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Korbanot on Chag

Beitzah, Daf 19

Korbanot We bring on Yom Tov

By Susan Suna

As we enter the Sukkot holiday, we are fortuitously engaged with the perfect daf to show us which Korbanot we can bring on Yom Tov.聽

The Mishna on our daf presents a dispute between Beit Shamai and Beit Hillel regarding this issue. Beit Shamai states that only a Shlamim can be brought and one cannot do Smicha on it, while Beit Hillel allows for Shlamim, Olot and Smicha.聽

Ulla points out that the dispute only relates to Shalmei Chagigah and Olot Re鈥檈yah. Both agree that Nedarim and Nedavot cannot be brought on Yom Tov. The dispute between Beit Shamai and Beit Hillel is based on how to understand the verse in Vayikrah 23,41: 讜讞讙转诐 讗讜转讜 讞讙 诇讛鈥

Beit Shamai understands the verse to be exclusive to bringing a Korban Chagigah as it is eaten but not an Olat Re鈥檈yah which isn鈥檛 for human consumption at all. While Beit Hillel understands the verse to be inclusive of聽 both Chagigah which is for human consumption and Olat Re鈥檈yah which is for Hashem.聽

A Baraita is then brought that disagrees with Ulla鈥檚 understanding of the dispute between Beit Hillel and Beit Shamai. In Rebbi Shimon Ben Elazar鈥檚 opinion,聽 Beit Shamai claims that one cannot bring an Olat Re鈥檈yah nor a Shlamim that is not obligated on Yom Tov, while Beit Hillel鈥檚 opinion is that one can bring both of those types of Korbanot. In order to bring a sacrifice on Yom Tov, it needs to fulfill two criteria according to Beit Shamai: Obligated on the Chag and eaten. For Beit Hillel,聽 only one of those obligations needs to be fulfilled; either for the Chag or eaten.

聽Rav Yosef then quotes a Baraita as a Tanaitic source in support of Ulla鈥檚 understanding of the dispute. The Rambam follows Ulla鈥檚 understanding and states that when Yom Tov comes out on a weekday – one brings Shlamei Chagigah and Simcha as well as Olot Re鈥檈yah. One does Smicha with all one’s strength as it鈥檚 usually done. However, one does not bring Nedarim and Nedavot on Yom Tov itself. Those are not obligatory for the Holiday and can be brought on Chol Hamoed. The Korban Todah, which contains Chametz, can only be brought on Sukkot and not on Chol Hamoed Pesach or Erev Pesach.聽聽

Am Yisrael came to the Mikdash three times a year and travel was not easy in those times. In addition to the Korbanot, a person brought their Nedarim and Nedavot as well so that one would not transgress the violation of聽 讘诇 转讗讞专 – not to delay in bringing one鈥檚 Korbanot to the Mikdash. The Tana Kama stated that one has up to three Regalim to bring those personal Korbanot while Rebbi Shimon said that one had up until the three Regalim have passed, in the order written in the verse – Pesach, Shavuot, Sukkot.聽

讛指专址讞植诪指谉 讛讜旨讗 讬址讞植讝执讬专 诇指谞讜旨 注植讘讜止讚址转 讘值旨讬转 讛址诪执旨拽职讚指旨砖讈 诇执诪职拽讜止诪指讛旨, 讘执旨诪职讛值专指讛 讘职讬指诪值讬谞讜旨, 讗指诪值谉 住侄诇指讛聽

Chag Sameach!

Teachers: Yehudit Epstein & Dena Rock

Yom Tov – what Korbanot can be brought on Chag

Alon Shvut Women's Daf Yomi

The Alon Shvut women's daf yomi group generally meets daily at 8:15 am. Now due to the limits on in person meetings, we moved our shiur to zoom and invite the community of women to join us. If you are interested in receiving the zoom link to the shiur, please send an email to gushwdy@gmail.com
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