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Today's Daf Yomi

June 1, 2015 | ื™ืดื“ ื‘ืกื™ื•ืŸ ืชืฉืขืดื”

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Joanna Rom and Steven Goldberg in loving memory of Steve's mother Shirley "Nana" Goldberg (Sura Tema bat Chaim v'Hanka)

Nedarim 8

ืžื ื™ืŸ ืฉื ืฉื‘ืขื™ืŸ ืœืงื™ื™ื ืืช ื”ืžืฆื•ื” ืฉื ืืžืจ ื ืฉื‘ืขืชื™ ื•ืืงื™ืžื” ืœืฉืžืจ ืžืฉืคื˜ื™ ืฆื“ืงืš

From where is it derived that one may take an oath to fulfill a mitzva? It is as it is stated: โ€œI have sworn and I have confirmed it, to observe Your righteous ordinancesโ€ (Psalms 119:106).

ื•ื”ืœื ืžื•ืฉื‘ืข ื•ืขื•ืžื“ ืžื”ืจ ืกื™ื ื™ ื”ื•ื ืืœื ื”ื ืงื ืžืฉืžืข ืœืŸ ื“ืฉืจื™ ืœื™ื” ืœืื™ื ื™ืฉ ืœื–ืจื•ื–ื™ ื ืคืฉื™ื”

The Gemara asks: Is he not already under oath from when each Jew took an oath at Mount Sinai to fulfill all the mitzvot? An oath cannot take effect if one is already bound by a different oath. Rather, it teaches us this: It is permitted for a man to motivate himself to fulfill the mitzvot in this manner, although the oath is not technically valid.

ื•ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื’ื™ื“ืœ ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื”ืื•ืžืจ ืืฉื›ื™ื ื•ืืฉื ื” ืคืจืง ื–ื” ืืฉื ื” ืžืกื›ืชื ื–ื• ื ื“ืจ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื ื“ืจ ืœืืœื”ื™ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื•ื”ืœื ืžื•ืฉื‘ืข ื•ืขื•ืžื“ ื”ื•ื ื•ืื™ืŸ ืฉื‘ื•ืขื” ื—ืœื” ืขืœ ืฉื‘ื•ืขื” ืžืื™ ืงื ืžืฉืžืข ืœืŸ ื“ืืคื™ืœื• ื–ืจื•ื–ื™ ื‘ืขืœืžื ื”ื™ื™ื ื• ื“ืจื‘ ื’ื™ื“ืœ ืงืžื™ื™ืชื

And Rav Giddel said that Rav said: One who says: I will rise early and study this chapter, or: I will study this tractate, has taken a great vow to the God of Israel. This clearly indicates that the vow takes effect. The Gemara asks: Is he not already under oath due to the general obligation to study Torah? And an oath does not take effect upon a preexisting oath. What is he teaching us? If one claims that Rav Giddel is teaching that such a vow may be made even merely to motivate oneself to study, this is the same as the first statement of Rav Giddel.

ื”ื ืงื ืžืฉืžืข ืœืŸ ื›ื™ื•ืŸ ื“ืื™ ื‘ืขื™ ืคื˜ืจ ื ืคืฉื™ื” ื‘ืงืจื™ืช ืฉืžืข ืฉื—ืจื™ืช ื•ืขืจื‘ื™ืช ืžืฉื•ื ื”ื›ื™ ื—ื™ื™ืœ ืฉื‘ื•ืขื” ืขืœื™ื”

The Gemara answers: It teaches us this: Since if he desires he can exempt himself from the obligation to study Torah with the recitation of Shema in the morning and evening, due to that reason the oath takes effect upon him and he is obligated to study the chapter or tractate that he specified.

ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื’ื™ื“ืœ ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื”ืื•ืžืจ ืœื—ื‘ื™ืจื• ื ืฉื›ื™ื ื•ื ืฉื ื” ืคืจืง ื–ื” ืขืœื™ื• ืœื”ืฉื›ื™ื ืฉื ืืžืจ ื•ื™ืืžืจ ืืœื™ (ื‘ืŸ ืื“ื) ืงื•ื ืฆื ืืœ ื”ื‘ืงืขื” ื•ืฉื ืื“ื‘ืจ ืื•ืชืš ื•ืืฆื ืืœ ื”ื‘ืงืขื” ื•ื”ื ื” ืฉื ื›ื‘ื•ื“ ื”ืณ ืขืžื“

Rav Giddel said that Rav said: With regard to one who says to another: Let us rise early and study this chapter, and they agree to do so, it is incumbent upon him to rise early and be the first to arrive, because it was his initiative. There is an allusion to this in a verse, as it is stated: โ€œAnd He said to me: Arise, go forth into the plain, and there I will speak with you. Then I arose and went forth into the plain; and behold, the glory of the Lord stood thereโ€ (Ezekiel 3:22โ€“23). God invited Ezekiel to that place, and His glory arrived before Ezekiel did.

ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื™ื•ืกืฃ ื ื™ื“ื•ื”ื• ื‘ื—ืœื•ื ืฆืจื™ืš ืขืฉืจื” ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื ืœื”ืชื™ืจ ืœื• ื•ื”ื•ื ื“ืชื ื• ื”ืœื›ืชื ืื‘ืœ ืžืชื ื• ื•ืœื ืชื ื• ืœื ื•ืื™ ืœื™ื›ื ื“ืชื ื• ื”ืœื›ืชื ืืคื™ืœื• ืžืชื ื• ื•ืœื ืชื ื•

ยง Rav Yosef said: One who was ostracized in a dream requires ten people to dissolve the ostracism for him. And the ostracism can be dissolved only by those who have studied halakha, i.e., by Torah scholars. However, if they have recited Mishna and have not studied halakha, no, they are not fit to dissolve the ostracism. And if there are not ten people who have studied halakha, then even those who have recited Mishna and have not studied halakha are fit to dissolve the ostracism.

ื•ืื™ ืœื™ื›ื ืœื™ื–ื™ืœ ื•ืœื™ืชื‘ ืืคืจืฉืช ื“ืจื›ื™ื ื•ื™ื”ื™ื‘ ืฉืœืžื ืœื‘ื™ ืขืฉืจื” ืขื“ ื“ืžืงืœืขื™ ืœื™ื” ืขืฉืจื” ื“ื’ืžืจื™ ื”ืœื›ืชื

And if there are not even ten people who have studied Mishna, let him go and sit at the crossroads and extend a greeting of shalom, meaning peace, to ten people, who will respond with a similar greeting, until ten individuals who have studied halakha happen to come to him.

ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ืจื‘ื™ื ื ืœืจื‘ ืืฉื™ ื™ื“ืข ืžืืŸ ืฉืžืชื™ื” ืžื”ื• ื“ืœื™ืฉืจื™ ืœื™ื” ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ืœืฉืžื•ืชื™ื” ืฉื•ื™ื•ื” ืฉืœื™ื— ืœืžื™ืฉืจื™ ืœื™ื” ืœื ืฉื•ื™ื•ื” ืฉืœื™ื—

Ravina said to Rav Ashi: If he knows who excommunicated him in his dream, what is the halakha? Can that individual dissolve the excommunication for him? Rav Ashi said to him: It is possible that he was appointed by Heaven as an agent to excommunicate him, but he was not appointed as an agent to dissolve the excommunication for him. Consequently, the excommunication can be dissolved only by ten people.

ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ืจื‘ ืื—ื ืœืจื‘ ืืฉื™ ืฉืžืชื™ื” ื•ืฉืจื• ืœื™ื” ื‘ื—ืœืžื™ื” ืžืื™ ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ื›ืฉื ืฉืื™ ืืคืฉืจ ืœื‘ืจ ื‘ืœื ืชื‘ืŸ

Rav Aแธฅa said to Rav Ashi: If he was excommunicated and the excommunication was dissolved for him in his dream, what is the halakha? Rav Ashi said to him: Just as it is impossible for the grain to grow without straw,

ื›ืš ืื™ ืืคืฉืจ ืœื—ืœื•ื ื‘ืœื ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื‘ื˜ืœื™ื

so too, it is impossible to dream without idle matter. It is possible that the excommunication was real and the dissolution was not real, and he must have the ostracism dissolved by ten people.

ืจื‘ื™ื ื ื”ื•ื” ืœื” ื ื“ืจื ืœื“ื‘ื™ืชื”ื• ืืชื ืœืงืžื™ื” ื“ืจื‘ ืืฉื™ ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ื‘ืขืœ ืžื”ื• ืฉื™ืขืฉื” ืฉืœื™ื— ืœื—ืจื˜ืช ืืฉืชื• ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ืื™ ืžื›ื ืคื™ืŸ ืื™ืŸ ืื™ ืœื ืœื

The Gemara relates that Ravinaโ€™s wife had taken a vow that he had not immediately nullified as a husband is entitled to do, and she wished to have it dissolved. Ravina came before Rav Ashi and said to him: What is the halakha with regard to whether a husband can become an agent to express his wifeโ€™s regret to a court so that they can dissolve her vow? Rav Ashi said to him: If three people who can dissolve the vow were already assembled, yes; if they are not already assembled, no, a husband cannot serve as an agent to express his wifeโ€™s regret to the court.

ืฉืžืข ืžื™ื ื” ืชืœืช ืฉืžืข ืžื™ื ื” ื‘ืขืœ ื ืขืฉื” ืฉืœื™ื— ืœื—ืจื˜ืช ืืฉืชื• ื•ืฉืžืข ืžื™ื ื” ืœื ืฉืจื™ ืœืžื™ืฉืจื™ ื ื“ืจื ื‘ืืชืจื ื“ืจื‘ื™ื” ื•ืฉืžืข ืžื™ื ื” ื›ื™ ืžื›ื ืคื™ืŸ ืฉืคื™ืจ ื“ืžื™

The Gemara comments: Learn from this incident three halakhot: Learn from this that a husband can become an agent to express his wifeโ€™s regret. And learn from this that a Sage is not permitted to dissolve a vow in the location of his teacher, which is why Ravina, a distinguished Sage, did not dissolve the vow without consulting Rav Ashi. And learn from this that when three people were already assembled, it seems well for a husband to serve as an agent to express his wifeโ€™s regret, but if the three people were not yet assembled he cannot serve as her agent.

ื•ืฉืžืชื ืืคื™ืœื• ื‘ืืชืจื ื“ืจื‘ื™ื” ื•ื™ื—ื™ื“ ืžื•ืžื—ื” ืฉืจื™ ืฉืžืชื

The Gemara adds: And one may dissolve excommunication even in the location of his teacher. And an individual Sage who is an expert can dissolve excommunication even without two other judges.

ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ื‘ืจ ื–ื‘ื™ื“ ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื™ืฆื—ืง ื‘ืจ ื˜ื‘ืœื ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืืจื™ื›ื ื“ื‘ื™ ืจื‘ื™ ืื—ื ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื–ื™ืจื ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ืืœืขื–ืจ ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื—ื ื™ื ื ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ืžื™ืืฉื” ืžืฉืžื™ื” ื“ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ื‘ืจ ืื™ืœืขืื™ ืžืื™ ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ื–ืจื—ื” ืœื›ื ื™ืจืื™ ืฉืžื™ (ืฉืžืฉ ืฆื“ืงื” ื•ื’ื•ืณ) ืืœื• ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื ืฉื”ืŸ ื™ืจืื™ืŸ ืœื”ื•ืฆื™ื ืฉื ืฉืžื™ื ืœื‘ื˜ืœื” ืฉืžืฉ ืฆื“ืงื” ื•ืžืจืคื ืืžืจ ืื‘ื™ื™ ืฉืžืข ืžื™ื ื” ื—ืจื’ื ื“ื™ื•ืžื ืžืกื™

ยง Rabbi Shimon bar Zevid said that Rabbi Yitzแธฅak bar Tavla said that Rabbi แธคiyya Arikha, the tall, of the school of Rabbi Aแธฅa said that Rabbi Zeira said that Rabbi Elazar said that Rabbi แธคanina said that Rabbi Meyasha said in the name of Rabbi Yehuda bar Elai: What is the meaning of that which is written: โ€œBut to you that fear My name shall the sun of righteousness arise with healing in its wings; and you shall go forth and leap as calves of the stallโ€ (Malachi 3:20)? โ€œYou that fear My nameโ€; these are people who are afraid to mention the name of Heaven in vain. The verse states that a sun of righteousness with healing will arise to heal them. Abaye said: Learn from this verse that the dust [แธฅirga] that is illuminated by the rays of the sun during the day heals, as it states: โ€œWith healing in its wings.โ€

ื•ืคืœื™ื’ื ื“ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ื‘ืŸ ืœืงื™ืฉ ื“ืืžืจ ืื™ืŸ ื’ื™ื”ื ื ืœืขื•ืœื ื”ื‘ื ืืœื ื”ืงื“ื•ืฉ ื‘ืจื•ืš ื”ื•ื ืžื•ืฆื™ื ื—ืžื” ืžื ืจืชื™ืงื” ืฆื“ื™ืงื™ืŸ ืžืชืจืคืื™ืŸ ื‘ื” ื•ืจืฉืขื™ื ื ื™ื“ื•ื ื™ืŸ ื‘ื” ืฉื ืืžืจ ื•ื–ืจื—ื” ืœื›ื ื™ืจืื™ ืฉืžื™ ืฉืžืฉ ื•ื’ื•ืณ ื•ืœื ืขื•ื“ ืืœื ืฉืžืชืขื“ื ื™ืŸ ื‘ื” ืฉื ืืžืจ ื•ื™ืฆืืชื ื•ืคืฉืชื ื›ืขื’ืœื™ ืžืจื‘ืง

The Gemara comments: Abaye disagrees with the opinion of Rabbi Shimon ben Lakish, who said: There is no Gehenna in the World-to-Come. Rather, the Holy One, Blessed be He, will remove the sun from its sheath [minartika], and the righteous will be healed by it and the wicked will be punished by it. The righteous will be healed by it, as it is stated: โ€œBut to you that fear My name shall the sun of righteousness arise with healing in its wingsโ€; and moreover, not only will they be healed by it but they will even be rejuvenated by it, as it is stated: โ€œAnd you shall go forth and leap as calves of the stall.โ€

ื•ื”ืจืฉืขื™ื ื ื™ื“ื•ื ื™ืŸ ื‘ื” ืฉื ืืžืจ ื”ื ื” ื”ื™ื•ื ื‘ื ื‘ืขืจ ื›ืชื ื•ืจ ื•ื’ื•ืณ

And the wicked will be punished by the same sun, as it is stated: โ€œFor behold, the day is coming, it burns as a furnace; and all the proud, and all that work wickedness, shall be stubble; and the day that comes shall set them ablazeโ€ (Malachi 3:19). Consequently, Rabbi Shimon ben Lakish holds that the sun heals only in the World-to-Come, whereas Abaye interprets the verse as referring to this world.

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Joanna Rom and Steven Goldberg in loving memory of Steve's mother Shirley "Nana" Goldberg (Sura Tema bat Chaim v'Hanka)

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Nedarim 8

The William Davidson Talmud | Powered by Sefaria

Nedarim 8

ืžื ื™ืŸ ืฉื ืฉื‘ืขื™ืŸ ืœืงื™ื™ื ืืช ื”ืžืฆื•ื” ืฉื ืืžืจ ื ืฉื‘ืขืชื™ ื•ืืงื™ืžื” ืœืฉืžืจ ืžืฉืคื˜ื™ ืฆื“ืงืš

From where is it derived that one may take an oath to fulfill a mitzva? It is as it is stated: โ€œI have sworn and I have confirmed it, to observe Your righteous ordinancesโ€ (Psalms 119:106).

ื•ื”ืœื ืžื•ืฉื‘ืข ื•ืขื•ืžื“ ืžื”ืจ ืกื™ื ื™ ื”ื•ื ืืœื ื”ื ืงื ืžืฉืžืข ืœืŸ ื“ืฉืจื™ ืœื™ื” ืœืื™ื ื™ืฉ ืœื–ืจื•ื–ื™ ื ืคืฉื™ื”

The Gemara asks: Is he not already under oath from when each Jew took an oath at Mount Sinai to fulfill all the mitzvot? An oath cannot take effect if one is already bound by a different oath. Rather, it teaches us this: It is permitted for a man to motivate himself to fulfill the mitzvot in this manner, although the oath is not technically valid.

ื•ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื’ื™ื“ืœ ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื”ืื•ืžืจ ืืฉื›ื™ื ื•ืืฉื ื” ืคืจืง ื–ื” ืืฉื ื” ืžืกื›ืชื ื–ื• ื ื“ืจ ื’ื“ื•ืœ ื ื“ืจ ืœืืœื”ื™ ื™ืฉืจืืœ ื•ื”ืœื ืžื•ืฉื‘ืข ื•ืขื•ืžื“ ื”ื•ื ื•ืื™ืŸ ืฉื‘ื•ืขื” ื—ืœื” ืขืœ ืฉื‘ื•ืขื” ืžืื™ ืงื ืžืฉืžืข ืœืŸ ื“ืืคื™ืœื• ื–ืจื•ื–ื™ ื‘ืขืœืžื ื”ื™ื™ื ื• ื“ืจื‘ ื’ื™ื“ืœ ืงืžื™ื™ืชื

And Rav Giddel said that Rav said: One who says: I will rise early and study this chapter, or: I will study this tractate, has taken a great vow to the God of Israel. This clearly indicates that the vow takes effect. The Gemara asks: Is he not already under oath due to the general obligation to study Torah? And an oath does not take effect upon a preexisting oath. What is he teaching us? If one claims that Rav Giddel is teaching that such a vow may be made even merely to motivate oneself to study, this is the same as the first statement of Rav Giddel.

ื”ื ืงื ืžืฉืžืข ืœืŸ ื›ื™ื•ืŸ ื“ืื™ ื‘ืขื™ ืคื˜ืจ ื ืคืฉื™ื” ื‘ืงืจื™ืช ืฉืžืข ืฉื—ืจื™ืช ื•ืขืจื‘ื™ืช ืžืฉื•ื ื”ื›ื™ ื—ื™ื™ืœ ืฉื‘ื•ืขื” ืขืœื™ื”

The Gemara answers: It teaches us this: Since if he desires he can exempt himself from the obligation to study Torah with the recitation of Shema in the morning and evening, due to that reason the oath takes effect upon him and he is obligated to study the chapter or tractate that he specified.

ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื’ื™ื“ืœ ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื”ืื•ืžืจ ืœื—ื‘ื™ืจื• ื ืฉื›ื™ื ื•ื ืฉื ื” ืคืจืง ื–ื” ืขืœื™ื• ืœื”ืฉื›ื™ื ืฉื ืืžืจ ื•ื™ืืžืจ ืืœื™ (ื‘ืŸ ืื“ื) ืงื•ื ืฆื ืืœ ื”ื‘ืงืขื” ื•ืฉื ืื“ื‘ืจ ืื•ืชืš ื•ืืฆื ืืœ ื”ื‘ืงืขื” ื•ื”ื ื” ืฉื ื›ื‘ื•ื“ ื”ืณ ืขืžื“

Rav Giddel said that Rav said: With regard to one who says to another: Let us rise early and study this chapter, and they agree to do so, it is incumbent upon him to rise early and be the first to arrive, because it was his initiative. There is an allusion to this in a verse, as it is stated: โ€œAnd He said to me: Arise, go forth into the plain, and there I will speak with you. Then I arose and went forth into the plain; and behold, the glory of the Lord stood thereโ€ (Ezekiel 3:22โ€“23). God invited Ezekiel to that place, and His glory arrived before Ezekiel did.

ืืžืจ ืจื‘ ื™ื•ืกืฃ ื ื™ื“ื•ื”ื• ื‘ื—ืœื•ื ืฆืจื™ืš ืขืฉืจื” ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื ืœื”ืชื™ืจ ืœื• ื•ื”ื•ื ื“ืชื ื• ื”ืœื›ืชื ืื‘ืœ ืžืชื ื• ื•ืœื ืชื ื• ืœื ื•ืื™ ืœื™ื›ื ื“ืชื ื• ื”ืœื›ืชื ืืคื™ืœื• ืžืชื ื• ื•ืœื ืชื ื•

ยง Rav Yosef said: One who was ostracized in a dream requires ten people to dissolve the ostracism for him. And the ostracism can be dissolved only by those who have studied halakha, i.e., by Torah scholars. However, if they have recited Mishna and have not studied halakha, no, they are not fit to dissolve the ostracism. And if there are not ten people who have studied halakha, then even those who have recited Mishna and have not studied halakha are fit to dissolve the ostracism.

ื•ืื™ ืœื™ื›ื ืœื™ื–ื™ืœ ื•ืœื™ืชื‘ ืืคืจืฉืช ื“ืจื›ื™ื ื•ื™ื”ื™ื‘ ืฉืœืžื ืœื‘ื™ ืขืฉืจื” ืขื“ ื“ืžืงืœืขื™ ืœื™ื” ืขืฉืจื” ื“ื’ืžืจื™ ื”ืœื›ืชื

And if there are not even ten people who have studied Mishna, let him go and sit at the crossroads and extend a greeting of shalom, meaning peace, to ten people, who will respond with a similar greeting, until ten individuals who have studied halakha happen to come to him.

ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ืจื‘ื™ื ื ืœืจื‘ ืืฉื™ ื™ื“ืข ืžืืŸ ืฉืžืชื™ื” ืžื”ื• ื“ืœื™ืฉืจื™ ืœื™ื” ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ืœืฉืžื•ืชื™ื” ืฉื•ื™ื•ื” ืฉืœื™ื— ืœืžื™ืฉืจื™ ืœื™ื” ืœื ืฉื•ื™ื•ื” ืฉืœื™ื—

Ravina said to Rav Ashi: If he knows who excommunicated him in his dream, what is the halakha? Can that individual dissolve the excommunication for him? Rav Ashi said to him: It is possible that he was appointed by Heaven as an agent to excommunicate him, but he was not appointed as an agent to dissolve the excommunication for him. Consequently, the excommunication can be dissolved only by ten people.

ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ืจื‘ ืื—ื ืœืจื‘ ืืฉื™ ืฉืžืชื™ื” ื•ืฉืจื• ืœื™ื” ื‘ื—ืœืžื™ื” ืžืื™ ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ื›ืฉื ืฉืื™ ืืคืฉืจ ืœื‘ืจ ื‘ืœื ืชื‘ืŸ

Rav Aแธฅa said to Rav Ashi: If he was excommunicated and the excommunication was dissolved for him in his dream, what is the halakha? Rav Ashi said to him: Just as it is impossible for the grain to grow without straw,

ื›ืš ืื™ ืืคืฉืจ ืœื—ืœื•ื ื‘ืœื ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื‘ื˜ืœื™ื

so too, it is impossible to dream without idle matter. It is possible that the excommunication was real and the dissolution was not real, and he must have the ostracism dissolved by ten people.

ืจื‘ื™ื ื ื”ื•ื” ืœื” ื ื“ืจื ืœื“ื‘ื™ืชื”ื• ืืชื ืœืงืžื™ื” ื“ืจื‘ ืืฉื™ ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ื‘ืขืœ ืžื”ื• ืฉื™ืขืฉื” ืฉืœื™ื— ืœื—ืจื˜ืช ืืฉืชื• ืืžืจ ืœื™ื” ืื™ ืžื›ื ืคื™ืŸ ืื™ืŸ ืื™ ืœื ืœื

The Gemara relates that Ravinaโ€™s wife had taken a vow that he had not immediately nullified as a husband is entitled to do, and she wished to have it dissolved. Ravina came before Rav Ashi and said to him: What is the halakha with regard to whether a husband can become an agent to express his wifeโ€™s regret to a court so that they can dissolve her vow? Rav Ashi said to him: If three people who can dissolve the vow were already assembled, yes; if they are not already assembled, no, a husband cannot serve as an agent to express his wifeโ€™s regret to the court.

ืฉืžืข ืžื™ื ื” ืชืœืช ืฉืžืข ืžื™ื ื” ื‘ืขืœ ื ืขืฉื” ืฉืœื™ื— ืœื—ืจื˜ืช ืืฉืชื• ื•ืฉืžืข ืžื™ื ื” ืœื ืฉืจื™ ืœืžื™ืฉืจื™ ื ื“ืจื ื‘ืืชืจื ื“ืจื‘ื™ื” ื•ืฉืžืข ืžื™ื ื” ื›ื™ ืžื›ื ืคื™ืŸ ืฉืคื™ืจ ื“ืžื™

The Gemara comments: Learn from this incident three halakhot: Learn from this that a husband can become an agent to express his wifeโ€™s regret. And learn from this that a Sage is not permitted to dissolve a vow in the location of his teacher, which is why Ravina, a distinguished Sage, did not dissolve the vow without consulting Rav Ashi. And learn from this that when three people were already assembled, it seems well for a husband to serve as an agent to express his wifeโ€™s regret, but if the three people were not yet assembled he cannot serve as her agent.

ื•ืฉืžืชื ืืคื™ืœื• ื‘ืืชืจื ื“ืจื‘ื™ื” ื•ื™ื—ื™ื“ ืžื•ืžื—ื” ืฉืจื™ ืฉืžืชื

The Gemara adds: And one may dissolve excommunication even in the location of his teacher. And an individual Sage who is an expert can dissolve excommunication even without two other judges.

ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ื‘ืจ ื–ื‘ื™ื“ ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื™ืฆื—ืง ื‘ืจ ื˜ื‘ืœื ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื—ื™ื™ื ืืจื™ื›ื ื“ื‘ื™ ืจื‘ื™ ืื—ื ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื–ื™ืจื ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ืืœืขื–ืจ ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ื—ื ื™ื ื ืืžืจ ืจื‘ื™ ืžื™ืืฉื” ืžืฉืžื™ื” ื“ืจื‘ื™ ื™ื”ื•ื“ื” ื‘ืจ ืื™ืœืขืื™ ืžืื™ ื“ื›ืชื™ื‘ ื•ื–ืจื—ื” ืœื›ื ื™ืจืื™ ืฉืžื™ (ืฉืžืฉ ืฆื“ืงื” ื•ื’ื•ืณ) ืืœื• ื‘ื ื™ ืื“ื ืฉื”ืŸ ื™ืจืื™ืŸ ืœื”ื•ืฆื™ื ืฉื ืฉืžื™ื ืœื‘ื˜ืœื” ืฉืžืฉ ืฆื“ืงื” ื•ืžืจืคื ืืžืจ ืื‘ื™ื™ ืฉืžืข ืžื™ื ื” ื—ืจื’ื ื“ื™ื•ืžื ืžืกื™

ยง Rabbi Shimon bar Zevid said that Rabbi Yitzแธฅak bar Tavla said that Rabbi แธคiyya Arikha, the tall, of the school of Rabbi Aแธฅa said that Rabbi Zeira said that Rabbi Elazar said that Rabbi แธคanina said that Rabbi Meyasha said in the name of Rabbi Yehuda bar Elai: What is the meaning of that which is written: โ€œBut to you that fear My name shall the sun of righteousness arise with healing in its wings; and you shall go forth and leap as calves of the stallโ€ (Malachi 3:20)? โ€œYou that fear My nameโ€; these are people who are afraid to mention the name of Heaven in vain. The verse states that a sun of righteousness with healing will arise to heal them. Abaye said: Learn from this verse that the dust [แธฅirga] that is illuminated by the rays of the sun during the day heals, as it states: โ€œWith healing in its wings.โ€

ื•ืคืœื™ื’ื ื“ืจื‘ื™ ืฉืžืขื•ืŸ ื‘ืŸ ืœืงื™ืฉ ื“ืืžืจ ืื™ืŸ ื’ื™ื”ื ื ืœืขื•ืœื ื”ื‘ื ืืœื ื”ืงื“ื•ืฉ ื‘ืจื•ืš ื”ื•ื ืžื•ืฆื™ื ื—ืžื” ืžื ืจืชื™ืงื” ืฆื“ื™ืงื™ืŸ ืžืชืจืคืื™ืŸ ื‘ื” ื•ืจืฉืขื™ื ื ื™ื“ื•ื ื™ืŸ ื‘ื” ืฉื ืืžืจ ื•ื–ืจื—ื” ืœื›ื ื™ืจืื™ ืฉืžื™ ืฉืžืฉ ื•ื’ื•ืณ ื•ืœื ืขื•ื“ ืืœื ืฉืžืชืขื“ื ื™ืŸ ื‘ื” ืฉื ืืžืจ ื•ื™ืฆืืชื ื•ืคืฉืชื ื›ืขื’ืœื™ ืžืจื‘ืง

The Gemara comments: Abaye disagrees with the opinion of Rabbi Shimon ben Lakish, who said: There is no Gehenna in the World-to-Come. Rather, the Holy One, Blessed be He, will remove the sun from its sheath [minartika], and the righteous will be healed by it and the wicked will be punished by it. The righteous will be healed by it, as it is stated: โ€œBut to you that fear My name shall the sun of righteousness arise with healing in its wingsโ€; and moreover, not only will they be healed by it but they will even be rejuvenated by it, as it is stated: โ€œAnd you shall go forth and leap as calves of the stall.โ€

ื•ื”ืจืฉืขื™ื ื ื™ื“ื•ื ื™ืŸ ื‘ื” ืฉื ืืžืจ ื”ื ื” ื”ื™ื•ื ื‘ื ื‘ืขืจ ื›ืชื ื•ืจ ื•ื’ื•ืณ

And the wicked will be punished by the same sun, as it is stated: โ€œFor behold, the day is coming, it burns as a furnace; and all the proud, and all that work wickedness, shall be stubble; and the day that comes shall set them ablazeโ€ (Malachi 3:19). Consequently, Rabbi Shimon ben Lakish holds that the sun heals only in the World-to-Come, whereas Abaye interprets the verse as referring to this world.

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