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Today's Daf Yomi

August 21, 2019 | ื›ืณ ื‘ืื‘ ืชืฉืขืดื˜

  • This month's learning is sponsored byย the students at the Emerging Scholars of Yeshivat Maharat inย honor of Rabbanit Michelle and all your work!

Temurah 33

The gemara brings different opinions about what type of items need to be stood up to be evaluated for redemption – meaning that if the animal dies and can’t stand up, one cannot redeem. What is the source text for each opinion?


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ื”ื ืžื” ืื ื™ ืžืงื™ื™ื ื•ืื ื›ืœ ื‘ื”ืžื” ืืฉืจ ืœื ื™ืงืจื™ื‘ื• ืžืžื ื” ืงืจื‘ืŸ ืœื”ืณ ื‘ื‘ืขืœื™ ืžื•ืžื™ืŸ ืฉื™ืคื“ื•

But if the halakha of standing and valuation is already mentioned with regard to a non-kosher animal, how do I realize the meaning of the verse: โ€œAnd if it be any non-kosher animal, of which they may not bring an offering unto the Lord, then he shall set the animal before the priest. And the priest shall value it.โ€ The verse is referring to blemished animals, which are unfit for sacrifice just like non-kosher animals, and it teaches that they can be redeemed.

ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื™ืคื“ื• ืขืœ ืžื•ื ืขื•ื‘ืจ ืชืœืžื•ื“ ืœื•ืžืจ ืืฉืจ ืœื ื™ืงืจื™ื‘ื• ืžืžื ื” ืฉืื™ื ื” ืงืจื™ื‘ื” ื›ืœ ืขื™ืงืจ ื™ืฆืชื” ื–ื• ืฉืื™ื ื” ืงืจื™ื‘ื” ื”ื™ื•ื ืืœื ืœืžื—ืจ

The baraita continues: One might have thought that any blemished animal can be redeemed, even for a temporary blemish. Therefore, the verse states: โ€œNon-kosher animal, of which they may not bring an offering,โ€ which indicates that only a blemished animal that may not be sacrificed at all, i.e., one with a permanent blemish, is redeemed. This animal with a temporary blemish is thereby excluded, as it may not be sacrificed today, but it may be sacrificed tomorrow.

ื•ืืžืจ ืจื—ืžื ื ืขื‘ื™ื“ ืœื” ื”ืขืžื“ื” ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื”

The Gemara concludes its reasoning: And the Merciful One states that one should perform standing and valuation for a blemished animal, in accordance with the verse โ€œThen he shall set the animal before the priest. And the priest shall value it.โ€ Since the verse requires that the animal have a permanent blemish to be redeemed, it must be referring to an animal consecrated for the altar, as all animals consecrated for Temple maintenance may be redeemed, even unblemished ones. Furthermore, as this is an unattributed baraita that appears in the Sifra, it is in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Yehuda, the disputant of Rabbi Shimon, and therefore it follows the opinion of the Rabbis of the mishna. It may therefore be concluded from the baraita that the Rabbis hold that one redeems an animal consecrated for the altar with standing and valuation, as maintained by Rabbi Yoแธฅanan.

ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื’ื™ื“ืœ ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ืžืื™ ื˜ืขืžื ื“ืจื™ืฉ ืœืงื™ืฉ ื“ืืžืจ ืœืจื‘ื ืŸ ืงื“ืฉื™ ื‘ื“ืง ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื™ื• ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื”ืขืžื“ื” ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื” ืงื“ืฉื™ ืžื–ื‘ื— ืœื ื”ื™ื• ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื”ืขืžื“ื” ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื” ื“ืืžืจ ืงืจื ื•ื”ืขืจื™ืš ื”ื›ื”ืŸ ืืชื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ื˜ื•ื‘ ื•ื‘ื™ืŸ ืจืข

ยง The Gemara analyzes the opinion of Reish Lakish. Rav Giddel said that Rav said: What is the reasoning of Reish Lakish, who said that according to the Rabbis, animals consecrated for Temple maintenance were included in the halakha of standing and valuation, whereas animals consecrated for the altar were not included in the halakha of standing and valuation? The reasoning is that the verse states: โ€œThen he shall set the animal before the priest. And the priest shall value it, whether it be good or badโ€ (Leviticus 27:12).

ืื™ื–ื”ื• ื“ื‘ืจ ืฉืื™ื ื• ื—ืœื•ืง ื‘ื™ืŸ ื˜ื•ื‘ ืœืจืข ื”ื•ื™ ืื•ืžืจ ื–ื” ืงื“ืฉื™ ื‘ื“ืง ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื•ืืžืจ ืงืจื ืืชื” ืœืžืขื•ื˜ื™ ืงื“ืฉื™ ืžื–ื‘ื—

Rav explained: What is an item for which the halakha is not divided between good and bad, i.e., where there is no difference between unblemished and blemished animals? You must say that this is an item consecrated for Temple maintenance, which has the same sanctity whether blemished or unblemished. And the verse states: โ€œAnd the priest shall value it.โ€ The restrictive term โ€œitโ€ serves to exclude animals consecrated for the altar from the halakha of standing and valuation.

ื•ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ืืชื” ืœืžืขื•ื˜ื™ ืžืื™ ืœืžืขื•ื˜ื™ ื‘ืขืœ ืžื•ื ืžืขื™ืงืจื•

The Gemara asks: And according to Rabbi Yoแธฅanan, who says that according to the Rabbis, animals consecrated for the altar are also included in the obligation of standing and valuation, the term โ€œitโ€ serves to exclude what? The Gemara responds: It serves to exclude from the halakha of standing and valuation an animal that was blemished from the outset and was consecrated for the altar.

ื•ืœืชื ื ื“ื‘ื™ ืœื•ื™ ื“ืืžืจ ื“ืืคื™ืœื• ื‘ืขืœ ืžื•ื ืžืขื™ืงืจื• ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื”ืขืžื“ื” ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื” ื“ืชื ื™ ืœื•ื™ ื”ื›ืœ ื”ื™ื• ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื”ืขืžื“ื” ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื” ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ื‘ืขืœ ืžื•ื ืžืขื™ืงืจื• ื•ื›ืŸ ืชื ื™ ืœื•ื™ ื‘ืžืชื ื™ืชื™ื” ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ื—ื™ื” ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืขื•ืคื•ืช ื•ื”ื›ืชื™ื‘ ืืชื” ืงืฉื™ื

The Gemara raises a difficulty: But this is problematic according to the tanna of the school of Levi, who said that even an animal that was blemished from the outset is included in the halakha of standing and valuation. As Levi taught: Everything was included in the halakha of standing and valuation, even an animal blemished from the outset. And Levi taught likewise in his baraita: Even an undomesticated animal, and even birds that are not brought as offerings, e.g., geese, are included in the halakha of standing and valuation. But isnโ€™t it written โ€œit,โ€ which must serve to exclude some animal from the obligation of standing and valuation? If so, how can Levi teach that everything is included? The Gemara concludes: Indeed, this poses a difficulty.

ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ืžืื™ ื˜ืขืžื ื“ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ื“ืืžืจ ืงื“ืฉื™ ืžื–ื‘ื— ื”ื™ื• ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื”ืขืžื“ื” ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื” ืงื“ืฉื™ ื‘ื“ืง ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืœื ื”ื™ื• ื“ืืžืจ ืงืจื ื•ื”ืขืจื™ืš ื”ื›ื”ืŸ ืืชื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ื˜ื•ื‘ ื•ื‘ื™ืŸ ืจืข ืื™ื–ื”ื• ื“ื‘ืจ ืฉื—ืœื•ืง ื‘ื™ืŸ ื˜ื•ื‘ ื•ื‘ื™ืŸ ืจืข ื”ื•ื™ ืื•ืžืจ ื–ื” ืงื“ืฉื™ ืžื–ื‘ื— ื•ืืžืจ ืงืจื ืืชื” ืœืžืขื•ื˜ื™ ื‘ื“ืง ื”ื‘ื™ืช

The Gemara discusses the opinion of Rabbi Shimon in the mishna. Rav Yehuda said that Rav said: What is the reasoning of Rabbi Shimon, who said that animals consecrated for the altar were included in the halakha of standing and valuation, and therefore if they died without redemption they are buried, but animals consecrated for Temple maintenance were not included in this halakha? As the verse states: โ€œThen he shall set the animal before the priest. And the priest shall value it, whether it be good or badโ€ (Leviticus 27:11โ€“12). What is an item for which the halakha is divided between good and bad, i.e., between an unblemished and blemished animal? You must say that this is an animal consecrated for the altar, and the verse states: โ€œAnd the priest shall value it,โ€ which serves to exclude animals consecrated for Temple maintenance from the halakha of standing and valuation.

ืื™ ื”ื›ื™ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื˜ื•ื‘ ืœืจืข ืžื™ื‘ืขื™ ืœื™ื” ืงืฉื™ื

The Gemara asks: If so, that the verse is referring to a consecration for which there is a distinction between good and bad, then it should have stated: And the priest shall value it between good and bad, to indicate that this distinction is made. The term โ€œwhether it be good or badโ€ indicates that the two types have the same halakha, as claimed by the Rabbis. The Gemara concludes: This poses a difficulty for the opinion of Rabbi Shimon.

ืžื™ืชื™ื‘ื™ ืžืชื• ืชืžื™ืžื™ืŸ ื™ืงื‘ืจื• ื•ื‘ืขืœื™ ืžื•ืžื™ืŸ ื™ืคื“ื• ื‘ืžื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืืžื•ืจื™ื ื‘ืงื“ืฉื™ ืžื–ื‘ื— ืื‘ืœ ื‘ืงื“ืฉื™ ื‘ื“ืง ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ืชืžื™ืžื™ืŸ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื‘ืขืœื™ ืžื•ืžื™ื ื™ืงื‘ืจื•

ยง The Gemara raises an objection to the opinions of Rabbi Yoแธฅanan and Reish Lakish from a baraita: With regard to consecrated animals that died, if they were unblemished they are not redeemed and shall be buried, and if they were blemished they can be redeemed. In what case is this statement said? It is said with regard to animals consecrated for the altar. But with regard to animals consecrated for Temple maintenance, both unblemished and blemished animals shall be buried. This is the statement of the Rabbis.

ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ืื•ืžืจ ืื—ื“ ืงื“ืฉื™ ืžื–ื‘ื— ื•ืื—ื“ ืงื“ืฉื™ ื‘ื“ืง ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืชืžื™ืžื™ื ื™ืงื‘ืจื• ื‘ืขืœื™ ืžื•ืžื™ืŸ ื™ืคื“ื• ืชื™ื•ื‘ืชื ื“ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ืžืจื™ืฉื

Rabbi Shimon says: Both in a case where the animals that died were consecrated for the altar and in a case where they were consecrated for Temple maintenance, if they were unblemished they can be buried, and if they were blemished they can be redeemed. This is apparently a conclusive refutation of the statement of Rabbi Yoแธฅanan, from the first clause of the baraita, as Rabbi Yoแธฅanan holds that according to the Rabbis, both animals consecrated for the altar and those consecrated for Temple maintenance are included in the halakha of standing and valuation and are buried if they died.

ืืžืจ ืœืš ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ื”ื›ื ื‘ืžืื™ ืขืกืงื™ื ืŸ ื‘ื‘ืขืœ ืžื•ื ืžืขื™ืงืจื•

The Gemara answers that Rabbi Yoแธฅanan could say to you: What are we dealing with here? We are dealing with an animal that was blemished from the outset. In such a case, the Rabbis rule that the animal was not included in the halakha of standing and valuation and is therefore redeemed if it dies. But a consecrated animal that subsequently developed a blemish and died must be buried.

ื”ื›ื™ ื ืžื™ ืžืกืชื‘ืจื ื“ืื™ ืชื™ืžื ืฉืงื“ื ื”ืงื“ื™ืฉืŸ ืืช ืžื•ืžืŸ ืœื™ืคืœื•ื’ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ืขืœื” ืืœื ืœืื• ืฉืžืข ืžื™ื ื” ื‘ื‘ืขืœ ืžื•ื ืžืขื™ืงืจื•

The Gemara adds: So too, it is reasonable that the baraita is discussing animals blemished from the outset, as, if you say that it is referring to animals whose consecrations preceded their blemishes, then Rabbi Shimon should disagree with the Rabbis on this point and maintain that such blemished animals consecrated for the altar should be buried, not redeemed. After all, Rabbi Shimon holds that animals consecrated for the altar are included in the halakha of standing and valuation. Rather, must one not conclude from this that the baraita is dealing with an animal that is blemished from the outset?

ืืœื ืœื™ืžื ืชื™ื”ื•ื™ ืชื™ื•ื‘ืชื™ื” ื“ืจื™ืฉ ืœืงื™ืฉ

The Gemara raises a difficulty: But if the baraita is referring to animals blemished from the outset, and for this reason the Rabbis hold that the animal is redeemed, then it may be inferred that the Rabbis maintain that if the animal developed a blemish after its consecration and died, it must be buried. If so, let us say that the baraita is a conclusive refutation of the opinion of Reish Lakish, who maintains that according to the Rabbis, animals consecrated for the altar were not included in the halakha of standing and valuation and are redeemed if they died.

ืจื™ืฉ ืœืงื™ืฉ ืžื•ืงื™ื ืœื” ื‘ืฉืงื“ื ื”ืงื“ื™ืฉืŸ ืืช ืžื•ืžืŸ ืื™ ื”ื›ื™ ื ื™ืคืœื•ื’ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ืขืœื”

The Gemara responds: Reish Lakish interprets the baraita as referring to animals whose consecrations preceded their blemishes. Consequently, the statement of the Rabbis is in accordance with his opinion that animals consecrated for the altar were not included in the halakha of standing and valuation and are therefore redeemed if they died. The Gemara asks: If so, then the earlier question recurs, as Rabbi Shimon should disagree with the statement of the Rabbis and say that such blemished animals consecrated for the altar are buried.

ืจื™ืฉ ืœืงื™ืฉ ืžื™ืคืš ืืคื™ืš ื•ื”ื›ื™ ืžื•ืชื™ื‘ ืžืžื›ื™ืœืชื ืื—ืจื™ืชื™ ืžืชื• ื‘ื™ืŸ ืชืžื™ืžื™ืŸ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื‘ืขืœื™ ืžื•ืžื™ืŸ ื™ืงื‘ืจื• [ื‘ืžื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืืžื•ืจื™ื ื‘ืงื“ืฉื™ ืžื–ื‘ื— ืื‘ืœ ื‘ืงื“ืฉื™ ื‘ื“ืง ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื™ืคื“ื•]

The Gemara answers: Reish Lakish reverses the text of that baraita, i.e., he maintains that in that baraita, Rabbi Shimon explicitly states that animals consecrated for the altar are buried, whether they are unblemished or blemished. And he raises his objection to the opinion of Rabbi Yoแธฅanan from another baraita, like this: With regard to consecrated animals that died, whether they were unblemished or blemished, they shall be buried. With regard to what case is this ruling stated? It is stated with regard to animals consecrated for the altar, but in the case of animals consecrated for Temple maintenance, they can be redeemed. This is the statement of the Rabbis.

ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ืื•ืžืจ ืชืžื™ืžื™ื ื™ืงื‘ืจื• ื•ื‘ืขืœื™ ืžื•ืžื™ืŸ ื™ืคื“ื• ืชื™ื•ื‘ืชื ื“ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ืžืกื™ืคื

The baraita continues: Rabbi Shimon says: With regard to animals consecrated for Temple maintenance that died, if they were unblemished they shall be buried, and if they were blemished they can be redeemed. This is apparently a conclusive refutation of the opinion of Rabbi Yoแธฅanan, from the latter clause of the statement of the Rabbis in this baraita. According to the baraita, the Rabbis rule that animals consecrated for the altar are redeemed, whereas according to Rabbi Yoแธฅanan, the Rabbis maintain that animals consecrated for the altar are buried.

ืืžืจ ืœืš ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ื”ื›ื ื‘ืžืื™ ืขืกืงื™ื ืŸ ื‘ื‘ืขืœ ืžื•ื ืžืขื™ืงืจื• ื”ื›ื™ ื ืžื™ ืžืกืชื‘ืจื ื“ืื™ ืชื™ืžื ื‘ืฉืงื“ื ื”ืงื“ื™ืฉืŸ ืืช ืžื•ืžืŸ ื ื™ืคืœื•ื’ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ืขืœื”

The Gemara answers that Rabbi Yoแธฅanan could say to you: What are we dealing with here? We are dealing with an animal that was blemished from the outset. The Gemara notes: So, too, it is reasonable that the baraita is referring to animals blemished from the outset, as, if you say that it is dealing with animals whose consecrations preceded their blemishes, and the Rabbis hold that animals consecrated for Temple maintenance are buried whereas those consecrated for the altar are redeemed, then Rabbi Shimon should disagree with the statement of the Rabbis on both accounts, rather than disagreeing merely in the case of animals consecrated for Temple maintenance.

ืืœื ืœื™ืžื ืชื™ื”ื•ื™ ืชื™ื•ื‘ืชื™ื” ื“ืจื™ืฉ ืœืงื™ืฉ ืืžืจ ืœืš ืจื™ืฉ ืœืงื™ืฉ ื”ื›ื ื‘ืžืื™ ืขืกืงื™ื ืŸ ื‘ืฉืงื“ื ื”ืงื“ื™ืฉืŸ ืืช ืžื•ืžืŸ ื•ื ื™ืคืœื•ื’ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ืขืœื” ืืžืจ ืœืš ืจื™ืฉ ืœืงื™ืฉ ื”ื›ื™ ื ืžื™ ื“ืคืœื™ื’ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ

The Gemara asks: But if so, let us say that the baraita is a conclusive refutation of the opinion of Reish Lakish, as Rabbi Shimon does not disagree with the Rabbis in the case of animals consecrated for the altar. The Gemara answers that Reish Lakish could say to you: What are we dealing with here? We are dealing with animals whose consecrations preceded their blemishes. The Gemara reiterates: But in that case, Rabbi Shimon should disagree with the Rabbis. The Gemara responds: Reish Lakish could say to you: Indeed, Rabbi Shimon disagrees with the Rabbis even with regard to animals consecrated for the altar. The baraita mentions Rabbi Shimonโ€™s opinion only with regard to consecrations for Temple maintenance, but he also disagrees with regard to consecrations for the altar.

ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ืจื‘ื™ ื™ืจืžื™ื” ืœืจื‘ื™ ื–ื™ืจื ืœืจื™ืฉ ืœืงื™ืฉ ื“ืืžืจ ืœืจื‘ื ืŸ ืงื“ืฉื™ ืžื–ื‘ื— ืœื ื”ื™ื• ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื”ืขืžื“ื” ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื” ื•ืงืชื ื™ ืงื“ืฉื™ ืžื–ื‘ื—

ยง The Gemara further discusses the dispute between Rabbi Yoแธฅanan and Reish Lakish. Rabbi Yirmeya said to Rabbi Zeira: According to Reish Lakish, who says that according to the Rabbis, animals consecrated for the altar were not included in the halakha of standing and valuation, and it is taught with regard to animals consecrated for the altar

ื‘ืขืœื™ ืžื•ืžื™ืŸ ื™ืคื“ื• ื•ืžื•ืงืžื™ื ืŸ ืœื” ื‘ืฉืงื“ื ื”ืงื“ื™ืฉืŸ ืืช ืžื•ืžืŸ ืฉืžืข ืžื™ื ื” ืคื•ื“ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืงื“ืฉื™ื ืœื”ืื›ื™ืœืŸ ืœื›ืœื‘ื™ื

that blemished animals can be redeemed; and we established that according to Reish Lakish, the baraita is dealing with animals whose consecrations preceded their blemishes, which means that although the animal has inherent sanctity because it was consecrated when unblemished, nevertheless it can be redeemed; let us conclude from the baraita that one may redeem sacrificial animals in order to feed them to dogs.

ื”ื›ื ื‘ืžืื™ ืขืกืงื™ื ืŸ ื‘ืฉืขื‘ืจ ื•ืฉื—ื˜ืŸ

The Gemara rejects this suggestion: One cannot arrive at this conclusion from the baraita, since when the baraita states that the animals died it is not referring to deaths due to natural causes. Rather, what are we dealing with here? With a case where one transgressed the prohibition against slaughtering the blemished animals and slaughtered them before they were redeemed, an act that nevertheless renders them permitted for human consumption after redemption.

ื›ื“ืชื ื™ื ื›ืœ ื”ืงื“ืฉื™ื ืฉื ืคืœ ื‘ื”ืŸ ืžื•ื ื•ืฉื—ื˜ืŸ ืจื‘ื™ ืžืื™ืจ ืื•ืžืจ ื™ืงื‘ืจื• ื•ื—ื›ืžื™ื ืื•ืžืจื™ื ื™ืคื“ื•

As it is taught in a baraita: With regard to all sacrificial animals that developed a blemish and one slaughtered them, Rabbi Meir says that they shall be buried, as he holds in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Shimon that animals consecrated for the altar were included in the halakha of standing and valuation and must be buried if they died. And the Rabbis say: Since an animal consecrated for the altar is not included in the halakha of standing and valuation, even if one slaughtered it, it can be redeemed.

ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ืจื‘ื™ ื™ืจืžื™ื” ืœืจื‘ื™ ื–ื™ืจื ืœืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ื“ืืžืจ ืงื“ืฉื™ ื‘ื“ืง ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืœื ื”ื•ื• ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื”ืขืžื“ื” ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื” ืืžืื™ ืชืžื™ืžื™ื ื™ืงื‘ืจื• ืžืฉื•ื ื“ื—ื–ื• ืœื”ืงืจื‘ื”

Rabbi Yirmeya further said to Rabbi Zeira: According to Rabbi Shimon, who said that animals consecrated for Temple maintenance were not included in the halakha of standing and valuation and are redeemed if they died, why does he state, in the last baraita cited earlier, that unblemished animals consecrated for Temple maintenance shall be buried and not redeemed? Rabbi Zeira responds: It is because they are fit for sacrifice upon the altar.

ื›ื“ืชื ื™ื ื”ืžืชืคื™ืก ืชืžื™ืžื™ื ืœื‘ื“ืง ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื›ืฉื”ืŸ ื ืคื“ื™ืŸ ืื™ื ืŸ ื ืคื“ื™ืŸ ืืœื ืœืžื–ื‘ื— ืฉื›ืœ ื”ืจืื•ื™ ืœืžื–ื‘ื— ืื™ื ื• ื™ื•ืฆื ืžื™ื“ื™ ืžื–ื‘ื— ืœืขื•ืœื

The Gemara explains the significance of the fact that these animals, which were consecrated for Temple maintenance, are fit for the altar. As it is taught in a baraita: One who associates unblemished animals, i.e., consecrates them by means of associating their sanctity with sanctified items, for Temple maintenance, when they are redeemed by the treasurer they are redeemed only for the altar, i.e., they are sold to those who must bring an offering, and the animals are sacrificed upon the altar. They may be redeemed only for the altar, not for any non-sacred use, as any consecrated item that is fit to be sacrificed on the altar may never leave the custody of the altar.

ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ืจื‘ ืคืคื ืœืื‘ื™ื™ ื•ืืžืจื™ ืœื” ืจื‘ื ืœืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ื“ืžื•ืงื™ื ืœื” ื‘ื‘ืขืœ ืžื•ื ืžืขื™ืงืจื• ื•ื›ื•ืœื™ ืขืœืžื ืกื‘ื™ืจื ืœื”ื• ื“ื‘ืขืœ ืžื•ื ืžืขื™ืงืจื• ื“ืœื ื”ื•ื™ ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื”ืขืžื“ื” ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื” ื•ืœื

ยง The Gemara continues to analyze the opinions of Rabbi Yoแธฅanan and Reish Lakish. Rav Pappa said to Abaye, and some say that Rava said to Abaye: According to Rabbi Yoแธฅanan, who interprets the above baraita as referring to an animal blemished from the outset, and who further claims that everyone, i.e., Rabbi Shimon and the Rabbis, holds that an animal blemished from the outset was not included in the halakha of standing and valuation, one may ask: And do they both agree that an animal blemished from the outset was not included in that halakha?

ื•ื”ืชื ืŸ ื›ืœ ื”ืงื“ืฉื™ื ืฉืงื“ื ืžื•ื ืงื‘ื•ืข ืœื”ืงื“ืฉืŸ ื•ื ืคื“ื• ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ืŸ ื‘ื‘ื›ื•ืจื” ื•ื‘ืžืชื ื•ืช ื•ื™ื•ืฆืื™ืŸ ืœื—ื•ืœื™ืŸ ืœื™ื’ื–ื– ื•ืœื™ืขื‘ื“

But didnโ€™t we learn in a mishna (Bekhorot 14a): All the sacrificial animals in which a permanent blemish preceded their consecration are not sanctified as offerings; rather, they are sold and the money received is used to purchase valid offerings. And once they are redeemed, they are obligated in, i.e., subject to accounting their offspring, a firstborn; and in the priestly gifts of the foreleg, jaw, and maw; and they emerge from their sacred status and assume complete non-sacred status in order to be shorn and to be utilized for labor.

ื•ืœื“ืŸ ื•ื—ืœื‘ืŸ ืžื•ืชืจ ืœืื—ืจ ืคื“ื™ื•ื ืŸ ื•ื”ืฉื•ื—ื˜ืŸ ื‘ื—ื•ืฅ ืคื˜ื•ืจ ื•ืื™ืŸ ืขื•ืฉื™ืŸ ืชืžื•ืจื” ื•ืื ืžืชื• ื™ืคื“ื•

And their offspring and their milk are permitted after their redemption. And one who slaughters them outside the Temple courtyard is exempt from karet, even if the animal was not yet redeemed, and those animals do not render an animal exchanged for them a substitute. And if these animals died before they were redeemed, they may be redeemed.

ื•ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื–ื• ื“ื‘ืจื™ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ื“ืืžืจ ืงื“ืฉื™ ืžื–ื‘ื— ื”ื™ื• ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื”ืขืžื“ื” ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื” ืงื“ืฉื™ ื‘ื“ืง ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืœื ื”ื™ื• ื›ื“ืชื ืŸ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ืื•ืžืจ ืงื“ืฉื™ ื‘ื“ืง ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืื ืžืชื• ื™ืคื“ื•

And Rav Yehuda says that Rav says, with regard to this mishna: This statement, that one who consecrates a blemished animal for the altar may redeem it if it dies, is in accordance with the statement of Rabbi Shimon, who says that animals consecrated for the altar were included in the halakha of standing and valuation, but animals consecrated for Temple maintenance were not included. As we learned in the mishna that Rabbi Shimon says: If animals consecrated for Temple maintenance died, they can be redeemed, since they were not included in the halakha of standing and valuation. But animals consecrated for the altar that died are buried, as they were included in this halakha.

ื•ืžื•ื“ื” ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ื‘ื‘ืขืœ ืžื•ื ืžืขื™ืงืจื• ืฉื ืคื“ื” ืžืื™ ื˜ืขืžื ื“ืืžืจ ืงืจื ืืชื” ืืชื” ืœืžืขื•ื˜ื™ ื‘ืขืœ ืžื•ื ืžืขื™ืงืจื• ืื‘ืœ ื—ื›ืžื™ื ืื•ืžืจื™ื ืืคื™ืœื• ื‘ืขืœ ืžื•ื ืžืขื™ืงืจื• ื”ื™ื” ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื”ืขืžื“ื” ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื”

And Rabbi Shimon concedes with regard to an animal that was blemished from the outset, which was consecrated for the altar and died, that it is redeemed. What is the reason? As the verse states: โ€œThen he shall set the animal before the priest. And the priest shall value itโ€ (Leviticus 27:11โ€“12). The emphasis of โ€œitโ€ serves to exclude an animal that was blemished from the outset from the halakha of standing and valuation. But the Rabbis say: Every animal consecrated for the altar, even one that was blemished from the outset, was included in the halakha of standing and valuation, and must be buried if it dies. This apparently contradicts the opinion of Rabbi Yoแธฅanan, who says that according to the Rabbis an animal that was blemished from the outset was not included in the halakha of standing and valuation.

ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ืžืืŸ ื—ื›ืžื™ื ืชื ื ื“ื‘ื™ ืœื•ื™ ืื™ ื”ื›ื™ ื–ื• ื“ื‘ืจื™ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ื•ืชื• ืœื ื–ื• ื“ื‘ืจื™ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ื•ืžื—ืœื•ืงืชื• ืžื™ื‘ืขื™ ืœื™ื”

Abaye said to Rav Pappa, or Rava: The statement of Rav Yehuda in the name of Rav does not pose a difficulty for Rabbi Yoแธฅanan, as Rav was not referring to the Rabbis of the mishna, who disagree with Rabbi Shimon. Rather, who is the tanna referred to here as the Rabbis? It is a tanna of the school of Levi. The other rabbi questioned Abayeโ€™s answer: If so, that even the Rabbis of the mishna hold that an animal that was blemished from the outset is redeemed, why did Rav Yehuda say that Rav said that this mishna in tractate Bekhorot is in accordance with the statement of Rabbi Shimon, and nothing more? This statement indicates that the mishna is in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Shimon alone. He should have said that this mishna is in accordance with the statement of Rabbi Shimon and those who disagree with him, i.e., the Rabbis.

ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ื”ืื™ ื“ืœื ืงืชื ื™ ื”ื›ื™ ืžืฉื•ื ื“ืจื‘ ืกื‘ืจ ืœื” ื›ืจื™ืฉ ืœืงื™ืฉ ื“ืืžืจ ืœืจื‘ื ืŸ ืงื“ืฉื™ ื‘ื“ืง ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื™ื• ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื”ืขืžื“ื” ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื” ืงื“ืฉื™ ืžื–ื‘ื— ืœื ื”ื™ื•

Abaye said to him: The reason that Rav Yehuda does not teach in this manner, i.e., he does not say that the mishna is in accordance with the opinion of the Rabbis, is because Rav holds in accordance with the opinion of Reish Lakish, who said that according to the Rabbis of the mishna, only animals consecrated for Temple maintenance were included in the halakha of standing and valuation; animals consecrated for the altar were not included, and are therefore redeemed.

ื•ืจื™ืฉื ืงืชื ื™ ื•ืื ืžืชื• ื™ืคื“ื• ื•ืกื™ืคื ืงืชื ื™ ืื ืžืชื• ื™ืงื‘ืจื•

And admittedly the first clause of the mishna can be explained in accordance with the opinion of the Rabbis, as it teaches that if they died they can be redeemed. This ruling is in accordance with the Rabbis, as an animal that was blemished from the outset is considered as one consecrated for the altar, since as it was consecrated in order to be sold to purchase a valid offering. But the latter clause of the mishna, which discusses a case where the consecration of the animal preceded the development of a blemish, is not in accordance with the opinion of the Rabbis, as it teaches that if they died they shall be buried. According to Reish Lakish and Rav, the Rabbis hold that in such a case the animal is redeemed. Consequently, the mishna cannot be in accordance with the opinion of the Rabbis.

ื•ืื™ื‘ืขื™ืช ืื™ืžื ืจื‘ ื›ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ืกื‘ื™ืจื ืœื™ื” ื•ื“ืงื ืงืฉื™ื ืœืš ื–ื• ื“ื‘ืจื™ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ื•ืžื—ืœื•ืงืชื• ืžื™ื‘ืขื™ ืœื™ื” ืื™ืžื ื”ื›ื™ ื ืžื™

And if you wish, say instead that Rav holds in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Yoแธฅanan, that the Rabbis maintain that all consecrations were included in the halakha of standing and valuation and are buried if they died, and the mishna is in fact in accordance with the opinion of the Rabbis. And as for that which posed a difficulty for you, that Rav Yehuda should have said that this mishna is in accordance with the statement of Rabbi Shimon and those who disagree with him, say: Indeed he said so, that the mishna is in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Shimon and those who disagree with him.

ืžืชื ื™ืณ ื•ืืœื• ื”ืŸ ื”ื ืงื‘ืจื™ืŸ ืงื“ืฉื™ื ืฉื”ืคื™ืœื” ื™ืงื‘ืจื• ื”ืคื™ืœื” ืฉืœื™ื ืชืงื‘ืจ ื•ืฉื•ืจ ื”ื ืกืงืœ ื•ืขื’ืœื” ืขืจื•ืคื” ื•ืฆืคืจื™ ืžืฆื•ืจืข ื•ืฉื™ืขืจ ื ื–ื™ืจ

MISHNA: And these are the items that are buried from which deriving benefit is forbidden: In the case of a sacrificial animal that miscarried, the fetus shall be buried. If the animal miscarried a placenta, the placenta shall be buried. And the same halakha applies to an ox that is stoned for killing a person; and a heifer whose neck is broken when a corpse is found between two cities and the killer is unknown; and the birds brought by a leper for purification; and the hair of a nazirite who became ritually impure, who shaves his head before beginning a new term of naziriteship.

ื•ืคื˜ืจ ื—ืžื•ืจ ื•ื‘ืฉืจ ื‘ื—ืœื‘ ื•ื—ื•ืœื™ืŸ ืฉื ืฉื—ื˜ื• ื‘ืขื–ืจื” ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ืื•ืžืจ ื—ื•ืœื™ืŸ ืฉื ืฉื—ื˜ื• ื‘ืขื–ืจื” ื™ืฉืจืคื• ื•ื›ืŸ ื—ื™ื” ืฉื ืฉื—ื˜ื” ื‘ืขื–ืจื”

And the same halakha applies to the firstborn of a donkey that, if it is not redeemed with a sheep, has its neck broken; and a forbidden mixture of meat cooked in milk; and non-sacred animals that were slaughtered in the Temple courtyard. Rabbi Shimon says: Non-sacred animals that were slaughtered in the Temple courtyard shall be burned, like sacrificial animals that were disqualified in the courtyard. And likewise, an undomesticated animal that was slaughtered in the Temple courtyard, although it is not similar to the animals sacrificed in the Temple, shall be burned by rabbinic decree.

ื•ืืœื• ื”ืŸ ื”ื ืฉืจืคื™ืŸ ื—ืžืฅ ื‘ืคืกื— ื™ืฉืจืฃ ื•ืชืจื•ืžื” ื˜ืžืื” ื•ื”ืขืจืœื” ื•ื›ืœืื™ ื”ื›ืจื ืืช ืฉื“ืจื›ืŸ ืœืฉืจื•ืฃ ื™ืฉืจื•ืฃ ื•ืืช ืฉื“ืจื›ืŸ ืœื”ืงื‘ืจ ื™ืงื‘ืจ ื•ืžื“ืœื™ืงื™ืŸ ื‘ืคืช ื•ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ืฉืœ ืชืจื•ืžื” ื›ืœ ื”ืงื“ืฉื™ื ืฉื ืฉื—ื˜ื• ื—ื•ืฅ ืœื–ืžื ืŸ ื•ื—ื•ืฅ ืœืžืงื•ืžืŸ ื”ืจื™ ืืœื• ื™ืฉืจืคื•

And these are the items that are burned: Leavened bread on Passover shall be burned. And the same halakha applies to ritually impure teruma. And with regard to the fruit that grows on a tree during the three years after it was planted [orla], and diverse kinds of food crops sown in a vineyard, those items whose appropriate manner of destruction is to be burned, e.g., foods, shall be burned; and those items whose appropriate manner of destruction is to be buried, e.g., liquids, shall be buried. And one may ignite a fire with bread and with oil of impure teruma, even though the priest derives benefit from that fire. And with regard to all sacrificial animals that were slaughtered with the intent to sacrifice or consume them beyond their designated time or outside their designated place, those animals shall be burned.

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Temurah 33

The William Davidson Talmud | Powered by Sefaria

Temurah 33

ื”ื ืžื” ืื ื™ ืžืงื™ื™ื ื•ืื ื›ืœ ื‘ื”ืžื” ืืฉืจ ืœื ื™ืงืจื™ื‘ื• ืžืžื ื” ืงืจื‘ืŸ ืœื”ืณ ื‘ื‘ืขืœื™ ืžื•ืžื™ืŸ ืฉื™ืคื“ื•

But if the halakha of standing and valuation is already mentioned with regard to a non-kosher animal, how do I realize the meaning of the verse: โ€œAnd if it be any non-kosher animal, of which they may not bring an offering unto the Lord, then he shall set the animal before the priest. And the priest shall value it.โ€ The verse is referring to blemished animals, which are unfit for sacrifice just like non-kosher animals, and it teaches that they can be redeemed.

ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื™ืคื“ื• ืขืœ ืžื•ื ืขื•ื‘ืจ ืชืœืžื•ื“ ืœื•ืžืจ ืืฉืจ ืœื ื™ืงืจื™ื‘ื• ืžืžื ื” ืฉืื™ื ื” ืงืจื™ื‘ื” ื›ืœ ืขื™ืงืจ ื™ืฆืชื” ื–ื• ืฉืื™ื ื” ืงืจื™ื‘ื” ื”ื™ื•ื ืืœื ืœืžื—ืจ

The baraita continues: One might have thought that any blemished animal can be redeemed, even for a temporary blemish. Therefore, the verse states: โ€œNon-kosher animal, of which they may not bring an offering,โ€ which indicates that only a blemished animal that may not be sacrificed at all, i.e., one with a permanent blemish, is redeemed. This animal with a temporary blemish is thereby excluded, as it may not be sacrificed today, but it may be sacrificed tomorrow.

ื•ืืžืจ ืจื—ืžื ื ืขื‘ื™ื“ ืœื” ื”ืขืžื“ื” ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื”

The Gemara concludes its reasoning: And the Merciful One states that one should perform standing and valuation for a blemished animal, in accordance with the verse โ€œThen he shall set the animal before the priest. And the priest shall value it.โ€ Since the verse requires that the animal have a permanent blemish to be redeemed, it must be referring to an animal consecrated for the altar, as all animals consecrated for Temple maintenance may be redeemed, even unblemished ones. Furthermore, as this is an unattributed baraita that appears in the Sifra, it is in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Yehuda, the disputant of Rabbi Shimon, and therefore it follows the opinion of the Rabbis of the mishna. It may therefore be concluded from the baraita that the Rabbis hold that one redeems an animal consecrated for the altar with standing and valuation, as maintained by Rabbi Yoแธฅanan.

ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื’ื™ื“ืœ ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ืžืื™ ื˜ืขืžื ื“ืจื™ืฉ ืœืงื™ืฉ ื“ืืžืจ ืœืจื‘ื ืŸ ืงื“ืฉื™ ื‘ื“ืง ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื™ื• ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื”ืขืžื“ื” ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื” ืงื“ืฉื™ ืžื–ื‘ื— ืœื ื”ื™ื• ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื”ืขืžื“ื” ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื” ื“ืืžืจ ืงืจื ื•ื”ืขืจื™ืš ื”ื›ื”ืŸ ืืชื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ื˜ื•ื‘ ื•ื‘ื™ืŸ ืจืข

ยง The Gemara analyzes the opinion of Reish Lakish. Rav Giddel said that Rav said: What is the reasoning of Reish Lakish, who said that according to the Rabbis, animals consecrated for Temple maintenance were included in the halakha of standing and valuation, whereas animals consecrated for the altar were not included in the halakha of standing and valuation? The reasoning is that the verse states: โ€œThen he shall set the animal before the priest. And the priest shall value it, whether it be good or badโ€ (Leviticus 27:12).

ืื™ื–ื”ื• ื“ื‘ืจ ืฉืื™ื ื• ื—ืœื•ืง ื‘ื™ืŸ ื˜ื•ื‘ ืœืจืข ื”ื•ื™ ืื•ืžืจ ื–ื” ืงื“ืฉื™ ื‘ื“ืง ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื•ืืžืจ ืงืจื ืืชื” ืœืžืขื•ื˜ื™ ืงื“ืฉื™ ืžื–ื‘ื—

Rav explained: What is an item for which the halakha is not divided between good and bad, i.e., where there is no difference between unblemished and blemished animals? You must say that this is an item consecrated for Temple maintenance, which has the same sanctity whether blemished or unblemished. And the verse states: โ€œAnd the priest shall value it.โ€ The restrictive term โ€œitโ€ serves to exclude animals consecrated for the altar from the halakha of standing and valuation.

ื•ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ืืชื” ืœืžืขื•ื˜ื™ ืžืื™ ืœืžืขื•ื˜ื™ ื‘ืขืœ ืžื•ื ืžืขื™ืงืจื•

The Gemara asks: And according to Rabbi Yoแธฅanan, who says that according to the Rabbis, animals consecrated for the altar are also included in the obligation of standing and valuation, the term โ€œitโ€ serves to exclude what? The Gemara responds: It serves to exclude from the halakha of standing and valuation an animal that was blemished from the outset and was consecrated for the altar.

ื•ืœืชื ื ื“ื‘ื™ ืœื•ื™ ื“ืืžืจ ื“ืืคื™ืœื• ื‘ืขืœ ืžื•ื ืžืขื™ืงืจื• ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื”ืขืžื“ื” ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื” ื“ืชื ื™ ืœื•ื™ ื”ื›ืœ ื”ื™ื• ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื”ืขืžื“ื” ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื” ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ื‘ืขืœ ืžื•ื ืžืขื™ืงืจื• ื•ื›ืŸ ืชื ื™ ืœื•ื™ ื‘ืžืชื ื™ืชื™ื” ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ื—ื™ื” ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืขื•ืคื•ืช ื•ื”ื›ืชื™ื‘ ืืชื” ืงืฉื™ื

The Gemara raises a difficulty: But this is problematic according to the tanna of the school of Levi, who said that even an animal that was blemished from the outset is included in the halakha of standing and valuation. As Levi taught: Everything was included in the halakha of standing and valuation, even an animal blemished from the outset. And Levi taught likewise in his baraita: Even an undomesticated animal, and even birds that are not brought as offerings, e.g., geese, are included in the halakha of standing and valuation. But isnโ€™t it written โ€œit,โ€ which must serve to exclude some animal from the obligation of standing and valuation? If so, how can Levi teach that everything is included? The Gemara concludes: Indeed, this poses a difficulty.

ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ืžืื™ ื˜ืขืžื ื“ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ื“ืืžืจ ืงื“ืฉื™ ืžื–ื‘ื— ื”ื™ื• ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื”ืขืžื“ื” ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื” ืงื“ืฉื™ ื‘ื“ืง ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืœื ื”ื™ื• ื“ืืžืจ ืงืจื ื•ื”ืขืจื™ืš ื”ื›ื”ืŸ ืืชื” ื‘ื™ืŸ ื˜ื•ื‘ ื•ื‘ื™ืŸ ืจืข ืื™ื–ื”ื• ื“ื‘ืจ ืฉื—ืœื•ืง ื‘ื™ืŸ ื˜ื•ื‘ ื•ื‘ื™ืŸ ืจืข ื”ื•ื™ ืื•ืžืจ ื–ื” ืงื“ืฉื™ ืžื–ื‘ื— ื•ืืžืจ ืงืจื ืืชื” ืœืžืขื•ื˜ื™ ื‘ื“ืง ื”ื‘ื™ืช

The Gemara discusses the opinion of Rabbi Shimon in the mishna. Rav Yehuda said that Rav said: What is the reasoning of Rabbi Shimon, who said that animals consecrated for the altar were included in the halakha of standing and valuation, and therefore if they died without redemption they are buried, but animals consecrated for Temple maintenance were not included in this halakha? As the verse states: โ€œThen he shall set the animal before the priest. And the priest shall value it, whether it be good or badโ€ (Leviticus 27:11โ€“12). What is an item for which the halakha is divided between good and bad, i.e., between an unblemished and blemished animal? You must say that this is an animal consecrated for the altar, and the verse states: โ€œAnd the priest shall value it,โ€ which serves to exclude animals consecrated for Temple maintenance from the halakha of standing and valuation.

ืื™ ื”ื›ื™ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื˜ื•ื‘ ืœืจืข ืžื™ื‘ืขื™ ืœื™ื” ืงืฉื™ื

The Gemara asks: If so, that the verse is referring to a consecration for which there is a distinction between good and bad, then it should have stated: And the priest shall value it between good and bad, to indicate that this distinction is made. The term โ€œwhether it be good or badโ€ indicates that the two types have the same halakha, as claimed by the Rabbis. The Gemara concludes: This poses a difficulty for the opinion of Rabbi Shimon.

ืžื™ืชื™ื‘ื™ ืžืชื• ืชืžื™ืžื™ืŸ ื™ืงื‘ืจื• ื•ื‘ืขืœื™ ืžื•ืžื™ืŸ ื™ืคื“ื• ื‘ืžื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืืžื•ืจื™ื ื‘ืงื“ืฉื™ ืžื–ื‘ื— ืื‘ืœ ื‘ืงื“ืฉื™ ื‘ื“ืง ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ืชืžื™ืžื™ืŸ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื‘ืขืœื™ ืžื•ืžื™ื ื™ืงื‘ืจื•

ยง The Gemara raises an objection to the opinions of Rabbi Yoแธฅanan and Reish Lakish from a baraita: With regard to consecrated animals that died, if they were unblemished they are not redeemed and shall be buried, and if they were blemished they can be redeemed. In what case is this statement said? It is said with regard to animals consecrated for the altar. But with regard to animals consecrated for Temple maintenance, both unblemished and blemished animals shall be buried. This is the statement of the Rabbis.

ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ืื•ืžืจ ืื—ื“ ืงื“ืฉื™ ืžื–ื‘ื— ื•ืื—ื“ ืงื“ืฉื™ ื‘ื“ืง ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืชืžื™ืžื™ื ื™ืงื‘ืจื• ื‘ืขืœื™ ืžื•ืžื™ืŸ ื™ืคื“ื• ืชื™ื•ื‘ืชื ื“ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ืžืจื™ืฉื

Rabbi Shimon says: Both in a case where the animals that died were consecrated for the altar and in a case where they were consecrated for Temple maintenance, if they were unblemished they can be buried, and if they were blemished they can be redeemed. This is apparently a conclusive refutation of the statement of Rabbi Yoแธฅanan, from the first clause of the baraita, as Rabbi Yoแธฅanan holds that according to the Rabbis, both animals consecrated for the altar and those consecrated for Temple maintenance are included in the halakha of standing and valuation and are buried if they died.

ืืžืจ ืœืš ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ื”ื›ื ื‘ืžืื™ ืขืกืงื™ื ืŸ ื‘ื‘ืขืœ ืžื•ื ืžืขื™ืงืจื•

The Gemara answers that Rabbi Yoแธฅanan could say to you: What are we dealing with here? We are dealing with an animal that was blemished from the outset. In such a case, the Rabbis rule that the animal was not included in the halakha of standing and valuation and is therefore redeemed if it dies. But a consecrated animal that subsequently developed a blemish and died must be buried.

ื”ื›ื™ ื ืžื™ ืžืกืชื‘ืจื ื“ืื™ ืชื™ืžื ืฉืงื“ื ื”ืงื“ื™ืฉืŸ ืืช ืžื•ืžืŸ ืœื™ืคืœื•ื’ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ืขืœื” ืืœื ืœืื• ืฉืžืข ืžื™ื ื” ื‘ื‘ืขืœ ืžื•ื ืžืขื™ืงืจื•

The Gemara adds: So too, it is reasonable that the baraita is discussing animals blemished from the outset, as, if you say that it is referring to animals whose consecrations preceded their blemishes, then Rabbi Shimon should disagree with the Rabbis on this point and maintain that such blemished animals consecrated for the altar should be buried, not redeemed. After all, Rabbi Shimon holds that animals consecrated for the altar are included in the halakha of standing and valuation. Rather, must one not conclude from this that the baraita is dealing with an animal that is blemished from the outset?

ืืœื ืœื™ืžื ืชื™ื”ื•ื™ ืชื™ื•ื‘ืชื™ื” ื“ืจื™ืฉ ืœืงื™ืฉ

The Gemara raises a difficulty: But if the baraita is referring to animals blemished from the outset, and for this reason the Rabbis hold that the animal is redeemed, then it may be inferred that the Rabbis maintain that if the animal developed a blemish after its consecration and died, it must be buried. If so, let us say that the baraita is a conclusive refutation of the opinion of Reish Lakish, who maintains that according to the Rabbis, animals consecrated for the altar were not included in the halakha of standing and valuation and are redeemed if they died.

ืจื™ืฉ ืœืงื™ืฉ ืžื•ืงื™ื ืœื” ื‘ืฉืงื“ื ื”ืงื“ื™ืฉืŸ ืืช ืžื•ืžืŸ ืื™ ื”ื›ื™ ื ื™ืคืœื•ื’ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ืขืœื”

The Gemara responds: Reish Lakish interprets the baraita as referring to animals whose consecrations preceded their blemishes. Consequently, the statement of the Rabbis is in accordance with his opinion that animals consecrated for the altar were not included in the halakha of standing and valuation and are therefore redeemed if they died. The Gemara asks: If so, then the earlier question recurs, as Rabbi Shimon should disagree with the statement of the Rabbis and say that such blemished animals consecrated for the altar are buried.

ืจื™ืฉ ืœืงื™ืฉ ืžื™ืคืš ืืคื™ืš ื•ื”ื›ื™ ืžื•ืชื™ื‘ ืžืžื›ื™ืœืชื ืื—ืจื™ืชื™ ืžืชื• ื‘ื™ืŸ ืชืžื™ืžื™ืŸ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื‘ืขืœื™ ืžื•ืžื™ืŸ ื™ืงื‘ืจื• [ื‘ืžื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืืžื•ืจื™ื ื‘ืงื“ืฉื™ ืžื–ื‘ื— ืื‘ืœ ื‘ืงื“ืฉื™ ื‘ื“ืง ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื™ืคื“ื•]

The Gemara answers: Reish Lakish reverses the text of that baraita, i.e., he maintains that in that baraita, Rabbi Shimon explicitly states that animals consecrated for the altar are buried, whether they are unblemished or blemished. And he raises his objection to the opinion of Rabbi Yoแธฅanan from another baraita, like this: With regard to consecrated animals that died, whether they were unblemished or blemished, they shall be buried. With regard to what case is this ruling stated? It is stated with regard to animals consecrated for the altar, but in the case of animals consecrated for Temple maintenance, they can be redeemed. This is the statement of the Rabbis.

ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ืื•ืžืจ ืชืžื™ืžื™ื ื™ืงื‘ืจื• ื•ื‘ืขืœื™ ืžื•ืžื™ืŸ ื™ืคื“ื• ืชื™ื•ื‘ืชื ื“ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ืžืกื™ืคื

The baraita continues: Rabbi Shimon says: With regard to animals consecrated for Temple maintenance that died, if they were unblemished they shall be buried, and if they were blemished they can be redeemed. This is apparently a conclusive refutation of the opinion of Rabbi Yoแธฅanan, from the latter clause of the statement of the Rabbis in this baraita. According to the baraita, the Rabbis rule that animals consecrated for the altar are redeemed, whereas according to Rabbi Yoแธฅanan, the Rabbis maintain that animals consecrated for the altar are buried.

ืืžืจ ืœืš ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ื”ื›ื ื‘ืžืื™ ืขืกืงื™ื ืŸ ื‘ื‘ืขืœ ืžื•ื ืžืขื™ืงืจื• ื”ื›ื™ ื ืžื™ ืžืกืชื‘ืจื ื“ืื™ ืชื™ืžื ื‘ืฉืงื“ื ื”ืงื“ื™ืฉืŸ ืืช ืžื•ืžืŸ ื ื™ืคืœื•ื’ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ืขืœื”

The Gemara answers that Rabbi Yoแธฅanan could say to you: What are we dealing with here? We are dealing with an animal that was blemished from the outset. The Gemara notes: So, too, it is reasonable that the baraita is referring to animals blemished from the outset, as, if you say that it is dealing with animals whose consecrations preceded their blemishes, and the Rabbis hold that animals consecrated for Temple maintenance are buried whereas those consecrated for the altar are redeemed, then Rabbi Shimon should disagree with the statement of the Rabbis on both accounts, rather than disagreeing merely in the case of animals consecrated for Temple maintenance.

ืืœื ืœื™ืžื ืชื™ื”ื•ื™ ืชื™ื•ื‘ืชื™ื” ื“ืจื™ืฉ ืœืงื™ืฉ ืืžืจ ืœืš ืจื™ืฉ ืœืงื™ืฉ ื”ื›ื ื‘ืžืื™ ืขืกืงื™ื ืŸ ื‘ืฉืงื“ื ื”ืงื“ื™ืฉืŸ ืืช ืžื•ืžืŸ ื•ื ื™ืคืœื•ื’ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ืขืœื” ืืžืจ ืœืš ืจื™ืฉ ืœืงื™ืฉ ื”ื›ื™ ื ืžื™ ื“ืคืœื™ื’ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ

The Gemara asks: But if so, let us say that the baraita is a conclusive refutation of the opinion of Reish Lakish, as Rabbi Shimon does not disagree with the Rabbis in the case of animals consecrated for the altar. The Gemara answers that Reish Lakish could say to you: What are we dealing with here? We are dealing with animals whose consecrations preceded their blemishes. The Gemara reiterates: But in that case, Rabbi Shimon should disagree with the Rabbis. The Gemara responds: Reish Lakish could say to you: Indeed, Rabbi Shimon disagrees with the Rabbis even with regard to animals consecrated for the altar. The baraita mentions Rabbi Shimonโ€™s opinion only with regard to consecrations for Temple maintenance, but he also disagrees with regard to consecrations for the altar.

ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ืจื‘ื™ ื™ืจืžื™ื” ืœืจื‘ื™ ื–ื™ืจื ืœืจื™ืฉ ืœืงื™ืฉ ื“ืืžืจ ืœืจื‘ื ืŸ ืงื“ืฉื™ ืžื–ื‘ื— ืœื ื”ื™ื• ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื”ืขืžื“ื” ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื” ื•ืงืชื ื™ ืงื“ืฉื™ ืžื–ื‘ื—

ยง The Gemara further discusses the dispute between Rabbi Yoแธฅanan and Reish Lakish. Rabbi Yirmeya said to Rabbi Zeira: According to Reish Lakish, who says that according to the Rabbis, animals consecrated for the altar were not included in the halakha of standing and valuation, and it is taught with regard to animals consecrated for the altar

ื‘ืขืœื™ ืžื•ืžื™ืŸ ื™ืคื“ื• ื•ืžื•ืงืžื™ื ืŸ ืœื” ื‘ืฉืงื“ื ื”ืงื“ื™ืฉืŸ ืืช ืžื•ืžืŸ ืฉืžืข ืžื™ื ื” ืคื•ื“ื™ืŸ ืืช ื”ืงื“ืฉื™ื ืœื”ืื›ื™ืœืŸ ืœื›ืœื‘ื™ื

that blemished animals can be redeemed; and we established that according to Reish Lakish, the baraita is dealing with animals whose consecrations preceded their blemishes, which means that although the animal has inherent sanctity because it was consecrated when unblemished, nevertheless it can be redeemed; let us conclude from the baraita that one may redeem sacrificial animals in order to feed them to dogs.

ื”ื›ื ื‘ืžืื™ ืขืกืงื™ื ืŸ ื‘ืฉืขื‘ืจ ื•ืฉื—ื˜ืŸ

The Gemara rejects this suggestion: One cannot arrive at this conclusion from the baraita, since when the baraita states that the animals died it is not referring to deaths due to natural causes. Rather, what are we dealing with here? With a case where one transgressed the prohibition against slaughtering the blemished animals and slaughtered them before they were redeemed, an act that nevertheless renders them permitted for human consumption after redemption.

ื›ื“ืชื ื™ื ื›ืœ ื”ืงื“ืฉื™ื ืฉื ืคืœ ื‘ื”ืŸ ืžื•ื ื•ืฉื—ื˜ืŸ ืจื‘ื™ ืžืื™ืจ ืื•ืžืจ ื™ืงื‘ืจื• ื•ื—ื›ืžื™ื ืื•ืžืจื™ื ื™ืคื“ื•

As it is taught in a baraita: With regard to all sacrificial animals that developed a blemish and one slaughtered them, Rabbi Meir says that they shall be buried, as he holds in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Shimon that animals consecrated for the altar were included in the halakha of standing and valuation and must be buried if they died. And the Rabbis say: Since an animal consecrated for the altar is not included in the halakha of standing and valuation, even if one slaughtered it, it can be redeemed.

ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ืจื‘ื™ ื™ืจืžื™ื” ืœืจื‘ื™ ื–ื™ืจื ืœืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ื“ืืžืจ ืงื“ืฉื™ ื‘ื“ืง ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืœื ื”ื•ื• ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื”ืขืžื“ื” ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื” ืืžืื™ ืชืžื™ืžื™ื ื™ืงื‘ืจื• ืžืฉื•ื ื“ื—ื–ื• ืœื”ืงืจื‘ื”

Rabbi Yirmeya further said to Rabbi Zeira: According to Rabbi Shimon, who said that animals consecrated for Temple maintenance were not included in the halakha of standing and valuation and are redeemed if they died, why does he state, in the last baraita cited earlier, that unblemished animals consecrated for Temple maintenance shall be buried and not redeemed? Rabbi Zeira responds: It is because they are fit for sacrifice upon the altar.

ื›ื“ืชื ื™ื ื”ืžืชืคื™ืก ืชืžื™ืžื™ื ืœื‘ื“ืง ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื›ืฉื”ืŸ ื ืคื“ื™ืŸ ืื™ื ืŸ ื ืคื“ื™ืŸ ืืœื ืœืžื–ื‘ื— ืฉื›ืœ ื”ืจืื•ื™ ืœืžื–ื‘ื— ืื™ื ื• ื™ื•ืฆื ืžื™ื“ื™ ืžื–ื‘ื— ืœืขื•ืœื

The Gemara explains the significance of the fact that these animals, which were consecrated for Temple maintenance, are fit for the altar. As it is taught in a baraita: One who associates unblemished animals, i.e., consecrates them by means of associating their sanctity with sanctified items, for Temple maintenance, when they are redeemed by the treasurer they are redeemed only for the altar, i.e., they are sold to those who must bring an offering, and the animals are sacrificed upon the altar. They may be redeemed only for the altar, not for any non-sacred use, as any consecrated item that is fit to be sacrificed on the altar may never leave the custody of the altar.

ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ืจื‘ ืคืคื ืœืื‘ื™ื™ ื•ืืžืจื™ ืœื” ืจื‘ื ืœืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ื“ืžื•ืงื™ื ืœื” ื‘ื‘ืขืœ ืžื•ื ืžืขื™ืงืจื• ื•ื›ื•ืœื™ ืขืœืžื ืกื‘ื™ืจื ืœื”ื• ื“ื‘ืขืœ ืžื•ื ืžืขื™ืงืจื• ื“ืœื ื”ื•ื™ ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื”ืขืžื“ื” ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื” ื•ืœื

ยง The Gemara continues to analyze the opinions of Rabbi Yoแธฅanan and Reish Lakish. Rav Pappa said to Abaye, and some say that Rava said to Abaye: According to Rabbi Yoแธฅanan, who interprets the above baraita as referring to an animal blemished from the outset, and who further claims that everyone, i.e., Rabbi Shimon and the Rabbis, holds that an animal blemished from the outset was not included in the halakha of standing and valuation, one may ask: And do they both agree that an animal blemished from the outset was not included in that halakha?

ื•ื”ืชื ืŸ ื›ืœ ื”ืงื“ืฉื™ื ืฉืงื“ื ืžื•ื ืงื‘ื•ืข ืœื”ืงื“ืฉืŸ ื•ื ืคื“ื• ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ืŸ ื‘ื‘ื›ื•ืจื” ื•ื‘ืžืชื ื•ืช ื•ื™ื•ืฆืื™ืŸ ืœื—ื•ืœื™ืŸ ืœื™ื’ื–ื– ื•ืœื™ืขื‘ื“

But didnโ€™t we learn in a mishna (Bekhorot 14a): All the sacrificial animals in which a permanent blemish preceded their consecration are not sanctified as offerings; rather, they are sold and the money received is used to purchase valid offerings. And once they are redeemed, they are obligated in, i.e., subject to accounting their offspring, a firstborn; and in the priestly gifts of the foreleg, jaw, and maw; and they emerge from their sacred status and assume complete non-sacred status in order to be shorn and to be utilized for labor.

ื•ืœื“ืŸ ื•ื—ืœื‘ืŸ ืžื•ืชืจ ืœืื—ืจ ืคื“ื™ื•ื ืŸ ื•ื”ืฉื•ื—ื˜ืŸ ื‘ื—ื•ืฅ ืคื˜ื•ืจ ื•ืื™ืŸ ืขื•ืฉื™ืŸ ืชืžื•ืจื” ื•ืื ืžืชื• ื™ืคื“ื•

And their offspring and their milk are permitted after their redemption. And one who slaughters them outside the Temple courtyard is exempt from karet, even if the animal was not yet redeemed, and those animals do not render an animal exchanged for them a substitute. And if these animals died before they were redeemed, they may be redeemed.

ื•ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื–ื• ื“ื‘ืจื™ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ื“ืืžืจ ืงื“ืฉื™ ืžื–ื‘ื— ื”ื™ื• ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื”ืขืžื“ื” ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื” ืงื“ืฉื™ ื‘ื“ืง ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืœื ื”ื™ื• ื›ื“ืชื ืŸ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ืื•ืžืจ ืงื“ืฉื™ ื‘ื“ืง ื”ื‘ื™ืช ืื ืžืชื• ื™ืคื“ื•

And Rav Yehuda says that Rav says, with regard to this mishna: This statement, that one who consecrates a blemished animal for the altar may redeem it if it dies, is in accordance with the statement of Rabbi Shimon, who says that animals consecrated for the altar were included in the halakha of standing and valuation, but animals consecrated for Temple maintenance were not included. As we learned in the mishna that Rabbi Shimon says: If animals consecrated for Temple maintenance died, they can be redeemed, since they were not included in the halakha of standing and valuation. But animals consecrated for the altar that died are buried, as they were included in this halakha.

ื•ืžื•ื“ื” ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ื‘ื‘ืขืœ ืžื•ื ืžืขื™ืงืจื• ืฉื ืคื“ื” ืžืื™ ื˜ืขืžื ื“ืืžืจ ืงืจื ืืชื” ืืชื” ืœืžืขื•ื˜ื™ ื‘ืขืœ ืžื•ื ืžืขื™ืงืจื• ืื‘ืœ ื—ื›ืžื™ื ืื•ืžืจื™ื ืืคื™ืœื• ื‘ืขืœ ืžื•ื ืžืขื™ืงืจื• ื”ื™ื” ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื”ืขืžื“ื” ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื”

And Rabbi Shimon concedes with regard to an animal that was blemished from the outset, which was consecrated for the altar and died, that it is redeemed. What is the reason? As the verse states: โ€œThen he shall set the animal before the priest. And the priest shall value itโ€ (Leviticus 27:11โ€“12). The emphasis of โ€œitโ€ serves to exclude an animal that was blemished from the outset from the halakha of standing and valuation. But the Rabbis say: Every animal consecrated for the altar, even one that was blemished from the outset, was included in the halakha of standing and valuation, and must be buried if it dies. This apparently contradicts the opinion of Rabbi Yoแธฅanan, who says that according to the Rabbis an animal that was blemished from the outset was not included in the halakha of standing and valuation.

ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ืžืืŸ ื—ื›ืžื™ื ืชื ื ื“ื‘ื™ ืœื•ื™ ืื™ ื”ื›ื™ ื–ื• ื“ื‘ืจื™ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ื•ืชื• ืœื ื–ื• ื“ื‘ืจื™ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ื•ืžื—ืœื•ืงืชื• ืžื™ื‘ืขื™ ืœื™ื”

Abaye said to Rav Pappa, or Rava: The statement of Rav Yehuda in the name of Rav does not pose a difficulty for Rabbi Yoแธฅanan, as Rav was not referring to the Rabbis of the mishna, who disagree with Rabbi Shimon. Rather, who is the tanna referred to here as the Rabbis? It is a tanna of the school of Levi. The other rabbi questioned Abayeโ€™s answer: If so, that even the Rabbis of the mishna hold that an animal that was blemished from the outset is redeemed, why did Rav Yehuda say that Rav said that this mishna in tractate Bekhorot is in accordance with the statement of Rabbi Shimon, and nothing more? This statement indicates that the mishna is in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Shimon alone. He should have said that this mishna is in accordance with the statement of Rabbi Shimon and those who disagree with him, i.e., the Rabbis.

ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ื”ืื™ ื“ืœื ืงืชื ื™ ื”ื›ื™ ืžืฉื•ื ื“ืจื‘ ืกื‘ืจ ืœื” ื›ืจื™ืฉ ืœืงื™ืฉ ื“ืืžืจ ืœืจื‘ื ืŸ ืงื“ืฉื™ ื‘ื“ืง ื”ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื™ื• ื‘ื›ืœืœ ื”ืขืžื“ื” ื•ื”ืขืจื›ื” ืงื“ืฉื™ ืžื–ื‘ื— ืœื ื”ื™ื•

Abaye said to him: The reason that Rav Yehuda does not teach in this manner, i.e., he does not say that the mishna is in accordance with the opinion of the Rabbis, is because Rav holds in accordance with the opinion of Reish Lakish, who said that according to the Rabbis of the mishna, only animals consecrated for Temple maintenance were included in the halakha of standing and valuation; animals consecrated for the altar were not included, and are therefore redeemed.

ื•ืจื™ืฉื ืงืชื ื™ ื•ืื ืžืชื• ื™ืคื“ื• ื•ืกื™ืคื ืงืชื ื™ ืื ืžืชื• ื™ืงื‘ืจื•

And admittedly the first clause of the mishna can be explained in accordance with the opinion of the Rabbis, as it teaches that if they died they can be redeemed. This ruling is in accordance with the Rabbis, as an animal that was blemished from the outset is considered as one consecrated for the altar, since as it was consecrated in order to be sold to purchase a valid offering. But the latter clause of the mishna, which discusses a case where the consecration of the animal preceded the development of a blemish, is not in accordance with the opinion of the Rabbis, as it teaches that if they died they shall be buried. According to Reish Lakish and Rav, the Rabbis hold that in such a case the animal is redeemed. Consequently, the mishna cannot be in accordance with the opinion of the Rabbis.

ื•ืื™ื‘ืขื™ืช ืื™ืžื ืจื‘ ื›ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื•ื—ื ืŸ ืกื‘ื™ืจื ืœื™ื” ื•ื“ืงื ืงืฉื™ื ืœืš ื–ื• ื“ื‘ืจื™ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ื•ืžื—ืœื•ืงืชื• ืžื™ื‘ืขื™ ืœื™ื” ืื™ืžื ื”ื›ื™ ื ืžื™

And if you wish, say instead that Rav holds in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Yoแธฅanan, that the Rabbis maintain that all consecrations were included in the halakha of standing and valuation and are buried if they died, and the mishna is in fact in accordance with the opinion of the Rabbis. And as for that which posed a difficulty for you, that Rav Yehuda should have said that this mishna is in accordance with the statement of Rabbi Shimon and those who disagree with him, say: Indeed he said so, that the mishna is in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Shimon and those who disagree with him.

ืžืชื ื™ืณ ื•ืืœื• ื”ืŸ ื”ื ืงื‘ืจื™ืŸ ืงื“ืฉื™ื ืฉื”ืคื™ืœื” ื™ืงื‘ืจื• ื”ืคื™ืœื” ืฉืœื™ื ืชืงื‘ืจ ื•ืฉื•ืจ ื”ื ืกืงืœ ื•ืขื’ืœื” ืขืจื•ืคื” ื•ืฆืคืจื™ ืžืฆื•ืจืข ื•ืฉื™ืขืจ ื ื–ื™ืจ

MISHNA: And these are the items that are buried from which deriving benefit is forbidden: In the case of a sacrificial animal that miscarried, the fetus shall be buried. If the animal miscarried a placenta, the placenta shall be buried. And the same halakha applies to an ox that is stoned for killing a person; and a heifer whose neck is broken when a corpse is found between two cities and the killer is unknown; and the birds brought by a leper for purification; and the hair of a nazirite who became ritually impure, who shaves his head before beginning a new term of naziriteship.

ื•ืคื˜ืจ ื—ืžื•ืจ ื•ื‘ืฉืจ ื‘ื—ืœื‘ ื•ื—ื•ืœื™ืŸ ืฉื ืฉื—ื˜ื• ื‘ืขื–ืจื” ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ืื•ืžืจ ื—ื•ืœื™ืŸ ืฉื ืฉื—ื˜ื• ื‘ืขื–ืจื” ื™ืฉืจืคื• ื•ื›ืŸ ื—ื™ื” ืฉื ืฉื—ื˜ื” ื‘ืขื–ืจื”

And the same halakha applies to the firstborn of a donkey that, if it is not redeemed with a sheep, has its neck broken; and a forbidden mixture of meat cooked in milk; and non-sacred animals that were slaughtered in the Temple courtyard. Rabbi Shimon says: Non-sacred animals that were slaughtered in the Temple courtyard shall be burned, like sacrificial animals that were disqualified in the courtyard. And likewise, an undomesticated animal that was slaughtered in the Temple courtyard, although it is not similar to the animals sacrificed in the Temple, shall be burned by rabbinic decree.

ื•ืืœื• ื”ืŸ ื”ื ืฉืจืคื™ืŸ ื—ืžืฅ ื‘ืคืกื— ื™ืฉืจืฃ ื•ืชืจื•ืžื” ื˜ืžืื” ื•ื”ืขืจืœื” ื•ื›ืœืื™ ื”ื›ืจื ืืช ืฉื“ืจื›ืŸ ืœืฉืจื•ืฃ ื™ืฉืจื•ืฃ ื•ืืช ืฉื“ืจื›ืŸ ืœื”ืงื‘ืจ ื™ืงื‘ืจ ื•ืžื“ืœื™ืงื™ืŸ ื‘ืคืช ื•ื‘ืฉืžืŸ ืฉืœ ืชืจื•ืžื” ื›ืœ ื”ืงื“ืฉื™ื ืฉื ืฉื—ื˜ื• ื—ื•ืฅ ืœื–ืžื ืŸ ื•ื—ื•ืฅ ืœืžืงื•ืžืŸ ื”ืจื™ ืืœื• ื™ืฉืจืคื•

And these are the items that are burned: Leavened bread on Passover shall be burned. And the same halakha applies to ritually impure teruma. And with regard to the fruit that grows on a tree during the three years after it was planted [orla], and diverse kinds of food crops sown in a vineyard, those items whose appropriate manner of destruction is to be burned, e.g., foods, shall be burned; and those items whose appropriate manner of destruction is to be buried, e.g., liquids, shall be buried. And one may ignite a fire with bread and with oil of impure teruma, even though the priest derives benefit from that fire. And with regard to all sacrificial animals that were slaughtered with the intent to sacrifice or consume them beyond their designated time or outside their designated place, those animals shall be burned.

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