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Today's Daf Yomi

December 13, 2021 | 讟壮 讘讟讘转 转砖驻状讘

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Terri Krivosha for the Refuah Shlemah of her husband Harav Hayim Yehuda Ben Faiga Rivah.聽

  • This month's learning is dedicated by Debbie and Yossi Gevir to Rabbanit Michelle and the Hadran Zoom group for their kindness, support, and care during a medically challenging year.

Taanit 31 – Siyum Masechet Taanit

Siyum Masechet Taanit is sponsored by Rella Feldman and family 鈥淚n honor of all the Daf Yomi learners internationally and the dedicated teachers who make it possible. Thank you Rabbanit Michelle Farber for your daily inspiration and to Ilana Kurshan for your shiur today.鈥澛

Siyum Masechet Taanit is sponsored by Sara Averick and Jose Rosenfeld in loving memory of Leah & Nathan Averick and Rochel & Walter Mark.聽

Two more reasons are given as to the significance of the day of Tu b鈥橝v. One is that the people who were killed in Beitar in the Bar Kochva rebellion were allowed to be buried on that day. The other is that it is the last day they were able to cut wood for the Temple before the days began to get shorter and the sun would not be strong enough to dry the wood. If the wood was not dry enough, it could attract worms, thereby disqualifying it for use on the altar. When the days got shorter one who studies into the night will add years to one鈥檚 life and one who does not, shortens one鈥檚 life. On Yom Kippur and Tu b鈥橝v when the young women would go out dancing, they would borrow clothing one from the other. A braita specifies who would borrow from who. They would purify the clothing first in a mikveh, even if they were folded in the cabinet, just in case they were impure. What would they say to the men in order to encourage them to marry the women? It depended on what the woman鈥檚 strengths were 鈥 beauty or good family lineage. What would they say if she had neither? In the future, there will be a circle of tzadikim who will sit around with God in the Garden of Eden, pointing at God saying, 鈥淭his is our God, our salvation.鈥

Click here for the Siyum Ceremony text.

诇讗讬讝讛 砖讬专爪讜 讬注诇讜

that they may ascend to wherever they wish, i.e., they may go to Jerusalem, Bethel, or Dan.

专讘 诪转谞讛 讗诪专 讬讜诐 砖谞转谞讜 讛专讜讙讬 讘讬转专 诇拽讘讜专讛 讜讗诪专 专讘 诪转谞讛 讗讜转讜 讬讜诐 砖谞转谞讜 讛专讜讙讬 讘讬转专 诇拽讘讜专讛 转拽谞讜 讘讬讘谞讛 讛讟讜讘 讜讛诪讟讬讘 讛讟讜讘 砖诇讗 讛住专讬讞讜 讜讛诪讟讬讘 砖谞转谞讜 诇拽讘讜专讛

Rav Mattana said: There was an additional salvation on this day, as it was the day that the slain of Beitar were brought to burial, several years after the battle at Beitar (see Gittin 57a). And Rav Mattana said: On the same day that the slain of Beitar were brought to burial, they instituted the blessing: Who is good and does good, at Yavne. Who is good, thanking God that the corpses did not decompose while awaiting burial, and does good, thanking God that they were ultimately brought to burial.

专讘讛 讜专讘 讬讜住祝 讚讗诪专讬 转专讜讬讬讛讜 讬讜诐 砖驻住拽讜 诪诇讻专讜转 注爪讬诐 诇诪注专讻讛 讚转谞讬讗 专讘讬 讗诇讬注讝专 讛讙讚讜诇 讗讜诪专 诪讞诪砖讛 注砖专 讘讗讘 讜讗讬诇讱 转砖砖 讻讜讞讛 砖诇 讞诪讛 讜诇讗 讛讬讜 讻讜专转讬谉 注爪讬诐 诇诪注专讻讛 诇驻讬 砖讗讬谞谉 讬讘砖讬谉

It is Rabba and Rav Yosef who both say: The fifteenth of Av was the day on which they stopped chopping down trees for the arrangement of wood that burned on the altar, as it is taught in a baraita that Rabbi Eliezer the Great says: From the fifteenth of Av onward, the strength of the sun grows weaker, and from this date they would not cut additional wood for the arrangement, as they would not be properly dry, and they would therefore be unfit for use in the Temple.

讗诪专 专讘 诪谞砖讬讗 讜拽专讜 诇讬讛 讬讜诐 转讘专 诪讙诇 诪讻讗谉 讜讗讬诇讱 讚诪讜住讬祝 讬讜住讬祝 讜讚诇讗 诪讜住讬祝 讬讗住祝 诪讗讬 讬讗住祝 讗诪专 专讘 讬讜住祝 转拽讘专讬讛 讗讬诪讬讛

Rav Menashya said: And they called the fifteenth of Av the day of the breaking of the scythe, as from this date onward no more trees were cut down, and therefore it was a celebration for the trees. The Gemara adds: From the fifteenth of Av onward, when the days begin to shorten, one who adds to his nightly Torah study will add years to his life, and he who does not add [mosif ] will be gathered [ye鈥檃sef ]. The Gemara asks: What is the meaning of the phrase: He will be gathered? Rav Yosef said: It means that his mother will bury him, as he will be gathered to his grave (see Genesis 49:33).

砖讘讛谉 讘谞讜转 讬专讜砖诇讬诐 讻讜壮 转谞讜 专讘谞谉 讘转 诪诇讱 砖讜讗诇转 诪讘转 讻讛谉 讙讚讜诇 讘转 讻讛谉 讙讚讜诇 诪讘转 住讙谉 讜讘转 住讙谉 诪讘转 诪砖讜讞 诪诇讞诪讛 讜讘转 诪砖讜讞 诪诇讞诪讛 诪讘转 讻讛谉 讛讚讬讜讟 讜讻诇 讬砖专讗诇 砖讜讗诇讬谉 讝讛 诪讝讛 讻讚讬 砖诇讗 讬转讘讬讬砖 讗转 诪讬 砖讗讬谉 诇讜

搂 The mishna taught: As on them the daughters of Jerusalem would go out in white clothes, and on the fifteenth of Av they would go out to the vineyards and dance. The Sages taught this tradition in greater detail: The daughter of the king borrows white garments from the daughter of the High Priest; the daughter of the High Priest borrows from the daughter of the deputy High Priest; the daughter of the deputy High Priest borrows from the daughter of the priest anointed for war, i.e., the priest who would read verses of Torah and address the army as they prepared for battle; the daughter of the priest anointed for war borrows from the daughter of a common priest; and all the Jewish people borrow from each other. Why would they all borrow garments? They did this so as not to embarrass one who did not have her own white garments.

讻诇 讛讻诇讬诐 讟注讜谞讬谉 讟讘讬诇讛 讗诪专 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 讗驻讬诇讜 诪拽讜驻诇讬谉 讜诪讜谞讞讬谉 讘拽讜驻住讗

The mishna further taught: All the garments that the women borrowed require immersion, as those who previously wore them before might have been ritually impure. Rabbi Elazar says: Even if the garments were folded and placed in a box [kufsa], an indication that they had not been touched for a long time, they nevertheless require ritual immersion before being worn.

讘谞讜转 讬砖专讗诇 讬讜爪讗讜转 讜讞讜诇讜转 讘讻专诪讬诐 转谞讗 诪讬 砖讗讬谉 诇讜 讗砖讛 谞驻谞讛 诇砖诐

The mishna also stated that the daughters of the Jewish people would go out and dance in the vineyards. A tanna taught: One who did not have a wife would turn to there to find one.

诪讬讜讞住讜转 砖讘讛谉 讛讬讜 讗讜诪专讜转 讘讞讜专 讜讻讜壮 转谞讜 专讘谞谉 讬驻讬驻讬讜转 砖讘讛谉 诪讛 讛讬讜 讗讜诪专讜转 转谞讜 注讬谞讬讻诐 诇讬讜驻讬 砖讗讬谉 讛讗砖讛 讗诇讗 诇讬讜驻讬 诪讬讜讞住讜转 砖讘讛谉 诪讛 讛讬讜 讗讜诪专讜转 转谞讜 注讬谞讬讻诐 诇诪砖驻讞讛 诇驻讬 砖讗讬谉 讛讗砖讛 讗诇讗 诇讘谞讬诐 诪讻讜注专讜转 砖讘讛诐 诪讛 讛讬讜 讗讜诪专讜转 拽讞讜 诪拽讞讻诐 诇砖讜诐 砖诪讬诐 讜讘诇讘讚 砖转注讟专讜谞讜 讘讝讛讜讘讬诐

It is taught that those women of distinguished lineage among them would say: Young man, please lift up your eyes and see what you choose for a wife. The Sages taught this practice in greater detail in a baraita: What would the beautiful women among them say? Set your eyes toward beauty, as a wife is only for her beauty. What would those of distinguished lineage among them say? Set your eyes toward family, as a wife is only for children, and the children of a wife from a distinguished family will inherit her lineage. What would the ugly ones among them say? Acquire your purchase for the sake of Heaven, provided that you adorn us with golden jewelry after our marriage to beautify us.

讗诪专 注讜诇讗 讘讬专讗讛 讗诪专 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 注转讬讚 讛拽讚讜砖 讘专讜讱 讛讜讗 诇注砖讜转 诪讞讜诇 诇爪讚讬拽讬诐 讜讛讜讗 讬讜砖讘 讘讬谞讬讛诐 讘讙谉 注讚谉 讜讻诇 讗讞讚 讜讗讞讚 诪专讗讛 讘讗爪讘注讜 砖谞讗诪专 讜讗诪专 讘讬讜诐 讛讛讜讗 讛谞讛 讗诇讛讬谞讜 讝讛 拽讜讬谞讜 诇讜 讜讬讜砖讬注谞讜 讝讛 讛壮 拽讜讬谞讜 诇讜 谞讙讬诇讛 讜谞砖诪讞讛 讘讬砖讜注转讜

The tractate concludes with a statement related to the topic of dancing. Ulla of the city of Bira鈥檃 said that Rabbi Elazar said: In the future, in the end of days, the Holy One, Blessed be He, will arrange a dance of the righteous, and He will be sitting among them in the Garden of Eden, and each and every one of the righteous will point to God with his finger, as it is stated: 鈥淎nd it shall be said on that day: Behold, this is our God, for whom we waited, that He might save us. This is the Lord; for whom we waited. We will be glad and rejoice in His salvation鈥 (Isaiah 25:9). God will be revealed, so that every righteous individual will be able to say: This is our God, as though they were pointing at Him with a finger.

讛讚专谉 注诇讱 讘砖诇砖讛 驻专拽讬诐 讜住诇讬拽讗 诇讛 诪住讻转 转注谞讬转

 

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Terri Krivosha for the Refuah Shlemah of her husband Harav Hayim Yehuda Ben Faiga Rivah.聽

  • This month's learning is dedicated by Debbie and Yossi Gevir to Rabbanit Michelle and the Hadran Zoom group for their kindness, support, and care during a medically challenging year.

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Taanit 31 – Siyum Masechet Taanit

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Taanit 31 – Siyum Masechet Taanit

诇讗讬讝讛 砖讬专爪讜 讬注诇讜

that they may ascend to wherever they wish, i.e., they may go to Jerusalem, Bethel, or Dan.

专讘 诪转谞讛 讗诪专 讬讜诐 砖谞转谞讜 讛专讜讙讬 讘讬转专 诇拽讘讜专讛 讜讗诪专 专讘 诪转谞讛 讗讜转讜 讬讜诐 砖谞转谞讜 讛专讜讙讬 讘讬转专 诇拽讘讜专讛 转拽谞讜 讘讬讘谞讛 讛讟讜讘 讜讛诪讟讬讘 讛讟讜讘 砖诇讗 讛住专讬讞讜 讜讛诪讟讬讘 砖谞转谞讜 诇拽讘讜专讛

Rav Mattana said: There was an additional salvation on this day, as it was the day that the slain of Beitar were brought to burial, several years after the battle at Beitar (see Gittin 57a). And Rav Mattana said: On the same day that the slain of Beitar were brought to burial, they instituted the blessing: Who is good and does good, at Yavne. Who is good, thanking God that the corpses did not decompose while awaiting burial, and does good, thanking God that they were ultimately brought to burial.

专讘讛 讜专讘 讬讜住祝 讚讗诪专讬 转专讜讬讬讛讜 讬讜诐 砖驻住拽讜 诪诇讻专讜转 注爪讬诐 诇诪注专讻讛 讚转谞讬讗 专讘讬 讗诇讬注讝专 讛讙讚讜诇 讗讜诪专 诪讞诪砖讛 注砖专 讘讗讘 讜讗讬诇讱 转砖砖 讻讜讞讛 砖诇 讞诪讛 讜诇讗 讛讬讜 讻讜专转讬谉 注爪讬诐 诇诪注专讻讛 诇驻讬 砖讗讬谞谉 讬讘砖讬谉

It is Rabba and Rav Yosef who both say: The fifteenth of Av was the day on which they stopped chopping down trees for the arrangement of wood that burned on the altar, as it is taught in a baraita that Rabbi Eliezer the Great says: From the fifteenth of Av onward, the strength of the sun grows weaker, and from this date they would not cut additional wood for the arrangement, as they would not be properly dry, and they would therefore be unfit for use in the Temple.

讗诪专 专讘 诪谞砖讬讗 讜拽专讜 诇讬讛 讬讜诐 转讘专 诪讙诇 诪讻讗谉 讜讗讬诇讱 讚诪讜住讬祝 讬讜住讬祝 讜讚诇讗 诪讜住讬祝 讬讗住祝 诪讗讬 讬讗住祝 讗诪专 专讘 讬讜住祝 转拽讘专讬讛 讗讬诪讬讛

Rav Menashya said: And they called the fifteenth of Av the day of the breaking of the scythe, as from this date onward no more trees were cut down, and therefore it was a celebration for the trees. The Gemara adds: From the fifteenth of Av onward, when the days begin to shorten, one who adds to his nightly Torah study will add years to his life, and he who does not add [mosif ] will be gathered [ye鈥檃sef ]. The Gemara asks: What is the meaning of the phrase: He will be gathered? Rav Yosef said: It means that his mother will bury him, as he will be gathered to his grave (see Genesis 49:33).

砖讘讛谉 讘谞讜转 讬专讜砖诇讬诐 讻讜壮 转谞讜 专讘谞谉 讘转 诪诇讱 砖讜讗诇转 诪讘转 讻讛谉 讙讚讜诇 讘转 讻讛谉 讙讚讜诇 诪讘转 住讙谉 讜讘转 住讙谉 诪讘转 诪砖讜讞 诪诇讞诪讛 讜讘转 诪砖讜讞 诪诇讞诪讛 诪讘转 讻讛谉 讛讚讬讜讟 讜讻诇 讬砖专讗诇 砖讜讗诇讬谉 讝讛 诪讝讛 讻讚讬 砖诇讗 讬转讘讬讬砖 讗转 诪讬 砖讗讬谉 诇讜

搂 The mishna taught: As on them the daughters of Jerusalem would go out in white clothes, and on the fifteenth of Av they would go out to the vineyards and dance. The Sages taught this tradition in greater detail: The daughter of the king borrows white garments from the daughter of the High Priest; the daughter of the High Priest borrows from the daughter of the deputy High Priest; the daughter of the deputy High Priest borrows from the daughter of the priest anointed for war, i.e., the priest who would read verses of Torah and address the army as they prepared for battle; the daughter of the priest anointed for war borrows from the daughter of a common priest; and all the Jewish people borrow from each other. Why would they all borrow garments? They did this so as not to embarrass one who did not have her own white garments.

讻诇 讛讻诇讬诐 讟注讜谞讬谉 讟讘讬诇讛 讗诪专 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 讗驻讬诇讜 诪拽讜驻诇讬谉 讜诪讜谞讞讬谉 讘拽讜驻住讗

The mishna further taught: All the garments that the women borrowed require immersion, as those who previously wore them before might have been ritually impure. Rabbi Elazar says: Even if the garments were folded and placed in a box [kufsa], an indication that they had not been touched for a long time, they nevertheless require ritual immersion before being worn.

讘谞讜转 讬砖专讗诇 讬讜爪讗讜转 讜讞讜诇讜转 讘讻专诪讬诐 转谞讗 诪讬 砖讗讬谉 诇讜 讗砖讛 谞驻谞讛 诇砖诐

The mishna also stated that the daughters of the Jewish people would go out and dance in the vineyards. A tanna taught: One who did not have a wife would turn to there to find one.

诪讬讜讞住讜转 砖讘讛谉 讛讬讜 讗讜诪专讜转 讘讞讜专 讜讻讜壮 转谞讜 专讘谞谉 讬驻讬驻讬讜转 砖讘讛谉 诪讛 讛讬讜 讗讜诪专讜转 转谞讜 注讬谞讬讻诐 诇讬讜驻讬 砖讗讬谉 讛讗砖讛 讗诇讗 诇讬讜驻讬 诪讬讜讞住讜转 砖讘讛谉 诪讛 讛讬讜 讗讜诪专讜转 转谞讜 注讬谞讬讻诐 诇诪砖驻讞讛 诇驻讬 砖讗讬谉 讛讗砖讛 讗诇讗 诇讘谞讬诐 诪讻讜注专讜转 砖讘讛诐 诪讛 讛讬讜 讗讜诪专讜转 拽讞讜 诪拽讞讻诐 诇砖讜诐 砖诪讬诐 讜讘诇讘讚 砖转注讟专讜谞讜 讘讝讛讜讘讬诐

It is taught that those women of distinguished lineage among them would say: Young man, please lift up your eyes and see what you choose for a wife. The Sages taught this practice in greater detail in a baraita: What would the beautiful women among them say? Set your eyes toward beauty, as a wife is only for her beauty. What would those of distinguished lineage among them say? Set your eyes toward family, as a wife is only for children, and the children of a wife from a distinguished family will inherit her lineage. What would the ugly ones among them say? Acquire your purchase for the sake of Heaven, provided that you adorn us with golden jewelry after our marriage to beautify us.

讗诪专 注讜诇讗 讘讬专讗讛 讗诪专 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 注转讬讚 讛拽讚讜砖 讘专讜讱 讛讜讗 诇注砖讜转 诪讞讜诇 诇爪讚讬拽讬诐 讜讛讜讗 讬讜砖讘 讘讬谞讬讛诐 讘讙谉 注讚谉 讜讻诇 讗讞讚 讜讗讞讚 诪专讗讛 讘讗爪讘注讜 砖谞讗诪专 讜讗诪专 讘讬讜诐 讛讛讜讗 讛谞讛 讗诇讛讬谞讜 讝讛 拽讜讬谞讜 诇讜 讜讬讜砖讬注谞讜 讝讛 讛壮 拽讜讬谞讜 诇讜 谞讙讬诇讛 讜谞砖诪讞讛 讘讬砖讜注转讜

The tractate concludes with a statement related to the topic of dancing. Ulla of the city of Bira鈥檃 said that Rabbi Elazar said: In the future, in the end of days, the Holy One, Blessed be He, will arrange a dance of the righteous, and He will be sitting among them in the Garden of Eden, and each and every one of the righteous will point to God with his finger, as it is stated: 鈥淎nd it shall be said on that day: Behold, this is our God, for whom we waited, that He might save us. This is the Lord; for whom we waited. We will be glad and rejoice in His salvation鈥 (Isaiah 25:9). God will be revealed, so that every righteous individual will be able to say: This is our God, as though they were pointing at Him with a finger.

讛讚专谉 注诇讱 讘砖诇砖讛 驻专拽讬诐 讜住诇讬拽讗 诇讛 诪住讻转 转注谞讬转

 

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