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Today's Daf Yomi

May 9, 2022 | 讞壮 讘讗讬讬专 转砖驻状讘

  • This month's learning is dedicated by Debbie and Yossi Gevir to Rabbanit Michelle and the Hadran Zoom group for their kindness, support, and care during a medically challenging year.

  • Masechet Yevamot is sponsored by Ahava Leibtag and family in memory of her grandparents, Leo and Esther Aaron. "They always stressed the importance of a Torah life, mesorah and family. May their memory always be a blessing for their children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren and great-great grandchildren".

Yevamot 63

This week鈥檚 learning is sponsored for the refuah shleima of Hannah bat Peninah.

Today鈥檚 daf is sponsored by Adina Gewirtz in honor of her husband, Danny. 鈥淗e encouraged me to start daf yomi when he started the new cycle. Thank you for opening the world of Gemara to me!鈥

Rabbi Elazar makes seven statements 鈥 some of them having to do with marriage and the importance for a man to have a good wife, some having to do with the importance of owning land or the value of investments. Better to eat your own produce than to be reliant on buying from others. Other financial and marriage advice is mentioned. Some stories are told of relationships between rabbis and their wives. What is considered a 鈥済ood wife鈥 and what is considered a 鈥渂ad wife鈥? One who is married to a bad wife and her ketuba sum is large is in a difficult predicament. A number of verses are brought that highlight this predicament or other difficult situations. Quotes from the book of Ben Sira are brought relating to 鈥済ood鈥 and 鈥渂ad鈥 wives. A number of statements are brought regarding the severity of not bringing children into the world. Even though Ben Azai viewed it as a very serious issue, he did not marry as he spent his life exclusively learning Torah and left the mitzva of having children to others.

讜讛诪诇讜讛 住诇注 诇注谞讬 讘砖注转 讚讞拽讜 注诇讬讜 讛讻转讜讘 讗讜诪专 讗讝 转拽专讗 讜讛壮 讬注谞讛 转砖讜注 讜讬讗诪专 讛谞谞讬

and who lends a sela to a pauper at his time of need, about him the verse states: 鈥淭hen shall you call, and the Lord will answer; you shall cry, and He will say: Here I am鈥 (Isaiah 58:9).

住讬诪谉 讗砖讛 讜拽专拽注 注讝专 讝讗转 砖转讬 讛讘专讻讜转 转讙专讬 驻讞转讬 讗诪专 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 讻诇 讗讚诐 砖讗讬谉 诇讜 讗砖讛 讗讬谞讜 讗讚诐 砖谞讗诪专 讝讻专 讜谞拽讘讛 讘专讗诐讜讬拽专讗 讗转 砖诪诐 讗讚诐 讜讗诪专 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 讻诇 讗讚诐 砖讗讬谉 诇讜 拽专拽注 讗讬谞讜 讗讚诐 砖谞讗诪专 讛砖诪讬诐 砖诪讬诐 诇讛壮 讜讛讗专抓 谞转谉 诇讘谞讬 讗讚诐

搂 The Gemara provides a mnemonic device for a series of statements cited in the name of Rabbi Elazar: Woman; and land; helper; this; two; the blessings; merchants; lowly. The Gemara presents these statements: Rabbi Elazar said: Any man who does not have a wife is not a man, as it is stated: 鈥淢ale and female He created them鈥nd called their name Adam鈥 (Genesis 5:2). And Rabbi Elazar said: Any man who does not have his own land is not a man, as it is stated: 鈥淭he heavens are the heavens of the Lord; but the earth He has given to the children of men鈥 (Psalms 115:16).

讜讗诪专 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 诪讗讬 讚讻转讬讘 讗注砖讛 诇讜 注讝专 讻谞讙讚讜 讝讻讛 注讜讝专转讜 诇讗 讝讻讛 讻谞讙讚讜 讜讗讬讻讗 讚讗诪专讬 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 专诪讬 讻转讬讘 讻谞讙讚讜 讜拽专讬谞谉 讻谞讬讙讚讜 讝讻讛 讻谞讙讚讜 诇讗 讝讻讛 诪谞讙讚转讜

And Rabbi Elazar said: What is the meaning of that which is written: 鈥淚 will make him a helpmate for him [kenegdo]鈥 (Genesis 2:18)? If one is worthy his wife helps him; if he is not worthy she is against him. And some say a slightly different version: Rabbi Elazar raised a contradiction: It is written in the Torah with a spelling that allows it to be read: Striking him [kenagdo], and we read it as though it said: For him [kenegdo]. If he is worthy she is for him as his helpmate; if he is not worthy she strikes him.

讗砖讻讞讬讛 专讘讬 讬讜住讬 诇讗诇讬讛讜 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讻转讬讘 讗注砖讛 诇讜 注讝专 讘诪讛 讗砖讛 注讜讝专转讜 诇讗讚诐 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗讚诐 诪讘讬讗 讞讬讟讬谉 讞讬讟讬谉 讻讜住住 驻砖转谉 驻砖转谉 诇讜讘砖 诇讗 谞诪爪讗转 诪讗讬专讛 注讬谞讬讜 讜诪注诪讬讚转讜 注诇 专讙诇讬讜

The Gemara relates that Rabbi Yosei encountered Elijah the prophet and said to him: It is written: I will make him a helpmate. In what manner does a woman help a man? Elijah said to him: When a man brings wheat from the field, does he chew raw wheat? When he brings home flax, does he wear unprocessed flax? His wife turns the raw products into bread and clothing. Is his wife not found to be the one who lights up his eyes and stands him on his feet?

讜讗诪专 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 诪讗讬 讚讻转讬讘 讝讗转 讛驻注诐 注爪诐 诪注爪诪讬 讜讘砖专 诪讘砖专讬 诪诇诪讚 砖讘讗 讗讚诐 注诇 讻诇 讘讛诪讛 讜讞讬讛 讜诇讗 谞转拽专专讛 讚注转讜 注讚 砖讘讗 注诇 讞讜讛

And Rabbi Elazar said: What is the meaning of that which is written: 鈥淭his is now bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh鈥 (Genesis 2:23)? This teaches that Adam had intercourse with each animal and beast in his search for his mate, and his mind was not at ease, in accordance with the verse: 鈥淎nd for Adam, there was not found a helpmate for him鈥 (Genesis 2:20), until he had intercourse with Eve.

讜讗诪专 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 诪讗讬 讚讻转讬讘 讜谞讘专讻讜 讘讱 讻诇 诪砖驻讞转 讛讗讚诪讛 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讛拽讚讜砖 讘专讜讱 讛讜讗 诇讗讘专讛诐 砖转讬 讘专讻讜转 讟讜讘讜转 讬砖 诇讬 诇讛讘专讬讱 讘讱 专讜转 讛诪讜讗讘讬讛 讜谞注诪讛 讛注诪讜谞讬转 讻诇 诪砖驻讞讜转 讛讗讚诪讛 讗驻讬诇讜 诪砖驻讞讜转 讛讚专讜转 讘讗讚诪讛 讗讬谉 诪转讘专讻讜转 讗诇讗 讘砖讘讬诇 讬砖专讗诇 讻诇 讙讜讬讬 讛讗专抓 讗驻讬诇讜 住驻讬谞讜转 讛讘讗讜转 诪讙诇讬讗 诇讗住驻诪讬讗 讗讬谞谉 诪转讘专讻讜转 讗诇讗 讘砖讘讬诇 讬砖专讗诇

And Rabbi Elazar said: What is the meaning of that which is written: 鈥淎nd in you shall all the families of the earth be blessed [nivrekhu]鈥 (Genesis 12:3)? The Holy One, Blessed be He, said to Abraham: I have two good shoots to graft [lehavrikh] onto you: Ruth the Moabite, the ancestress of the house of David, and Naamah the Ammonite, whose marriage with Solomon led to the ensuing dynasty of the kings of Judea. 鈥淎ll the families of the earth鈥 means: Even families that live in the earth, i.e., who have land of their own, are blessed only due to the Jewish people. Similarly, when the verse states: 鈥淎ll the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him鈥 (Genesis 18:18), it indicates that even ships that come from Galia to Hispania are blessed only due to the Jewish people.

讜讗诪专 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 注转讬讚讬诐 讻诇 讘注诇讬 讗讜诪谞讬讜转 砖讬注诪讚讜 注诇 讛拽专拽注 砖谞讗诪专 讜讬专讚讜 诪讗谞讬讜转讬讛诐 讻诇 转驻砖讬 诪砖讜讟 诪诇讞讬诐 讻诇 讞讘诇讬 讛讬诐 注诇 讛讗专抓 讬注诪讚讜 讜讗诪专 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 讗讬谉 诇讱 讗讜诪谞讜转 驻讞讜转讛 诪谉 讛拽专拽注 砖谞讗诪专 讜讬专讚讜 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 讞讝讬讗 诇讛讛讬讗 讗专注讗 讚砖讚讬 讘讬讛 讻专讘讗 诇驻讜转讬讗 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗讬 转砖讚讬讬讛 诇讗讜专讻讬讱 讛驻讜讻讬 讘注讬住拽讗 讟讘 诪讬谞讱

And Rabbi Elazar said: All craftsmen are destined to stand upon and work the land, as it is stated: 鈥淎nd all that handle the oar, the mariners, and all the pilots of the sea, shall come down from their ships, they shall stand upon the land鈥 (Ezekiel 27:29). And Rabbi Elazar said: There is no occupation lowlier than working the land, as it is stated: 鈥淎nd they shall come down,鈥 implying that one who works the land is of lower stature than even a sailor. The Gemara similarly relates: Rabbi Elazar saw land that was plowed across its width. He said to it: Even if they plow you once more lengthwise, for further improvement, conducting business is better than farming with you, as the potential profits gained by selling merchandise are far greater than those from working the land.

专讘 注诇 诇讘讬谞讬 砖讬讘诇讬 讞讝谞讛讜 讚拽讗 谞讬讬驻谉 讗诪专 诇讛讜 讗讬 谞讬讬驻转 讗讬转谞讜驻讬 讛驻讜讻讬 讘注讬住拽讗 讟讘 诪讬谞讱 讗诪专 专讘讗 诪讗讛 讝讜讝讬 讘注讬住拽讗 讻诇 讬讜诪讗 讘砖专讗 讜讞诪专讗 诪讗讛 讝讜讝讬 讘讗专注讗 诪讬诇讞讗 讜讞驻讜专讛 讜诇讗 注讜讚 讗诇讗 诪讙谞讬讗 诇讬讛 讗讗专注讗 讜诪专诪讬讗 诇讬讛 转讬讙专讬

The Gemara relates a similar incident: Rav entered between the sheaves in a field and saw them waving in the wind. He said to them: If you want to wave go ahead and wave, but conducting business is better than farming with you. Rava similarly said: One who has a hundred dinars that are invested in a business is able to eat meat and wine every day, whereas he who has a hundred dinars worth of land eats only salt and vegetables. And what is more, working the land causes him to lie on the ground at night in order to guard it, and it draws quarrels upon him with other people.

讗诪专 专讘 驻驻讗 讝专注 讜诇讗 转讝讘讬谉 讗祝 注诇 讙讘 讚讻讬 讛讚讚讬 谞讬谞讛讜 讛谞讬 诪讘专讻谉 讝讘讬谉 讜诇讗 转讬讝讜诇 讛谞讬 诪讬诇讬 讘讬住转专拽讬 讗讘诇 讙诇讬诪讗 诇讗 诪讬转专诪讬讗 诇讬讛

Rav Pappa said: Sow your own produce and do not buy it. Even though they are equal to each other in value, these that you sow will be blessed. Conversely, buy your clothes rather than weave [teizul] them yourself. The Gemara comments: This applies only to mats [bistarkei], but with regard to the cloak one wears, perhaps he will not find it precisely to his liking, and therefore he should make his own cloak, which fits his measurements.

讟讜诐 讜诇讗 转砖驻讬抓 砖驻讜抓 讜诇讗 转讬讘谞讬 砖讻诇 讛注讜住拽 讘讘谞讬谉 诪转诪住讻谉 拽驻讜抓 讝讘讬谉 讗专注讗 诪转讜谉 谞住讬讘 讗讬转转讗 谞讞讬转 讚专讙讗 谞住讬讘 讗讬转转讗 住拽 讚专讙讗 讘讞专 砖讜砖讘讬谞讗

Rav Pappa further advised: If there is a hole in your house, close it up and do not enlarge it and then plaster it, or at least plaster it and do not knock it down and build it again. As, whoever engages in construction becomes poor. Hurry to buy land so that you do not lose the opportunity. Be patient and marry a woman who is suitable for you. Descend a level to marry a woman of lower social status, and ascend a level to choose a friend [shushevina].

讗诪专 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 讘专 讗讘讬谞讗 讗讬谉 驻讜专注谞讜转 讘讗讛 诇注讜诇诐 讗诇讗 讘砖讘讬诇 讬砖专讗诇 砖谞讗诪专 讛讻专转讬 讙讜讬诐 谞砖诪讜 驻谞讜转诐 讛讞专讘转讬 讞讜爪讜转诐 讜讻转讬讘 讗诪专转讬 讗讱 转讬专讗讬 讗讜转讬 转拽讞讬 诪讜住专

Rabbi Elazar bar Avina said: Calamity befalls the world only due to the sins of the Jewish people, as it is stated: 鈥淚 have cut off nations, their corners are desolate; I have made their streets waste鈥 (Zephaniah 3:6), and it is written: 鈥淚 said: Surely you will fear Me, you will receive correction鈥 (Zephaniah 3:7). This indicates that other nations were punished so that the Jewish people would mend their ways.

专讘 讛讜讛 诪讬驻讟专 诪专讘讬 讞讬讬讗 讗诪专 诇讬讛 专讞诪谞讗 诇讬爪诇讱 诪诪讬讚讬 讚拽砖讛 诪诪讜转讗 讜诪讬 讗讬讻讗 诪讬讚讬 讚拽砖讛 诪诪讜转讗 谞驻拽 讚拽 讜讗砖讻讞 讜诪讜爪讗 讗谞讬 诪专 诪诪讜转 讗转 讛讗砖讛 讜讙讜壮 专讘 讛讜讛 拽讗 诪爪注专讗 诇讬讛 讚讘讬转讛讜 讻讬 讗诪专 诇讛 注讘讬讚讬 诇讬 讟诇讜驻讞讬 注讘讚讗 诇讬讛 讞讬诪爪讬 讞讬诪爪讬 注讘讚讗 诇讬讛 讟诇讜驻讞讬

The Gemara cites more statements with regard to wives. When Rav was taking leave of his uncle and teacher, Rabbi 岣yya, upon his return from Eretz Yisrael to Babylonia, Rabbi 岣yya said to him: May the Merciful One save you from something that is worse than death. Rav was perplexed: Is there anything that is worse than death? He went, examined the sources, and found the following verse: 鈥淎nd I find more bitter than death the woman, etc.鈥 (Ecclesiastes 7:26). Rabbi 岣yya was hinting at this verse, and indeed, Rav鈥檚 wife would constantly aggravate him. When he would say to her: Prepare me lentils, she would prepare him peas; if he asked her for peas, she would prepare him lentils.

讻讬 讙讚诇 讞讬讬讗 讘专讬讛 讗驻讬讱 诇讛 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗讬注诇讬讗 诇讱 讗诪讱 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗谞讗 讛讜讗 讚拽讗 讗驻讬讻谞讗 诇讛 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讛讬讬谞讜 讚拽讗 讗诪专讬 讗讬谞砖讬 讚谞驻讬拽 诪讬谞讱 讟注诪讗 诪诇驻讱 讗转 诇讗 转注讘讬讚 讛讻讬 砖谞讗诪专 诇诪讚讜 诇砖讜谞诐 讚讘专 砖拽专 讛注讜讛 讜讙讜壮

When 岣yya, his son, grew up, he would reverse the requests Rav asked him to convey to her, so that Rav would get what he wanted. Rav said to his son 岣yya: Your mother has improved now that you convey my requests. He said to Rav: It is I who reverse your request to her. Rav said to him: This is an example of the well-known adage that people say: He who comes from you shall teach you wisdom; I should have thought of that idea myself. You, however, should not do so, i.e., reverse my request, as it is stated: 鈥淭hey have taught their tongue to speak lies, they weary themselves to commit iniquity, etc.鈥 (Jeremiah 9:4). If you attribute such a request to me, you will have uttered a falsehood.

专讘讬 讞讬讬讗 讛讜讛 拽讗 诪爪注专讗 诇讬讛 讚讘讬转讛讜 讻讬 讛讜讛 诪砖讻讞 诪讬讚讬 爪讬讬专 诇讬讛 讘住讜讚专讬讛 讜诪讬讬转讬 谞讬讛诇讛 讗诪专 诇讬讛 专讘 讜讛讗 拽讗 诪爪注专讗 诇讬讛 诇诪专 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讚讬讬谞讜 砖诪讙讚诇讜转 讘谞讬谞讜 讜诪爪讬诇讜转 讗讜转谞讜

The Gemara relates a similar story. Rabbi 岣yya鈥檚 wife would constantly aggravate him. Nevertheless, when he would find something she would appreciate, he would wrap it in his shawl and bring it to her. Rav said to him: Doesn鈥檛 she constantly aggravate you? Why do you bring her things? Rabbi 岣yya said to him: It is enough for us that our wives raise our children and save us

诪谉 讛讞讟讗 诪拽专讬 诇讬讛 专讘 讬讛讜讚讛 诇专讘 讬爪讞拽 讘专讬讛 讜诪讜爪讗 讗谞讬 诪专 诪诪讜转 讗转 讛讗砖讛 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讻讙讜谉 诪讗谉 讻讙讜谉 讗诪讱

from sin. We should therefore show our gratitude to them. The Gemara cites a related incident: Rav Yehuda was teaching Torah to Rav Yitz岣k, his son, and they encountered the verse: 鈥淎nd I find more bitter than death the woman鈥 (Ecclesiastes 7:26). His son said to him: For example, whom? His father replied: For example, your mother.

讜讛讗 诪转谞讬 诇讬讛 专讘 讬讛讜讚讛 诇专讘 讬爪讞拽 讘专讬讛 讗讬谉 讗讚诐 诪讜爪讗 拽讜专转 专讜讞 讗诇讗 诪讗砖转讜 专讗砖讜谞讛 砖谞讗诪专 讬讛讬 诪拽讜专讱 讘专讜讱 讜砖诪讞 诪讗砖转 谞注讜专讬讱 讜讗诪专 诇讬讛 讻讙讜谉 诪讗谉 讻讙讜谉 讗诪讱 诪转拽讬祝 转拽讬驻讗 讜注讘讜专讬 诪讬注讘专讗 讘诪诇讛

The Gemara asks: Didn鈥檛 Rav Yehuda teach Rav Yitz岣k, his son, the following baraita: A man finds peace of mind only with his first wife, as it is stated: 鈥淟et your fountain be blessed, and have joy from the wife of your youth鈥 (Proverbs 5:18), and his son said to him: For example, whom, and his father responded in this case as well: For example, your mother. This indicates that Rav Yehuda did find peace of mind with his wife. The Gemara answers: She was aggressive and forceful, but she was easily appeased.

讛讬讻讬 讚诪讬 讗砖讛 专注讛 讗诪专 讗讘讬讬 诪拽砖讟讗 诇讬讛 转讻讗 讜诪拽砖讟讗 诇讬讛 驻讜诪讗 专讘讗 讗诪专 诪拽砖讟讗 诇讬讛 转讻讗 讜诪讛讚专讗 诇讬讛 讙讘讗

The Gemara asks: What are the circumstances when a woman is considered a bad wife? Abaye said: She arranges a table for him and arranges her mouth for him at the same time. In other words, although she prepares food for him, she verbally abuses him while he eats. Rava said: She arranges a table for him and then turns her back to him, displaying her lack of interest in his company.

讗诪专 专讘讬 讞诪讗 讘专 讞谞讬谞讗 讻讬讜谉 砖谞砖讗 讗讚诐 讗砖讛 注讜谞讜转讬讜 诪转驻拽拽讬谉 砖谞讗诪专 诪爪讗 讗砖讛 诪爪讗 讟讜讘 讜讬驻拽 专爪讜谉 诪讛壮 讘诪注专讘讗 讻讬 谞住讬讘 讗讬谞砖 讗讬转转讗 讗诪专讬 诇讬讛 讛讻讬 诪爪讗 讗讜 诪讜爪讗 诪爪讗 讚讻转讬讘 诪爪讗 讗砖讛 诪爪讗 讟讜讘 诪讜爪讗 讚讻转讬讘 讜诪讜爪讗 讗谞讬 诪专 诪诪讜转 讗转 讛讗砖讛

Rabbi 岣ma bar 岣nina said: Once a man marries a woman his iniquities crumble [mitpakekin], as it is stated: 鈥淲hoever finds a wife finds good, and obtains [veyafek] favor of the Lord鈥 (Proverbs 18:22). In the West, i.e., Eretz Yisrael, when a man married a woman they would say to him as follows: Matza or motze? In other words, they would ask the groom if the appropriate passage for his wife is that verse, which begins with the word matza, as it is written: Whoever finds [matza] a wife finds good, or whether the more appropriate verse is the one beginning with the word motze, as it is written: 鈥淎nd I find [motze] more bitter than death the woman鈥 (Ecclesiastes 7:26).

讗诪专 专讘讗 讗砖讛 专注讛 诪爪讜讛 诇讙专砖讛 讚讻转讬讘 讙专砖 诇抓 讜讬爪讗 诪讚讜谉 讜讬砖讘讜转 讚讬谉 讜拽诇讜谉 讜讗诪专 专讘讗 讗砖讛 专注讛 讜讻转讜讘转讛 诪专讜讘讛 爪专转讛 讘爪讚讛 讚讗诪专讬 讗讬谞砖讬 讘讞讘专转讛 讜诇讗 讘住讬诇转讗 讜讗诪专 专讘讗 拽砖讛 讗砖讛 专注讛 讻讬讜诐 住讙专讬专 砖谞讗诪专 讚诇祝 讟讜专讚 讘讬讜诐 住讙专讬专 讜讗砖转 诪讚讬谞讬诐 谞砖转讜讛

Rava said: It is a mitzva to divorce a bad wife, as it is written: 鈥淐ast out the scorner and contention will depart; strife and shame will cease鈥 (Proverbs 22:10). And Rava said: A bad wife whose marriage contract settlement is too large for her husband to pay in the event of a divorce, her rival wife is at her side. In other words, the only way for him to improve matters is to take another wife. As people say in the well-known adage: The way to trouble a woman is with her peer and not with a thorn. And Rava said: A bad wife is as troublesome as a day of heavy rain, as it is stated: 鈥淎 continual dropping on a very rainy day and a contentious woman are alike鈥 (Proverbs 27:15).

讜讗诪专 专讘讗 讘讗 讜专讗讛 讻诪讛 讟讜讘讛 讗砖讛 讟讜讘讛 讜讻诪讛 专注讛 讗砖讛 专注讛 讻诪讛 讟讜讘讛 讗砖讛 讟讜讘讛 讚讻转讬讘 诪爪讗 讗砖讛 诪爪讗 讟讜讘 讗讬 讘讙讜讛 诪砖转注讬 拽专讗 讻诪讛 讟讜讘讛 讗砖讛 讟讜讘讛 砖讛讻转讜讘 诪砖讘讞讛 讗讬 讘转讜专讛 诪砖转注讬 拽专讗 讻诪讛 讟讜讘讛 讗砖讛 讟讜讘讛 砖讛转讜专讛 谞诪砖诇讛 讘讛 讻诪讛 专注讛 讗砖讛 专注讛 讚讻转讬讘 讜诪讜爪讗 讗谞讬 诪专 诪诪讜转 讗转 讛讗砖讛 讗讬 讘讙讜讛 诪砖转注讬 拽专讗 讻诪讛 专注讛 讗砖讛 专注讛 砖讛讻转讜讘 诪讙谞讛 讗讬 讘讙讬讛谞诐 诪砖转注讬 拽专讗 讻诪讛 专注讛 讗砖讛 专注讛 砖讙讬讛谞诐 谞诪砖诇讛 讘讛

And Rava said: Come and see how good a good wife is and how bad a bad wife is. How good is a good wife? As it is written: Whoever finds a wife finds good. If the verse speaks of her, a wife, this demonstrates how good a good wife is, as the Bible praises her. If the verse speaks metaphorically of the Torah, it nevertheless indicates how good a good wife is, as the Torah is compared to her. Conversely, how bad is a bad wife? As it is written: 鈥淎nd I find more bitter than death the woman.鈥 If the verse speaks of her, this demonstrates how bad a bad wife is, as the Bible condemns her. If the verse speaks metaphorically of Gehenna, it still demonstrates how bad a bad wife is, as Gehenna is compared to her.

讛谞谞讬 诪讘讬讗 专注讛 讗砖专 诇讗 讬讜讻诇讜 诇爪讗转 诪诪谞讛 讗诪专 专讘 谞讞诪谉 讗诪专 专讘讛 讘专 讗讘讜讛 讝讜 讗砖讛 专注讛 讜讻转讜讘转讛 诪专讜讘讛 谞转谞谞讬 讛壮 讘讬讚讬 诇讗 讗讜讻诇 拽讜诐 讗诪专 专讘 讞住讚讗 讗诪专 诪专 注讜拽讘讗 讘专 讞讬讬讗 讝讜 讗砖讛 专注讛 讜讻转讜讘转讛 诪专讜讘讛 讘诪注专讘讗 讗诪专讜 讝讛 砖诪讝讜谞讜转讬讜 转诇讜讬谉 讘讻住驻讜

The Gemara cites further statements on the same issue. The verse states: 鈥淏ehold, I will bring evil upon them, which they shall not be able to escape鈥 (Jeremiah 11:11). Rav Na岣an said that Rabba bar Avuh said: This is a bad wife whose marriage contract is large. Similarly, with regard to the verse: 鈥淭he Lord has given me into the hands of those against whom I cannot stand鈥 (Lamentations 1:14), Rav 岣sda said that Mar Ukva bar 岣yya said: This is a bad wife whose marriage contract is large. In the West, Eretz Yisrael, they said this verse is referring to one whose food is dependent on his money. He is forced to purchase his food with cash, as he does not possess land of his own.

讘谞讬讱 讜讘谞讜转讬讱 谞转讜谞讬诐 诇注诐 讗讞专 讗诪专 专讘 讞谞谉 讘专 专讘讗 讗诪专 专讘 讝讜 讗砖转 讛讗讘 讘讙讜讬 谞讘诇 讗讻注讬住诐 讗诪专 专讘 讞谞谉 讘专 专讘讗 讗诪专 专讘 讝讜 讗砖讛 专注讛 讜讻转讜讘转讛 诪专讜讘讛 专讘讬 讗诇讬注讝专 讗讜诪专 讗诇讜 讛诪讬谞讬诐 讜讻谉 讛讜讗 讗讜诪专 讗诪专 谞讘诇 讘诇讘讜 讗讬谉 讗诇讛讬诐 讜讙讜壮

With regard to the verse: 鈥淵our sons and your daughters shall be given to another people鈥 (Deuteronomy 28:32), Rav 岣nan bar Rava said that Rav said: This is a reference to the children鈥檚 father鈥檚 wife, their stepmother. With regard to the verse: 鈥淚 will provoke them with a vile nation鈥 (Deuteronomy 32:21), Rav 岣nan bar Rava said that Rav said: This is a bad wife whose marriage contract is large. Rabbi Eliezer says that these are apostates, and so too the verse states: 鈥淭he vile man has said in his heart: There is no God, they have dealt corruptly鈥 (Psalms 14:1), which proves that an apostate is called vile.

讘诪转谞讬转讗 转谞讗 讗诇讜 讗谞砖讬 讘专讘专讬讗 讜讗谞砖讬 诪专讟谞讗讬 砖诪讛诇讻讬谉 注专讜诪讬诐 讘砖讜拽 砖讗讬谉 诇讱 诪砖讜拽抓 讜诪转讜注讘 诇驻谞讬 讛诪拽讜诐 讬讜转专 诪诪讬 砖诪讛诇讱 讘砖讜拽 注专讜诐 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 讗诪专 讗诇讜 讞讘专讬诐 讗诪专讜 诇讬讛 诇专壮 讬讜讞谞谉 讗转讜 讞讘专讬 诇讘讘诇 砖讙讗 谞驻诇 讗诪专讜 诇讬讛 诪拽讘诇讬 砖讜讞讚讗 转专讬抓 讬转讬讘

It was taught in a baraita with regard to the verse: 鈥淚 will provoke them with a vile nation,鈥 that these are the inhabitants of Barbarya and the inhabitants of Martenai, who walk naked in the marketplace, as none is more despised and abominable before the Omnipresent than one who walks naked in the marketplace. Rabbi Yo岣nan said: These are the 岣bbarim, a sect of Persian priests. The Gemara relates: When they said to Rabbi Yo岣nan: The 岣bbarim have come to Babylonia, he shuddered and fell of his chair, out of concern for the Jews living there. They said to him: There is a way to deal with their persecution, as they accept bribes. Upon hearing that not all was lost, he straightened himself and sat in his place once again.

讙讝专讜 注诇 砖诇砖讛 诪驻谞讬 砖诇砖讛 讙讝专讜 注诇 讛讘砖专 诪驻谞讬 讛诪转谞讜转 讙讝专讜 注诇 讛诪专讞爪讗讜转 诪驻谞讬 讛讟讘讬诇讛

Apropos the 岣bbarim, the Gemara cites the following statement of the Sages: The 岣bbarim were able to issue decrees against the Jewish people with regard to three matters, due to three transgressions on the part of the Jewish people. They decreed against meat, i.e., they banned ritual slaughter, due to the failure of the Jewish people to give the priests the gifts of the foreleg, the jaw, and the maw. They decreed against Jews bathing in bathhouses, due to their neglect of ritual immersion.

拽讗 诪讞讟讟讬 砖讻讘讬 诪驻谞讬 砖砖诪讞讬诐 讘讬讜诐 讗讬讚诐 砖谞讗诪专 讜讛讬转讛 讬讚 讛壮 讘讻诐 讜讘讗讘讜转讬讻诐 讗诪专 专讘讛 讘专 砖诪讜讗诇 讝讜 讞讟讜讟讬 砖讻讘讬 讚讗诪专 诪专 讘注讜谉 讞讬讬诐 诪转讬诐 诪转讞讟讟讬谉

Third, they exhumed the dead from their graves because the Jews rejoice on the holidays of the gentiles, as it is stated: 鈥淭hen shall the hand of the Lord be against you and against your fathers鈥 (I聽Samuel 12:15). Rabba bar Shmuel said: This verse is referring to exhuming the dead, which upsets both the living and the dead, as the Master said: Due to the iniquity of the living, the dead are exhumed.

讗诪专 诇讬讛 专讘讗 诇专讘讛 讘专 诪讗专讬 讻转讬讘 诇讗 讬讗住驻讜 讜诇讗 讬拽讘专讜 诇讚讜诪谉 注诇 驻谞讬 讛讗讚诪讛 讬讛讬讜 讜讻转讬讘 讜谞讘讞专 诪讜转 诪讞讬讬诐 讗诪专 诇讬讛 谞讘讞专 诪讜转 诇专砖注讬诐 砖诇讗 讬讞讬讜 讘注讜诇诐 讛讝讛 讜讬讞讟讗讜 讜讬驻诇讜 讘讙讬讛谞诐

Rava said to Rabba bar Mari: It is written: 鈥淭hey shall not be gathered nor buried; they shall be for dung upon the face of the earth鈥 (Jeremiah 8:2), and it is written: 鈥淎nd death shall be chosen rather than life鈥 (Jeremiah 8:3). If death will be so indecent that their bodies will not even be buried, why would people choose death over life? Rabba bar Mari said to him: The latter verse does not refer to the previously described state of affairs, but rather it means: Death is preferable for the wicked, as it is better that they not live in this world and sin and consequently descend into Gehenna.

讻转讜讘 讘住驻专 讘谉 住讬专讗 讗砖讛 讟讜讘讛 诪转谞讛 讟讜讘讛 诇讘注诇讛 讜讻转讬讘 讟讜讘讛 讘讞讬拽 讬专讗 讗诇讛讬诐 转谞转谉 讗砖讛 专注讛 爪专注转 诇讘注诇讛 诪讗讬 转拽谞转讬讛 讬讙专砖谞讛 讜讬转专驻讗 诪爪专注转讜 讗砖讛 讬驻讛 讗砖专讬 讘注诇讛 诪住驻专 讬诪讬讜 讻驻诇讬诐

The Gemara cites more statements concerning women. It is written in the book of Ben Sira: A good wife is a good gift for her husband. And it is written: A good one will be placed in the bosom of a God-fearing man; a bad wife is a plague to her husband. What is his remedy? He should divorce her and he will be cured of his plague. A beautiful wife, happy is her husband; the number of his days are doubled. His pleasure in her beauty makes him feel as though he has lived twice as long.

讛注诇诐 注讬谞讬讱 诪讗砖转 讞谉 驻谉 转诇讻讚 讘诪爪讜讚转讛 讗诇 转讟 讗爪诇 讘注诇讛 诇诪住讜讱 注诪讜 讬讬谉 讜砖讻专 讻讬 讘转讜讗专 讗砖讛 讬驻讛 专讘讬诐 讛讜砖讞转讜 讜注爪讜诪讬诐 讻诇 讛专讜讙讬讛 专讘讬诐 讛讬讜 驻爪注讬 专讜讻诇 讛诪专讙讬诇讬诐 诇讚讘专 注专讜讛 讻谞讬爪讜抓 诪讘注讬专 讙讞诇转 讻讻诇讜讘 诪诇讗 注讜祝 讻谉 讘转讬讛诐 诪诇讗讬诐 诪专诪讛

Turn your eyes from a graceful woman who is married to another man, lest you be caught in her trap. Do not turn to her husband to mix wine and strong drink with him, which can lead to temptation. For on account of the countenance of a beautiful woman many have been destroyed, and her slain is a mighty host. Furthermore, many have been the wounded peddlers. This is referring to men who travel from place to place to sell women鈥檚 jewelry. Their frequent dealings with women lead their husbands to harm the peddlers. Those who accustom themselves to licentious matters are like a spark that ignites a coal. As a cage is full of birds, so are their houses full of deceit.

讗诇 转爪专 爪专转 诪讞专 讻讬 诇讗 转讚注 诪讛 讬诇讚 讬讜诐 砖诪讗 诪讞专 讘讗 讜讗讬谞谞讜 谞诪爪讗 诪爪讟注专 注诇 讛注讜诇诐 砖讗讬谉 砖诇讜 诪谞注 专讘讬诐 诪转讜讱 讘讬转讱 讜诇讗 讛讻诇 转讘讬讗 讘讬转讱 专讘讬诐 讬讛讬讜 讚讜专砖讬 砖诇讜诪讱 讙诇讛 住讜讚 诇讗讞讚 诪讗诇祝

The Gemara quotes additional statements from the book of Ben Sira: Do not suffer from tomorrow鈥檚 trouble, that is, do not worry about problems that might arise in the future, as you do not know what a day will bring. Perhaps when tomorrow comes, the individual who was so worried will not be among the living, and he was consequently upset over a world that is not his. Prevent a crowd from inside your house, do not let many people enter, and do not even bring all your friends into your house. Make sure, however, that a crowd seeks your welfare, and that you have many allies. Reveal a secret to only one in a thousand, since most people are unable to keep a secret.

讗诪专 专讘讬 讗住讬 讗讬谉 讘谉 讚讜讚 讘讗 注讚 砖讬讻诇讜 讻诇 讛谞砖诪讜转 砖讘讙讜祝 砖谞讗诪专 讻讬 专讜讞 诪诇驻谞讬 讬注讟讜祝 讜谞砖诪讜转 讗谞讬 注砖讬转讬 转谞讬讗 专讘讬 讗诇讬注讝专 讗讜诪专 讻诇 诪讬 砖讗讬谉 注讜住拽 讘驻专讬讛 讜专讘讬讛 讻讗讬诇讜 砖讜驻讱 讚诪讬诐 砖谞讗诪专 砖讜驻讱 讚诐 讛讗讚诐 讘讗讚诐 讚诪讜 讬砖驻讱 讜讻转讬讘 讘转专讬讛 讜讗转诐 驻专讜 讜专讘讜

Rabbi Asi said: The Messiah, son of David, will not come until all the souls of the body have been finished, i.e., until all souls that are destined to inhabit physical bodies will do so. As it is stated: 鈥淔or the spirit that enwraps itself is from Me, and the souls that I have made鈥 (Isaiah 57:16). It is taught in a baraita that Rabbi Eliezer says: Anyone who does not engage in the mitzva to be fruitful and multiply is considered as though he sheds blood, as it is stated: 鈥淲hoever sheds the blood of man, by man shall his blood be shed鈥 (Genesis 9:6), and it is written immediately afterward: 鈥淎nd you, be fruitful and multiply鈥 (Genesis 9:7).

专讘讬 讬注拽讘 讗讜诪专 讻讗讬诇讜 诪诪注讟 讛讚诪讜转 砖谞讗诪专 讻讬 讘爪诇诐 讗诇讛讬诐 注砖讛 讗转 讛讗讚诐 讜讻转讬讘 讘转专讬讛 讜讗转诐 驻专讜 讜讙讜壮 讘谉 注讝讗讬 讗讜诪专 讻讗讬诇讜 砖讜驻讱 讚诪讬诐 讜诪诪注讟 讛讚诪讜转 砖谞讗诪专 讜讗转诐 驻专讜 讜专讘讜

Rabbi Ya鈥檃kov says: It is as though he diminishes the Divine Image, as it is stated: 鈥淔or in the image of God He made man鈥 (Genesis 9:6), and it is written immediately afterward: 鈥淎nd you, be fruitful and multiply鈥 (Genesis 9:7). Ben Azzai says: It is as though he sheds blood and also diminishes the Divine Image, as it is stated: 鈥淎nd you, be fruitful and multiply,鈥 after the verse that alludes to both shedding blood and the Divine Image.

讗诪专讜 诇讜 诇讘谉 注讝讗讬 讬砖 谞讗讛 讚讜专砖 讜谞讗讛 诪拽讬讬诐 谞讗讛 诪拽讬讬诐 讜讗讬谉 谞讗讛 讚讜专砖 讜讗转讛 谞讗讛 讚讜专砖 讜讗讬谉 谞讗讛 诪拽讬讬诐 讗诪专 诇讛谉 讘谉 注讝讗讬 讜诪讛 讗注砖讛 砖谞驻砖讬 讞砖拽讛 讘转讜专讛 讗驻砖专 诇注讜诇诐 砖讬转拽讬讬诐 注诇 讬讚讬 讗讞专讬诐

They said to ben Azzai: There is a type of scholar who expounds well and fulfills his own teachings well, and another who fulfills well and does not expound well. But you, who have never married, expound well on the importance of procreation, and yet you do not fulfill well your own teachings. Ben Azzai said to them: What shall I do, as my soul yearns for Torah, and I do not wish to deal with anything else. It is possible for the world to be maintained by others, who are engaged in the mitzva to be fruitful and multiply.

转谞讬讗 讗讬讚讱 专讘讬 讗诇讬注讝专 讗讜诪专 讻诇 诪讬 砖讗讬谉 注讜住拽 讘驻专讬讛 讜专讘讬讛 讻讗讬诇讜 砖讜驻讱 讚诪讬诐 砖谞讗诪专 砖讜驻讱 讚诐 讛讗讚诐 讜住诪讬讱 诇讬讛 讜讗转诐 驻专讜 讜讙讜壮 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 讘谉 注讝专讬讛 讗讜诪专 讻讗讬诇讜 诪诪注讟 讛讚诪讜转 讘谉 注讝讗讬 讗讜诪专 讜讻讜壮 讗诪专讜 诇讜 诇讘谉 注讝讗讬 讬砖 谞讗讛 讚讜专砖 讜讻讜壮

It is similarly taught in another baraita that Rabbi Eliezer says: Anyone who does not engage in the mitzva to be fruitful and multiply is considered as though he sheds blood, as it is stated: 鈥淲hoever sheds the blood of man,鈥 and it is stated near it: 鈥淎nd you, be fruitful and multiply.鈥 Rabbi Elazar ben Azarya says: It is as though he diminishes the Divine Image. Ben Azzai says: It is as though he both sheds blood and diminishes the Divine Image. They said to ben Azzai: There is a type of scholar who expounds well, etc.

转谞讜 专讘谞谉 讜讘谞讞讛 讬讗诪专 砖讜讘讛 讛壮 专讘讘讜转 讗诇驻讬 讬砖专讗诇

The Sages taught with regard to the mitzva to be fruitful and multiply: 鈥淎nd when it rested, he would say: Return, Lord, to the ten thousands of the thousands of Israel鈥 (Numbers 10:36).

  • This month's learning is dedicated by Debbie and Yossi Gevir to Rabbanit Michelle and the Hadran Zoom group for their kindness, support, and care during a medically challenging year.

  • Masechet Yevamot is sponsored by Ahava Leibtag and family in memory of her grandparents, Leo and Esther Aaron. "They always stressed the importance of a Torah life, mesorah and family. May their memory always be a blessing for their children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren and great-great grandchildren".

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Yevamot 63

讜讛诪诇讜讛 住诇注 诇注谞讬 讘砖注转 讚讞拽讜 注诇讬讜 讛讻转讜讘 讗讜诪专 讗讝 转拽专讗 讜讛壮 讬注谞讛 转砖讜注 讜讬讗诪专 讛谞谞讬

and who lends a sela to a pauper at his time of need, about him the verse states: 鈥淭hen shall you call, and the Lord will answer; you shall cry, and He will say: Here I am鈥 (Isaiah 58:9).

住讬诪谉 讗砖讛 讜拽专拽注 注讝专 讝讗转 砖转讬 讛讘专讻讜转 转讙专讬 驻讞转讬 讗诪专 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 讻诇 讗讚诐 砖讗讬谉 诇讜 讗砖讛 讗讬谞讜 讗讚诐 砖谞讗诪专 讝讻专 讜谞拽讘讛 讘专讗诐讜讬拽专讗 讗转 砖诪诐 讗讚诐 讜讗诪专 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 讻诇 讗讚诐 砖讗讬谉 诇讜 拽专拽注 讗讬谞讜 讗讚诐 砖谞讗诪专 讛砖诪讬诐 砖诪讬诐 诇讛壮 讜讛讗专抓 谞转谉 诇讘谞讬 讗讚诐

搂 The Gemara provides a mnemonic device for a series of statements cited in the name of Rabbi Elazar: Woman; and land; helper; this; two; the blessings; merchants; lowly. The Gemara presents these statements: Rabbi Elazar said: Any man who does not have a wife is not a man, as it is stated: 鈥淢ale and female He created them鈥nd called their name Adam鈥 (Genesis 5:2). And Rabbi Elazar said: Any man who does not have his own land is not a man, as it is stated: 鈥淭he heavens are the heavens of the Lord; but the earth He has given to the children of men鈥 (Psalms 115:16).

讜讗诪专 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 诪讗讬 讚讻转讬讘 讗注砖讛 诇讜 注讝专 讻谞讙讚讜 讝讻讛 注讜讝专转讜 诇讗 讝讻讛 讻谞讙讚讜 讜讗讬讻讗 讚讗诪专讬 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 专诪讬 讻转讬讘 讻谞讙讚讜 讜拽专讬谞谉 讻谞讬讙讚讜 讝讻讛 讻谞讙讚讜 诇讗 讝讻讛 诪谞讙讚转讜

And Rabbi Elazar said: What is the meaning of that which is written: 鈥淚 will make him a helpmate for him [kenegdo]鈥 (Genesis 2:18)? If one is worthy his wife helps him; if he is not worthy she is against him. And some say a slightly different version: Rabbi Elazar raised a contradiction: It is written in the Torah with a spelling that allows it to be read: Striking him [kenagdo], and we read it as though it said: For him [kenegdo]. If he is worthy she is for him as his helpmate; if he is not worthy she strikes him.

讗砖讻讞讬讛 专讘讬 讬讜住讬 诇讗诇讬讛讜 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讻转讬讘 讗注砖讛 诇讜 注讝专 讘诪讛 讗砖讛 注讜讝专转讜 诇讗讚诐 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗讚诐 诪讘讬讗 讞讬讟讬谉 讞讬讟讬谉 讻讜住住 驻砖转谉 驻砖转谉 诇讜讘砖 诇讗 谞诪爪讗转 诪讗讬专讛 注讬谞讬讜 讜诪注诪讬讚转讜 注诇 专讙诇讬讜

The Gemara relates that Rabbi Yosei encountered Elijah the prophet and said to him: It is written: I will make him a helpmate. In what manner does a woman help a man? Elijah said to him: When a man brings wheat from the field, does he chew raw wheat? When he brings home flax, does he wear unprocessed flax? His wife turns the raw products into bread and clothing. Is his wife not found to be the one who lights up his eyes and stands him on his feet?

讜讗诪专 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 诪讗讬 讚讻转讬讘 讝讗转 讛驻注诐 注爪诐 诪注爪诪讬 讜讘砖专 诪讘砖专讬 诪诇诪讚 砖讘讗 讗讚诐 注诇 讻诇 讘讛诪讛 讜讞讬讛 讜诇讗 谞转拽专专讛 讚注转讜 注讚 砖讘讗 注诇 讞讜讛

And Rabbi Elazar said: What is the meaning of that which is written: 鈥淭his is now bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh鈥 (Genesis 2:23)? This teaches that Adam had intercourse with each animal and beast in his search for his mate, and his mind was not at ease, in accordance with the verse: 鈥淎nd for Adam, there was not found a helpmate for him鈥 (Genesis 2:20), until he had intercourse with Eve.

讜讗诪专 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 诪讗讬 讚讻转讬讘 讜谞讘专讻讜 讘讱 讻诇 诪砖驻讞转 讛讗讚诪讛 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讛拽讚讜砖 讘专讜讱 讛讜讗 诇讗讘专讛诐 砖转讬 讘专讻讜转 讟讜讘讜转 讬砖 诇讬 诇讛讘专讬讱 讘讱 专讜转 讛诪讜讗讘讬讛 讜谞注诪讛 讛注诪讜谞讬转 讻诇 诪砖驻讞讜转 讛讗讚诪讛 讗驻讬诇讜 诪砖驻讞讜转 讛讚专讜转 讘讗讚诪讛 讗讬谉 诪转讘专讻讜转 讗诇讗 讘砖讘讬诇 讬砖专讗诇 讻诇 讙讜讬讬 讛讗专抓 讗驻讬诇讜 住驻讬谞讜转 讛讘讗讜转 诪讙诇讬讗 诇讗住驻诪讬讗 讗讬谞谉 诪转讘专讻讜转 讗诇讗 讘砖讘讬诇 讬砖专讗诇

And Rabbi Elazar said: What is the meaning of that which is written: 鈥淎nd in you shall all the families of the earth be blessed [nivrekhu]鈥 (Genesis 12:3)? The Holy One, Blessed be He, said to Abraham: I have two good shoots to graft [lehavrikh] onto you: Ruth the Moabite, the ancestress of the house of David, and Naamah the Ammonite, whose marriage with Solomon led to the ensuing dynasty of the kings of Judea. 鈥淎ll the families of the earth鈥 means: Even families that live in the earth, i.e., who have land of their own, are blessed only due to the Jewish people. Similarly, when the verse states: 鈥淎ll the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him鈥 (Genesis 18:18), it indicates that even ships that come from Galia to Hispania are blessed only due to the Jewish people.

讜讗诪专 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 注转讬讚讬诐 讻诇 讘注诇讬 讗讜诪谞讬讜转 砖讬注诪讚讜 注诇 讛拽专拽注 砖谞讗诪专 讜讬专讚讜 诪讗谞讬讜转讬讛诐 讻诇 转驻砖讬 诪砖讜讟 诪诇讞讬诐 讻诇 讞讘诇讬 讛讬诐 注诇 讛讗专抓 讬注诪讚讜 讜讗诪专 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 讗讬谉 诇讱 讗讜诪谞讜转 驻讞讜转讛 诪谉 讛拽专拽注 砖谞讗诪专 讜讬专讚讜 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 讞讝讬讗 诇讛讛讬讗 讗专注讗 讚砖讚讬 讘讬讛 讻专讘讗 诇驻讜转讬讗 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗讬 转砖讚讬讬讛 诇讗讜专讻讬讱 讛驻讜讻讬 讘注讬住拽讗 讟讘 诪讬谞讱

And Rabbi Elazar said: All craftsmen are destined to stand upon and work the land, as it is stated: 鈥淎nd all that handle the oar, the mariners, and all the pilots of the sea, shall come down from their ships, they shall stand upon the land鈥 (Ezekiel 27:29). And Rabbi Elazar said: There is no occupation lowlier than working the land, as it is stated: 鈥淎nd they shall come down,鈥 implying that one who works the land is of lower stature than even a sailor. The Gemara similarly relates: Rabbi Elazar saw land that was plowed across its width. He said to it: Even if they plow you once more lengthwise, for further improvement, conducting business is better than farming with you, as the potential profits gained by selling merchandise are far greater than those from working the land.

专讘 注诇 诇讘讬谞讬 砖讬讘诇讬 讞讝谞讛讜 讚拽讗 谞讬讬驻谉 讗诪专 诇讛讜 讗讬 谞讬讬驻转 讗讬转谞讜驻讬 讛驻讜讻讬 讘注讬住拽讗 讟讘 诪讬谞讱 讗诪专 专讘讗 诪讗讛 讝讜讝讬 讘注讬住拽讗 讻诇 讬讜诪讗 讘砖专讗 讜讞诪专讗 诪讗讛 讝讜讝讬 讘讗专注讗 诪讬诇讞讗 讜讞驻讜专讛 讜诇讗 注讜讚 讗诇讗 诪讙谞讬讗 诇讬讛 讗讗专注讗 讜诪专诪讬讗 诇讬讛 转讬讙专讬

The Gemara relates a similar incident: Rav entered between the sheaves in a field and saw them waving in the wind. He said to them: If you want to wave go ahead and wave, but conducting business is better than farming with you. Rava similarly said: One who has a hundred dinars that are invested in a business is able to eat meat and wine every day, whereas he who has a hundred dinars worth of land eats only salt and vegetables. And what is more, working the land causes him to lie on the ground at night in order to guard it, and it draws quarrels upon him with other people.

讗诪专 专讘 驻驻讗 讝专注 讜诇讗 转讝讘讬谉 讗祝 注诇 讙讘 讚讻讬 讛讚讚讬 谞讬谞讛讜 讛谞讬 诪讘专讻谉 讝讘讬谉 讜诇讗 转讬讝讜诇 讛谞讬 诪讬诇讬 讘讬住转专拽讬 讗讘诇 讙诇讬诪讗 诇讗 诪讬转专诪讬讗 诇讬讛

Rav Pappa said: Sow your own produce and do not buy it. Even though they are equal to each other in value, these that you sow will be blessed. Conversely, buy your clothes rather than weave [teizul] them yourself. The Gemara comments: This applies only to mats [bistarkei], but with regard to the cloak one wears, perhaps he will not find it precisely to his liking, and therefore he should make his own cloak, which fits his measurements.

讟讜诐 讜诇讗 转砖驻讬抓 砖驻讜抓 讜诇讗 转讬讘谞讬 砖讻诇 讛注讜住拽 讘讘谞讬谉 诪转诪住讻谉 拽驻讜抓 讝讘讬谉 讗专注讗 诪转讜谉 谞住讬讘 讗讬转转讗 谞讞讬转 讚专讙讗 谞住讬讘 讗讬转转讗 住拽 讚专讙讗 讘讞专 砖讜砖讘讬谞讗

Rav Pappa further advised: If there is a hole in your house, close it up and do not enlarge it and then plaster it, or at least plaster it and do not knock it down and build it again. As, whoever engages in construction becomes poor. Hurry to buy land so that you do not lose the opportunity. Be patient and marry a woman who is suitable for you. Descend a level to marry a woman of lower social status, and ascend a level to choose a friend [shushevina].

讗诪专 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 讘专 讗讘讬谞讗 讗讬谉 驻讜专注谞讜转 讘讗讛 诇注讜诇诐 讗诇讗 讘砖讘讬诇 讬砖专讗诇 砖谞讗诪专 讛讻专转讬 讙讜讬诐 谞砖诪讜 驻谞讜转诐 讛讞专讘转讬 讞讜爪讜转诐 讜讻转讬讘 讗诪专转讬 讗讱 转讬专讗讬 讗讜转讬 转拽讞讬 诪讜住专

Rabbi Elazar bar Avina said: Calamity befalls the world only due to the sins of the Jewish people, as it is stated: 鈥淚 have cut off nations, their corners are desolate; I have made their streets waste鈥 (Zephaniah 3:6), and it is written: 鈥淚 said: Surely you will fear Me, you will receive correction鈥 (Zephaniah 3:7). This indicates that other nations were punished so that the Jewish people would mend their ways.

专讘 讛讜讛 诪讬驻讟专 诪专讘讬 讞讬讬讗 讗诪专 诇讬讛 专讞诪谞讗 诇讬爪诇讱 诪诪讬讚讬 讚拽砖讛 诪诪讜转讗 讜诪讬 讗讬讻讗 诪讬讚讬 讚拽砖讛 诪诪讜转讗 谞驻拽 讚拽 讜讗砖讻讞 讜诪讜爪讗 讗谞讬 诪专 诪诪讜转 讗转 讛讗砖讛 讜讙讜壮 专讘 讛讜讛 拽讗 诪爪注专讗 诇讬讛 讚讘讬转讛讜 讻讬 讗诪专 诇讛 注讘讬讚讬 诇讬 讟诇讜驻讞讬 注讘讚讗 诇讬讛 讞讬诪爪讬 讞讬诪爪讬 注讘讚讗 诇讬讛 讟诇讜驻讞讬

The Gemara cites more statements with regard to wives. When Rav was taking leave of his uncle and teacher, Rabbi 岣yya, upon his return from Eretz Yisrael to Babylonia, Rabbi 岣yya said to him: May the Merciful One save you from something that is worse than death. Rav was perplexed: Is there anything that is worse than death? He went, examined the sources, and found the following verse: 鈥淎nd I find more bitter than death the woman, etc.鈥 (Ecclesiastes 7:26). Rabbi 岣yya was hinting at this verse, and indeed, Rav鈥檚 wife would constantly aggravate him. When he would say to her: Prepare me lentils, she would prepare him peas; if he asked her for peas, she would prepare him lentils.

讻讬 讙讚诇 讞讬讬讗 讘专讬讛 讗驻讬讱 诇讛 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗讬注诇讬讗 诇讱 讗诪讱 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讗谞讗 讛讜讗 讚拽讗 讗驻讬讻谞讗 诇讛 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讛讬讬谞讜 讚拽讗 讗诪专讬 讗讬谞砖讬 讚谞驻讬拽 诪讬谞讱 讟注诪讗 诪诇驻讱 讗转 诇讗 转注讘讬讚 讛讻讬 砖谞讗诪专 诇诪讚讜 诇砖讜谞诐 讚讘专 砖拽专 讛注讜讛 讜讙讜壮

When 岣yya, his son, grew up, he would reverse the requests Rav asked him to convey to her, so that Rav would get what he wanted. Rav said to his son 岣yya: Your mother has improved now that you convey my requests. He said to Rav: It is I who reverse your request to her. Rav said to him: This is an example of the well-known adage that people say: He who comes from you shall teach you wisdom; I should have thought of that idea myself. You, however, should not do so, i.e., reverse my request, as it is stated: 鈥淭hey have taught their tongue to speak lies, they weary themselves to commit iniquity, etc.鈥 (Jeremiah 9:4). If you attribute such a request to me, you will have uttered a falsehood.

专讘讬 讞讬讬讗 讛讜讛 拽讗 诪爪注专讗 诇讬讛 讚讘讬转讛讜 讻讬 讛讜讛 诪砖讻讞 诪讬讚讬 爪讬讬专 诇讬讛 讘住讜讚专讬讛 讜诪讬讬转讬 谞讬讛诇讛 讗诪专 诇讬讛 专讘 讜讛讗 拽讗 诪爪注专讗 诇讬讛 诇诪专 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讚讬讬谞讜 砖诪讙讚诇讜转 讘谞讬谞讜 讜诪爪讬诇讜转 讗讜转谞讜

The Gemara relates a similar story. Rabbi 岣yya鈥檚 wife would constantly aggravate him. Nevertheless, when he would find something she would appreciate, he would wrap it in his shawl and bring it to her. Rav said to him: Doesn鈥檛 she constantly aggravate you? Why do you bring her things? Rabbi 岣yya said to him: It is enough for us that our wives raise our children and save us

诪谉 讛讞讟讗 诪拽专讬 诇讬讛 专讘 讬讛讜讚讛 诇专讘 讬爪讞拽 讘专讬讛 讜诪讜爪讗 讗谞讬 诪专 诪诪讜转 讗转 讛讗砖讛 讗诪专 诇讬讛 讻讙讜谉 诪讗谉 讻讙讜谉 讗诪讱

from sin. We should therefore show our gratitude to them. The Gemara cites a related incident: Rav Yehuda was teaching Torah to Rav Yitz岣k, his son, and they encountered the verse: 鈥淎nd I find more bitter than death the woman鈥 (Ecclesiastes 7:26). His son said to him: For example, whom? His father replied: For example, your mother.

讜讛讗 诪转谞讬 诇讬讛 专讘 讬讛讜讚讛 诇专讘 讬爪讞拽 讘专讬讛 讗讬谉 讗讚诐 诪讜爪讗 拽讜专转 专讜讞 讗诇讗 诪讗砖转讜 专讗砖讜谞讛 砖谞讗诪专 讬讛讬 诪拽讜专讱 讘专讜讱 讜砖诪讞 诪讗砖转 谞注讜专讬讱 讜讗诪专 诇讬讛 讻讙讜谉 诪讗谉 讻讙讜谉 讗诪讱 诪转拽讬祝 转拽讬驻讗 讜注讘讜专讬 诪讬注讘专讗 讘诪诇讛

The Gemara asks: Didn鈥檛 Rav Yehuda teach Rav Yitz岣k, his son, the following baraita: A man finds peace of mind only with his first wife, as it is stated: 鈥淟et your fountain be blessed, and have joy from the wife of your youth鈥 (Proverbs 5:18), and his son said to him: For example, whom, and his father responded in this case as well: For example, your mother. This indicates that Rav Yehuda did find peace of mind with his wife. The Gemara answers: She was aggressive and forceful, but she was easily appeased.

讛讬讻讬 讚诪讬 讗砖讛 专注讛 讗诪专 讗讘讬讬 诪拽砖讟讗 诇讬讛 转讻讗 讜诪拽砖讟讗 诇讬讛 驻讜诪讗 专讘讗 讗诪专 诪拽砖讟讗 诇讬讛 转讻讗 讜诪讛讚专讗 诇讬讛 讙讘讗

The Gemara asks: What are the circumstances when a woman is considered a bad wife? Abaye said: She arranges a table for him and arranges her mouth for him at the same time. In other words, although she prepares food for him, she verbally abuses him while he eats. Rava said: She arranges a table for him and then turns her back to him, displaying her lack of interest in his company.

讗诪专 专讘讬 讞诪讗 讘专 讞谞讬谞讗 讻讬讜谉 砖谞砖讗 讗讚诐 讗砖讛 注讜谞讜转讬讜 诪转驻拽拽讬谉 砖谞讗诪专 诪爪讗 讗砖讛 诪爪讗 讟讜讘 讜讬驻拽 专爪讜谉 诪讛壮 讘诪注专讘讗 讻讬 谞住讬讘 讗讬谞砖 讗讬转转讗 讗诪专讬 诇讬讛 讛讻讬 诪爪讗 讗讜 诪讜爪讗 诪爪讗 讚讻转讬讘 诪爪讗 讗砖讛 诪爪讗 讟讜讘 诪讜爪讗 讚讻转讬讘 讜诪讜爪讗 讗谞讬 诪专 诪诪讜转 讗转 讛讗砖讛

Rabbi 岣ma bar 岣nina said: Once a man marries a woman his iniquities crumble [mitpakekin], as it is stated: 鈥淲hoever finds a wife finds good, and obtains [veyafek] favor of the Lord鈥 (Proverbs 18:22). In the West, i.e., Eretz Yisrael, when a man married a woman they would say to him as follows: Matza or motze? In other words, they would ask the groom if the appropriate passage for his wife is that verse, which begins with the word matza, as it is written: Whoever finds [matza] a wife finds good, or whether the more appropriate verse is the one beginning with the word motze, as it is written: 鈥淎nd I find [motze] more bitter than death the woman鈥 (Ecclesiastes 7:26).

讗诪专 专讘讗 讗砖讛 专注讛 诪爪讜讛 诇讙专砖讛 讚讻转讬讘 讙专砖 诇抓 讜讬爪讗 诪讚讜谉 讜讬砖讘讜转 讚讬谉 讜拽诇讜谉 讜讗诪专 专讘讗 讗砖讛 专注讛 讜讻转讜讘转讛 诪专讜讘讛 爪专转讛 讘爪讚讛 讚讗诪专讬 讗讬谞砖讬 讘讞讘专转讛 讜诇讗 讘住讬诇转讗 讜讗诪专 专讘讗 拽砖讛 讗砖讛 专注讛 讻讬讜诐 住讙专讬专 砖谞讗诪专 讚诇祝 讟讜专讚 讘讬讜诐 住讙专讬专 讜讗砖转 诪讚讬谞讬诐 谞砖转讜讛

Rava said: It is a mitzva to divorce a bad wife, as it is written: 鈥淐ast out the scorner and contention will depart; strife and shame will cease鈥 (Proverbs 22:10). And Rava said: A bad wife whose marriage contract settlement is too large for her husband to pay in the event of a divorce, her rival wife is at her side. In other words, the only way for him to improve matters is to take another wife. As people say in the well-known adage: The way to trouble a woman is with her peer and not with a thorn. And Rava said: A bad wife is as troublesome as a day of heavy rain, as it is stated: 鈥淎 continual dropping on a very rainy day and a contentious woman are alike鈥 (Proverbs 27:15).

讜讗诪专 专讘讗 讘讗 讜专讗讛 讻诪讛 讟讜讘讛 讗砖讛 讟讜讘讛 讜讻诪讛 专注讛 讗砖讛 专注讛 讻诪讛 讟讜讘讛 讗砖讛 讟讜讘讛 讚讻转讬讘 诪爪讗 讗砖讛 诪爪讗 讟讜讘 讗讬 讘讙讜讛 诪砖转注讬 拽专讗 讻诪讛 讟讜讘讛 讗砖讛 讟讜讘讛 砖讛讻转讜讘 诪砖讘讞讛 讗讬 讘转讜专讛 诪砖转注讬 拽专讗 讻诪讛 讟讜讘讛 讗砖讛 讟讜讘讛 砖讛转讜专讛 谞诪砖诇讛 讘讛 讻诪讛 专注讛 讗砖讛 专注讛 讚讻转讬讘 讜诪讜爪讗 讗谞讬 诪专 诪诪讜转 讗转 讛讗砖讛 讗讬 讘讙讜讛 诪砖转注讬 拽专讗 讻诪讛 专注讛 讗砖讛 专注讛 砖讛讻转讜讘 诪讙谞讛 讗讬 讘讙讬讛谞诐 诪砖转注讬 拽专讗 讻诪讛 专注讛 讗砖讛 专注讛 砖讙讬讛谞诐 谞诪砖诇讛 讘讛

And Rava said: Come and see how good a good wife is and how bad a bad wife is. How good is a good wife? As it is written: Whoever finds a wife finds good. If the verse speaks of her, a wife, this demonstrates how good a good wife is, as the Bible praises her. If the verse speaks metaphorically of the Torah, it nevertheless indicates how good a good wife is, as the Torah is compared to her. Conversely, how bad is a bad wife? As it is written: 鈥淎nd I find more bitter than death the woman.鈥 If the verse speaks of her, this demonstrates how bad a bad wife is, as the Bible condemns her. If the verse speaks metaphorically of Gehenna, it still demonstrates how bad a bad wife is, as Gehenna is compared to her.

讛谞谞讬 诪讘讬讗 专注讛 讗砖专 诇讗 讬讜讻诇讜 诇爪讗转 诪诪谞讛 讗诪专 专讘 谞讞诪谉 讗诪专 专讘讛 讘专 讗讘讜讛 讝讜 讗砖讛 专注讛 讜讻转讜讘转讛 诪专讜讘讛 谞转谞谞讬 讛壮 讘讬讚讬 诇讗 讗讜讻诇 拽讜诐 讗诪专 专讘 讞住讚讗 讗诪专 诪专 注讜拽讘讗 讘专 讞讬讬讗 讝讜 讗砖讛 专注讛 讜讻转讜讘转讛 诪专讜讘讛 讘诪注专讘讗 讗诪专讜 讝讛 砖诪讝讜谞讜转讬讜 转诇讜讬谉 讘讻住驻讜

The Gemara cites further statements on the same issue. The verse states: 鈥淏ehold, I will bring evil upon them, which they shall not be able to escape鈥 (Jeremiah 11:11). Rav Na岣an said that Rabba bar Avuh said: This is a bad wife whose marriage contract is large. Similarly, with regard to the verse: 鈥淭he Lord has given me into the hands of those against whom I cannot stand鈥 (Lamentations 1:14), Rav 岣sda said that Mar Ukva bar 岣yya said: This is a bad wife whose marriage contract is large. In the West, Eretz Yisrael, they said this verse is referring to one whose food is dependent on his money. He is forced to purchase his food with cash, as he does not possess land of his own.

讘谞讬讱 讜讘谞讜转讬讱 谞转讜谞讬诐 诇注诐 讗讞专 讗诪专 专讘 讞谞谉 讘专 专讘讗 讗诪专 专讘 讝讜 讗砖转 讛讗讘 讘讙讜讬 谞讘诇 讗讻注讬住诐 讗诪专 专讘 讞谞谉 讘专 专讘讗 讗诪专 专讘 讝讜 讗砖讛 专注讛 讜讻转讜讘转讛 诪专讜讘讛 专讘讬 讗诇讬注讝专 讗讜诪专 讗诇讜 讛诪讬谞讬诐 讜讻谉 讛讜讗 讗讜诪专 讗诪专 谞讘诇 讘诇讘讜 讗讬谉 讗诇讛讬诐 讜讙讜壮

With regard to the verse: 鈥淵our sons and your daughters shall be given to another people鈥 (Deuteronomy 28:32), Rav 岣nan bar Rava said that Rav said: This is a reference to the children鈥檚 father鈥檚 wife, their stepmother. With regard to the verse: 鈥淚 will provoke them with a vile nation鈥 (Deuteronomy 32:21), Rav 岣nan bar Rava said that Rav said: This is a bad wife whose marriage contract is large. Rabbi Eliezer says that these are apostates, and so too the verse states: 鈥淭he vile man has said in his heart: There is no God, they have dealt corruptly鈥 (Psalms 14:1), which proves that an apostate is called vile.

讘诪转谞讬转讗 转谞讗 讗诇讜 讗谞砖讬 讘专讘专讬讗 讜讗谞砖讬 诪专讟谞讗讬 砖诪讛诇讻讬谉 注专讜诪讬诐 讘砖讜拽 砖讗讬谉 诇讱 诪砖讜拽抓 讜诪转讜注讘 诇驻谞讬 讛诪拽讜诐 讬讜转专 诪诪讬 砖诪讛诇讱 讘砖讜拽 注专讜诐 专讘讬 讬讜讞谞谉 讗诪专 讗诇讜 讞讘专讬诐 讗诪专讜 诇讬讛 诇专壮 讬讜讞谞谉 讗转讜 讞讘专讬 诇讘讘诇 砖讙讗 谞驻诇 讗诪专讜 诇讬讛 诪拽讘诇讬 砖讜讞讚讗 转专讬抓 讬转讬讘

It was taught in a baraita with regard to the verse: 鈥淚 will provoke them with a vile nation,鈥 that these are the inhabitants of Barbarya and the inhabitants of Martenai, who walk naked in the marketplace, as none is more despised and abominable before the Omnipresent than one who walks naked in the marketplace. Rabbi Yo岣nan said: These are the 岣bbarim, a sect of Persian priests. The Gemara relates: When they said to Rabbi Yo岣nan: The 岣bbarim have come to Babylonia, he shuddered and fell of his chair, out of concern for the Jews living there. They said to him: There is a way to deal with their persecution, as they accept bribes. Upon hearing that not all was lost, he straightened himself and sat in his place once again.

讙讝专讜 注诇 砖诇砖讛 诪驻谞讬 砖诇砖讛 讙讝专讜 注诇 讛讘砖专 诪驻谞讬 讛诪转谞讜转 讙讝专讜 注诇 讛诪专讞爪讗讜转 诪驻谞讬 讛讟讘讬诇讛

Apropos the 岣bbarim, the Gemara cites the following statement of the Sages: The 岣bbarim were able to issue decrees against the Jewish people with regard to three matters, due to three transgressions on the part of the Jewish people. They decreed against meat, i.e., they banned ritual slaughter, due to the failure of the Jewish people to give the priests the gifts of the foreleg, the jaw, and the maw. They decreed against Jews bathing in bathhouses, due to their neglect of ritual immersion.

拽讗 诪讞讟讟讬 砖讻讘讬 诪驻谞讬 砖砖诪讞讬诐 讘讬讜诐 讗讬讚诐 砖谞讗诪专 讜讛讬转讛 讬讚 讛壮 讘讻诐 讜讘讗讘讜转讬讻诐 讗诪专 专讘讛 讘专 砖诪讜讗诇 讝讜 讞讟讜讟讬 砖讻讘讬 讚讗诪专 诪专 讘注讜谉 讞讬讬诐 诪转讬诐 诪转讞讟讟讬谉

Third, they exhumed the dead from their graves because the Jews rejoice on the holidays of the gentiles, as it is stated: 鈥淭hen shall the hand of the Lord be against you and against your fathers鈥 (I聽Samuel 12:15). Rabba bar Shmuel said: This verse is referring to exhuming the dead, which upsets both the living and the dead, as the Master said: Due to the iniquity of the living, the dead are exhumed.

讗诪专 诇讬讛 专讘讗 诇专讘讛 讘专 诪讗专讬 讻转讬讘 诇讗 讬讗住驻讜 讜诇讗 讬拽讘专讜 诇讚讜诪谉 注诇 驻谞讬 讛讗讚诪讛 讬讛讬讜 讜讻转讬讘 讜谞讘讞专 诪讜转 诪讞讬讬诐 讗诪专 诇讬讛 谞讘讞专 诪讜转 诇专砖注讬诐 砖诇讗 讬讞讬讜 讘注讜诇诐 讛讝讛 讜讬讞讟讗讜 讜讬驻诇讜 讘讙讬讛谞诐

Rava said to Rabba bar Mari: It is written: 鈥淭hey shall not be gathered nor buried; they shall be for dung upon the face of the earth鈥 (Jeremiah 8:2), and it is written: 鈥淎nd death shall be chosen rather than life鈥 (Jeremiah 8:3). If death will be so indecent that their bodies will not even be buried, why would people choose death over life? Rabba bar Mari said to him: The latter verse does not refer to the previously described state of affairs, but rather it means: Death is preferable for the wicked, as it is better that they not live in this world and sin and consequently descend into Gehenna.

讻转讜讘 讘住驻专 讘谉 住讬专讗 讗砖讛 讟讜讘讛 诪转谞讛 讟讜讘讛 诇讘注诇讛 讜讻转讬讘 讟讜讘讛 讘讞讬拽 讬专讗 讗诇讛讬诐 转谞转谉 讗砖讛 专注讛 爪专注转 诇讘注诇讛 诪讗讬 转拽谞转讬讛 讬讙专砖谞讛 讜讬转专驻讗 诪爪专注转讜 讗砖讛 讬驻讛 讗砖专讬 讘注诇讛 诪住驻专 讬诪讬讜 讻驻诇讬诐

The Gemara cites more statements concerning women. It is written in the book of Ben Sira: A good wife is a good gift for her husband. And it is written: A good one will be placed in the bosom of a God-fearing man; a bad wife is a plague to her husband. What is his remedy? He should divorce her and he will be cured of his plague. A beautiful wife, happy is her husband; the number of his days are doubled. His pleasure in her beauty makes him feel as though he has lived twice as long.

讛注诇诐 注讬谞讬讱 诪讗砖转 讞谉 驻谉 转诇讻讚 讘诪爪讜讚转讛 讗诇 转讟 讗爪诇 讘注诇讛 诇诪住讜讱 注诪讜 讬讬谉 讜砖讻专 讻讬 讘转讜讗专 讗砖讛 讬驻讛 专讘讬诐 讛讜砖讞转讜 讜注爪讜诪讬诐 讻诇 讛专讜讙讬讛 专讘讬诐 讛讬讜 驻爪注讬 专讜讻诇 讛诪专讙讬诇讬诐 诇讚讘专 注专讜讛 讻谞讬爪讜抓 诪讘注讬专 讙讞诇转 讻讻诇讜讘 诪诇讗 注讜祝 讻谉 讘转讬讛诐 诪诇讗讬诐 诪专诪讛

Turn your eyes from a graceful woman who is married to another man, lest you be caught in her trap. Do not turn to her husband to mix wine and strong drink with him, which can lead to temptation. For on account of the countenance of a beautiful woman many have been destroyed, and her slain is a mighty host. Furthermore, many have been the wounded peddlers. This is referring to men who travel from place to place to sell women鈥檚 jewelry. Their frequent dealings with women lead their husbands to harm the peddlers. Those who accustom themselves to licentious matters are like a spark that ignites a coal. As a cage is full of birds, so are their houses full of deceit.

讗诇 转爪专 爪专转 诪讞专 讻讬 诇讗 转讚注 诪讛 讬诇讚 讬讜诐 砖诪讗 诪讞专 讘讗 讜讗讬谞谞讜 谞诪爪讗 诪爪讟注专 注诇 讛注讜诇诐 砖讗讬谉 砖诇讜 诪谞注 专讘讬诐 诪转讜讱 讘讬转讱 讜诇讗 讛讻诇 转讘讬讗 讘讬转讱 专讘讬诐 讬讛讬讜 讚讜专砖讬 砖诇讜诪讱 讙诇讛 住讜讚 诇讗讞讚 诪讗诇祝

The Gemara quotes additional statements from the book of Ben Sira: Do not suffer from tomorrow鈥檚 trouble, that is, do not worry about problems that might arise in the future, as you do not know what a day will bring. Perhaps when tomorrow comes, the individual who was so worried will not be among the living, and he was consequently upset over a world that is not his. Prevent a crowd from inside your house, do not let many people enter, and do not even bring all your friends into your house. Make sure, however, that a crowd seeks your welfare, and that you have many allies. Reveal a secret to only one in a thousand, since most people are unable to keep a secret.

讗诪专 专讘讬 讗住讬 讗讬谉 讘谉 讚讜讚 讘讗 注讚 砖讬讻诇讜 讻诇 讛谞砖诪讜转 砖讘讙讜祝 砖谞讗诪专 讻讬 专讜讞 诪诇驻谞讬 讬注讟讜祝 讜谞砖诪讜转 讗谞讬 注砖讬转讬 转谞讬讗 专讘讬 讗诇讬注讝专 讗讜诪专 讻诇 诪讬 砖讗讬谉 注讜住拽 讘驻专讬讛 讜专讘讬讛 讻讗讬诇讜 砖讜驻讱 讚诪讬诐 砖谞讗诪专 砖讜驻讱 讚诐 讛讗讚诐 讘讗讚诐 讚诪讜 讬砖驻讱 讜讻转讬讘 讘转专讬讛 讜讗转诐 驻专讜 讜专讘讜

Rabbi Asi said: The Messiah, son of David, will not come until all the souls of the body have been finished, i.e., until all souls that are destined to inhabit physical bodies will do so. As it is stated: 鈥淔or the spirit that enwraps itself is from Me, and the souls that I have made鈥 (Isaiah 57:16). It is taught in a baraita that Rabbi Eliezer says: Anyone who does not engage in the mitzva to be fruitful and multiply is considered as though he sheds blood, as it is stated: 鈥淲hoever sheds the blood of man, by man shall his blood be shed鈥 (Genesis 9:6), and it is written immediately afterward: 鈥淎nd you, be fruitful and multiply鈥 (Genesis 9:7).

专讘讬 讬注拽讘 讗讜诪专 讻讗讬诇讜 诪诪注讟 讛讚诪讜转 砖谞讗诪专 讻讬 讘爪诇诐 讗诇讛讬诐 注砖讛 讗转 讛讗讚诐 讜讻转讬讘 讘转专讬讛 讜讗转诐 驻专讜 讜讙讜壮 讘谉 注讝讗讬 讗讜诪专 讻讗讬诇讜 砖讜驻讱 讚诪讬诐 讜诪诪注讟 讛讚诪讜转 砖谞讗诪专 讜讗转诐 驻专讜 讜专讘讜

Rabbi Ya鈥檃kov says: It is as though he diminishes the Divine Image, as it is stated: 鈥淔or in the image of God He made man鈥 (Genesis 9:6), and it is written immediately afterward: 鈥淎nd you, be fruitful and multiply鈥 (Genesis 9:7). Ben Azzai says: It is as though he sheds blood and also diminishes the Divine Image, as it is stated: 鈥淎nd you, be fruitful and multiply,鈥 after the verse that alludes to both shedding blood and the Divine Image.

讗诪专讜 诇讜 诇讘谉 注讝讗讬 讬砖 谞讗讛 讚讜专砖 讜谞讗讛 诪拽讬讬诐 谞讗讛 诪拽讬讬诐 讜讗讬谉 谞讗讛 讚讜专砖 讜讗转讛 谞讗讛 讚讜专砖 讜讗讬谉 谞讗讛 诪拽讬讬诐 讗诪专 诇讛谉 讘谉 注讝讗讬 讜诪讛 讗注砖讛 砖谞驻砖讬 讞砖拽讛 讘转讜专讛 讗驻砖专 诇注讜诇诐 砖讬转拽讬讬诐 注诇 讬讚讬 讗讞专讬诐

They said to ben Azzai: There is a type of scholar who expounds well and fulfills his own teachings well, and another who fulfills well and does not expound well. But you, who have never married, expound well on the importance of procreation, and yet you do not fulfill well your own teachings. Ben Azzai said to them: What shall I do, as my soul yearns for Torah, and I do not wish to deal with anything else. It is possible for the world to be maintained by others, who are engaged in the mitzva to be fruitful and multiply.

转谞讬讗 讗讬讚讱 专讘讬 讗诇讬注讝专 讗讜诪专 讻诇 诪讬 砖讗讬谉 注讜住拽 讘驻专讬讛 讜专讘讬讛 讻讗讬诇讜 砖讜驻讱 讚诪讬诐 砖谞讗诪专 砖讜驻讱 讚诐 讛讗讚诐 讜住诪讬讱 诇讬讛 讜讗转诐 驻专讜 讜讙讜壮 专讘讬 讗诇注讝专 讘谉 注讝专讬讛 讗讜诪专 讻讗讬诇讜 诪诪注讟 讛讚诪讜转 讘谉 注讝讗讬 讗讜诪专 讜讻讜壮 讗诪专讜 诇讜 诇讘谉 注讝讗讬 讬砖 谞讗讛 讚讜专砖 讜讻讜壮

It is similarly taught in another baraita that Rabbi Eliezer says: Anyone who does not engage in the mitzva to be fruitful and multiply is considered as though he sheds blood, as it is stated: 鈥淲hoever sheds the blood of man,鈥 and it is stated near it: 鈥淎nd you, be fruitful and multiply.鈥 Rabbi Elazar ben Azarya says: It is as though he diminishes the Divine Image. Ben Azzai says: It is as though he both sheds blood and diminishes the Divine Image. They said to ben Azzai: There is a type of scholar who expounds well, etc.

转谞讜 专讘谞谉 讜讘谞讞讛 讬讗诪专 砖讜讘讛 讛壮 专讘讘讜转 讗诇驻讬 讬砖专讗诇

The Sages taught with regard to the mitzva to be fruitful and multiply: 鈥淎nd when it rested, he would say: Return, Lord, to the ten thousands of the thousands of Israel鈥 (Numbers 10:36).

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