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Today's Daf Yomi

May 1, 2021 | 讬状讟 讘讗讬讬专 转砖驻状讗

Masechet Yoma is sponsored by Vicky Harari in commemoration of her father's Yahrzeit, Avraham Baruch Hacohen ben Zeev Eliyahu Eckstein z'l, a Holocaust survivor and a feminist before it was fashionable. And in gratitude to Michelle Cohen Farber for revolutionizing women's learning worldwide.
  • This month's learning is sponsored by Joanna Rom and Steven Goldberg in loving memory of Steve's mother Shirley "Nana" Goldberg (Sura Tema bat Chaim v'Hanka)

Yoma 20

 

What does God have to say about those who sin on Yom Kippur? What about the Satan? Does he get heard on Yom Kippur? On what does it depend? What time was the removal of the ashes performed on different days of the year? Why? What is the definition of the word 鈥済ever鈥 in the phrase 鈥渒riat hagever鈥? Is it a person or a rooster? Rav and Rabbi Shila disagree and a story is told of a day when Rav was the translator for Rabbi Shila and translated using his interpretation.

诇驻转讞 讞讟讗转 专讜讘抓 讜砖讟谉 诪讗讬 讗诪专 讗诪专 诇讬讛 砖讟谉 讘讬讜诪讗 讚讻讬驻讜专讬 诇讬转 诇讬讛 专砖讜转讗 诇讗住讟讜谞讬 诪诪讗讬 讗诪专 专诪讬 讘专 讞诪讗 讛砖讟谉 讘讙诪讟专讬讗 转诇转 诪讗讛 讜砖讬转讬谉 讜讗专讘注讛 讛讜讬 转诇转 诪讗讛 讜砖讬转讬谉 讜讗专讘注讛 讬讜诪讬 讗讬转 诇讬讛 专砖讜转讗 诇讗住讟讜谞讬 讘讬讜诪讗 讚讻讬驻讜专讬 诇讬转 诇讬讛 专砖讜转讗 诇讗住讟讜谞讬

鈥淪in lies in waiting at the door鈥 (Genesis 4:7), and it is no wonder that men sin. He asked him: And what did Satan the prosecutor say about their sinning? Elijah said to him: Satan, on Yom Kippur, has no license to prosecute. From where is that idea derived? Rami bar 岣ma said: The numerological value of the letters that constitute the word HaSatan is three hundred and sixty four: Heh has a value of five, sin has a value of three hundred, tet has a value of nine, and nun has a value of fifty. Three hundred and sixty-four days of the solar year, which is three hundred and sixty-five days long, Satan has license to prosecute. On the remaining day, Yom Kippur, he has no license to prosecute. Since that day is exalted above all others, there is no room for the accusations of Satan.

诪转谞讬壮 讘讻诇 讬讜诐 转讜专诪讬谉 讗转 讛诪讝讘讞 讘拽专讬讗转 讛讙讘专 讗讜 住诪讜讱 诇讜 讘讬谉 诇驻谞讬讜 讘讬谉 诇讗讞专讬讜 讜讘讬讜诐 讛讻驻讜专讬诐 诪讞爪讜转 讜讘专讙诇讬诐 诪讗砖诪讜专讛 讛专讗砖讜谞讛 讜诇讗 讛讬转讛 拽专讬讗转 讛讙讘专 诪讙注转 注讚 砖讛讬转讛 注讝专讛 诪诇讗讛 诪讬砖专讗诇

MISHNA: Every day the priests would remove the ashes from the altar and place them on the east side of the ramp at the crow of the rooster or adjacent to it, whether before it or after it, as there was no insistence on a precise time. And on Yom Kippur they would remove the ashes earlier, from midnight onward. And on the Festivals, the ashes were removed even earlier, at the end of the first watch. And the call of the rooster would not arrive on Festivals until the Temple courtyard was full with the Jewish people who vowed to bring offerings and would fulfill their obligations on the Festivals. Those offerings were sacrificed immediately following the daily offering.

讙诪壮 转谞谉 讛转诐 讗讘专讬诐 砖驻拽注讜 诪注诇 讙讘讬 讛诪讝讘讞 拽讜讚诐 讞爪讜转 讬讞讝讬专 讜诪讜注诇讬谉 讘讛谉 诇讗讞专 讞爪讜转 诇讗 讬讞讝讬专 讜讗讬谉 诪讜注诇讬谉 讘讛谉

GEMARA: We learned in a mishna there, in tractate Zeva岣m: With regard to limbs from offerings that were forced off the altar by the heat of the fire, if they fell before midnight, these limbs remain sacred; the priest should return them to the fire, and one is liable for misuse of consecrated property for deriving benefit from them. If they fell after midnight, the priest should not return them to the fire, and one is not liable for misuse of consecrated property for deriving benefit from them; they are considered like ashes.

诪谞讗 讛谞讬 诪讬诇讬 讗诪专 专讘 讻转讜讘 讗讞讚 讗讜诪专 讻诇 讛诇讬诇讛 讜讛拽讟讬专 讜讻转讜讘 讗讞讚 讗讜诪专 讻诇 讛诇讬诇讛 讜讛专讬诐 讛讗 讻讬爪讚 讞诇拽讛讜 讞爪讬讜 诇讛拽讟专讛 讜讞爪讬讜 诇讛专诪讛

The Gemara asks: From where are these matters derived that midnight determines the end of the burning period for limbs, after which they assume the legal status of ashes? Rav said: One verse says: 鈥淚t is the burnt-offering that goes up on its firewood upon the altar all night until morning鈥 (Leviticus 6:2) and he shall burn it, indicating that the sacrificial limbs may be burned throughout the night. And one verse says: 鈥淎ll night鈥nd he shall remove the ashes鈥 (Leviticus 6:2鈥3), meaning that the ashes may be removed throughout the night. How can these texts be reconciled? Rather, divide the night into two sections: Half of it for burning the limbs, and half of it for removal of the ashes.

诪转讬讘 专讘 讻讛谞讗 讘讻诇 讬讜诐 转讜专诪讬谉 讗转 讛诪讝讘讞 讘拽专讬讗转 讛讙讘专 讗讜 住诪讜讱 诇讜 讘讬谉 诪诇驻谞讬讜 讘讬谉 诪诇讗讞专讬讜 讜讘讬讜诐 讛讻驻讜专讬诐 诪讞爪讜转 讜讘专讙诇讬诐 诪讗砖诪讜专讛 讛专讗砖讜谞讛

Rav Kahana raised an objection. It was taught in the mishna: Every day the priests would remove the ashes from the altar at the crow of the rooster or adjacent to it, whether before it or after it, and on Yom Kippur from midnight, and on the Festivals from the end of the first watch.

讜讗讬 住诇拽讗 讚注转讱 诪讞爪讜转 讚讗讜专讬讬转讗 讛讬讗 讛讬讻讬 诪拽讚诪讬谞谉 (讜讛讬讻讬 诪讗讞专讬谞谉)

And if it enters your mind to say that the time for removal of the ashes is from midnight by Torah law, how do we perform it earlier and how do we perform it later than the time established by Torah law?

讗诇讗 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 诪诪砖诪注 砖谞讗诪专 讻诇 讛诇讬诇讛 讗讬谞讬 讬讜讚注 砖讛讜讗 注讚 讛讘拽专 讜诪讛 转诇诪讜讚 诇讜诪专 注讚 讛讘拽专 转谉 讘拽专 诇讘拽专讜 砖诇 诇讬诇讛

Rather, Rabbi Yo岣nan said: The fact that midnight is the deadline after which the limbs may not be burned is derived from a different source. From the fact that it is stated with regard to the burning of the limbs: All night, don鈥檛 I know that it means until morning? And for what purpose, then, does the verse state: Until morning? It means: Add another morning to the morning of the night. Arise before dawn, and that is the time for removal of the ashes. Nevertheless, there is no specific hour fixed for performing this removal, and how much earlier than dawn it is performed depends on the need.

讛诇讻讱 讘讻诇 讬讜诐 转讜专诪讬谉 讗转 讛诪讝讘讞 讘拽专讬讗转 讛讙讘专 讗讜 住诪讜讱 诇讜 讘讬谉 诪诇驻谞讬讜 讘讬谉 诪诇讗讞专讬讜 住讙讬讗 讘讬讜诐 讛讻驻讜专讬诐 讚讗讬讻讗 讞讜诇砖讗 讚讻讛谉 讙讚讜诇 注讘讚讬谞谉 诪讞爪讜转 讜讘专讙诇讬诐 讚谞驻讬砖讬 讬砖专讗诇 讜谞驻讬砖讬 拽专讘谞讜转 注讘讚讬谞谉 诪讗砖诪讜专转 讛专讗砖讜谞讛 讻讚拽转谞讬 讟注诪讗 诇讗 讛讬转讛 拽专讬讗转 讛讙讘专 诪讙注转 注讚 砖讛讬转讛 注讝专讛 诪诇讗讛 诪讬砖专讗诇

Therefore, every day the priests remove the ashes from the altar at the crow of the rooster or adjacent to it, whether before it or after it, as on a typical day removing the ashes just before dawn is sufficient. On Yom Kippur, when, due to the fact that he performs the entire day鈥檚 service, there is an issue of the weakness of the High Priest, the ashes are removed earlier and we do so from midnight. And on the Festivals, when the Jewish people in Jerusalem are numerous and the offerings that they bring to sacrifice during the Festival are numerous, the ashes are removed even earlier, and we do so from the first watch, in accordance with the reason that is taught in the mishna: And the call of the rooster would not arrive on Festivals until the Temple courtyard was full with the Jewish people.

诪讗讬 拽专讬讗转 讛讙讘专 专讘 讗诪专 拽专讗 讙讘专讗 专讘讬 砖讬诇讗 讗诪专 拽专讗 转专谞讙讜诇讗

搂 The term keriat hagever, translated above as the call of the rooster, is mentioned in the mishna as an indication of a certain time. The Gemara asks: What is the meaning of the phrase keriat hagever? Rav said: It is the call of the man; the priest appointed for this task proclaimed that it was time for the priests to report for service. Rabbi Sheila said: It is the call of the rooster, which is also called gever.

专讘 讗讬拽诇注 诇讗转专讬讛 讚专讘讬 砖讬诇讗 诇讗 讛讜讛 讗诪讜专讗 诇诪讬拽诐 注诇讬讛 讚专讘讬 砖讬诇讗 拽诐 专讘 注诇讬讛 讜拽讗 诪驻专砖 诪讗讬 拽专讬讗转 讛讙讘专 拽专讗 讙讘专讗 讗诪专 诇讬讛 专讘讬 砖讬诇讗 讜诇讬诪讗 诪专 拽专讗 转专谞讙讜诇讗 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗讘讜讘 诇讞专讬 讝诪专 诇讙专讚讗讬 诇讗 诪拽讘诇讜讛 诪讬谞讬讛

Rav happened to come to the place where Rabbi Sheila was the most prominent local Torah scholar and Rav was not yet known. There was no disseminator to stand before Rabbi Sheila to disseminate his lecture to the public. Rav stood before him to disseminate the lecture, in the course of which Rabbi Sheila mentioned keriat hagever. Rav interpreted the concept for the audience and said: What is the meaning of keriat hagever? It means the call of the man. Rabbi Sheila said to him: And let the Master say it is the call of the rooster. Rav said to him, quoting a folk saying: A flute played for noblemen is music, but when played for weavers, they receive no pleasure from it, due to their lack of sophistication. Similarly, the interpretation that I disseminated was accepted by Torah scholars greater than you. You, who lack their sophistication, cannot appreciate it.

讻讬 讛讜讛 拽讗讬诪谞讗 注诇讬讛 讚专讘讬 讞讬讬讗 讜诪驻专讬砖谞讗 诪讗讬 拽专讬讗转 讛讙讘专 拽专讗 讙讘专讗 讜诇讗 讗诪专 诇讬 讜诇讗 诪讬讚讬 讜讗转 讗诪专转 诇讬 讗讬诪讗 拽专讗 转专谞讙讜诇讗 讗诪专 诇讬讛 诪专 谞讬讛讜 专讘 谞讬谞讞 诪专 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗诪专讬 讗讬谞砖讬 讗讬 转讙专转 诇讬讛 驻讜抓 注诪专讬讛 讗讬讻讗 讚讗诪专讬 讛讻讬 讗诪专 诇讬讛 诪注诇讬谉 讘拽讚砖 讜诇讗 诪讜专讬讚讬谉

When I stood before Rabbi 岣yya and interpreted: What is the meaning of keriat hagever? It means the call of the man, he did not say anything to me in response, and you, Rabbi Sheila, say to me: Say it is the call of the rooster. As soon as Rabbi Sheila heard that, he knew at once who had been disseminating his lecture. He said to him: Is the Master Rav? Let the Master rest and cease disseminating my lecture, as it is beneath your dignity to serve as my assistant. Rav said to him: People say this aphorism: If you hired yourself to him, comb his wool. Once one agrees to perform a task, he should bear its less pleasing aspects and complete the job. Some say, this is what Rav said to him: One elevates to a higher level in matters of sanctity and one does not downgrade. Since the task of interpreting was undertaken by a man of my stature, it is not fitting that a lesser man will replace me. That would be a display of contempt for the Torah.

转谞讬讗 讻讜转讬讛 讚专讘 转谞讬讗 讻讜转讬讛 讚专讘讬 砖讬诇讗 转谞讬讗 讻讜转讬讛 讚专讘 讙讘讬谞讬 讻专讜讝 诪讛讜 讗讜诪专 注诪讚讜 讻讛谞讬诐 诇注讘讜讚转讻诐 讜诇讜讬诐 诇讚讜讻谞讻诐 讜讬砖专讗诇 诇诪注诪讚讻诐 讜讛讬讛 拽讜诇讜 谞砖诪注 讘砖诇砖 驻专住讗讜转

The Gemara comments: A baraita was taught in accordance with the opinion of Rav, and a baraita was taught in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Sheila. The Gemara elaborates: A baraita was taught in accordance with the opinion of Rav: What did Gevini the Crier, who was an appointee in the Temple, say in his proclamation? Arise, priests, to your service, and Levites to your platform, and Israelites to your non-priestly watch. And the Gemara relates: His voice was so strong that it could be heard at a distance of three parasangs, slightly more than eight miles.

诪注砖讛 讘讗讙专讬驻住 讛诪诇讱 砖讛讬讛 讘讗 讘讚专讱 讜砖诪注 拽讜诇讜 讘砖诇砖 驻专住讗讜转 讜讻砖讘讗 诇讘讬转讜 砖讬讙专 诇讜 诪转谞讜转 讜讗祝 注诇 驻讬 讻谉 讻讛谉 讙讚讜诇 诪砖讜讘讞 诪诪谞讜 讚讗诪专 诪专 讜讻讘专 讗诪专 讗谞讗 讛砖诐 讜谞砖诪注 拽讜诇讜 讘讬专讬讞讜 讜讗诪专 专讘讛 讘专 讘专 讞谞讛 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 诪讬专讜砖诇讬诐 诇讬专讬讞讜 注砖专 驻专住讬

There was an incident involving King Agrippa, who was coming down the road and heard Gevini the Crier鈥檚 voice at a distance of three parasangs. And when the king came to his house he sent gifts to him, since he was so impressed with the man鈥檚 voice. The Gemara notes: And even so, the voice of the High Priest was stronger and superior to his, as the Master said: And there already was an incident where the High Priest recited, in his confession that accompanied the placing of hands on his bull on Yom Kippur: Please God, and his voice was heard in Jericho. And Rabba bar bar 岣na said that Rabbi Yo岣nan said: The distance from Jerusalem to Jericho is ten parasangs.

讜讗祝 注诇 讙讘 讚讛讻讗 讗讬讻讗 讞讜诇砖讗 讜讛讻讗 诇讬讻讗 讞讜诇砖讗 讜讛讻讗 讬诪诪讗 讜讛转诐 诇讬诇讬讗

And not only was the distance greater in the case of the High Priest than in the case of Gevini the Crier, here, there is the issue of the weakness of the High Priest due to the fast and his obligation to perform the entire service, while there, there is no issue of the weakness of Gevini. And in addition, here it was during the day, when sound does not travel as well, that the High Priest recited his confession; and there it was during the night when Gevini called the priests, Levites, and Israelites.

讚讗诪专 专讘讬 诇讜讬 诪驻谞讬 诪讛 讗讬谉 拽讜诇讜 砖诇 讗讚诐 谞砖诪注 讘讬讜诐 讻讚专讱 砖谞砖诪注 讘诇讬诇讛 诪驻谞讬 讙诇讙诇 讞诪讛 砖诪谞住专 讘专拽讬注 讻讞专砖 讛诪谞住专 讘讗专讝讬诐 讜讛讗讬 讞讬专讙讗 讚讬讜诪讗 诇讗 砖诪讬讛 讜讛讬讬谞讜 讚拽讗诪专 谞讘讜讻讚谞爪专 讜讻诇 讚讬讬专讬 讗专注讗 (讻诇讗) 讞砖讬讘讬谉

As Rabbi Levi said: Why is a person鈥檚 voice not heard during the day in the manner that it is during the night? It is due to the fact that the sound of the sphere of the sun traversing the sky generates noise like the noise generated by a carpenter sawing cedars, and that noise drowns out other sounds. And that sawdust that is visible during the day in the rays of the sun, la is its name. This is what Nebuchadnezzar said: 鈥淎nd all the inhabitants of the world are considered like la (Daniel 4:32), i.e., all inhabitants of the earth are equivalent to specks of dust.

转谞讜 专讘谞谉 讗诇诪诇讗 讙诇讙诇 讞诪讛 谞砖诪注 拽讜诇 讛诪讜谞讛 砖诇 专讜诪讬 讜讗诇诪诇讗 拽讜诇 讛诪讜谞讛 砖诇 专讜诪讬 谞砖诪注 拽讜诇 讙诇讙诇 讞诪讛 转谞讜 专讘谞谉 砖诇砖 拽讜诇讜转 讛讜诇讻讬谉 诪住讜祝 讛注讜诇诐 讜注讚 住讜驻讜 讜讗诇讜 讛谉 拽讜诇 讙诇讙诇 讞诪讛 讜拽讜诇 讛诪讜谞讛 砖诇 专讜诪讬 讜拽讜诇 谞砖诪讛 讘砖注讛 砖讬讜爪讗讛 诪谉 讛讙讜祝 讜讬砖 讗讜诪专讬诐 讗祝 诇讬讚讛

Apropos sounds, the Gemara cites that the Sages taught: Were it not for the sound of the sphere of the sun, the sound of the bustle of the crowds of Rome would be heard throughout the world; and were it not for the sound of the bustle of the crowds of Rome, the sound of the sun鈥檚 sphere would be heard throughout the world. And the Sages taught: Three sounds travel from the end of the world to its other end, and these are: The sound of the sphere of the sun, and the sound of the bustle of the crowds of Rome, and the sound of the soul at the moment that it leaves the body, which should be audible throughout the world. And some say: Even the sound of a woman giving birth.

Masechet Yoma is sponsored by Vicky Harari in commemoration of her father's Yahrzeit, Avraham Baruch Hacohen ben Zeev Eliyahu Eckstein z'l, a Holocaust survivor and a feminist before it was fashionable. And in gratitude to Michelle Cohen Farber for revolutionizing women's learning worldwide.
  • This month's learning is sponsored by Joanna Rom and Steven Goldberg in loving memory of Steve's mother Shirley "Nana" Goldberg (Sura Tema bat Chaim v'Hanka)

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Yoma 20

诇驻转讞 讞讟讗转 专讜讘抓 讜砖讟谉 诪讗讬 讗诪专 讗诪专 诇讬讛 砖讟谉 讘讬讜诪讗 讚讻讬驻讜专讬 诇讬转 诇讬讛 专砖讜转讗 诇讗住讟讜谞讬 诪诪讗讬 讗诪专 专诪讬 讘专 讞诪讗 讛砖讟谉 讘讙诪讟专讬讗 转诇转 诪讗讛 讜砖讬转讬谉 讜讗专讘注讛 讛讜讬 转诇转 诪讗讛 讜砖讬转讬谉 讜讗专讘注讛 讬讜诪讬 讗讬转 诇讬讛 专砖讜转讗 诇讗住讟讜谞讬 讘讬讜诪讗 讚讻讬驻讜专讬 诇讬转 诇讬讛 专砖讜转讗 诇讗住讟讜谞讬

鈥淪in lies in waiting at the door鈥 (Genesis 4:7), and it is no wonder that men sin. He asked him: And what did Satan the prosecutor say about their sinning? Elijah said to him: Satan, on Yom Kippur, has no license to prosecute. From where is that idea derived? Rami bar 岣ma said: The numerological value of the letters that constitute the word HaSatan is three hundred and sixty four: Heh has a value of five, sin has a value of three hundred, tet has a value of nine, and nun has a value of fifty. Three hundred and sixty-four days of the solar year, which is three hundred and sixty-five days long, Satan has license to prosecute. On the remaining day, Yom Kippur, he has no license to prosecute. Since that day is exalted above all others, there is no room for the accusations of Satan.

诪转谞讬壮 讘讻诇 讬讜诐 转讜专诪讬谉 讗转 讛诪讝讘讞 讘拽专讬讗转 讛讙讘专 讗讜 住诪讜讱 诇讜 讘讬谉 诇驻谞讬讜 讘讬谉 诇讗讞专讬讜 讜讘讬讜诐 讛讻驻讜专讬诐 诪讞爪讜转 讜讘专讙诇讬诐 诪讗砖诪讜专讛 讛专讗砖讜谞讛 讜诇讗 讛讬转讛 拽专讬讗转 讛讙讘专 诪讙注转 注讚 砖讛讬转讛 注讝专讛 诪诇讗讛 诪讬砖专讗诇

MISHNA: Every day the priests would remove the ashes from the altar and place them on the east side of the ramp at the crow of the rooster or adjacent to it, whether before it or after it, as there was no insistence on a precise time. And on Yom Kippur they would remove the ashes earlier, from midnight onward. And on the Festivals, the ashes were removed even earlier, at the end of the first watch. And the call of the rooster would not arrive on Festivals until the Temple courtyard was full with the Jewish people who vowed to bring offerings and would fulfill their obligations on the Festivals. Those offerings were sacrificed immediately following the daily offering.

讙诪壮 转谞谉 讛转诐 讗讘专讬诐 砖驻拽注讜 诪注诇 讙讘讬 讛诪讝讘讞 拽讜讚诐 讞爪讜转 讬讞讝讬专 讜诪讜注诇讬谉 讘讛谉 诇讗讞专 讞爪讜转 诇讗 讬讞讝讬专 讜讗讬谉 诪讜注诇讬谉 讘讛谉

GEMARA: We learned in a mishna there, in tractate Zeva岣m: With regard to limbs from offerings that were forced off the altar by the heat of the fire, if they fell before midnight, these limbs remain sacred; the priest should return them to the fire, and one is liable for misuse of consecrated property for deriving benefit from them. If they fell after midnight, the priest should not return them to the fire, and one is not liable for misuse of consecrated property for deriving benefit from them; they are considered like ashes.

诪谞讗 讛谞讬 诪讬诇讬 讗诪专 专讘 讻转讜讘 讗讞讚 讗讜诪专 讻诇 讛诇讬诇讛 讜讛拽讟讬专 讜讻转讜讘 讗讞讚 讗讜诪专 讻诇 讛诇讬诇讛 讜讛专讬诐 讛讗 讻讬爪讚 讞诇拽讛讜 讞爪讬讜 诇讛拽讟专讛 讜讞爪讬讜 诇讛专诪讛

The Gemara asks: From where are these matters derived that midnight determines the end of the burning period for limbs, after which they assume the legal status of ashes? Rav said: One verse says: 鈥淚t is the burnt-offering that goes up on its firewood upon the altar all night until morning鈥 (Leviticus 6:2) and he shall burn it, indicating that the sacrificial limbs may be burned throughout the night. And one verse says: 鈥淎ll night鈥nd he shall remove the ashes鈥 (Leviticus 6:2鈥3), meaning that the ashes may be removed throughout the night. How can these texts be reconciled? Rather, divide the night into two sections: Half of it for burning the limbs, and half of it for removal of the ashes.

诪转讬讘 专讘 讻讛谞讗 讘讻诇 讬讜诐 转讜专诪讬谉 讗转 讛诪讝讘讞 讘拽专讬讗转 讛讙讘专 讗讜 住诪讜讱 诇讜 讘讬谉 诪诇驻谞讬讜 讘讬谉 诪诇讗讞专讬讜 讜讘讬讜诐 讛讻驻讜专讬诐 诪讞爪讜转 讜讘专讙诇讬诐 诪讗砖诪讜专讛 讛专讗砖讜谞讛

Rav Kahana raised an objection. It was taught in the mishna: Every day the priests would remove the ashes from the altar at the crow of the rooster or adjacent to it, whether before it or after it, and on Yom Kippur from midnight, and on the Festivals from the end of the first watch.

讜讗讬 住诇拽讗 讚注转讱 诪讞爪讜转 讚讗讜专讬讬转讗 讛讬讗 讛讬讻讬 诪拽讚诪讬谞谉 (讜讛讬讻讬 诪讗讞专讬谞谉)

And if it enters your mind to say that the time for removal of the ashes is from midnight by Torah law, how do we perform it earlier and how do we perform it later than the time established by Torah law?

讗诇讗 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 诪诪砖诪注 砖谞讗诪专 讻诇 讛诇讬诇讛 讗讬谞讬 讬讜讚注 砖讛讜讗 注讚 讛讘拽专 讜诪讛 转诇诪讜讚 诇讜诪专 注讚 讛讘拽专 转谉 讘拽专 诇讘拽专讜 砖诇 诇讬诇讛

Rather, Rabbi Yo岣nan said: The fact that midnight is the deadline after which the limbs may not be burned is derived from a different source. From the fact that it is stated with regard to the burning of the limbs: All night, don鈥檛 I know that it means until morning? And for what purpose, then, does the verse state: Until morning? It means: Add another morning to the morning of the night. Arise before dawn, and that is the time for removal of the ashes. Nevertheless, there is no specific hour fixed for performing this removal, and how much earlier than dawn it is performed depends on the need.

讛诇讻讱 讘讻诇 讬讜诐 转讜专诪讬谉 讗转 讛诪讝讘讞 讘拽专讬讗转 讛讙讘专 讗讜 住诪讜讱 诇讜 讘讬谉 诪诇驻谞讬讜 讘讬谉 诪诇讗讞专讬讜 住讙讬讗 讘讬讜诐 讛讻驻讜专讬诐 讚讗讬讻讗 讞讜诇砖讗 讚讻讛谉 讙讚讜诇 注讘讚讬谞谉 诪讞爪讜转 讜讘专讙诇讬诐 讚谞驻讬砖讬 讬砖专讗诇 讜谞驻讬砖讬 拽专讘谞讜转 注讘讚讬谞谉 诪讗砖诪讜专转 讛专讗砖讜谞讛 讻讚拽转谞讬 讟注诪讗 诇讗 讛讬转讛 拽专讬讗转 讛讙讘专 诪讙注转 注讚 砖讛讬转讛 注讝专讛 诪诇讗讛 诪讬砖专讗诇

Therefore, every day the priests remove the ashes from the altar at the crow of the rooster or adjacent to it, whether before it or after it, as on a typical day removing the ashes just before dawn is sufficient. On Yom Kippur, when, due to the fact that he performs the entire day鈥檚 service, there is an issue of the weakness of the High Priest, the ashes are removed earlier and we do so from midnight. And on the Festivals, when the Jewish people in Jerusalem are numerous and the offerings that they bring to sacrifice during the Festival are numerous, the ashes are removed even earlier, and we do so from the first watch, in accordance with the reason that is taught in the mishna: And the call of the rooster would not arrive on Festivals until the Temple courtyard was full with the Jewish people.

诪讗讬 拽专讬讗转 讛讙讘专 专讘 讗诪专 拽专讗 讙讘专讗 专讘讬 砖讬诇讗 讗诪专 拽专讗 转专谞讙讜诇讗

搂 The term keriat hagever, translated above as the call of the rooster, is mentioned in the mishna as an indication of a certain time. The Gemara asks: What is the meaning of the phrase keriat hagever? Rav said: It is the call of the man; the priest appointed for this task proclaimed that it was time for the priests to report for service. Rabbi Sheila said: It is the call of the rooster, which is also called gever.

专讘 讗讬拽诇注 诇讗转专讬讛 讚专讘讬 砖讬诇讗 诇讗 讛讜讛 讗诪讜专讗 诇诪讬拽诐 注诇讬讛 讚专讘讬 砖讬诇讗 拽诐 专讘 注诇讬讛 讜拽讗 诪驻专砖 诪讗讬 拽专讬讗转 讛讙讘专 拽专讗 讙讘专讗 讗诪专 诇讬讛 专讘讬 砖讬诇讗 讜诇讬诪讗 诪专 拽专讗 转专谞讙讜诇讗 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗讘讜讘 诇讞专讬 讝诪专 诇讙专讚讗讬 诇讗 诪拽讘诇讜讛 诪讬谞讬讛

Rav happened to come to the place where Rabbi Sheila was the most prominent local Torah scholar and Rav was not yet known. There was no disseminator to stand before Rabbi Sheila to disseminate his lecture to the public. Rav stood before him to disseminate the lecture, in the course of which Rabbi Sheila mentioned keriat hagever. Rav interpreted the concept for the audience and said: What is the meaning of keriat hagever? It means the call of the man. Rabbi Sheila said to him: And let the Master say it is the call of the rooster. Rav said to him, quoting a folk saying: A flute played for noblemen is music, but when played for weavers, they receive no pleasure from it, due to their lack of sophistication. Similarly, the interpretation that I disseminated was accepted by Torah scholars greater than you. You, who lack their sophistication, cannot appreciate it.

讻讬 讛讜讛 拽讗讬诪谞讗 注诇讬讛 讚专讘讬 讞讬讬讗 讜诪驻专讬砖谞讗 诪讗讬 拽专讬讗转 讛讙讘专 拽专讗 讙讘专讗 讜诇讗 讗诪专 诇讬 讜诇讗 诪讬讚讬 讜讗转 讗诪专转 诇讬 讗讬诪讗 拽专讗 转专谞讙讜诇讗 讗诪专 诇讬讛 诪专 谞讬讛讜 专讘 谞讬谞讞 诪专 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗诪专讬 讗讬谞砖讬 讗讬 转讙专转 诇讬讛 驻讜抓 注诪专讬讛 讗讬讻讗 讚讗诪专讬 讛讻讬 讗诪专 诇讬讛 诪注诇讬谉 讘拽讚砖 讜诇讗 诪讜专讬讚讬谉

When I stood before Rabbi 岣yya and interpreted: What is the meaning of keriat hagever? It means the call of the man, he did not say anything to me in response, and you, Rabbi Sheila, say to me: Say it is the call of the rooster. As soon as Rabbi Sheila heard that, he knew at once who had been disseminating his lecture. He said to him: Is the Master Rav? Let the Master rest and cease disseminating my lecture, as it is beneath your dignity to serve as my assistant. Rav said to him: People say this aphorism: If you hired yourself to him, comb his wool. Once one agrees to perform a task, he should bear its less pleasing aspects and complete the job. Some say, this is what Rav said to him: One elevates to a higher level in matters of sanctity and one does not downgrade. Since the task of interpreting was undertaken by a man of my stature, it is not fitting that a lesser man will replace me. That would be a display of contempt for the Torah.

转谞讬讗 讻讜转讬讛 讚专讘 转谞讬讗 讻讜转讬讛 讚专讘讬 砖讬诇讗 转谞讬讗 讻讜转讬讛 讚专讘 讙讘讬谞讬 讻专讜讝 诪讛讜 讗讜诪专 注诪讚讜 讻讛谞讬诐 诇注讘讜讚转讻诐 讜诇讜讬诐 诇讚讜讻谞讻诐 讜讬砖专讗诇 诇诪注诪讚讻诐 讜讛讬讛 拽讜诇讜 谞砖诪注 讘砖诇砖 驻专住讗讜转

The Gemara comments: A baraita was taught in accordance with the opinion of Rav, and a baraita was taught in accordance with the opinion of Rabbi Sheila. The Gemara elaborates: A baraita was taught in accordance with the opinion of Rav: What did Gevini the Crier, who was an appointee in the Temple, say in his proclamation? Arise, priests, to your service, and Levites to your platform, and Israelites to your non-priestly watch. And the Gemara relates: His voice was so strong that it could be heard at a distance of three parasangs, slightly more than eight miles.

诪注砖讛 讘讗讙专讬驻住 讛诪诇讱 砖讛讬讛 讘讗 讘讚专讱 讜砖诪注 拽讜诇讜 讘砖诇砖 驻专住讗讜转 讜讻砖讘讗 诇讘讬转讜 砖讬讙专 诇讜 诪转谞讜转 讜讗祝 注诇 驻讬 讻谉 讻讛谉 讙讚讜诇 诪砖讜讘讞 诪诪谞讜 讚讗诪专 诪专 讜讻讘专 讗诪专 讗谞讗 讛砖诐 讜谞砖诪注 拽讜诇讜 讘讬专讬讞讜 讜讗诪专 专讘讛 讘专 讘专 讞谞讛 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 诪讬专讜砖诇讬诐 诇讬专讬讞讜 注砖专 驻专住讬

There was an incident involving King Agrippa, who was coming down the road and heard Gevini the Crier鈥檚 voice at a distance of three parasangs. And when the king came to his house he sent gifts to him, since he was so impressed with the man鈥檚 voice. The Gemara notes: And even so, the voice of the High Priest was stronger and superior to his, as the Master said: And there already was an incident where the High Priest recited, in his confession that accompanied the placing of hands on his bull on Yom Kippur: Please God, and his voice was heard in Jericho. And Rabba bar bar 岣na said that Rabbi Yo岣nan said: The distance from Jerusalem to Jericho is ten parasangs.

讜讗祝 注诇 讙讘 讚讛讻讗 讗讬讻讗 讞讜诇砖讗 讜讛讻讗 诇讬讻讗 讞讜诇砖讗 讜讛讻讗 讬诪诪讗 讜讛转诐 诇讬诇讬讗

And not only was the distance greater in the case of the High Priest than in the case of Gevini the Crier, here, there is the issue of the weakness of the High Priest due to the fast and his obligation to perform the entire service, while there, there is no issue of the weakness of Gevini. And in addition, here it was during the day, when sound does not travel as well, that the High Priest recited his confession; and there it was during the night when Gevini called the priests, Levites, and Israelites.

讚讗诪专 专讘讬 诇讜讬 诪驻谞讬 诪讛 讗讬谉 拽讜诇讜 砖诇 讗讚诐 谞砖诪注 讘讬讜诐 讻讚专讱 砖谞砖诪注 讘诇讬诇讛 诪驻谞讬 讙诇讙诇 讞诪讛 砖诪谞住专 讘专拽讬注 讻讞专砖 讛诪谞住专 讘讗专讝讬诐 讜讛讗讬 讞讬专讙讗 讚讬讜诪讗 诇讗 砖诪讬讛 讜讛讬讬谞讜 讚拽讗诪专 谞讘讜讻讚谞爪专 讜讻诇 讚讬讬专讬 讗专注讗 (讻诇讗) 讞砖讬讘讬谉

As Rabbi Levi said: Why is a person鈥檚 voice not heard during the day in the manner that it is during the night? It is due to the fact that the sound of the sphere of the sun traversing the sky generates noise like the noise generated by a carpenter sawing cedars, and that noise drowns out other sounds. And that sawdust that is visible during the day in the rays of the sun, la is its name. This is what Nebuchadnezzar said: 鈥淎nd all the inhabitants of the world are considered like la (Daniel 4:32), i.e., all inhabitants of the earth are equivalent to specks of dust.

转谞讜 专讘谞谉 讗诇诪诇讗 讙诇讙诇 讞诪讛 谞砖诪注 拽讜诇 讛诪讜谞讛 砖诇 专讜诪讬 讜讗诇诪诇讗 拽讜诇 讛诪讜谞讛 砖诇 专讜诪讬 谞砖诪注 拽讜诇 讙诇讙诇 讞诪讛 转谞讜 专讘谞谉 砖诇砖 拽讜诇讜转 讛讜诇讻讬谉 诪住讜祝 讛注讜诇诐 讜注讚 住讜驻讜 讜讗诇讜 讛谉 拽讜诇 讙诇讙诇 讞诪讛 讜拽讜诇 讛诪讜谞讛 砖诇 专讜诪讬 讜拽讜诇 谞砖诪讛 讘砖注讛 砖讬讜爪讗讛 诪谉 讛讙讜祝 讜讬砖 讗讜诪专讬诐 讗祝 诇讬讚讛

Apropos sounds, the Gemara cites that the Sages taught: Were it not for the sound of the sphere of the sun, the sound of the bustle of the crowds of Rome would be heard throughout the world; and were it not for the sound of the bustle of the crowds of Rome, the sound of the sun鈥檚 sphere would be heard throughout the world. And the Sages taught: Three sounds travel from the end of the world to its other end, and these are: The sound of the sphere of the sun, and the sound of the bustle of the crowds of Rome, and the sound of the soul at the moment that it leaves the body, which should be audible throughout the world. And some say: Even the sound of a woman giving birth.

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