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Sanhedrin 26

By Michelle Cohen Farber / August 11, 2017 | י״ט באב תשע״ז

What was originally the situation with collectors of shviit and what changed?  An interesting story about Reish Lakish tagging along two rabbis is mentioned and in the context of that, stories about Shevna, Hizkiyahu’s steward, are brought.  Are people who are wrongdoers in areas that do not involve money also prohibited from testifying?

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Sanhedrin 27

By Michelle Cohen Farber / August 12, 2017 | כ׳ באב תשע״ז

Family tree. If someone is convicted as a false witness (ed zomem), is any testimony of his from the time he testified falsely, inadmissible or is it only from the time he is convicted?  If one eats non kosher meat to express insolence but not for financial reasons or because he desires it, is one…

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Sanhedrin 28

By Michelle Cohen Farber / August 13, 2017 | כ״א באב תשע״ז

More derivations of laws regarding relatives are brought as well as more detailed descriptions of relationships that are problematic.  General principles are also discussed – can one testify for his brother’s grandchild (1st generation to third generation)?  Can a 2nd generation testify for a third (a person on one’s uncle’s grandchildren).  Different versions from the…

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Sanhedrin 29

By Michelle Cohen Farber / August 14, 2017 | כ״ב באב תשע״ז

What exactly happens in the court?  How are the witnesses questioned?  How is the majority decided?  If one admits to another he/she owes the other money, are there circumstances under which that person can later claim that he/she was joking or doesn’t remember ever saying that and doesn’t owe the money?  Do the witnesses need…

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Sanhedrin 30

By Michelle Cohen Farber / August 15, 2017 | כ״ג באב תשע״ז

If there is a disagreement among the judges, the majority is followed but what is written in the court verdict?  Does it mention that there was a disagreement and if so, are the judges who disagreed mentioned by name?  Do the two witnesses need to see the event they are testifying against together?  What if…

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Sanhedrin 31

By Michelle Cohen Farber / August 16, 2017 | כ״ד באב תשע״ז

If the witnesses contradict each other regarding certain details, their testimony is still admissible but regarding other details it is not.  Which details are those that are able to be contradicted and which are not?  Is this the case both in monetary cases and in capital cases or only in monetary cases?  At what point…

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Sanhedrin 32

By Michelle Cohen Farber / August 17, 2017 | כ״ה באב תשע״ז

In both monetary and capital cases, the judges question the witnesses in a thorough manner.   The gemara questions this based on a braita and gives a number of potential solutions.  The mishna delineates many differences between monetary and capital cases.  The gemara begins by explaining details of things that are unique to capital cases that were…

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Sanhedrin 33

By Michelle Cohen Farber / August 18, 2017 | כ״ו באב תשע״ז

A contradiction is brought between our mishna that indicates that monetary cases can be overturned and a mishna in bechorot that indicates that when a mistake is made, the ruling stays and the judge pays the difference.  Several answers are brought.  The gemara then discusses why in capital cases the judgement can only be overturned…

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Sanhedrin 34

By Michelle Cohen Farber / August 19, 2017 | כ״ז באב תשע״ז

The mishna states that one who first thought to acquit cannot later bring an argument to convict.  Rav explains that this is only meant during the time of the deliberations but when making the final decision, one can switch positions even to convict.  Several attempts are made to contradict Rav’s opinion but all are resolved.…

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Sanhedrin 35

By Michelle Cohen Farber / August 20, 2017 | כ״ח באב תשע״ז

Why must capital cases only be judged during the day?  If the court wants to convict in a capital case, they need to wait until the following day.  Where is that law derived from?  Based on that law, cases can’t begin on a Friday – the gemara explains why.  In the context of that discussion…

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