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Today's Daf Yomi

November 2, 2022 | 讞壮 讘诪专讞砖讜讜谉 转砖驻状讙

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Ron and Shira Krebs to commemorate the 73rd yahrzeit of Shira's grandfather (Yitzchak Leib Ben David Ber HaCohen v'Malka), the 1st yahrzeit of Shira's father (Gershon Pinya Ben Yitzchak Leib HaCohen v'Menucha Sara), and the bar mitzvah of their son Eytan who will be making a siyum on Mishna Shas this month.

  • Masechet Nedarim is sponsored by Aviva and Benny Adler in honor of our mother Lorraine Kahane and in loving memory of our parents Joseph Kahane z"l, Miriam and Ari Adler z"l.

  • This month's learning is sponsored for the refuah shleima of Naama bat Yael Esther.

Nedarim 8

This week’s learning is sponsored by Michael and Ariella Radwin in honor of Danny Sadinoff and Rebecca Perlin on the 30th anniversary of the invention of Hebcal. “Danny and Rebecca, your commitment to Torah learning and Israel continue to be an inspiration to the Radwin family.”

Rav Gidal said in the name of Rav three more things (in addition to one in Nedarim 7b). 1. One can swear to fulfill a mitzva even though theoretically we are already 鈥渟worn in鈥 from Matan Torah and a swear cannot be valid if one has already sworn to do something. If so, how does this work? 2. One can say they will get up early to learn something specific and it will be a valid vow. How can this be understood in light of the issue raised above? 3. One who says to one鈥檚 friend: “I will get up early and learn this chapter” should show up before the friend. One who saw in a dream that they were ex-communicated need ten learned people to dissolve the ex-communication. What are they to do if they can’t find ten people who are learned? If one saw in the dream the person who ex-communicated them, can they find this person and not need to find ten learned people to dissolve it? If in the dream the ex-communication was dissolved, one still has to go through the process to dissolve it. Why? 聽Ravina’s wife took a vow and he asked Rav Ashi if he could be a messenger to explain her reasons for regret to get the vow annulled. Rabbi Ashi said that he could but only if he went to a court already in existence. The Gemara learns three laws from this story. Regarding permitting ex-communication, the law is less strict. Why? They cite a drasha in the name of Rabbi Yehuda bar Ilai in which he extrapolates a verse in Malachi 3:20 that the sun will come and heal those who do not use God鈥檚 name in vain. Reish Lakish interprets the verse in a different way – it is referring to the righteous and the wicked in the world to come – there is no place called hell, but the righteous and the wicked will be in the same place and God will take out the sun and it will heal the righteous and burn the wicked.

 

诪谞讬谉 砖谞砖讘注讬谉 诇拽讬讬诐 讗转 讛诪爪讜讛 砖谞讗诪专 谞砖讘注转讬 讜讗拽讬诪讛 诇砖诪专 诪砖驻讟讬 爪讚拽讱

From where is it derived that one may take an oath to fulfill a mitzva? It is as it is stated: 鈥淚 have sworn and I have confirmed it, to observe Your righteous ordinances鈥 (Psalms 119:106).

讜讛诇讗 诪讜砖讘注 讜注讜诪讚 诪讛专 住讬谞讬 讛讜讗 讗诇讗 讛讗 拽讗 诪砖诪注 诇谉 讚砖专讬 诇讬讛 诇讗讬谞讬砖 诇讝专讜讝讬 谞驻砖讬讛

The Gemara asks: Is he not already under oath from when each Jew took an oath at Mount Sinai to fulfill all the mitzvot? An oath cannot take effect if one is already bound by a different oath. Rather, it teaches us this: It is permitted for a man to motivate himself to fulfill the mitzvot in this manner, although the oath is not technically valid.

讜讗诪专 专讘 讙讬讚诇 讗诪专 专讘 讛讗讜诪专 讗砖讻讬诐 讜讗砖谞讛 驻专拽 讝讛 讗砖谞讛 诪住讻转讗 讝讜 谞讚专 讙讚讜诇 谞讚专 诇讗诇讛讬 讬砖专讗诇 讜讛诇讗 诪讜砖讘注 讜注讜诪讚 讛讜讗 讜讗讬谉 砖讘讜注讛 讞诇讛 注诇 砖讘讜注讛 诪讗讬 拽讗 诪砖诪注 诇谉 讚讗驻讬诇讜 讝专讜讝讬 讘注诇诪讗 讛讬讬谞讜 讚专讘 讙讬讚诇 拽诪讬讬转讗

And Rav Giddel said that Rav said: One who says: I will rise early and study this chapter, or: I will study this tractate, has taken a great vow to the God of Israel. This clearly indicates that the vow takes effect. The Gemara asks: Is he not already under oath due to the general obligation to study Torah? And an oath does not take effect upon a preexisting oath. What is he teaching us? If one claims that Rav Giddel is teaching that such a vow may be made even merely to motivate oneself to study, this is the same as the first statement of Rav Giddel.

讛讗 拽讗 诪砖诪注 诇谉 讻讬讜谉 讚讗讬 讘注讬 驻讟专 谞驻砖讬讛 讘拽专讬转 砖诪注 砖讞专讬转 讜注专讘讬转 诪砖讜诐 讛讻讬 讞讬讬诇 砖讘讜注讛 注诇讬讛

The Gemara answers: It teaches us this: Since if he desires he can exempt himself from the obligation to study Torah with the recitation of Shema in the morning and evening, due to that reason the oath takes effect upon him and he is obligated to study the chapter or tractate that he specified.

讗诪专 专讘 讙讬讚诇 讗诪专 专讘 讛讗讜诪专 诇讞讘讬专讜 谞砖讻讬诐 讜谞砖谞讛 驻专拽 讝讛 注诇讬讜 诇讛砖讻讬诐 砖谞讗诪专 讜讬讗诪专 讗诇讬 (讘谉 讗讚诐) 拽讜诐 爪讗 讗诇 讛讘拽注讛 讜砖诐 讗讚讘专 讗讜转讱 讜讗爪讗 讗诇 讛讘拽注讛 讜讛谞讛 砖诐 讻讘讜讚 讛壮 注诪讚

Rav Giddel said that Rav said: With regard to one who says to another: Let us rise early and study this chapter, and they agree to do so, it is incumbent upon him to rise early and be the first to arrive, because it was his initiative. There is an allusion to this in a verse, as it is stated: 鈥淎nd He said to me: Arise, go forth into the plain, and there I will speak with you. Then I arose and went forth into the plain; and behold, the glory of the Lord stood there鈥 (Ezekiel 3:22鈥23). God invited Ezekiel to that place, and His glory arrived before Ezekiel did.

讗诪专 专讘 讬讜住祝 谞讬讚讜讛讜 讘讞诇讜诐 爪专讬讱 注砖专讛 讘谞讬 讗讚诐 诇讛转讬专 诇讜 讜讛讜讗 讚转谞讜 讛诇讻转讗 讗讘诇 诪转谞讜 讜诇讗 转谞讜 诇讗 讜讗讬 诇讬讻讗 讚转谞讜 讛诇讻转讗 讗驻讬诇讜 诪转谞讜 讜诇讗 转谞讜

Rav Yosef said: One who was ostracized in a dream requires ten people to dissolve the ostracism for him. And the ostracism can be dissolved only by those who have studied halakha, i.e., by Torah scholars. However, if they have recited Mishna and have not studied halakha, no, they are not fit to dissolve the ostracism. And if there are not ten people who have studied halakha, then even those who have recited Mishna and have not studied halakha are fit to dissolve the ostracism.

讜讗讬 诇讬讻讗 诇讬讝讬诇 讜诇讬转讘 讗驻专砖转 讚专讻讬诐 讜讬讛讬讘 砖诇诪讗 诇讘讬 注砖专讛 注讚 讚诪拽诇注讬 诇讬讛 注砖专讛 讚讙诪专讬 讛诇讻转讗

And if there are not even ten people who have studied Mishna, let him go and sit at the crossroads and extend a greeting of shalom, meaning peace, to ten people, who will respond with a similar greeting, until ten individuals who have studied halakha happen to come to him.

讗诪专 诇讬讛 专讘讬谞讗 诇专讘 讗砖讬 讬讚注 诪讗谉 砖诪转讬讛 诪讛讜 讚诇讬砖专讬 诇讬讛 讗诪专 诇讬讛 诇砖诪讜转讬讛 砖讜讬讜讛 砖诇讬讞 诇诪讬砖专讬 诇讬讛 诇讗 砖讜讬讜讛 砖诇讬讞

Ravina said to Rav Ashi: If he knows who excommunicated him in his dream, what is the halakha? Can that individual dissolve the excommunication for him? Rav Ashi said to him: It is possible that he was appointed by Heaven as an agent to excommunicate him, but he was not appointed as an agent to dissolve the excommunication for him. Consequently, the excommunication can be dissolved only by ten people.

讗诪专 诇讬讛 专讘 讗讞讗 诇专讘 讗砖讬 砖诪转讬讛 讜砖专讜 诇讬讛 讘讞诇诪讬讛 诪讗讬 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讻砖诐 砖讗讬 讗驻砖专 诇讘专 讘诇讗 转讘谉

Rav A岣 said to Rav Ashi: If he was excommunicated and the excommunication was dissolved for him in his dream, what is the halakha? Rav Ashi said to him: Just as it is impossible for the grain to grow without straw,

讻讱 讗讬 讗驻砖专 诇讞诇讜诐 讘诇讗 讚讘专讬诐 讘讟诇讬诐

so too, it is impossible to dream without idle matter. It is possible that the excommunication was real and the dissolution was not real, and he must have the ostracism dissolved by ten people.

专讘讬谞讗 讛讜讛 诇讛 谞讚专讗 诇讚讘讬转讛讜 讗转讗 诇拽诪讬讛 讚专讘 讗砖讬 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讘注诇 诪讛讜 砖讬注砖讛 砖诇讬讞 诇讞专讟转 讗砖转讜 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗讬 诪讻谞驻讬谉 讗讬谉 讗讬 诇讗 诇讗

The Gemara relates that Ravina鈥檚 wife had taken a vow that he had not immediately nullified as a husband is entitled to do, and she wished to have it dissolved. Ravina came before Rav Ashi and said to him: What is the halakha with regard to whether a husband can become an agent to express his wife鈥檚 regret to a court so that they can dissolve her vow? Rav Ashi said to him: If three people who can dissolve the vow were already assembled, yes; if they are not already assembled, no, a husband cannot serve as an agent to express his wife鈥檚 regret to the court.

砖诪注 诪讬谞讛 转诇转 砖诪注 诪讬谞讛 讘注诇 谞注砖讛 砖诇讬讞 诇讞专讟转 讗砖转讜 讜砖诪注 诪讬谞讛 诇讗 砖专讬 诇诪讬砖专讬 谞讚专讗 讘讗转专讗 讚专讘讬讛 讜砖诪注 诪讬谞讛 讻讬 诪讻谞驻讬谉 砖驻讬专 讚诪讬

The Gemara comments: Learn from this incident three halakhot: Learn from this that a husband can become an agent to express his wife鈥檚 regret. And learn from this that a Sage is not permitted to dissolve a vow in the location of his teacher, which is why Ravina, a distinguished Sage, did not dissolve the vow without consulting Rav Ashi. And learn from this that when three people were already assembled, it seems well for a husband to serve as an agent to express his wife鈥檚 regret, but if the three people were not yet assembled he cannot serve as her agent.

讜砖诪转讗 讗驻讬诇讜 讘讗转专讗 讚专讘讬讛 讜讬讞讬讚 诪讜诪讞讛 砖专讬 砖诪转讗

The Gemara adds: And one may dissolve excommunication even in the location of his teacher. And an individual Sage who is an expert can dissolve excommunication even without two other judges.

讗诪专 专讘讬 砖诪注讜谉 讘专 讝讘讬讚 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬爪讞拽 讘专 讟讘诇讗 讗诪专 专讘讬 讞讬讬讗 讗专讬讻讗 讚讘讬 专讘讬 讗讞讗 讗诪专 专讘讬 讝讬专讗 讗诪专 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 讗诪专 专讘讬 讞谞讬谞讗 讗诪专 专讘讬 诪讬讗砖讛 诪砖诪讬讛 讚专讘讬 讬讛讜讚讛 讘专 讗讬诇注讗讬 诪讗讬 讚讻转讬讘 讜讝专讞讛 诇讻诐 讬专讗讬 砖诪讬 (砖诪砖 爪讚拽讛 讜讙讜壮) 讗诇讜 讘谞讬 讗讚诐 砖讛谉 讬专讗讬谉 诇讛讜爪讬讗 砖诐 砖诪讬诐 诇讘讟诇讛 砖诪砖 爪讚拽讛 讜诪专驻讗 讗诪专 讗讘讬讬 砖诪注 诪讬谞讛 讞专讙讗 讚讬讜诪讗 诪住讬

Rabbi Shimon bar Zevid said that Rabbi Yitz岣k bar Tavla said that Rabbi 岣yya Arikha, the tall, of the school of Rabbi A岣 said that Rabbi Zeira said that Rabbi Elazar said that Rabbi 岣nina said that Rabbi Meyasha said in the name of Rabbi Yehuda bar Elai: What is the meaning of that which is written: 鈥淏ut to you that fear My name shall the sun of righteousness arise with healing in its wings; and you shall go forth and leap as calves of the stall鈥 (Malachi 3:20)? 鈥淵ou that fear My name鈥; these are people who are afraid to mention the name of Heaven in vain. The verse states that a sun of righteousness with healing will arise to heal them. Abaye said: Learn from this verse that the dust [岣rga] that is illuminated by the rays of the sun during the day heals, as it states: 鈥淲ith healing in its wings.鈥

讜驻诇讬讙讗 讚专讘讬 砖诪注讜谉 讘谉 诇拽讬砖 讚讗诪专 讗讬谉 讙讬讛谞诐 诇注讜诇诐 讛讘讗 讗诇讗 讛拽讚讜砖 讘专讜讱 讛讜讗 诪讜爪讬讗 讞诪讛 诪谞专转讬拽讛 爪讚讬拽讬谉 诪转专驻讗讬谉 讘讛 讜专砖注讬诐 谞讬讚讜谞讬谉 讘讛 砖谞讗诪专 讜讝专讞讛 诇讻诐 讬专讗讬 砖诪讬 砖诪砖 讜讙讜壮 讜诇讗 注讜讚 讗诇讗 砖诪转注讚谞讬谉 讘讛 砖谞讗诪专 讜讬爪讗转诐 讜驻砖转诐 讻注讙诇讬 诪专讘拽

The Gemara comments: Abaye disagrees with the opinion of Rabbi Shimon ben Lakish, who said: There is no Gehenna in the World-to-Come. Rather, the Holy One, Blessed be He, will remove the sun from its sheath [minartika], and the righteous will be healed by it and the wicked will be punished by it. The righteous will be healed by it, as it is stated: 鈥淏ut to you that fear My name shall the sun of righteousness arise with healing in its wings鈥; and moreover, not only will they be healed by it but they will even be rejuvenated by it, as it is stated: 鈥淎nd you shall go forth and leap as calves of the stall.鈥

讜讛专砖注讬诐 谞讬讚讜谞讬谉 讘讛 砖谞讗诪专 讛谞讛 讛讬讜诐 讘讗 讘注专 讻转谞讜专 讜讙讜壮

And the wicked will be punished by the same sun, as it is stated: 鈥淔or behold, the day is coming, it burns as a furnace; and all the proud, and all that work wickedness, shall be stubble; and the day that comes shall set them ablaze鈥 (Malachi 3:19). Consequently, Rabbi Shimon ben Lakish holds that the sun heals only in the World-to-Come, whereas Abaye interprets the verse as referring to this world.

  • This month's learning is sponsored by Ron and Shira Krebs to commemorate the 73rd yahrzeit of Shira's grandfather (Yitzchak Leib Ben David Ber HaCohen v'Malka), the 1st yahrzeit of Shira's father (Gershon Pinya Ben Yitzchak Leib HaCohen v'Menucha Sara), and the bar mitzvah of their son Eytan who will be making a siyum on Mishna Shas this month.

  • Masechet Nedarim is sponsored by Aviva and Benny Adler in honor of our mother Lorraine Kahane and in loving memory of our parents Joseph Kahane z"l, Miriam and Ari Adler z"l.

  • This month's learning is sponsored for the refuah shleima of Naama bat Yael Esther.

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Nedarim 8

诪谞讬谉 砖谞砖讘注讬谉 诇拽讬讬诐 讗转 讛诪爪讜讛 砖谞讗诪专 谞砖讘注转讬 讜讗拽讬诪讛 诇砖诪专 诪砖驻讟讬 爪讚拽讱

From where is it derived that one may take an oath to fulfill a mitzva? It is as it is stated: 鈥淚 have sworn and I have confirmed it, to observe Your righteous ordinances鈥 (Psalms 119:106).

讜讛诇讗 诪讜砖讘注 讜注讜诪讚 诪讛专 住讬谞讬 讛讜讗 讗诇讗 讛讗 拽讗 诪砖诪注 诇谉 讚砖专讬 诇讬讛 诇讗讬谞讬砖 诇讝专讜讝讬 谞驻砖讬讛

The Gemara asks: Is he not already under oath from when each Jew took an oath at Mount Sinai to fulfill all the mitzvot? An oath cannot take effect if one is already bound by a different oath. Rather, it teaches us this: It is permitted for a man to motivate himself to fulfill the mitzvot in this manner, although the oath is not technically valid.

讜讗诪专 专讘 讙讬讚诇 讗诪专 专讘 讛讗讜诪专 讗砖讻讬诐 讜讗砖谞讛 驻专拽 讝讛 讗砖谞讛 诪住讻转讗 讝讜 谞讚专 讙讚讜诇 谞讚专 诇讗诇讛讬 讬砖专讗诇 讜讛诇讗 诪讜砖讘注 讜注讜诪讚 讛讜讗 讜讗讬谉 砖讘讜注讛 讞诇讛 注诇 砖讘讜注讛 诪讗讬 拽讗 诪砖诪注 诇谉 讚讗驻讬诇讜 讝专讜讝讬 讘注诇诪讗 讛讬讬谞讜 讚专讘 讙讬讚诇 拽诪讬讬转讗

And Rav Giddel said that Rav said: One who says: I will rise early and study this chapter, or: I will study this tractate, has taken a great vow to the God of Israel. This clearly indicates that the vow takes effect. The Gemara asks: Is he not already under oath due to the general obligation to study Torah? And an oath does not take effect upon a preexisting oath. What is he teaching us? If one claims that Rav Giddel is teaching that such a vow may be made even merely to motivate oneself to study, this is the same as the first statement of Rav Giddel.

讛讗 拽讗 诪砖诪注 诇谉 讻讬讜谉 讚讗讬 讘注讬 驻讟专 谞驻砖讬讛 讘拽专讬转 砖诪注 砖讞专讬转 讜注专讘讬转 诪砖讜诐 讛讻讬 讞讬讬诇 砖讘讜注讛 注诇讬讛

The Gemara answers: It teaches us this: Since if he desires he can exempt himself from the obligation to study Torah with the recitation of Shema in the morning and evening, due to that reason the oath takes effect upon him and he is obligated to study the chapter or tractate that he specified.

讗诪专 专讘 讙讬讚诇 讗诪专 专讘 讛讗讜诪专 诇讞讘讬专讜 谞砖讻讬诐 讜谞砖谞讛 驻专拽 讝讛 注诇讬讜 诇讛砖讻讬诐 砖谞讗诪专 讜讬讗诪专 讗诇讬 (讘谉 讗讚诐) 拽讜诐 爪讗 讗诇 讛讘拽注讛 讜砖诐 讗讚讘专 讗讜转讱 讜讗爪讗 讗诇 讛讘拽注讛 讜讛谞讛 砖诐 讻讘讜讚 讛壮 注诪讚

Rav Giddel said that Rav said: With regard to one who says to another: Let us rise early and study this chapter, and they agree to do so, it is incumbent upon him to rise early and be the first to arrive, because it was his initiative. There is an allusion to this in a verse, as it is stated: 鈥淎nd He said to me: Arise, go forth into the plain, and there I will speak with you. Then I arose and went forth into the plain; and behold, the glory of the Lord stood there鈥 (Ezekiel 3:22鈥23). God invited Ezekiel to that place, and His glory arrived before Ezekiel did.

讗诪专 专讘 讬讜住祝 谞讬讚讜讛讜 讘讞诇讜诐 爪专讬讱 注砖专讛 讘谞讬 讗讚诐 诇讛转讬专 诇讜 讜讛讜讗 讚转谞讜 讛诇讻转讗 讗讘诇 诪转谞讜 讜诇讗 转谞讜 诇讗 讜讗讬 诇讬讻讗 讚转谞讜 讛诇讻转讗 讗驻讬诇讜 诪转谞讜 讜诇讗 转谞讜

Rav Yosef said: One who was ostracized in a dream requires ten people to dissolve the ostracism for him. And the ostracism can be dissolved only by those who have studied halakha, i.e., by Torah scholars. However, if they have recited Mishna and have not studied halakha, no, they are not fit to dissolve the ostracism. And if there are not ten people who have studied halakha, then even those who have recited Mishna and have not studied halakha are fit to dissolve the ostracism.

讜讗讬 诇讬讻讗 诇讬讝讬诇 讜诇讬转讘 讗驻专砖转 讚专讻讬诐 讜讬讛讬讘 砖诇诪讗 诇讘讬 注砖专讛 注讚 讚诪拽诇注讬 诇讬讛 注砖专讛 讚讙诪专讬 讛诇讻转讗

And if there are not even ten people who have studied Mishna, let him go and sit at the crossroads and extend a greeting of shalom, meaning peace, to ten people, who will respond with a similar greeting, until ten individuals who have studied halakha happen to come to him.

讗诪专 诇讬讛 专讘讬谞讗 诇专讘 讗砖讬 讬讚注 诪讗谉 砖诪转讬讛 诪讛讜 讚诇讬砖专讬 诇讬讛 讗诪专 诇讬讛 诇砖诪讜转讬讛 砖讜讬讜讛 砖诇讬讞 诇诪讬砖专讬 诇讬讛 诇讗 砖讜讬讜讛 砖诇讬讞

Ravina said to Rav Ashi: If he knows who excommunicated him in his dream, what is the halakha? Can that individual dissolve the excommunication for him? Rav Ashi said to him: It is possible that he was appointed by Heaven as an agent to excommunicate him, but he was not appointed as an agent to dissolve the excommunication for him. Consequently, the excommunication can be dissolved only by ten people.

讗诪专 诇讬讛 专讘 讗讞讗 诇专讘 讗砖讬 砖诪转讬讛 讜砖专讜 诇讬讛 讘讞诇诪讬讛 诪讗讬 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讻砖诐 砖讗讬 讗驻砖专 诇讘专 讘诇讗 转讘谉

Rav A岣 said to Rav Ashi: If he was excommunicated and the excommunication was dissolved for him in his dream, what is the halakha? Rav Ashi said to him: Just as it is impossible for the grain to grow without straw,

讻讱 讗讬 讗驻砖专 诇讞诇讜诐 讘诇讗 讚讘专讬诐 讘讟诇讬诐

so too, it is impossible to dream without idle matter. It is possible that the excommunication was real and the dissolution was not real, and he must have the ostracism dissolved by ten people.

专讘讬谞讗 讛讜讛 诇讛 谞讚专讗 诇讚讘讬转讛讜 讗转讗 诇拽诪讬讛 讚专讘 讗砖讬 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讘注诇 诪讛讜 砖讬注砖讛 砖诇讬讞 诇讞专讟转 讗砖转讜 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗讬 诪讻谞驻讬谉 讗讬谉 讗讬 诇讗 诇讗

The Gemara relates that Ravina鈥檚 wife had taken a vow that he had not immediately nullified as a husband is entitled to do, and she wished to have it dissolved. Ravina came before Rav Ashi and said to him: What is the halakha with regard to whether a husband can become an agent to express his wife鈥檚 regret to a court so that they can dissolve her vow? Rav Ashi said to him: If three people who can dissolve the vow were already assembled, yes; if they are not already assembled, no, a husband cannot serve as an agent to express his wife鈥檚 regret to the court.

砖诪注 诪讬谞讛 转诇转 砖诪注 诪讬谞讛 讘注诇 谞注砖讛 砖诇讬讞 诇讞专讟转 讗砖转讜 讜砖诪注 诪讬谞讛 诇讗 砖专讬 诇诪讬砖专讬 谞讚专讗 讘讗转专讗 讚专讘讬讛 讜砖诪注 诪讬谞讛 讻讬 诪讻谞驻讬谉 砖驻讬专 讚诪讬

The Gemara comments: Learn from this incident three halakhot: Learn from this that a husband can become an agent to express his wife鈥檚 regret. And learn from this that a Sage is not permitted to dissolve a vow in the location of his teacher, which is why Ravina, a distinguished Sage, did not dissolve the vow without consulting Rav Ashi. And learn from this that when three people were already assembled, it seems well for a husband to serve as an agent to express his wife鈥檚 regret, but if the three people were not yet assembled he cannot serve as her agent.

讜砖诪转讗 讗驻讬诇讜 讘讗转专讗 讚专讘讬讛 讜讬讞讬讚 诪讜诪讞讛 砖专讬 砖诪转讗

The Gemara adds: And one may dissolve excommunication even in the location of his teacher. And an individual Sage who is an expert can dissolve excommunication even without two other judges.

讗诪专 专讘讬 砖诪注讜谉 讘专 讝讘讬讚 讗诪专 专讘讬 讬爪讞拽 讘专 讟讘诇讗 讗诪专 专讘讬 讞讬讬讗 讗专讬讻讗 讚讘讬 专讘讬 讗讞讗 讗诪专 专讘讬 讝讬专讗 讗诪专 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 讗诪专 专讘讬 讞谞讬谞讗 讗诪专 专讘讬 诪讬讗砖讛 诪砖诪讬讛 讚专讘讬 讬讛讜讚讛 讘专 讗讬诇注讗讬 诪讗讬 讚讻转讬讘 讜讝专讞讛 诇讻诐 讬专讗讬 砖诪讬 (砖诪砖 爪讚拽讛 讜讙讜壮) 讗诇讜 讘谞讬 讗讚诐 砖讛谉 讬专讗讬谉 诇讛讜爪讬讗 砖诐 砖诪讬诐 诇讘讟诇讛 砖诪砖 爪讚拽讛 讜诪专驻讗 讗诪专 讗讘讬讬 砖诪注 诪讬谞讛 讞专讙讗 讚讬讜诪讗 诪住讬

Rabbi Shimon bar Zevid said that Rabbi Yitz岣k bar Tavla said that Rabbi 岣yya Arikha, the tall, of the school of Rabbi A岣 said that Rabbi Zeira said that Rabbi Elazar said that Rabbi 岣nina said that Rabbi Meyasha said in the name of Rabbi Yehuda bar Elai: What is the meaning of that which is written: 鈥淏ut to you that fear My name shall the sun of righteousness arise with healing in its wings; and you shall go forth and leap as calves of the stall鈥 (Malachi 3:20)? 鈥淵ou that fear My name鈥; these are people who are afraid to mention the name of Heaven in vain. The verse states that a sun of righteousness with healing will arise to heal them. Abaye said: Learn from this verse that the dust [岣rga] that is illuminated by the rays of the sun during the day heals, as it states: 鈥淲ith healing in its wings.鈥

讜驻诇讬讙讗 讚专讘讬 砖诪注讜谉 讘谉 诇拽讬砖 讚讗诪专 讗讬谉 讙讬讛谞诐 诇注讜诇诐 讛讘讗 讗诇讗 讛拽讚讜砖 讘专讜讱 讛讜讗 诪讜爪讬讗 讞诪讛 诪谞专转讬拽讛 爪讚讬拽讬谉 诪转专驻讗讬谉 讘讛 讜专砖注讬诐 谞讬讚讜谞讬谉 讘讛 砖谞讗诪专 讜讝专讞讛 诇讻诐 讬专讗讬 砖诪讬 砖诪砖 讜讙讜壮 讜诇讗 注讜讚 讗诇讗 砖诪转注讚谞讬谉 讘讛 砖谞讗诪专 讜讬爪讗转诐 讜驻砖转诐 讻注讙诇讬 诪专讘拽

The Gemara comments: Abaye disagrees with the opinion of Rabbi Shimon ben Lakish, who said: There is no Gehenna in the World-to-Come. Rather, the Holy One, Blessed be He, will remove the sun from its sheath [minartika], and the righteous will be healed by it and the wicked will be punished by it. The righteous will be healed by it, as it is stated: 鈥淏ut to you that fear My name shall the sun of righteousness arise with healing in its wings鈥; and moreover, not only will they be healed by it but they will even be rejuvenated by it, as it is stated: 鈥淎nd you shall go forth and leap as calves of the stall.鈥

讜讛专砖注讬诐 谞讬讚讜谞讬谉 讘讛 砖谞讗诪专 讛谞讛 讛讬讜诐 讘讗 讘注专 讻转谞讜专 讜讙讜壮

And the wicked will be punished by the same sun, as it is stated: 鈥淔or behold, the day is coming, it burns as a furnace; and all the proud, and all that work wickedness, shall be stubble; and the day that comes shall set them ablaze鈥 (Malachi 3:19). Consequently, Rabbi Shimon ben Lakish holds that the sun heals only in the World-to-Come, whereas Abaye interprets the verse as referring to this world.

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