诐 讜注讜专讘讬谉


Likewise, the Sages taught: Members of three groups love one another: Converts, slaves, and ravens.


讗专讘注讛 讗讬谉 讛讚注转 住讜讘诇转谉 讗诇讜 讛谉 讚诇 讙讗讛 讜注砖讬专 诪讻讞砖 讜讝拽谉 诪谞讗祝 讜驻专谞住 诪转讙讗讛 注诇 讛爪讬讘讜专 讘讞谞诐 讜讬砖 讗讜诪专讬诐 讗祝 讛诪讙专砖 讗转 讗砖转讜 驻注诐 专讗砖讜谞讛 讜砖谞讬讛 讜诪讞讝讬专讛


Four types of people cannot be endured by anyone: An arrogant pauper; a wealthy person who denies monetary claims against him; a lecherous old man; and a leader who lords over the community for no cause. And some say: Also one who divorces his wife once and twice and takes her back a third time. He should decide definitively whether or not he wants her.


讜转谞讗 拽诪讗 讝讬诪谞讗 讚讻转讜讘转讛 诪专讜讘讛 讗讬 谞诪讬 讬砖 诇讜 讘谞讬诐 讛讬诪谞讛 讜诇讗 诪爪讬 诪讙专砖 诇讛


The Gemara asks: And why didn鈥檛 the first tanna mention this case of a man who remarries his wife after two divorces? The Gemara answers: Sometimes the husband鈥檚 payment to her in the event of divorce, as stipulated in her marriage contract, is large, and since he is unable to pay he is forced to take her back. Alternatively, he has children with her and cannot divorce her, as he wants someone to care for them.


讞诪砖讛 讚讘专讬诐 爪讜讛 讻谞注谉 讗转 讘谞讬讜 讗讛讘讜 讝讛 讗转 讝讛 讜讗讛讘讜 讗转 讛讙讝诇 讜讗讛讘讜 讗转 讛讝诪讛 讜砖谞讗讜 讗转 讗讚讜谞讬讻诐 讜讗诇 转讚讘专讜 讗诪转


The Gemara continues: Canaan commanded his sons with regard to five matters that are apparently normal behavior for slaves: Love one another, love robbery, love promiscuity, hate your masters, and do not speak the truth.


砖砖讛 讚讘专讬诐 谞讗诪专讬诐 讘住讜住 讗讜讛讘 讗转 讛讝谞讜转 讜讗讜讛讘 讗转 讛诪诇讞诪讛 讜专讜讞讜 讙住讛 讜诪讜讗住 讗转 讛砖讬谞讛 讜讗讜讻诇 讛专讘讛 讜诪讜爪讬讗 拽诪注讛 讜讬砖 讗讜诪专讬诐 讗祝 诪讘拽砖 诇讛专讜讙 讘注诇讬讜 讘诪诇讞诪讛


Six matters are said with regard to a horse: It loves promiscuity, it loves war, its demeanor is arrogant, it despises sleep, it eats much, and it excretes little. And some say: Just as a horse always rushes straight into the heat of a battle, it also attempts to kill its master in war.


砖讘注讛 诪谞讜讚讬谉 诇砖诪讬诐 讗诇讜 讛谉 (讬讛讜讚讬) [诪讬] 砖讗讬谉 诇讜 讗砖讛 讜砖讬砖 诇讜 讗砖讛 讜讗讬谉 诇讜 讘谞讬诐 讜诪讬 砖讬砖 诇讜 讘谞讬诐 讜讗讬谉 诪讙讚诇谉 诇转诇诪讜讚 转讜专讛 讜诪讬 砖讗讬谉 诇讜 转驻讬诇讬谉 讘专讗砖讜 讜转驻讬诇讬谉 讘讝专讜注讜 讜爪讬爪讬转 讘讘讙讚讜 讜诪讝讜讝讛 讘驻转讞讜 讜讛诪讜谞注 诪谞注诇讬诐 诪专讙诇讬讜 讜讬砖 讗讜诪专讬诐 讗祝 诪讬 砖讗讬谉 诪讬住讘 讘讞讘讜专讛 砖诇 诪爪讜讛


Seven are ostracized by Heaven, despite the fact that they have not been ostracized in any court: A Jew who does not have a wife; and one who has a wife but has no sons; and one who has sons whom he does not raise to engage in Torah study; and one who does not have phylacteries on his head, and phylacteries on his arm, and ritual fringes on his garment, and a mezuza in his doorway; and one who withholds shoes from his feet. And some say: Also one who does not sit with a group that is partaking of a feast in celebration of a mitzva.


讗诪专 专讘讛 讘专 讘专 讞谞讛 讗诪专 专讘讬 砖诪讜讗诇 讘专 诪专转讗 讗诪专 专讘 诪砖讜诐 专讘讬 讬讜住讬 讗讬砖 讛讜爪诇 诪谞讬讬谉 砖讗讬谉 砖讜讗诇讬谉 讘讻诇讚讬讬诐 砖谞讗诪专 转诪讬诐 转讛讬讛 注诐 讛壮 讗诇讛讬讱


Rabba bar bar 岣na said that Rabbi Shmuel bar Marta said that Rav said, citing Rabbi Yosei of Hutzal: From where is it derived that one may not consult astrologers? As it is stated: 鈥淵ou shall be wholehearted with the Lord your God鈥 (Deuteronomy 18:13). The Torah demands absolute faith in God and acceptance of His justice, without attempting to predict the future.


讜诪谞讬讬谉 讛讬讜讚注 讘讞讘讬专讜 砖讛讜讗 讙讚讜诇 诪诪谞讜 讗驻讬诇讜 讘讚讘专 讗讞讚 砖讞讬讬讘 诇谞讛讜讙 讘讜 讻讘讜讚 砖谞讗诪专 讻诇 拽讘诇 讚讬 专讜讞 讬转讬专讗 讘讬讛 [讜诪诇讻讗 注砖讬转 诇讛拽诪讜转讬讛 注诇 讻诇 诪诇讻讜转讗]


And from where is it derived concerning one who knows about another that he is greater than him, even in one matter, that he must treat him with respect? As it is stated: 鈥淏ecause a surpassing spirit was in him, the king thought to set him over the whole realm鈥 (Daniel 6:4). This verse teaches that one who is in any way greater than another person is worthy of his respect.


讜讛讬讜砖讘转 注诇 讚诐 讟讛讜专 讗住讜专讛 诇砖诪砖 注讚 讻诪讛 讗诪专 专讘 注讜谞讛


And it was also stated by Rabba bar bar 岣na: With regard to a woman who was observing her days of ritually pure blood, and those days have ended, she is prohibited to engage in intimacy immediately, lest she see ritually impure blood. Any blood emitted by a woman within forty days after giving birth to a male child or eighty days after giving birth to a female child is ritually pure. After this period of time has passed, a woman should not have relations with her husband immediately. The Gemara asks: Until when is she prohibited to her husband? Rav said: She must wait a set interval of time for the ritual impurity of a nidda, i.e., either one day or one night.


转谞讗 讛讜讗 讬讜住祝 讗讬砖 讛讜爪诇 讛讜讗 讬讜住祝 讛讘讘诇讬 讛讜讗 讗讬住讬 讘谉 讙讜专 讗专讬讛 讛讜讗 讗讬住讬 讘谉 讬讛讜讚讛 讛讜讗 讗讬住讬 讘谉 讙诪诇讬讗诇 讛讜讗 讗讬住讬 讘谉 诪讛诇诇讗诇 讜诪讛 砖诪讜 讗讬住讬 讘谉 注拽讘讬讛 砖诪讜 讛讜讗 专讘讬 讬爪讞拽 讘谉 讟讘诇讗 讛讜讗 专讘讬 讬爪讞拽 讘谉 讞拽诇讗 讛讜讗 专讘讬 讬爪讞拽 讘谉 讗诇注讗 讛讜讗


With regard to Rabbi Yosei of Hutzal, it was taught: The Yosef of Hutzal mentioned in other places in the Gemara is the same person as Yosef the Babylonian. Yosef is the full name of Yosei. Furthermore, he is also known as Isi ben Gur Arye, he is Isi ben Yehuda, he is Isi ben Gamliel, and he is Isi ben Mahalalel. And what is his real name? His real name is Isi ben Akavya. Similarly, the Sage Rabbi Yitz岣k ben Tavla is also known as Rabbi Yitz岣k ben 岣kla, who is Rabbi Yitz岣k ben Ela. These are two cases of one Sage with several names.


Masechet Pesachim is sponsored by Sivya Twersky in honor of her daughter, Shoshana Baker, her grandson's upcoming Bar Mitzvah ,and in memory of her father, Harav Pesach Zachariah Halevi ben Reuven and Leah Z'late Z'L. He lived Torah and emunah by example to congregational and biological families. His yahrzeit falls within this masechet.

This month's shiurim are sponsored by Terri Krivosha in memory of her father Nahum Mayar ben Dovid Baer. Judge Norman Krivosha was a remarkable individual who, in the words of Mary Oliver, did far more than "simply visit this world". Yehi Zichro Baruch.

This month's shiurim are sponsored by Bill Futornick in memory of Rabbi David Teitelbaum Z"L, who led Congregation Beth Jacob in Redwood City, CA for 38 years. He was an extraordinary leader, teacher, moral exemplar聽and family man聽who truly fought for equality and deeply embraced ahavat tzion.

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Pesachim 113

The William Davidson Talmud | Powered by Sefaria

Pesachim 113

讙讝讬讬转讗 谞讬谞讛讜 讚砖诪讟讬 住讜住讬讗 讜讗转讜 讚讘专讬 诇讛讜


are found on the paths [gazyata] near the city, as horses belonging to the demons flee along those paths, and the demons come to lead them away. Generally, however, demons do not enter inhabited places.


(讜讗诪专 诇讬讛) 专讘 诇专讘 讗住讬 诇讗 转讚讜专 讘诪转讗 讚诇讗 爪谞讬祝 讘讛 住讜住讬讗 讜诇讗 谞讘讞 讘讛 讻诇讘讗 讜讗诇 转讚讜专 讘注讬专 讚专讬砖 诪转讗 讗住讬讗 讜诇讗 转谞住讬讘 转专转讬 讗讬 谞住讘转 转专转讬 谞住讬讘 转诇转


And Rav said to Rav Asi: Do not live in a city where horses do not neigh and where dogs do not bark, as these animals provide security and protection. And do not live in a city where the mayor is a doctor, as he will be too busy working to govern properly. And do not marry two women, as they will likely join forces against you. And if you do marry two, marry a third as well. If two of your wives plot against you, the third will inform you of their plans.


讗诪专 诇讬讛 专讘 诇专讘 讻讛谞讗 讛驻讜讱 讘谞讘讬诇转讗 讜诇讗 转讬驻讜讱 讘诪讬诇讬 驻砖讜讟 谞讘讬诇转讗 讘砖讜拽讗 讜砖拽讬诇 讗讙专讗 讜诇讗 转讬诪讗 讻讛谞讗 讗谞讗 讜讙讘专讗 专讘讗 讗谞讗 讜住谞讬讗 讘讬 诪诇转讗 住诇拽转 诇讗讬讙专讗 砖讬专讜转讱 讘讛讚讱 诪讗讛 拽专讬 讘诪转讗 讘讝讜讝讗 转讜转讬 讻谞驻讬讱 谞讬讛讜讜


Rav said to Rav Kahana: It is better for one to turn over a carcass than to turn over his word, i.e., to break his promise. Rav further said: Skin a carcass in the market and take payment, but do not say: I am a priest, or: I am a great man, and this matter disgusts me. It is preferable for one to work, even in menial labor, than to be dependent on others. Rav also advised Rav Kahana: If you ascend to the roof, carry your food with you. One should always carry his sustenance with him, even if he goes only on a short trip. If one hundred pumpkins in the city cost a zuz, place them carefully under the corners of your clothes. Treat food respectfully even if it is inexpensive.


讗诪专 诇讬讛 专讘 诇讞讬讬讗 讘专讬讛 诇讗 转砖转讬 住诪讗 讜诇讗 转砖讜讜专 谞讬讙专讗 讜诇讗 转注拽专 讻讻讗 讜诇讗 转拽谞讗 讘讞讬讜讬讗 讜诇讗 转拽谞讗 讘讗专诪讗讛


Rav said to 岣yya, his son: Do not get into the habit of drinking medications, lest you develop an addiction. And do not leap over a ditch, as you might hurt yourself in the process. And do not pull out a tooth, but try to heal it if possible. And do not provoke a snake in your house to try to kill it or chase it away. And do not provoke a gentile, as this too is dangerous.


转谞讜 专讘谞谉 砖诇砖讛 讗讬谉 诪转拽谞讗讬谉 讘讛谉 讜讗诇讜 讛谉 讙讜讬 拽讟谉 讜谞讞砖 拽讟谉 讜转诇诪讬讚 拽讟谉 诪讗讬 讟注诪讗 讚诪诇讻讜转讬讬讛讜 讗讞讜专讬 讗讜讚谞讬讬讛讜 拽讗讬


Similarly, the Sages taught: There are three beings one should not provoke: A small gentile, and a small snake, and a small Torah scholar. What is the reason? Because their authority stands behind their ears. They will eventually grow up, assume power, each in his own way, and avenge those who have harassed them.


讗诪专 诇讬讛 专讘 诇讗讬讘讜 讘专讬讛 讟专讞讬 讘讱 讘砖诪注转讗 讜诇讗 诪住转讬讬注 诪讬诇转讗 转讗 讗讙诪专讱 诪讬诇讬 讚注诇诪讗 讗讚讞诇讗 讗讻专注讬讱 讝讘讬谞讱 讝讘讬谉 讻诇 诪讬诇讬 讝讘讬谉 讜转讞专讟 讘专 诪讞诪专讗 讚讝讘讬谉 讜诇讗 转讞专讟


Rav said to Ayvu, his son: I struggled to teach you halakha but my efforts did not succeed, as you did not become a great scholar. Come and I will teach you about mundane matters: Sell your merchandise while the dust from the road is still on your feet. As soon you return from your travels, sell your wares, lest the prices fall in the meantime. Furthermore, it is possible that anything you sell might later cause you to regret the sale, except for wine, which you can sell without regret. Since wine might go bad and be entirely lost, its sale is always advisable.


砖专讬 讻讬住讬讱 驻转讞 砖拽讬讱 拽讘讗 诪讗专注讗 讜诇讗 讻讜专讗 诪讗讬讙专讗


Rav further advised his son: Open your purse to accept payment, and only then open your sack to deliver the goods, to ensure you will receive payment for your merchandise. It is better to earn a kav from the ground than a kor from the roof. A kor is one hundred and eighty times larger than a kav. This proverb means that it is preferable to earn a small amount from a local, safe transaction than to attempt to earn more through a distant, risky venture.


转诪专讗 讘讞诇讜讝讱 诇讘讬转 住讜讚谞讗 专讛讬讟 讜注讚 讻诪讛 讗诪专 专讘讗 注讚 转诇转讗 住讗讛 讗诪专 专讘 驻驻讗 讗讬 诇讗 讚专诪讗讬 砖讻专讗 诇讗 讗讬注转专讬 讗讬讻讗 讚讗诪专讬 讗诪专 专讘 讞住讚讗 讗讬 诇讗 讚专诪讗讬 砖讻专讗 诇讗 讗讬注转专讬 诪讗讬 住讜讚谞讗 讗诪专 专讘 讞住讚讗 住讜讚 谞讗讛 讜讙诪讬诇讜转 讞住讚讬诐


Rav continued: If there are dates in your storeroom, run to the brewery to sell them. If you wait, there is a good chance the dates will go bad. The Gemara asks: And how many dates should one keep for himself? Rava said: Up to three se鈥檃. Rav Pappa said: If I were not a beer manufacturer I would not have become wealthy. Some say that it was Rav 岣sda who said: If I were not a beer manufacturer I would not have become wealthy. The Gemara asks: What is the meaning of the word sudana, the Aramaic term for a brewer? Rav 岣sda said: A pleasant secret [sod na鈥檈] and acts of loving kindness, as brewing is a good way to make money and also enables one to perform good deeds.


讗诪专 专讘 驻驻讗 讻诇 讗讙讘 讙讘讬讗 讘注讬 讻诇 讗砖专讗讬 住驻拽 讗转讬 住驻拽 诇讗 讗转讬 讜讚讗转讬 诪注讜转 专注讜转 谞讬谞讛讜


The Gemara continues to offer advice about mundane matters. Rav Pappa said: Anything you acquire with a document by means of which ownership is transferred, i.e., a bill of acquisition or obligation, requires collection, despite the fact that you are the legal owner. Any sale on credit is uncertain whether or not it will come to fruition. And even if it does come to fruition, the money is bad. These funds are difficult to collect, and they are generally not paid on time.


砖诇砖讛 讚讘专讬诐 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 诪砖讜诐 讗谞砖讬 讬专讜砖诇讬诐 讻砖讗转讛 讬讜爪讗 诇诪诇讞诪讛 讗诇 转爪讗 讘专讗砖讜谞讛 讗诇讗 转爪讗 讘讗讞专讜谞讛 讻讚讬 砖转讻谞住 讘专讗砖讜谞讛 讜注砖讛 砖讘转讱 讞讜诇 讜讗诇 转爪讟专讱 诇讘专讬讜转 讜讛讜讬 诪砖转讚诇 注诐 诪讬 砖讛砖注讛 诪砖讞拽转 诇讜


Rabbi Yo岣nan said three matters, citing the people of Jerusalem: When you go to war do not go out first, but go out last. The reason is so that if your side is defeated and you need to flee for your life, you will enter the refuge of the city first. And it is better to make your Shabbat like an ordinary weekday and do not be beholden to other beings. And exert yourself to join together with one upon whom the hour smiles.


砖诇砖讛 讚讘专讬诐 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讛讜砖注 讘谉 诇讜讬 诪砖讜诐 讗谞砖讬 讬专讜砖诇讬诐 讗诇 转专讘讛 讘讙谞讜转 诪砖讜诐 诪注砖讛 砖讛讬讛 讘转讱 讘讙专讛 砖讞专专 注讘讚讱 讜转谉 诇讛 讜讛讜讬 讝讛讬专 讘讗砖转讱 诪讞转谞讛 讛专讗砖讜谉 诪讗讬 讟注诪讗 专讘 讞住讚讗 讗诪专 诪砖讜诐 注专讜讛 专讘 讻讛谞讗 讗诪专 诪砖讜诐 诪诪讜谉 讛讗 讜讛讗 讗讬转谞讛讜


Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi said three matters, citing the people of Jerusalem: Do not indulge in a shameful act in public, because of the incident that occurred involving David and Bathsheba (see II Samuel 11鈥12). If your daughter has grown up, it is better to free your Canaanite slave and give him to her than to leave her to find a husband on her own. And be careful with your wife with regard to her first son-in-law, as she is especially fond of him. What is the reason for this warning? Rav 岣sda said: Due to the possibility of licentiousness. Rav Kahana said: Due to the fact that she might give him all your money and leave you impoverished. The Gemara comments: Since either of these could happen, it is best to be prudent.


讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 砖诇砖讛 诪谞讜讞诇讬 讛注讜诇诐 讛讘讗 讗诇讜 讛谉 讛讚专 讘讗专抓 讬砖专讗诇 讜讛诪讙讚诇 讘谞讬讜 诇转诇诪讜讚 转讜专讛 讜讛诪讘讚讬诇 注诇 讛讬讬谉 讘诪讜爪讗讬 砖讘转讜转 诪讗讬 讛讬讗 讚诪砖讬讬专 诪拽讬讚讜砖讗 诇讗讘讚诇转讗


Rabbi Yo岣nan said: Three people are among those who inherit the World-to-Come: One who lives in Eretz Yisrael; one who raises his sons to engage in Torah study; and one who recites havdala over wine at the conclusion of Shabbat. The Gemara asks: What is the special importance of that mitzva, to recite havdala over wine? The Gemara answers: This is referring to an individual with only a small amount of wine, who nevertheless leaves some of his kiddush wine for havdala.


讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 砖诇砖讛 诪讻专讬讝 注诇讬讛谉 讛拽讚讜砖 讘专讜讱 讛讜讗 讘讻诇 讬讜诐 注诇 专讜讜拽 讛讚专 讘讻专讱 讜讗讬谞讜 讞讜讟讗 讜注诇 注谞讬 讛诪讞讝讬专 讗讘讬讚讛 诇讘注诇讬讛 讜注诇 注砖讬专 讛诪注砖专 驻讬专讜转讬讜 讘爪讬谞注讛 专讘 住驻专讗 专讜讜拽 讛讚专 讘讻专讱 讛讜讛


Rabbi Yo岣nan further said: The Holy One, Blessed be He, proclaims about the goodness of three kinds of people every day, as exceptional and noteworthy individuals: About a bachelor who lives in a city and does not sin with women; about a poor person who returns a lost object to its owners despite his poverty; and about a wealthy person who tithes his produce in private, without publicizing his behavior. The Gemara reports: Rav Safra was a bachelor living in a city.


转谞讬 转谞讗 拽诪讬讛 讚专讘讗 讜专讘 住驻专讗 爪讛讘讜 驻谞讬讜 讚专讘 住驻专讗 讗诪专 诇讜 专讘讗 诇讗讜 讻讙讜谉 诪专 讗诇讗 讻讙讜谉 专讘 讞谞讬谞讗 讜专讘 讗讜砖注讬讗 讚讛讜讜 讗讜砖讻驻讬 讘讗专注讗 讚讬砖专讗诇 讜讛讜讜 讬转讘讬 讘砖讜拽讗 讚讝讜谞讜转 讜注讘讚讬 诇讛讜 诪住讗谞讬 诇讝讜谞讜转 讜注讬讬诇讬 诇讛讜 讗讬谞讛讜 诪住转讻诇讬 讘讛讜 讜讗讬谞讛讜 诇讗 诪讚诇谉 注讬谞讬讬讛讜 诇讗讬住转讻讜诇讬 讘讛讜 讜诪讜诪转讬讬讛讜 讛讻讬 讘讞讬讬讛谉 专讘谞谉 拽讚讬砖讬 讚讘讗专注讗 讚讬砖专讗诇:


When the tanna taught this baraita before Rava and Rav Safra, Rav Safra鈥檚 face lit up with joy, as he was listed among those praised by God. Rava said to him: This does not refer to someone like the Master. Rather, the statement applies to people like Rav 岣nina and Rav Oshaya, who were cobblers in Eretz Yisrael, and they would sit in the marketplace of prostitutes and fashion shoes for prostitutes. And the prostitutes would enter their shops and look at them. However, due to their piety, these Sages did not raise their eyes to look at the women. And those prostitutes were so impressed with this behavior that when they swore, they would say as follows: By the lives of the holy Sages of Eretz Yisrael. It is this type of bachelor who is praised by Heaven.


砖诇砖讛 讛拽讚讜砖 讘专讜讱 讛讜讗 讗讜讛讘谉 诪讬 砖讗讬谞讜 讻讜注住 讜诪讬 砖讗讬谞讜 诪砖转讻专 讜诪讬 砖讗讬谞讜 诪注诪讬讚 注诇 诪讚讜转讬讜 砖诇砖讛 讛拽讚讜砖 讘专讜讱 讛讜讗 砖讜谞讗谉 讛诪讚讘专 讗讞讚 讘驻讛 讜讗讞讚 讘诇讘 讜讛讬讜讚注 注讚讜转 讘讞讘讬专讜 讜讗讬谞讜 诪注讬讚 诇讜 讜讛专讜讗讛 讚讘专 注专讜讛 讘讞讘讬专讜 讜诪注讬讚 讘讜 讬讞讬讚讬


The Gemara cites a similar statement. The Holy One, Blessed be He, loves three people: One who does not get angry; one who does not get drunk; and one who is forgiving. The Holy One, Blessed be He, hates three people: One who says one statement with his mouth and means another in his heart, i.e., a hypocrite; one who knows testimony about another person and does not testify on his behalf; and one who observes a licentious matter performed by another person and testifies against him alone. His testimony is meaningless, as he is the only witness; consequently, he merely gives the individual a bad reputation.


讻讬 讛讗 讚讟讜讘讬讛 讞讟讗 讜讗转讗 讝讬讙讜讚 诇讞讜讚讬讛 讜讗住讛讬讚 讘讬讛 拽诪讬讛 讚专讘 驻驻讗 谞讙讚讬讛 诇讝讬讙讜讚 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讟讜讘讬讛 讞讟讗 讜讝讬讙讜讚 诪讬谞讙讚 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗讬谉 讚讻转讬讘 诇讗 讬拽讜诐 注讚 讗讞讚 讘讗讬砖 讜讗转 诇讞讜讚讱 讗住讛讚转 讘讬讛 砖诐 专注 讘注诇诪讗 拽讗 诪驻拽转 讘讬讛


The Gemara comments: This is like that incident where Tuveya sinned with immorality, and Zigud came alone to testify about him before Rav Pappa. Rav Pappa instructed that Zigud be lashed. Zigud said to him: Tuveya sinned and Zigud is lashed, an objection that became a popular saying. He said to him: Yes, as it is written: 鈥淥ne witness shall not rise up against a man鈥 (Deuteronomy 19:15), and you testified against him alone. You have merely given him a bad reputation.


讗诪专 专讘讬 砖诪讜讗诇 讘专 专讘 讬爪讞拽 讗诪专 专讘 诪讜转专 诇砖谞讗转讜 砖谞讗诪专 讻讬 转专讗讛 讞诪讜专 砖谞讗讱 专讜讘抓 转讞转 诪砖讗讜 诪讗讬 砖讜谞讗 讗讬诇讬诪讗 砖讜谞讗 讙讜讬 讜讛讗 转谞讬讗 砖讜谞讗 砖讗诪专讜 砖讜谞讗 讬砖专讗诇 讜诇讗 砖讜谞讗 讙讜讬


Rabbi Shmuel bar Rav Yitz岣k said that Rav said: Although one who sees another committing a sin should not testify against him by himself, he is nonetheless permitted to hate him, as it is stated: 鈥淚f you see the donkey of he who hates you lying under its load鈥 (Exodus 23:5). The Gemara clarifies this verse: What is the meaning of he who hates you mentioned in the verse? If you say it is referring to a gentile who hates you, but wasn鈥檛 it taught in a baraita that the phrase: He who hates, of which the Torah spoke, is a Jew who hates you, not a gentile who hates you?


讗诇讗 驻砖讬讟讗 砖讜谞讗 讬砖专讗诇 讜诪讬 砖专讬讗 诇诪住谞讬讛 讜讛讻转讬讘 诇讗 转砖谞讗 讗转 讗讞讬讱 讘诇讘讘讱 讗诇讗 讚讗讬讻讗 住讛讚讬 讚注讘讬讚 讗讬住讜专讗 讻讜诇讬 注诇诪讗 谞诪讬 诪讬住谞讬 住谞讬 诇讬讛 诪讗讬 砖谞讗 讛讗讬 讗诇讗 诇讗讜 讻讬 讛讗讬 讙讜讜谞讗 讚讞讝讬讗 讘讬讛 讗讬讛讜 讚讘专 注专讜讛


Rather, it is obvious that the verse is referring to a Jew who hates you. But is one permitted to hate a fellow Jew? But isn鈥檛 it written: 鈥淵ou shall not hate your brother in your heart鈥 (Leviticus 19:17), which clearly prohibits the hatred of another Jew? Rather, perhaps you will say that the verse is referring to a situation where there are witnesses that he performed a sin. However, in that case, everyone else should also hate him. What is different about this particular person who hates him? Rather, is it not referring to a case like this, when he saw him perform a licentious matter? He is therefore permitted to hate him for his evil behavior, whereas others who are unaware of his actions may not hate him.


专讘 谞讞诪谉 讘专 讬爪讞拽 讗诪专 诪爪讜讛 诇砖谞讗转讜 砖谞讗诪专 讬专讗转 讛壮 (砖讜谞讗讬) 专注 讗诪专 专讘 讗讞讗 讘专讬讛 讚专讘讗 诇专讘 讗砖讬 诪讛讜 诇诪讬诪专讗 诇讬讛 诇专讘讬讛 诇诪砖谞讬讬讛 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗讬 讬讚注 讚诪讛讬诪谉 诇专讘讬讛 讻讘讬 转专讬 诇讬诪讗 诇讬讛 讜讗讬 诇讗 诇讗 诇讬诪讗 诇讬讛


Rav Na岣an bar Yitz岣k said: Not only is this permitted, it is even a mitzva to hate him, as it is stated: 鈥淭he fear of God is to hate evil鈥 (Proverbs 8:13). Rav A岣, son of Rava, said to Rav Ashi: What is the halakha with regard to whether one who saw someone sin may tell his teacher so that he too will hate him? Rav Ashi said to him: If the student knows that he is trusted by his teacher as two witnesses, and therefore his statement will be accepted, he should tell him, and if he is not trusted by his teacher as two witnesses, he should not tell him.


转谞讜 专讘谞谉 砖诇砖讛 讞讬讬讛谉 讗讬谞诐 讞讬讬诐 讛专讞诪谞讬谉 讜讛专转讞谞讬谉 讜讗谞讬谞讬 讛讚注转 讜讗诪专 专讘 讬讜住祝 讻讜诇讛讜 讗讬转谞讛讜 讘讬


The Sages taught: There are three types of people whose lives are not lives, due to their constant suffering: The compassionate, the hot tempered, and the delicate. Rav Yosef said: All of these attributes are found in me.


转谞讜 专讘谞谉 砖诇砖讛 砖讜谞讗讬谉 讝讛 讗转 讝讛 讗诇讜 讛谉 讛讻诇讘讬诐 讜讛转专谞讙讜诇讬谉 讜讛讞讘专讬谉 讜讬砖 讗讜诪专讬诐 讗祝 讛讝讜谞讜转 讜讬砖 讗讜诪专讬诐 讗祝 转诇诪讬讚讬 讞讻诪讬诐 砖讘讘讘诇


Furthermore, the Sages taught: Members of three groups hate other members of the same group: Dogs, roosters, and the Persian priests. And some say: Also prostitutes. And some say: Also Torah scholars in Babylonia.


转谞讜 专讘谞谉 砖诇砖讛 讗讜讛讘讬谉 讝讛 讗转 讝讛 讗诇讜 讛谉 讛讙专讬诐 讜注讘讚讬诐 讜注讜专讘讬谉


Likewise, the Sages taught: Members of three groups love one another: Converts, slaves, and ravens.


讗专讘注讛 讗讬谉 讛讚注转 住讜讘诇转谉 讗诇讜 讛谉 讚诇 讙讗讛 讜注砖讬专 诪讻讞砖 讜讝拽谉 诪谞讗祝 讜驻专谞住 诪转讙讗讛 注诇 讛爪讬讘讜专 讘讞谞诐 讜讬砖 讗讜诪专讬诐 讗祝 讛诪讙专砖 讗转 讗砖转讜 驻注诐 专讗砖讜谞讛 讜砖谞讬讛 讜诪讞讝讬专讛


Four types of people cannot be endured by anyone: An arrogant pauper; a wealthy person who denies monetary claims against him; a lecherous old man; and a leader who lords over the community for no cause. And some say: Also one who divorces his wife once and twice and takes her back a third time. He should decide definitively whether or not he wants her.


讜转谞讗 拽诪讗 讝讬诪谞讗 讚讻转讜讘转讛 诪专讜讘讛 讗讬 谞诪讬 讬砖 诇讜 讘谞讬诐 讛讬诪谞讛 讜诇讗 诪爪讬 诪讙专砖 诇讛


The Gemara asks: And why didn鈥檛 the first tanna mention this case of a man who remarries his wife after two divorces? The Gemara answers: Sometimes the husband鈥檚 payment to her in the event of divorce, as stipulated in her marriage contract, is large, and since he is unable to pay he is forced to take her back. Alternatively, he has children with her and cannot divorce her, as he wants someone to care for them.


讞诪砖讛 讚讘专讬诐 爪讜讛 讻谞注谉 讗转 讘谞讬讜 讗讛讘讜 讝讛 讗转 讝讛 讜讗讛讘讜 讗转 讛讙讝诇 讜讗讛讘讜 讗转 讛讝诪讛 讜砖谞讗讜 讗转 讗讚讜谞讬讻诐 讜讗诇 转讚讘专讜 讗诪转


The Gemara continues: Canaan commanded his sons with regard to five matters that are apparently normal behavior for slaves: Love one another, love robbery, love promiscuity, hate your masters, and do not speak the truth.


砖砖讛 讚讘专讬诐 谞讗诪专讬诐 讘住讜住 讗讜讛讘 讗转 讛讝谞讜转 讜讗讜讛讘 讗转 讛诪诇讞诪讛 讜专讜讞讜 讙住讛 讜诪讜讗住 讗转 讛砖讬谞讛 讜讗讜讻诇 讛专讘讛 讜诪讜爪讬讗 拽诪注讛 讜讬砖 讗讜诪专讬诐 讗祝 诪讘拽砖 诇讛专讜讙 讘注诇讬讜 讘诪诇讞诪讛


Six matters are said with regard to a horse: It loves promiscuity, it loves war, its demeanor is arrogant, it despises sleep, it eats much, and it excretes little. And some say: Just as a horse always rushes straight into the heat of a battle, it also attempts to kill its master in war.


砖讘注讛 诪谞讜讚讬谉 诇砖诪讬诐 讗诇讜 讛谉 (讬讛讜讚讬) [诪讬] 砖讗讬谉 诇讜 讗砖讛 讜砖讬砖 诇讜 讗砖讛 讜讗讬谉 诇讜 讘谞讬诐 讜诪讬 砖讬砖 诇讜 讘谞讬诐 讜讗讬谉 诪讙讚诇谉 诇转诇诪讜讚 转讜专讛 讜诪讬 砖讗讬谉 诇讜 转驻讬诇讬谉 讘专讗砖讜 讜转驻讬诇讬谉 讘讝专讜注讜 讜爪讬爪讬转 讘讘讙讚讜 讜诪讝讜讝讛 讘驻转讞讜 讜讛诪讜谞注 诪谞注诇讬诐 诪专讙诇讬讜 讜讬砖 讗讜诪专讬诐 讗祝 诪讬 砖讗讬谉 诪讬住讘 讘讞讘讜专讛 砖诇 诪爪讜讛


Seven are ostracized by Heaven, despite the fact that they have not been ostracized in any court: A Jew who does not have a wife; and one who has a wife but has no sons; and one who has sons whom he does not raise to engage in Torah study; and one who does not have phylacteries on his head, and phylacteries on his arm, and ritual fringes on his garment, and a mezuza in his doorway; and one who withholds shoes from his feet. And some say: Also one who does not sit with a group that is partaking of a feast in celebration of a mitzva.


讗诪专 专讘讛 讘专 讘专 讞谞讛 讗诪专 专讘讬 砖诪讜讗诇 讘专 诪专转讗 讗诪专 专讘 诪砖讜诐 专讘讬 讬讜住讬 讗讬砖 讛讜爪诇 诪谞讬讬谉 砖讗讬谉 砖讜讗诇讬谉 讘讻诇讚讬讬诐 砖谞讗诪专 转诪讬诐 转讛讬讛 注诐 讛壮 讗诇讛讬讱


Rabba bar bar 岣na said that Rabbi Shmuel bar Marta said that Rav said, citing Rabbi Yosei of Hutzal: From where is it derived that one may not consult astrologers? As it is stated: 鈥淵ou shall be wholehearted with the Lord your God鈥 (Deuteronomy 18:13). The Torah demands absolute faith in God and acceptance of His justice, without attempting to predict the future.


讜诪谞讬讬谉 讛讬讜讚注 讘讞讘讬专讜 砖讛讜讗 讙讚讜诇 诪诪谞讜 讗驻讬诇讜 讘讚讘专 讗讞讚 砖讞讬讬讘 诇谞讛讜讙 讘讜 讻讘讜讚 砖谞讗诪专 讻诇 拽讘诇 讚讬 专讜讞 讬转讬专讗 讘讬讛 [讜诪诇讻讗 注砖讬转 诇讛拽诪讜转讬讛 注诇 讻诇 诪诇讻讜转讗]


And from where is it derived concerning one who knows about another that he is greater than him, even in one matter, that he must treat him with respect? As it is stated: 鈥淏ecause a surpassing spirit was in him, the king thought to set him over the whole realm鈥 (Daniel 6:4). This verse teaches that one who is in any way greater than another person is worthy of his respect.


讜讛讬讜砖讘转 注诇 讚诐 讟讛讜专 讗住讜专讛 诇砖诪砖 注讚 讻诪讛 讗诪专 专讘 注讜谞讛


And it was also stated by Rabba bar bar 岣na: With regard to a woman who was observing her days of ritually pure blood, and those days have ended, she is prohibited to engage in intimacy immediately, lest she see ritually impure blood. Any blood emitted by a woman within forty days after giving birth to a male child or eighty days after giving birth to a female child is ritually pure. After this period of time has passed, a woman should not have relations with her husband immediately. The Gemara asks: Until when is she prohibited to her husband? Rav said: She must wait a set interval of time for the ritual impurity of a nidda, i.e., either one day or one night.


转谞讗 讛讜讗 讬讜住祝 讗讬砖 讛讜爪诇 讛讜讗 讬讜住祝 讛讘讘诇讬 讛讜讗 讗讬住讬 讘谉 讙讜专 讗专讬讛 讛讜讗 讗讬住讬 讘谉 讬讛讜讚讛 讛讜讗 讗讬住讬 讘谉 讙诪诇讬讗诇 讛讜讗 讗讬住讬 讘谉 诪讛诇诇讗诇 讜诪讛 砖诪讜 讗讬住讬 讘谉 注拽讘讬讛 砖诪讜 讛讜讗 专讘讬 讬爪讞拽 讘谉 讟讘诇讗 讛讜讗 专讘讬 讬爪讞拽 讘谉 讞拽诇讗 讛讜讗 专讘讬 讬爪讞拽 讘谉 讗诇注讗 讛讜讗


With regard to Rabbi Yosei of Hutzal, it was taught: The Yosef of Hutzal mentioned in other places in the Gemara is the same person as Yosef the Babylonian. Yosef is the full name of Yosei. Furthermore, he is also known as Isi ben Gur Arye, he is Isi ben Yehuda, he is Isi ben Gamliel, and he is Isi ben Mahalalel. And what is his real name? His real name is Isi ben Akavya. Similarly, the Sage Rabbi Yitz岣k ben Tavla is also known as Rabbi Yitz岣k ben 岣kla, who is Rabbi Yitz岣k ben Ela. These are two cases of one Sage with several names.


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